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Licher, Frank 2000 (1999), Revision der Gattung Typosyllis Langerhans, 1879 (Polychaeta: Syllidae). Morphologie, Taxonomie und Phylogenie. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 551:1-336
23045
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyD). Issue date 1999, but published early 2000.
The genus Typosyllis (Langerhans, 1879) (Polychaeta: Syllidae: Syllinae) is revised for the first time. All distinct species of this taxon are described in detail and synonyms listed. Altogether, more than 1850 specimens representing 213 taxa were examined. Twenty-three taxa, previously assigned to Syllis, Langerhansia, Ehlersia or Pionosyllis, are transferred to the genus Typosyllis. Eight species previously assigned to Typosyllis or Syllis are transfered to other syllid taxa. One junior homonym is renamed. The following four species are described as new to science: T. hyllebergi sp. nov., T. mauretanica sp. nov., T. silkeae sp. nov. and T. taiwanensis sp. nov. Three names are treated as Syllinae incertae sedis. Fifty-five names are regarded as younger synonyms of previously described Typosyllis-species. Fifty-seven names are considered nomina dubia. Nine names are considered nomina nuda. The names Syllis atlantico and S. atlantica lineata originally erected as nomina nova have to be eliminated. According to this revision the genus Typosyllis comprises 107 distinct species. A key for identification of all species is provided. Four lectotypes and several paralectotypes are designated: Typosyllis vittata (Grube, 1840) (MPW 673), T. valida Grube, 1857 (ZMUC 881; ZMUC 890), T. neglecta (Grube, 1870) comb. nov. (ZMB Verm. 843 (LT); ZMB Verm. 11074 (PLT)) und T. violacea (Grube, 1870) comb. nov. (ZMB Verm. 844; ZMB 11073). For two species neotypes are designated: Typosyllis cornuta (Rathke, 1843) (NTNU) und T. prolifera (Krohn, 1852) (NHMG Inve-21334). In the computer-based, cladistic analysis of Typosyllis revealed 3 large monophyletic groups of complexes: the complex-group cornuta (22 species, 6 species-groups), the complex-group prolifera (49 species, 8 species-groups) and the complex-group armillaris (25 species, 4 species-groups). Eleven species cannot be assigned with certainty to any of these 18 species-groups. It is shown that the taxa previously assigned to the genus Langerhansia (species with falcigerous and pseudospinigerous chaetae) probably form a monophylum, whereas the taxa previously assigned to the genus Typosyllis (species with falcigerous chaetae only) form a paraphylum. Nevertheless, the taxa Langerhansia is eliminated by referring the respective species to the genus Typosyllis, since the distinction of these two groups is based only on slight, gradual differences in some characters, providing no sound reasoning for a correct assignment of some species to Typosyllis or to Langerhansia.
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Amblyosyllis formosa (Claparède, 1863) accepted as Amblyosyllis spectabilis (Johnston in Baird, 1861) (additional source)
Branchiosyllis exilis (Gravier, 1900) (additional source)
Ehlersia ferruginea Langerhans, 1881 accepted as Paraehlersia ferrugina (Langerhans, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Haplosyllis bisetosa Hartmann-Schröder, 1960 accepted as Alcyonosyllis bisetosa (Hartmann-Schröder, 1960) (additional source)
Haplosyllis spongicola (Grube, 1855) (additional source)
Syllis (Haplosyllis) Langerhans, 1879 accepted as Haplosyllis Langerhans, 1879 (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Typosyllis) bouvieri Gravier, 1900 accepted as Syllis bouvieri Gravier, 1900 (source of synonymy)
Syllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (redescription)
Syllis bouvieri Gravier, 1900 (source of synonymy)
Syllis brachychaeta Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Syllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Syllis brevis Schmarda, 1861 (status source)
Syllis capensis McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Syllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Syllis cirropunctata Michel, 1909 accepted as Branchiosyllis cirropunctata (Michel, 1909) (source of synonymy)
Syllis closterobranchia Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Syllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Syllis cornuta Rathke, 1843 (redescription)
Syllis crassicornis Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Syllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Syllis cruzi Núñez & San Martín, 1991 (source of synonymy)
Syllis cruzi Núñez & San Martín, 1991 (redescription)
Syllis curticirris Monro, 1937 (additional source)
Syllis exilis Gravier, 1900 accepted as Branchiosyllis exilis (Gravier, 1900) (source of synonymy)
Syllis fusicornis Schmarda, 1861 (status source)
Syllis gracilis Grube, 1840 (additional source)
Syllis hyalina Grube, 1863 (redescription)
Syllis hyllebergi (Licher, 1999) (original description)
Syllis krohni Ehlers, 1864 accepted as Syllis krohnii Ehlers, 1864 (redescription)
Syllis krohnii Ehlers, 1864 (source of synonymy)
Syllis lineata Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Syllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Syllis longissima Gravier, 1900 accepted as Syllis gracilis Grube, 1840 (source of synonymy)
Syllis nigropharyngea Day, 1951 accepted as Syllis vittata Grube, 1840 (source of synonymy)
Syllis prolifera Krohn, 1852 (redescription)
Syllis pulvinata (Langerhans, 1881) (redescription)
Syllis spongicola Grube, 1855 accepted as Haplosyllis spongicola (Grube, 1855) (source of synonymy)
Syllis variegata Grube, 1860 (redescription)
Syllis vittata Grube, 1840 (redescription)
Trypanosyllis gigantea (McIntosh, 1885) (additional source)
Trypanosyllis zebra (Grube, 1860) (additional source)
Typosyllis Langerhans, 1879 accepted as Syllis Lamarck, 1818 (source of synonymy)
Typosyllis Langerhans, 1879 accepted as Syllis Lamarck, 1818 (status source)
Typosyllis (Typosyllis) dayi Hartmann-Schröder, 1974 accepted as Typosyllis dayi Hartmann-Schröder, 1974 (redescription)
Typosyllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) accepted as Syllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (basis of record)
Typosyllis dayi Hartmann-Schröder, 1974 (basis of record)
Typosyllis hyllebergi Licher, 1999 accepted as Syllis hyllebergi (Licher, 1999) (original description)
Typosyllis mauretanica Licher, 1999 accepted as Syllis mauretanica (Licher, 1999) (original description)