WoRMS banner
Add search provider Add provider
Twitter: Latest updates @WRMarineSpecies

WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPogonophora 
AphiaID: 1270

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPogonophora (Phylum)
Authority Johansson, 1937
Status Unaccepted: synonym, or anything that is not accepted unaccepted (superfluous rank/name)
Accepted name  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSiboglinidae Caullery, 1914
Rank Phylum
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia
Sources  original description Johansson, Karl Erik 1937. Über Lamellisabella zachsi und ihre systematische Stellung. Zoologischer Anzeiger 117: 23-26.
page(s): 23 [details]

source of synonymy Rouse, G.W. (2001). A cladistic analysis of Siboglinidae Caullery, 1914 (Polychaeta, Annelida): formerly the phyla Pogonophora and Vestimentifera. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 132: 55-80. (look up in IMIS[details]

[show all]
Direct child
taxa (3)

[sort alpha..]
Subclass Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonilifera accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSiboglinidae Caullery, 1914
Subphylum Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorObturata accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSiboglinidae Caullery, 1914
Subphylum Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerviata accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSiboglinidae Caullery, 1914
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent + fossil
Feedingtypes  deposit feeder: surface [details]
interface feeder [details]
suspension feeder: facultative [details]
Link Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClassification The classification within Pogonophora escalated with the discovery of more Vestimentifera, originally created as an order of Pogonophora. Webb had already created the classes Frenulata and Afrenulata. Jones (1981) added subphyla Perviata and Obturata, and later (1985) separated the Vestimentifera completely as a new phylum. Ivanov (1991) added a new subclass of Monilifera for one genus, Sclerolinum.
Halanych et al.(2001) commented that "a ranked classification scheme has produced different names for the same clade of organisms. Vestimentiferans have been called Vestimentifera (Jones, 1981), Obturata (Jones, 1981; Southward, 1988; Southward and Galkin, 1997), and Afrenulata (Webb, 1969). Frenulates have been called Pogonophora (Jones, 1985), Frenulata (Webb, 1969), Perviata (Southward, 1988), and originally Siboglinidae (Caullery, 1914)."
At least 13 Pogononophora families were erected, most of them representing just one genus. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClassification Pogonophora is now an "obsolete" phylum. Johansson (1937), consequent upon the first discoveries of genera Siboglinum (Siboglinidae but unplaced to phylum) and Lamellisabella (Sabellidae in Polychaeta), placed these worms in his new class Pogonophora, at first regarded as part of the ill-defined "Vermes", then raised to phylum status and placed within the deuterostomes by Beklemishev (1944). This became a widely accepted relationship for these worms following a major monograph by Ivanov (1963), but eventually, partly based on work by Land & Norrevang (1975), the group was returned to the protostomes and within Phylum Annelida, and eventually back into the Sabellida group of families in Polychaeta.
Increased knowledge and molecular data collapsed the concepts of the Pogonophora and Vestimentifera as having fundamentally different body plans from Annelida, i.e., phylum status. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology According to Southward (2000) the name Pogonophora was derived from pogon (beard) and phor (to bear), hence beard-bearer, a reference by Johansson (1937) to the numerous tentacles of Lamellisabella zachsi.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHomonymy Not a homonym in the taxonomic sense but note that Pogonophora J. Agardh, 1890, also in WoRMS, is a invalid algal genus (now Dasya) in Order Ceramiales.  [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:1270
Edit history
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  db_admin
2007-12-15 20:01:16Z  changed  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2014-06-24 03:28:49Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
[Taxonomic tree] [List Species] [Occurrence map] [Google] [Google scholar] [Google images]
  Citation: Read, G. (2014). Pogonophora. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2016). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1270 on 2017-02-27
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License