WoRMS taxon details

Alcyonium Linnaeus, 1758

125284  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125284)

accepted
Genus
Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758 (type by subsequent designation)
Alcyonidium auct. (misspelling)
Species Alcyonium acaule Marion, 1878
Species Alcyonium adriaticum Kükenthal, 1909
Species Alcyonium altum Tixier-Durivault, 1955
Species Alcyonium antarcticum Wright & Studer, 1889
Species Alcyonium aspiculatum Tixier-Durivault, 1955
Species Alcyonium aurantiacum Quoy & Gaimard, 1834
Species Alcyonium bocagei (Saville-Kent, 1870)
Species Alcyonium bosphorense Tixier-Durivault, 1961
Species Alcyonium brioniense Kükenthal, 1907
Species Alcyonium burmedju Sampaio, Stokvis & Ofwegen, 2016
Species Alcyonium bursa Linnaeus, 1758
Species Alcyonium capitatum (Pfeffer, 1889)
Species Alcyonium catalai Tixier-Durivault, 1970
Species Alcyonium ceylonense May, 1899
Species Alcyonium clavatum Studer, 1890
Species Alcyonium compactofestucum Verseveldt & van Ofwegen, 1992
Species Alcyonium confertum Boone, 1938
Species Alcyonium coralloides (Pallas, 1766)
Species Alcyonium cydonium Linnaeus, 1767 sensu Esper, 1829
Species Alcyonium dendroides Thomson & Dean, 1931
Species Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758
Species Alcyonium dolium McFadden & Ofwegen, 2017
Species Alcyonium echinatum Tixier-Durivault, 1970
Species Alcyonium elegans (Kükenthal, 1902)
Species Alcyonium etheridgei Thomson & Mackinnon, 1911
Species Alcyonium faura J. S. Thomson, 1910
Species Alcyonium fauri Studer, 1910
Species Alcyonium flabellum Quoy & Gaimard, 1834
Species Alcyonium foliatum J. S. Thomson, 1921
Species Alcyonium fulvum (Forskål, 1775)
Species Alcyonium fungiforme Tixier-Durivault, 1954
Species Alcyonium glaciophilum van Ofwegen, Häussermann & Försterra, 2007
Species Alcyonium glomeratum (Hassall, 1843)
Species Alcyonium grandis Casas, Ramil & van Ofwegen, 1997
Species Alcyonium graniferum Tixier-Durivault & d'Hondt, 1974
Species Alcyonium haddoni Wright & Studer, 1889
Species Alcyonium hibernicum (Renouf, 1931)
Species Alcyonium jorgei van Ofwegen, Häussermann & Försterra, 2007
Species Alcyonium luteum Tixier-Durivault, 1954
Species Alcyonium manusdiaboli Linnaeus, 1767
Species Alcyonium maristenebrosi Stiasny, 1937
Species Alcyonium megasclerum Stokvis & van Ofwegen, 2006
Species Alcyonium muricatum Yamada, 1950
Species Alcyonium pacificum Yamada, 1950
Species Alcyonium palmatum Pallas, 1766
Species Alcyonium patagonicum (May, 1899)
Species Alcyonium paucilobulatum Casas, Ramil & van Ofwegen, 1997
Species Alcyonium profundum Stokvis & van Ofwegen, 2006
Species Alcyonium repens Stiasny, 1941
Species Alcyonium reptans Kükenthal, 1906
Species Alcyonium robustum Utinomi, 1976
Species Alcyonium roseum (Tixier-Durivault, 1954)
Species Alcyonium rotiferum Thomson, 1910
Species Alcyonium senegalense Verseveldt & van Ofwegen, 1992
Species Alcyonium sidereum Verrill, 1922
Species Alcyonium sollasi Wright & Studer, 1889
Species Alcyonium southgeorgiensis Casas, Ramil & van Ofwegen, 1997
Species Alcyonium spitzbergense Verseveldt & van Ofwegen, 1992
Species Alcyonium submurale Ridley, 1883
Species Alcyonium varum McFadden & van Ofwegen, 2013
Species Alcyonium verseveldti Benayahu, 1982
Species Alcyonium yepayek van Ofwegen, Häussermann & Försterra, 2007

Species Alcyonium ficus Pallas, 1766 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Alcyonium ficus sensu Linnaeus, 1767 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Alcyonium incrustans Esper, 1806 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Alcyonium junceum Lamarck, 1815 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Alcyonium tomentosum (taxon inquirendum)

