WoRMS taxon details

Spirorbis Daudin, 1800

129642  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129642)

accepted
Genus
Spirorbis Lamarck, 1801 (junior homonym and objective synonym to Spirorbis Daudin, 1800)
Subgenus Spirorbis (Leodora)
  » Species Spirorbis (Leodora) knightjonesi De Silva, 1965 accepted as Leodora knightjonesi (De Silva, 1965) (superseded original combination)
Subgenus Spirorbis (Pileolaria)
Subgenus Spirorbis (Romanchella) Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
Subgenus Spirorbis (Spirillum)
Subgenus Spirorbis (Spirorbella)
Subgenus Spirorbis (Spirorbis) Daudin, 1800
  » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) bidentatus Bailey & Harris, 1968
  » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) bifurcatus Knight-Jones, 1978
  » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) corallinae de Silva & Knight-Jones, 1962
  » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) cuneatus Gee, 1964
  » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) infundibulum Harris & Knight-Jones, 1964
  » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) inornatus L'Hardy & Quievreux, 1962
  » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) marioni Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
  » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) placophora Bailey & Harris, 1968
  » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) rothlisbergi Knight-Jones, 1978
  » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) rupestris Gee & Knight-Jones, 1962
  » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) spatulatus Knight-Jones, 1978
  » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) spirorbis (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) strigatus Knight-Jones, 1978
  » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) tridentatus Levinsen, 1884
Subgenus Spirorbis (Velorbis) Knight-Jones & Knight-Jones, 1995
Species Spirorbis africana Sterzinger, 1909
Species Spirorbis albus Mörch, 1863
Species Spirorbis ambiguus Fleming, 1825
Species Spirorbis ammonita Schmidt in Mörch, 1863
Species Spirorbis annulus Brown in Mörch, 1863
Species Spirorbis antarctica Lesson, 1830
Species Spirorbis antillarum Augener, 1922
Species Spirorbis auricularis Harris, 1969
Species Spirorbis baltica Wood in Mörch, 1863
Species Spirorbis carinatus Daudin, 1800
Species Spirorbis communis Bosc, 1802
Species Spirorbis conoidea Savigny in Lamarck, 1818
Species Spirorbis corrugatus (Montagu, 1803)
Species Spirorbis digitus Harris, 1969
Species Spirorbis dorsatus Bush in Moore & Bush, 1904
Species Spirorbis flabellis Harris, 1969
Species Spirorbis glomeratus Packard, 1863
Species Spirorbis incisus Mörch, 1863
Species Spirorbis incongruus Bush, 1905
Species Spirorbis indicus Sterzinger, 1909
Species Spirorbis inversus Bush, 1905
Species Spirorbis lineatus Bush, 1905
Species Spirorbis mendosus Bush, 1910
Species Spirorbis morchi Levinsen, 1884
Species Spirorbis mutabilis Bush, 1905
Species Spirorbis nordenskjoeldi Ehlers, 1900
Species Spirorbis nudus Bush, 1910
Species Spirorbis papillatus Pixell, 1913
Species Spirorbis ponticus Eichwald in Mörch, 1863
Species Spirorbis porosa Chenu in Mörch, 1863
Species Spirorbis recta Wood in Mörch, 1863
Species Spirorbis rugatus Bush, 1905
Species Spirorbis rugosa Chenu in Mörch, 1863
Species Spirorbis serratus Bush, 1910
Species Spirorbis strigatus Knight-Jones, 1978
Species Spirorbis translucens Bailey & Harris, 1968
Species Spirorbis transversus Daudin, 1800
Species Spirorbis tuberculatus Bailey & Harris, 1968
Species Spirorbis unicornis Bailey & Harris, 1968
Species Spirorbis variabilis Bush, 1905

Species Spirorbis ammonitiformis (Serres, 1855) (taxon inquirendum)
Species Spirorbis echinatus Wesenberg-Lund, 1953 (taxon inquirendum, It is oviously valid species and not of genus Spirorbis, but generic position udeterminable)
Species Spirorbis incurvatus Turton, 1802 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Spirorbis perforans (Serres, 1855) (taxon inquirendum)
Species Spirorbis pervius (Montagu, 1803) (taxon inquirendum)
Species Spirorbis plicatus (Montfort, 1810 in Mörch, 1863) (taxon inquirendum)
Species Spirorbis pusilla Rathke, 1837 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Spirorbis simplex Grube, 1850 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Spirorbis spirulaeformis (Serres, 1855) (taxon inquirendum)
Species Spirorbis zelandica Gray, 1843 (taxon inquirendum, indeterminable fide Vine 1977)

Species Spirorbis carinulata Mörch, 1863 (nomen dubium, indeterminable, no description)
Species Spirorbis tridentatus Bush, 1905 (nomen dubium, unreplaced junior homonym to Spirorbis tridentatus Levinsen, 1884)

