WoRMS taxon details

Merlucciidae Rafinesque, 1815

125473  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125473)

accepted
Family
Subfamily Merlucciinae Rafinesque, 1815
  » Genus Lyconodes Gilchrist, 1922
  » Genus Lyconus Günther, 1887
  » Genus Macruronus Günther, 1873
    » Subgenus Macruronus (Cynogadus)
    » Species Macruronus capensis Davies, 1950
    » Species Macruronus maderensis Maul, 1951
    » Species Macruronus magellanicus Lönnberg, 1907
    » Species Macruronus novaezelandiae (Hector, 1871)
    » Species Macruronus argentinae Lahille, 1915 accepted as Macruronus magellanicus Lönnberg, 1907
    » Species Macruronus brachycolus (Holt & Byrne, 1906) accepted as Lyconus brachycolus Holt & Byrne, 1906
    » Species Macruronus caninus Maul, 1951 accepted as Lyconus brachycolus Holt & Byrne, 1906
    » Species Macruronus novaezealandiae (Hector, 1871) accepted as Macruronus novaezelandiae (Hector, 1871) (misspelling)
  » Genus Merluccius Rafinesque, 1810
    » Species Merluccius albidus (Mitchill, 1818)
    » Species Merluccius angustimanus Garman, 1899
    » Species Merluccius australis (Hutton, 1872)
    » Species Merluccius bilinearis (Mitchill, 1814)
    » Species Merluccius capensis Castelnau, 1861
    » Species Merluccius hernandezi Mathews, 1985
    » Species Merluccius hubbsi Marini, 1933
    » Species Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus, 1758)
      » Subspecies Merluccius merluccius cadenati Doutre, 1960 accepted as Merluccius polli Cadenat, 1950
      » Subspecies Merluccius merluccius capensis Castelnau, 1861 accepted as Merluccius capensis Castelnau, 1861
      » Subspecies Merluccius merluccius hubbsi Marini, 1933 accepted as Merluccius hubbsi Marini, 1933
      » Subspecies Merluccius merluccius lessepsianus Lloris, Matallanas & Oliver, 2003 accepted as Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus, 1758)
      » Subspecies Merluccius merluccius paradoxus Franca, 1960 accepted as Merluccius paradoxus Franca, 1960
      » Subspecies Merluccius merluccius polli Cadenat, 1950 accepted as Merluccius polli Cadenat, 1950
      » Subspecies Merluccius merluccius senegalensis Cadenat, 1950 accepted as Merluccius senegalensis Cadenat, 1950
    » Species Merluccius paradoxus Franca, 1960
    » Species Merluccius patagonicus Lloris & Matallanas, 2003
    » Species Merluccius polli Cadenat, 1950
    » Species Merluccius productus (Ayres, 1855)
    » Species Merluccius senegalensis Cadenat, 1950
    » Species Merluccius tasmanicus Matallanas & Lloris, 2006
    » Species Merluccius gayi (Guichenot, 1848) represented as Merluccius gayi gayi (Guichenot, 1848)
    » Species Merluccius ambiguous Lowe, 1841 accepted as Gadella maraldi (Risso, 1810) (misspelling)
    » Species Merluccius ambiguus Lowe, 1841 accepted as Gadella maraldi (Risso, 1810)
    » Species Merluccius angusticeps Hildebrand, 1946 accepted as Merluccius angustimanus Garman, 1899 (misspelling)
    » Species Merluccius argentatus Günther, 1862 accepted as Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Species Merluccius cadenati Doutre, 1960 accepted as Merluccius polli Cadenat, 1950
    » Species Merluccius esculentus Risso, 1827 accepted as Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Species Merluccius linnei Malm, 1877 accepted as Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Species Merluccius magnoculus Ginsburg, 1954 accepted as Merluccius albidus (Mitchill, 1818)
    » Species Merluccius maraldi (Risso, 1810) accepted as Gadella maraldi (Risso, 1810)
    » Species Merluccius polylepis Ginsburg, 1954 accepted as Merluccius australis (Hutton, 1872)
    » Species Merluccius smiridus Rafinesque, 1810 accepted as Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Species Merluccius uraleptus Costa, 1846 accepted as Gadella maraldi (Risso, 1810)
    » Species Merluccius vulgaris Fleming, 1828 accepted as Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Genus Epicopus Günther, 1860 accepted as Merluccius Rafinesque, 1810
  » Genus Hidronus accepted as Hydronus Minding, 1832 (misspelling)
  » Genus Homalopomus Girard, 1856 accepted as Merluccius Rafinesque, 1810
  » Genus Hydronus Minding, 1832 accepted as Merluccius Rafinesque, 1810 (synonym)
  » Genus Macrouronus accepted as Macruronus Günther, 1873 (misspelling)
  » Genus Merlucius accepted as Merluccius Rafinesque, 1810 (misspelling)
  » Genus Merlus Guichenot, 1848 accepted as Merluccius Rafinesque, 1810
  » Genus Stomodon Mitchill, 1814 accepted as Merluccius Rafinesque, 1810
  » Genus Trachinoides Borodin, 1934 accepted as Merluccius Rafinesque, 1810
Subfamily Steindachneriinae Parr, 1942
marine, brackish
Not documented
Distribution Distribution: Atlantic, eastern Pacific, Tasmania, and New Zealand. Dorsal fins 2, except Lyconodes with one. Second dorsal...  
Distribution Distribution: Atlantic, eastern Pacific, Tasmania, and New Zealand. Dorsal fins 2, except Lyconodes with one. Second dorsal fin and anal fin with a posterior notch. Chin barbel lacking. Small cycloid scales. Teeth present on head of vomer. Spinous first principal dorsal ray. Mouth large and terminal; long, pointed teeth in most species. A large V-shaped ridge appears on the upper side of the head. Pelvic fin rays 7-10. Branchiostegal rays 7. Pyloric caeca absent. Species of Merluccius are voracious predators inhabiting the continental shelf and upper slope. The three species of Macruronus live in large schools on the continental shelf in Subantarctic waters. [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2021). FishBase. Merlucciidae Rafinesque, 1815. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125473 on 2021-01-21
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2015-04-17 08:48:21Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


taxonomy source Van Der Laan, R.; Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R. (2014). Family-group names of Recent fishes. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3882(1): 1-230., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & Van der Laan, R. (eds). (2019). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2019., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Distribution Distribution: Atlantic, eastern Pacific, Tasmania, and New Zealand. Dorsal fins 2, except Lyconodes with one. Second dorsal fin and anal fin with a posterior notch. Chin barbel lacking. Small cycloid scales. Teeth present on head of vomer. Spinous first principal dorsal ray. Mouth large and terminal; long, pointed teeth in most species. A large V-shaped ridge appears on the upper side of the head. Pelvic fin rays 7-10. Branchiostegal rays 7. Pyloric caeca absent. Species of Merluccius are voracious predators inhabiting the continental shelf and upper slope. The three species of Macruronus live in large schools on the continental shelf in Subantarctic waters. [details]
LanguageName 
English merluccid hakes  [details]
Japanese メルルーサ科  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål lysingfamilien  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk lysingfamilien  [details]
Swedish kummelfiskar  [details]