WoRMS source details

San Martín, G. (2005). Exogoninae (Polychaeta: Syllidae) from Australia with the description of a new genus and twenty-two new species. Records of the Australian Museum. 57(1): 39-152.
23028
10.3853/j.0067-1975.57.2005.1438 [view]
San Martín, G.
2005
Exogoninae (Polychaeta: Syllidae) from Australia with the description of a new genus and twenty-two new species
Records of the Australian Museum
57(1): 39-152
Publication
Kristian Fauchald's Polychaeta DB
Large collections of Syllidae (Polychaeta) from around Australia, which were deposited at the Australian Museum (Sydney), and at Museum Victoria as well as some specimens from Tasmania, have been examined and identified. Additionally material from the Hamburgische Zoologische Museum der Universität, Hamburg, Germany was examined. All known Australian species of the subfamily Exogoninae (Syllidae) are described and figured. Some were examined using the Scanning Electron Microscope to illustrate some characters and methods of reproduction in this subfamily. Keys to genera and species are given. A total of 74 species are reported from Australia belonging to 8 genera: Nooralia San Martín, 2002 (1 species); Salvatoria McIntosh, 1885 (7 species); Prosphaerosyllis San Martín, 1984 (10 species); Erinaceusyllis n.gen. (10 species); Sphaerosyllis Claparède, 1863 (12 species); Brania Quatrefages, 1866 (3 species); Parapionosyllis Fauvel, 1923 (2 species); and Exogone Örsted, 1845 (29 species). A total of 22 new species are described: Salvatoria pilkena, S. koorineclavata, Prosphaerosyllis battiri, Erinaceusyllis cirripapillata, E. ettiennei, E. kathrynae, E. hartmannschroederae, Sphaerosyllis bardukaciculata, S. goorabantennata, S. voluntariorum, S. georgeharrisoni, Parapionosyllis winnunga, P. richardi, Exogone (Parexogone) patriciae, E. (P.) annamurrayae, E. (P.) penelopeae, E. (P.) wilsoni, Exogone (Exogone) koorenborongi, E. (E.) haswelli, E. (E.) ingridae, E. (E.) goorapuranga, E. (E.) arrakatarkoola. Additionally, 13 species are new records for Australia: Exogone (P.) homosetosa (Hartmann-Schröder, 1965b); E. (P.) wolfi San Martín, 1991a; E. (P.) caribensis San Martín, 1991; E. (P.) gambiae Lanera, Sordino & San Martín, 1994; Exogone (E.) longicornis Westheide, 1974; E. (E.) lourei Berkeley & Berkeley, 1938; E. (E.)breviantennata Hartmann-Schröder, 1959; E. (E.) dispar (Webster, 1879); E. (Sylline) naidinoides Westheide, 1974; Sphaerosyllis capensis Day, 1953; Prosphaerosyllis isabellae Nogueira, San Martín & Amaral, 2001; Erinaceusyllis bidentata (Hartmann- Schröder, 1974); and E. belizensis (Russell, 1989). The Australian records of Sphaerosyllis perspicax Ehlers, 1908, and S. sublaevis Ehlers, 1913 should be referred to other species, and are not included (see Ehlers, 1908; 1913). A general discussion of the reproduction and systematics of the subfamily is given.
Australia
Systematics, Taxonomy
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
Date
action
by
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
created
db_admin
2014-04-13 02:24:03Z
changed
2015-02-10 16:17:00Z
changed