Species Alcyonium tubulosum Esper, 1791 (nomen dubium)

Species Alcyonium globosum sensu De La Beche, 1832 † (nomen nudum)
Species Alcyonium tuberculosum Esper, 1791 (nomen nudum)

Species Alcyonium alta (Tixier-Durivault, 1955) accepted as Nidaliopsis alta (Tixier-Durivault, 1955) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium aurantium Pallas, 1766 accepted as Tethya aurantium (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium boletiforme Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Polymastia boletiformis (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium boletus Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Thorectandra boletus (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium bulbosum Esper, 1794 accepted as Suberites domuncula (Olivi, 1792) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Alcyonium caparti Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Complexum caparti (Tixier-Durivault, 1955)
Species Alcyonium cidaris Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Geodia cidaris (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium compactum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Suberites domuncula (Olivi, 1792) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Alcyonium complanatum (Verseveldt, 1977) accepted as Skamnarium complanatum (Verseveldt, 1977) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium cranium Müller, 1776 accepted as Craniella cranium (Müller, 1776) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium cuspidiferum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Cervicornia cuspidifera (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium cydonium Linnaeus, 1767 accepted as Geodia cydonium (Linnaeus, 1767) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium cylindricum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Neopetrosia cylindrica (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium distinctum Williams, 1988 accepted as Porphyrophyton distinctum (Williams, 1988)
Species Alcyonium distortum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Petrosia (Petrosia) ficiformis (Poiret, 1789) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Alcyonium domuncula Olivi, 1792 accepted as Suberites domuncula (Olivi, 1792) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium echinatum (Tixier-Durivault, 1970) accepted as Klyxum echinatum (Tixier-Durivault, 1970) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium echinatum Fleming, 1828 accepted as Hydractinia echinata (Fleming, 1828) (basionym)
Species Alcyonium ensiferum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Homaxinella ensifera (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium epiphytum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Protosuberites epiphytum (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium equisetiform (Luttschwager, 1922) accepted as Klyxum equisetiform (Luttschwager, 1922) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium fallax Lüttschwager, 1922 accepted as Tenerodus fallax (Lüttschwager, 1922)
Species Alcyonium flaccidum Tixier-Durivault, 1966 accepted as Klyxum flaccidum (Tixier-Durivault, 1966) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium globosum Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Complexum globosum (Tixier-Durivault, 1955) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium gracillimum Kükenthal, 1906 accepted as Scleronephthya gracillimum (Kükenthal, 1906) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium grandiflorum (Tixier-Durivault & d'Hondt, 1974) accepted as Lateothela grandiflora (Tixier-Durivault & d'Hondt, 1974)
Species Alcyonium granulatum Esper, 1794 accepted as Myrmekioderma granulatum (Esper, 1794) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium gruveli Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Complexum gruveli (Tixier-Durivault, 1955)
Species Alcyonium khoisanianum Williams, 1988 accepted as Pieterfaurea khoisaniana (Williams, 1988) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium laeve Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Nidaliopsis leave (Tixier-Durivault, 1955)
Species Alcyonium laxum Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Complexum laxum (Tixier-Durivault, 1955)
Species Alcyonium legitimum Tixier-Durivault, 1970 accepted as Klyxum legitimum (Tixier-Durivault, 1970) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium lyncurium Linnaeus, 1767 accepted as Tethya aurantium (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Alcyonium manusdiaboli sensu Esper, 1794 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Alcyonium medullare Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Alcyonium miniatum Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Complexum miniatum (Tixier-Durivault, 1955)
Species Alcyonium molle Thomson & Dean, 1931 accepted as Klyxum molle (Thomson & Dean, 1931) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium monodi Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Complexum monodi (Tixier-Durivault, 1955)
Species Alcyonium monticulum Verseveldt, 1982 accepted as Rhytisma monticulum (Verseveldt, 1982) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium moriferum (Tixier-Durivault, 1954) accepted as Parasphaerasclera morifera (Tixier-Durivault, 1954)
Species Alcyonium mutabiliforme Williams, 1988 accepted as Dimorphophyton mutabiliforme (Williams, 1988) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium okinawanum (Utinomi, 1976) accepted as Klyxum okinawanum (Utinomi, 1976) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium opuntioides Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Antho (Antho) opuntioides (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium paessleri May, 1899 accepted as Alcyonium antarcticum Wright & Studer, 1889 (synonym)
