Ophiuroidea taxon details

Macrophiothrix demessa (Lyman, 1861)

213193  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:213193)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(of Ophiothrix demessa Lyman, 1861) Lyman, T. (1861). Descriptions of new Ophiuridae. <em>Proc. Boston Soc. nat. Hist.</em> 8: 75-86., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/9492489 [details]   
Description Colour in life very variable but not spotted like M. Longipeda (Sloan et al., 1979). Description: similar to M. longipeda...  
Description Colour in life very variable but not spotted like M. Longipeda (Sloan et al., 1979). Description: similar to M. longipeda (Richmond, 1998). Disc scales with thorny stumps. Radial shields with shorter stumps. Aboral arm plates with rounded granules, distal edge convex, laterodistal corners bent back. Oral arm plates longer than broad. Twelve thorny arm spines, upper ones longest, lowest comb-like.
Also distributed in SE Arabia, Maldive area, East Indies, north Australia, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Lakshadweep (India) in Sastry (1991); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
General distribution: East coast of Africa to Hawaiian Islands (Sastry, 1991); tropical, Indo-Pacific Ocean, depth range 0-128 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
Stöhr, S.; O’Hara, T. & Thuy, B. (Eds) (2018). World Ophiuroidea database. Macrophiothrix demessa (Lyman, 1861). Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/ophiuroidea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=213193 on 2019-11-20
Date
action
by
1997-02-03 23:00:00Z
created
2000-09-29 13:20:33Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2007-07-18 12:17:12Z
checked

original description  (of Ophiothrix demessa Lyman, 1861) Lyman, T. (1861). Descriptions of new Ophiuridae. <em>Proc. Boston Soc. nat. Hist.</em> 8: 75-86., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/9492489 [details]   

original description  (of Ophiothrix mauritiensis de Loriol, 1893) Loriol, P. de. (1893). Catalogue raisonné des Echinodermes recueillis par M.V. de Robillard à l'Ile Maurice. III. Ophiurides et Astrophytides. <em>Mem. Soc. Phys. Hist. nat. Gèneve.</em> 32(3), 1-63, pls 23-25., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36188778 [details]   

original description  (of Macrophiothrix mossambica J.B Balinsky, 1957) Balinsky, J.B. (1957). The Ophiuroidea of Inhaca Island. Ann. Natal Mus. 14: 1-33. (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (of Ophiothrix coronata Koehler, 1905) Koehler, R. (1905). Ophiures de l'expédition du Siboga. Part 2. Ophiures littorales. <em>Siboga Expeditie.</em> 45b, 1-140., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12109322 [details]   

basis of record Clark, A. M.; Rowe, F. W. E. (1971). Monograph of shallow-water indo-west Pacific Echinoderms. <em>Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History).</em> London. x + 238 p. + 30 pls., available online at http://www.abctaxa.be/downloads/additional-information-volume-1/works-famous-holothuroid-workers/fwe-rowe/MonographIndoWestPacific.pdf [details]   

additional source Clark, A. M. (1968). Notes on some tropical indo-pacific ophiotrichids and ophiodermatids (Ophiuroidea). <em>Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Zoology.</em> 16(7): 277-322, 1pl., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/part/63833#/summary [details]   

additional source Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp. [details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Syntype (of Ophiothrix demessa Lyman, 1861) MCZ OPH-2278 [details]
Syntype (of Ophiothrix demessa Lyman, 1861) MCZ OPH-2279 [details]
Syntype (of Ophiothrix demessa Lyman, 1861) MCZ OPH-2280 [details]
Syntype (of Ophiothrix demessa Lyman, 1861) MCZ OPH-2281 [details]
Syntype (of Ophiothrix demessa Lyman, 1861) MCZ OPH-2578 [details]
Syntype (of Ophiothrix demessa Lyman, 1861) MCZ OPH-4095 [details]
From other sources
Description Colour in life very variable but not spotted like M. Longipeda (Sloan et al., 1979). Description: similar to M. longipeda (Richmond, 1998). Disc scales with thorny stumps. Radial shields with shorter stumps. Aboral arm plates with rounded granules, distal edge convex, laterodistal corners bent back. Oral arm plates longer than broad. Twelve thorny arm spines, upper ones longest, lowest comb-like.
Also distributed in SE Arabia, Maldive area, East Indies, north Australia, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Lakshadweep (India) in Sastry (1991); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
General distribution: East coast of Africa to Hawaiian Islands (Sastry, 1991); tropical, Indo-Pacific Ocean, depth range 0-128 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Holotype Holotype in Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA) No. 2278; paratypes in Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University No. 2279-2281, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University No. 4095 (5 specimens). Type locality: Hawaiian Ils (as Sandwich Ils) (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
 


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