Brania articulata Hartmann-Schröder, 1982 (additional source)
Brania horrocksensis Hartmann-Schröder, 1981 accepted as Erinaceusyllis horrocksensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1981) (new combination reference)
Brania opisthodentata Hartmann-Schröder, 1979 accepted as Salvatoria opisthodentata (Hartmann-Schröder, 1979) (new combination reference)
Erinaceusyllis San Martín, 2003 (additional source)
Erinaceusyllis belizensis (Russell, 1989) (additional source)
Erinaceusyllis bidentata (Hartmann-Schröder, 1974) (new combination reference)
Erinaceusyllis centroamericana (Hartmann-Schröder, 1959) (new combination reference)
Erinaceusyllis cirripapillata San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Erinaceusyllis ettiennei San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Erinaceusyllis hartmannschroederae San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Erinaceusyllis horrocksensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1981) (new combination reference)
Erinaceusyllis kathrynae San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Erinaceusyllis opisthodentata (Hartmann-Schröder, 1987) (new combination reference)
Erinaceusyllis serratosetosa (Hartmann-Schröder, 1982) (additional source)
Exogone (Exogone) arrakatarkoola San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Exogone (Exogone) goorapuranga San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Exogone (Exogone) haswelli San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Exogone (Exogone) heterosetoides Hartmann-Schröder, 1979 accepted as Exogone heterosetoides Hartmann-Schröder, 1979 (basis of record)
Exogone (Exogone) ingridae San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Exogone (Exogone) koorenborongi San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Exogone (Parexogone) annamurrayae San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Exogone (Parexogone) patriciae San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Exogone (Parexogone) penelopeae San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Exogone (Parexogone) wilsoni San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Exogone annamurrayae San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Exogone arrakatarkoola San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Exogone goorapuranga San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Exogone haswelli San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Exogone heterosetosa McIntosh, 1885 (additional source)
Exogone ingridae San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Exogone koorenborongi San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Exogone patriciae San Martín, 2005 accepted as Exogone (Parexogone) patriciae San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Exogone penelopeae San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Exogone wilsoni San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Exogoninae Langerhans, 1879 (taxonomy source)
Grubea quadrioculata Augener, 1913 accepted as Salvatoria quadrioculata (Augener, 1913) (new combination reference)
Parapionosyllis bifurcatoides Hartmann-Schröder, 1979 accepted as Sphaerosyllis bifurcatoides (Hartmann-Schröder, 1979) (new combination reference)
Parapionosyllis richardi San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Parapionosyllis winnunga San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Pionosyllis yambaensis Hartmann-Schröder, 1990 accepted as Salvatoria euritmica (Sardá, 1984) (source of synonymy)
Prosphaerosyllis San Martín, 1984 (redescription)
Prosphaerosyllis battiri San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Prosphaerosyllis isabellae (Nogueira, San Martín & Amaral, 2001) (new combination reference)
Prosphaerosyllis magnoculata (Hartmann-Schröder, 1986) (new combination reference)
Prosphaerosyllis multipapillata (Hartmann-Schröder, 1979) (new combination reference)
Prosphaerosyllis nathani (San Martín & López, 1998) (new combination reference)
Prosphaerosyllis opisthoculata (Hartmann-Schröder, 1979) (new combination reference)
Prosphaerosyllis papillosissima (Hartmann-Schröder, 1979) (new combination reference)
Salvatoria californiensis (Kudenov & Harris, 1995) (new combination reference)
Salvatoria koorineclavata San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Salvatoria longisetosa (Hartmann-Schröder, 1979) (new combination reference)