Species Alcyonium paniceum (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium papillosum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Phoriospongia papillosa (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium patulum Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Complexum patulum (Tixier-Durivault, 1955)
Species Alcyonium planiceps Williams, 1986 accepted as Lampophyton planiceps (Williams, 1986) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium pobeguini Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Complexum pobeguini (Tixier-Durivault, 1955)
Species Alcyonium purpureum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Spheciospongia purpurea (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium putridosum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Oceanapia putridosa (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium pyrifera Delle Chiaje, 1828 accepted as Rhizaxinella pyrifera (Delle Chiaje, 1828) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium roseum van Ofwegen, Häussermann & Försterra, 2007 accepted as Alcyonium varum McFadden & van Ofwegen, 2013
Species Alcyonium rotundum Thomson & Dean, 1931 accepted as Klyxum rotundum (Thomson & Dean, 1931) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium rubiforme (Ehrenberg) accepted as Gersemia rubiformis (Ehrenberg, 1834)
Species Alcyonium rubistella Deichmann, 1936 accepted as Bellonella rubistella (Deichmann, 1936)
Species Alcyonium rubrotincta Thomson & Henderson, 1905 accepted as Pseudopterogorgia rubrotincta (Thomson & Henderson, 1905) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium rubrum Stokvis & van Ofwegen, 2006 accepted as Alcyonium burmedju Sampaio, Stokvis & Ofwegen, 2016 (junior homonym of Alcyonium rubrum Müller, 1776)
Species Alcyonium rudyi Verseveldt & van Ofwegen, 1992 accepted as Discophyton rudyi (Verseveldt & van Ofwegen, 1992) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium sceptrum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Agelas sceptrum (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium simplex Thomson & Dean, 1931 accepted as Klyxum simplex (Thomson & Dean, 1931) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium strictum Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Complexum strictum (Tixier-Durivault, 1955)
Species Alcyonium testudinarium Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Xestospongia testudinaria (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium tuberculosum Esper, 1805 accepted as Palythoa tuberculosa (Esper, 1805)
Species Alcyonium utinomii Verseveldt, 1971 accepted as Klyxum utinomii (Verseveldt, 1971) (synon ym)
Species Alcyonium valdiviae Kükenthal, 1906 accepted as Parasphaerasclera valdiviae (Kukenthal, 1906)
Species Alcyonium variabile (J.S. Thomson, 1921) accepted as Eleutherobia variabile (Thomson, 1921) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium vesparium Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Spheciospongia vesparium (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium violaceum Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Nidaliopsis violacea (Tixier-Durivault, 1955) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium wilsoni (J.S. Thomson, 1921) accepted as Circularius wilsoni (Thomson, 1921)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 803 [details]   
Note The genus name Alcyonium Linnaeus, 1758 has...  
Type species The genus name Alcyonium Linnaeus, 1758 has been used by various authors for a wide range of sessile invertebrates (a.o. sponges, ascidians and algae). The name is fixed as an Octocoral genus name by subsequent designation of Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758 as type species by Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850 (p. lxxvii). [details]
WoRMS (2018). Alcyonium Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125284 on 2018-07-21
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-02-07 12:58:14Z
changed
2005-03-10 11:39:19Z
changed
2010-09-17 06:17:46Z
checked
2016-10-20 06:37:02Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 803 [details]   

basis of record van Ofwegen, L.; Grasshoff, M.; van der Land, J. (2001). Octocorallia (excl. Pennatulacea), in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 104-105 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Verseveldt, J. (1971). Octocorallia from North-Western Madagascar (Part II). Zoologische Verhandelingen Leiden, 117. [details]   

basis of record  (ofAlcyonidium auct.) van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO). , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/urmo/ [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Type species The genus name Alcyonium Linnaeus, 1758 has been used by various authors for a wide range of sessile invertebrates (a.o. sponges, ascidians and algae). The name is fixed as an Octocoral genus name by subsequent designation of Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758 as type species by Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850 (p. lxxvii). [details]
 



LanguageName 
Japanese ウミトサカ  [details]
Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758
 Alcyonium digitatum...
[image from typetaxon]

Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758
 Alcyonium digitatum...
[image from typetaxon]

Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758
 Alcyonium digitatum...
[image from typetaxon]

Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758
 Alcyonium digitatum...
[image from typetaxon]

Alcyonium digitatum
 Alcyonium digitatum
[image from typetaxon]

Alcyonium digitatum
 Alcyonium digitatum
[image from typetaxon]