WoRMS taxon details

Pholoides Pruvot, 1895

129440  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129440)

accepted
Genus
Peisidice Johnson, 1897 (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Pruvot, G. (1895). [Polychaeta context] Coup d'oeil sur la distribution général des invertébrés dans la région de Banyuls (Golfe du Lion). <em>Archives de zoologie expérimentale et générale.</em> 3(3): 629-658., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/5668186 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Nomenclature There is no indication Pruvot (1895) intentionally established a new genus with his mention of "Pholoides dorsipapilllata...  
Nomenclature There is no indication Pruvot (1895) intentionally established a new genus with his mention of "Pholoides dorsipapilllata Marenz" in a list of species "vivant dans les vieux débris à demi décomposés des Coraux ..." on page 655. Pholoidea would have been the family name for Pholoe at the time, and the spelling Pholoides was earlier used by Claparede (1875, Les annélides chétopodes du Golfe de Naples part 1, page 387) for a tribe within the family "Aphroditiens". Pruvot's usage is as a binominal in a listing of species in a non-taxonomic work. However, Pettibone (1992: 15) dignified this occurrence by stating that "Pruvot (1895:655) referred Marenzeller's species, Pholoe dorsipapillata, to his new genus Pholoides, without any explanation." Indeed. However, the explanation for no explanation is likely that this was unintentional, a lapsus. As there was no diagnosis this name was still regarded as valid by Pettibone and others, presumably via an 'indication' (permitted for pre 1931 names by Code article 12.2), via the apparent use of Marenzeller's name with a different genus name. Also Pettibone stated the genus was masculine (according to the Code rule on -oides endings), but this is highly debatable as Pruvot used the original feminine suffix for dorsipapilllata. Altogether Pholoides has a dubious, perhaps accidental, origin. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2019). World Polychaeta database. Pholoides Pruvot, 1895. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129440 on 2019-12-11
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-09-27 07:06:07Z
changed
Martinez, Olga
2007-01-24 08:43:46Z
checked
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2010-10-20 19:08:29Z
changed
2012-09-19 03:31:54Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Pruvot, G. (1895). [Polychaeta context] Coup d'oeil sur la distribution général des invertébrés dans la région de Banyuls (Golfe du Lion). <em>Archives de zoologie expérimentale et générale.</em> 3(3): 629-658., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/5668186 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Parapholoe Hartmann-Schröder, 1965) Hartmann-Schröder, G. 1965. Die Polychaeten des Sublitorals. IN: Hartmann-Schröder, G. and Gerd Hartmann, Zur Kenntnis des Sublitorals der chilenischen Küste unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Polychaeten und Ostracoden. (Mit bemerkungen über den Einfluss sauerstoffarmer Strömungen auf die Besiedlung von marien Sedimenten.). Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen zoologischen Museum und Institut 62: 59-305. [details]   

original description  (of Peisidice Johnson, 1897) Johnson, Herbert P. 1897. A preliminary account of the marine annelids of the Pacific coast, with descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Ser. 3, 1(5): 153-199., available online at http://www.archive.org/details/proceedingscali01sciegoog
page(s): 184 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Neave, Sheffield Airey. (1939-1996). Nomenclator Zoologicus vol. 1-10 Online. [developed by uBio, hosted online at MBLWHOI Library]., available online at http://ubio.org/NomenclatorZoologicus/ [details]   

status source Norlinder, Erika; Nygren, Arne; Wiklund, Helena; Pleijel, Fredrik. (2012). Phylogeny of scale-worms (Aphroditiformia, Annelida), assessed from 18SrRNA, 28SrRNA, 16SrRNA, mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI), and morphology. <em>Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution.</em> 65(2): 490-500., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2012.07.002 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

identification resource Padovanni, Nathalia; Amaral, Antonia Cecília Zacagnini. (2014). New species of the scale worm genus Pholoides (Polychaeta: Sigalionidae) from south-east Brazil. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 94(8): 1587–1595., available online at https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315414001003
page(s): [Table of valid taxa] [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Diagnosis (fide Miranda & Brasil, 2014) "Prostomium subtriangular, with ceratophore of median antenna on anterior border, without lateral antennae; tentaculophores of segment 1 with a bundle of notosetae and single tentacular cirrus. Parapodia biramous. Middorsum not covered by elytra, with or without scattered adhesive tubercles. Elytra on segments 2, 4, 5, 7, continuing on alternate segments to the end of the body, thick, with concentric rings and numerous long border papillae. Segments up to 48." [details]

Nomenclature There is no indication Pruvot (1895) intentionally established a new genus with his mention of "Pholoides dorsipapilllata Marenz" in a list of species "vivant dans les vieux débris à demi décomposés des Coraux ..." on page 655. Pholoidea would have been the family name for Pholoe at the time, and the spelling Pholoides was earlier used by Claparede (1875, Les annélides chétopodes du Golfe de Naples part 1, page 387) for a tribe within the family "Aphroditiens". Pruvot's usage is as a binominal in a listing of species in a non-taxonomic work. However, Pettibone (1992: 15) dignified this occurrence by stating that "Pruvot (1895:655) referred Marenzeller's species, Pholoe dorsipapillata, to his new genus Pholoides, without any explanation." Indeed. However, the explanation for no explanation is likely that this was unintentional, a lapsus. As there was no diagnosis this name was still regarded as valid by Pettibone and others, presumably via an 'indication' (permitted for pre 1931 names by Code article 12.2), via the apparent use of Marenzeller's name with a different genus name. Also Pettibone stated the genus was masculine (according to the Code rule on -oides endings), but this is highly debatable as Pruvot used the original feminine suffix for dorsipapilllata. Altogether Pholoides has a dubious, perhaps accidental, origin. [details]