Salvatoria opisthodentata (Hartmann-Schröder, 1979) (new combination reference)
Salvatoria pilkena San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Salvatoria quadrioculata (Augener, 1913) (new combination reference)
Sphaerosyllis Claparède, 1863 (redescription)
Sphaerosyllis (Prosphaerosyllis) San Martín, 1984 accepted as Prosphaerosyllis San Martín, 1984 (source of synonymy)
Sphaerosyllis (Prosphaerosyllis) nathani San Martín & López, 1998 accepted as Prosphaerosyllis nathani (San Martín & López, 1998) (source of synonymy)
Sphaerosyllis (Sphaerosyllis) Claparède, 1863 accepted as Sphaerosyllis Claparède, 1863 (source of synonymy)
Sphaerosyllis (Sphaerosyllis) erinaceus opisthodentata Hartmann-Schröder, 1987 accepted as Erinaceusyllis opisthodentata (Hartmann-Schröder, 1987) (new combination reference)
Sphaerosyllis bardukaciculata San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Sphaerosyllis belizensis Russell, 1989 accepted as Erinaceusyllis belizensis (Russell, 1989) (additional source)
Sphaerosyllis bifurcata (Hartmann-Schröder, 1979) (new combination reference)
Sphaerosyllis bifurcatoides (Hartmann-Schröder, 1979) (basis of record)
Sphaerosyllis bilineata Kudenov & Harris, 1995 accepted as Prosphaerosyllis bilineata (Kudenov & Harris, 1995) (new combination reference)
Sphaerosyllis centroamericana Hartmann-Schröder, 1959 accepted as Erinaceusyllis centroamericana (Hartmann-Schröder, 1959) (new combination reference)
Sphaerosyllis erinaceus Claparède, 1863 accepted as Erinaceusyllis erinaceus (Claparède, 1863) (new combination reference)
Sphaerosyllis erinaceus bidentata Hartmann-Schröder, 1974 accepted as Erinaceusyllis bidentata (Hartmann-Schröder, 1974) (new combination reference)
Sphaerosyllis erinaceus serratosetosa Hartmann-Schröder, 1982 accepted as Erinaceusyllis serratosetosa (Hartmann-Schröder, 1982) (additional source)
Sphaerosyllis georgeharrisoni San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Sphaerosyllis goorabantennata San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Sphaerosyllis magnoculata Hartmann-Schröder, 1986 accepted as Prosphaerosyllis magnoculata (Hartmann-Schröder, 1986) (new combination reference)
Sphaerosyllis voluntariorum San Martín, 2005 (original description)
Holotype MV F62118, geounit Australia, identified as Exogone (Parexogone) wilsoni San Martín, 2005
Holotype MV F62487, geounit Australia, identified as Exogone (Parexogone) annamurrayae San Martín, 2005
Holotype MV F62746, geounit Australia, identified as Exogone (Parexogone) patriciae San Martín, 2005
Holotype AM W26364, geounit Australia, identified as Exogone (Exogone) arrakatarkoola San Martín, 2005
Holotype AM W26400, geounit Australia, identified as Erinaceusyllis kathrynae San Martín, 2005
Holotype AM W26410, geounit Australia, identified as Exogone (Parexogone) penelopeae San Martín, 2005
Holotype AM W26443, geounit Australia, identified as Exogone (Exogone) haswelli San Martín, 2005
Holotype AM W26445, geounit Australia, identified as Salvatoria koorineclavata San Martín, 2005
Holotype AM W26447, geounit Australia, identified as Erinaceusyllis hartmannschroederae San Martín, 2005
Holotype AM W26449, geounit Australia, identified as Parapionosyllis winnunga San Martín, 2005
Holotype AM W26451, geounit Australia, identified as Exogone (Exogone) ingridae San Martín, 2005
Holotype AM W26519, geounit Australia, identified as Exogone (Exogone) goorapuranga San Martín, 2005
Holotype AM W26617, geounit Australia, identified as Exogone (Exogone) koorenborongi San Martín, 2005
Holotype AM W26622, geounit Australia, identified as Sphaerosyllis goorabantennata San Martín, 2005
Holotype AM W26624, geounit Australia, identified as Erinaceusyllis ettiennei San Martín, 2005
Holotype AM W26711, geounit Australia, identified as Erinaceusyllis cirripapillata San Martín, 2005
Holotype AM W26712, geounit Australia, identified as Sphaerosyllis bardukaciculata San Martín, 2005
Holotype AM W26802, geounit Australia, identified as Prosphaerosyllis battiri San Martín, 2005
Holotype AM W26821, geounit Australia, identified as Sphaerosyllis voluntariorum San Martín, 2005
Holotype AM W26886, geounit Australia, identified as Salvatoria pilkena San Martín, 2005
Holotype AM W27398, geounit Australia, identified as Parapionosyllis richardi San Martín, 2005
Holotype AM W28657, geounit Australia, identified as Sphaerosyllis georgeharrisoni San Martín, 2005
 Depth range

