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Fauchald, K. (1992). A review of the genus Eunice (Eunicidae: Polychaeta) based upon type material. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology. 523: 1-422.
49793
10.5479/si.00810282.523 [view]
Fauchald, K.
1992
A review of the genus <i>Eunice</i> (Eunicidae: Polychaeta) based upon type material
Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology
523: 1-422
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
The genus Eunice has been widely reported in all kinds of marine environment. A total of 286 names have been applied to taxa originally described in, or subsequently referred to, the genus. All such taxa published prior to 1985 have been accounted for below. Of these, some or all types of about 175 are available and are described below. Twenty-five species are incompletely known; types are missing and original descriptions (or subsequent descriptions of types) are insufficient to relate these species to the rest. The descriptions of these species have been briefly summarized. A key to species includes nearly all species for which types were available. Species considered incompletely known are excluded from the key, but are included when possible in a set of tables comparing similar species. Forty-seven named taxa are indeterminable. Twenty-two have been referred to other genera, including some new combinations. In some cases the type lot included two species; some of these types could be referred to other, known species; however, four species are described as new. Seven species have been given new names for nomenclatural reasons. Attempts to group the 206 reasonably well-characterized species into supra-specific taxa using cladistic techniques did not lead to interpretable results. The reasons might include the very large number of species compared to the number of characters. A detailed analysis of the characters has been started using freshly collected material in an attempt to expand the number of characters and measure the variability of currently used characters. Similar reviews are planned for the remaining eunicean genera.
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Eriphyle Kinberg, 1865 accepted as Eunice Cuvier, 1817 (status source)
Eriphyle capensis Kinberg, 1865 accepted as Eunice kinbergi Ehlers, 1868 (additional source)
Eunice afra Peters, 1854 (redescription)
Eunice afra Peters, 1854 (source of synonymy)
Eunice antennata (Savigny in Lamarck, 1818) accepted as Leodice antennata Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 (source of synonymy)
Eunice aphroditois djiboutiensis Gravier, 1900 accepted as Eunice djiboutiensis Gravier, 1900 (source of synonymy)
Eunice aphroditois punctata Fishelson & Rullier, 1969 accepted as Eunice rullieri Fauchald, 1992 (source of synonymy)
Eunice djiboutiensis Gravier, 1900 (basis of record)
Eunice floridana (Pourtalès, 1867) (source of synonymy)
Eunice gracilis Moore, 1903 accepted as Eunice japonica Fauchald, 1992 (status source)
Eunice grubei Gravier, 1900 (source of synonymy)
Eunice kobiensis McIntosh, 1885 (basis of record)
Eunice langi (Treadwell, 1943) (basis of record)
Eunice norvegica (Linnaeus, 1767) (source of synonymy)
Eunice petersi Fauchald, 1992 (original description)
Eunice petersi Fauchald, 1992 (basis of record)
Eunice punctata Peters, 1854 accepted as Eunice petersi Fauchald, 1992 (basis of record)
Eunice rullieri Fauchald, 1992 (basis of record)
Eunice rullieri Fauchald, 1992 (original description)
Eunice simplex Peters, 1854 accepted as Palola simplex (Peters, 1854) (source of synonymy)
Eunice tubifex Crossland, 1904 (status source)
Eunice vittata (Delle Chiaje, 1828) (source of synonymy)
Eunice wasinensis Fauchald, 1992 (original description)
Eunice wasinensis Fauchald, 1992 (basis of record)
Eunicidae Berthold, 1827 (taxonomy source)
Euniphysa tubifex (Crossland, 1904) accepted as Eunice tubifex Crossland, 1904 (status source)
Leodice Lamarck, 1818 (additional source)
Leodice langi Treadwell, 1943 accepted as Eunice langi (Treadwell, 1943) (source of synonymy)
Nicidion Kinberg, 1865 (status source)
Nicidion gracilis Crossland, 1904 accepted as Eunice wasinensis Fauchald, 1992 (source of synonymy)