Eulittoral and sublittoral, down to 30 m depth.  [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 5 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 15 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 12 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 33 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to about 24 m depth.  [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 33 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 29 m.  [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal.  [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 5 m. [details]

 Depth range

Eulittoral to 1 m depth.  [details]

 Diagnosis

Diagnosis by San Martín (2005: 73): "Body small to minute, more or less densely covered by papillae, usually ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Parapionosyllis is said to be almost identical to Brania, but having a single pair of tentacular cirri rather than ... [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales, Queensland, and Western Australia.  [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic Ocean: Western Africa (Angola). Indian Ocean: Eastern Africa (Tanzania); Australia (Western Australia). ... [details]

 Distribution

Circumtropical: El Salvador, Galapagos Islands, Hawaii, Samoa, Australia (Western Australia, South Australia, ... [details]

 Distribution

Australia (New South Wales). Known only from the type locality.  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Queensland).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (all states).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (New South Wales, Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Queensland).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Queensland, Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (New South Wales, Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales; South Australia; Western Australia. [details]

 Distribution

Australia (New South Wales, Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Western Australia). Known only from the type locality. [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Victoria).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (New South Wales, South Australia, Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (New South Wales, Victoria).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales and Western Australia.  [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales; South Australia; Western Australia. Magellan Strait: Chile (Patagonia). [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Queensland, New South Wales).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (all states).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Queensland).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Western Australia, New South Wales).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Queensland).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Queensland, Victoria, Western Australia). [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia.  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Western Australia). Known only from the type locality.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet refers to the distinct characteristic papillae on the dorsal cirri.  [details]

 Etymology

The species is named in honour of Mr. Ettienne Fourie.  [details]

 Etymology

The species is named in honour to Dr. Gesa Hartmann-Schröder, who reported and described many species of syllids ... [details]

 Etymology

The species is named in honour of Kathryn (Kate) Attwood, of the Australian Museum.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet derives from a combination of two Aboriginal words, arkoola, meaning hair, and arrakata, ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet derives from the combination of two Aboriginal words, goora, which means, amongst others, ... [details]

 Etymology

The species is named in honour of the late Professor William Aicheson Haswell (1854-1925), the first Australian ... [details]

 Etymology

The species is named in honour of Miss Ingrid Skirka, Sydney, Australia.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet is the combination of two Aboriginal words, kooren, meaning neck, and borongi, meaning dark, ... [details]

 Etymology

The species is named in honour of Miss Anna Murray, of the Australian Museum.  [details]

 Etymology

The species is named in honour of Dr. Patricia Hutchings, of the Australian Museum. [details]

 Etymology

The species is named in honour of Dr. Penelope (Penny) Berents, of the Australian Museum.  [details]

 Etymology

The species is named in honour of Dr. Robin Wilson, of the Museum of Victoria.  [details]

 Etymology

The species is dedicated to Mr. Richard Johnston, of the Australian Museum.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet derives from the Aboriginal word winnunga, meaning small, minute.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet derives from the Aborigean word battiri, meaning rough.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet derives from an Aboriginal word, Koorine, meaning 'daughter', in relation with the similarity ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet is an Aboriginal word, pilkena, meaning "different", due to the unique features of the species.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet derives from the Aboriginal word barduk, maning "near", referring to the similarity of the ... [details]

 Etymology

The species is named in honour of Mr. George Harrison (February 25, 1943 - November 29, 2001), ex-Beatle and one of ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet derives from the Aboriginal word gooraba, meaning "big", in reference to the long antennae, ... [details]

 Etymology

The species is dedicated to thye volunteers of the Marine Invertebrate section of the Australian Museum, who sorted ... [details]

 Habitat

Fine sand with mud, algae, dead corals, at shallow water.  [details]

 Habitat

mud in shallow water.  [details]

 Habitat

Mud on shallow water.  [details]

 Habitat

All kind of sediments.  [details]

 Habitat

Coral rubble, sponges, encrusting and coralline algae.  [details]

 Habitat

Fine to coarse sand.  [details]

 Habitat

On fine to coarse sediment, dead corals, and algae.  [details]

 Habitat

Sand and seagrasses, and amongst coralline algae, in shallow water.  [details]

 Habitat

Common on all shallow bottoms, on algae, sand, seagrasses, dead corals, mud, etc. [details]

 Habitat

On sessile invertebrate substrates such as sponges, bryozoans, and dead corals. [details]

 Habitat

On coarse sand, in moderate depths.  [details]

 Habitat

On coarse, medium and fine sand in moderate depths.  [details]

 Habitat

On sponges and algae washings.  [details]

 Habitat

Amongst Posidonia meadows and algae, and in dead corals, at shallow water.  [details]

 Habitat

Fine sand flat with ripple marks and plant debris (Avicennia mangrove 500 m away). Common on all shallow bottoms, ... [details]