Species Spirorbis bidentatus Bailey & Harris, 1968 represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) bidentatus Bailey & Harris, 1968
Species Spirorbis bifurcatus Knight-Jones, 1978 represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) bifurcatus Knight-Jones, 1978
Species Spirorbis corallinae de Silva & Knight-Jones, 1962 represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) corallinae de Silva & Knight-Jones, 1962
Species Spirorbis cuneatus Gee, 1964 represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) cuneatus Gee, 1964
Species Spirorbis epichysis Bailey, 1970 represented as Spirorbis (Janua) epichysis Bailey, 1969 accepted as Janua pagenstecheri (Quatrefages, 1866) accepted as Janua heterostropha (Montagu, 1803)
Species Spirorbis gesae Knight-Jones & Knight-Jones, 1995 represented as Spirorbis (Velorbis) gesae Knight-Jones P. & Knight-Jones E.W., 1995
Species Spirorbis infundibulum Harris & Knight-Jones, 1964 represented as Spirorbis (Laeospira) infundibulum Harris & Knight-Jones, 1964 represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) infundibulum Harris & Knight-Jones, 1964
Species Spirorbis inornatus L'Hardy & Quievreux, 1962 represented as Spirorbis (Laeospira) inornatus L'Hardy & Quievreux, 1962 represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) inornatus L'Hardy & Quievreux, 1962
Species Spirorbis lucidus represented as Spirorbis (Spirillum) lucidus
Species Spirorbis marioni Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) marioni Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
Species Spirorbis placophora Bailey & Harris, 1968 represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) placophora Bailey & Harris, 1968
Species Spirorbis rothlisbergi Knight-Jones, 1978 represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) rothlisbergi Knight-Jones, 1978
Species Spirorbis rupestris Gee & Knight-Jones, 1962 represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) rupestris Gee & Knight-Jones, 1962
Species Spirorbis spatulatus Knight-Jones, 1978 represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) spatulatus Knight-Jones, 1978
Species Spirorbis spirorbis (Linnaeus, 1758) represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) spirorbis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Spirorbis tridentatus Levinsen, 1884 represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) tridentatus Levinsen, 1884

Subgenus Spirorbis (Dexiospira) accepted as Neodexiospira Pillai, 1970
  » Species Spirorbis (Dexiospira) pusilloides (Bush, 1904)
  » Species Spirorbis (Dexiospira) treadwelli Pillai, 1965
  » Species Spirorbis (Dexiospira) ceylonicus Pillai, 1960 accepted as Janua (Dexiospira) ceylonica (Pillai, 1960) accepted as Neodexiospira pseudocorrugata (Bush, 1905) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Spirorbis (Dexiospira) karaitivensis Pillai, 1960 accepted as Janua (Dexiospira) karaitivensis (Pillai, 1960) accepted as Neodexiospira formosa (Bush, 1905) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Spirorbis (Dexiospira) marioni Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Janua (Dexiospira) marioni (Caullery & Mesnil, 1897) accepted as Spirorbis marioni Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) marioni Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 (superseded original combination)
  » Species Spirorbis (Dexiospira) nipponicus Okuda, 1934 accepted as Janua (Dexiospira) nipponicus (Okuda, 1934) accepted as Neodexiospira alveolata (Zachs, 1933) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Spirorbis (Dexiospira) pusilloides (Bush, 1905) accepted as Janua (Dexiospira) pusilloides (Bush, 1905) accepted as Janua pagenstecheri (Quatrefages, 1866) accepted as Janua heterostropha (Montagu, 1803) (superseded recombination)
Subgenus Spirorbis (Janua) accepted as Janua Saint-Joseph, 1894 (objective synonym)
Subgenus Spirorbis (Laeospira) Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) Daudin, 1800 (unnecessary new name for nominal subgenus Spirorbis)
  » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) bernardi Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
  » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) langerhansi Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
  » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) infundibulum Harris & Knight-Jones, 1964 represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) infundibulum Harris & Knight-Jones, 1964
  » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) inornatus L'Hardy & Quievreux, 1962 represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) inornatus L'Hardy & Quievreux, 1962
  » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) corallinae de Silva & Knight-Jones, 1962 accepted as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) corallinae de Silva & Knight-Jones, 1962 (superseded original combination)
  » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) endoumensis Zibrowius, 1968 accepted as Vinearia endoumensis (Zibrowius, 1968) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) heteropoma Zibrowius, 1968 accepted as Pileolaria heteropoma (Zibrowius, 1968) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) koehleri Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Vinearia koehleri (Caullery & Mesnil, 1897) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) mediterraneus Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Pileolaria militaris Claparède, 1870
  » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) medius Pixell, 1912 accepted as Protoleodora asperata (Bush, 1905) (subjective synonym)
  » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) moerchi [misspelling of morchi] accepted as Spirorbis morchi Levinsen, 1884 (misspelling by subsequent authors)
  » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) orientalis Pillai, 1960 accepted as Eulaeospira orientalis (Pillai, 1960) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) pseudomilitaris Thiriot-Quievreux, 1965 accepted as Simplaria pseudomilitaris (Thiriot-Quievreux, 1965) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) rupestris Gee & Knight-Jones, 1962 accepted as Laeospira rupestris (Gee & Knight-Jones, 1962) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) sarsiae Southward, 1963 accepted as Laeospira sarsiae (Southward, 1963) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) superbus Pillai, 1960 accepted as Laeospira superba (Pillai, 1960) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) tridentatus Levinsen, 1884 accepted as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) tridentatus Levinsen, 1884 (superseded subsequent combination)
  » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) umbilicatus L'Hardy & Quievreux, 1962 accepted as Laeospira rupestris (Gee & Knight-Jones, 1962) (subjective synonym)
Subgenus Spirorbis (Paralaeospira) Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Paralaeospira Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 (superseded original rank as subgenus)
  » Species Spirorbis (Paralaeospira) calypso Zibrowius, 1970
  » Species Spirorbis (Paralaeospira) patagonicus Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
  » Species Spirorbis (Paralaeospira) adeonella Day, 1963 accepted as Paralaeospira adeonella (Day, 1963) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Spirorbis (Paralaeospira) aggregata [auct. misspelling (gender suffix)] accepted as Spirorbis (Paralaeospira) aggregatus Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Paralaeospira aggregata Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 (lapsus by Fauchald, 1977)
  » Species Spirorbis (Paralaeospira) aggregatus Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Paralaeospira aggregata Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 (superseded original combination)
  » Species Spirorbis (Paralaeospira) antarcticus Pixell, 1913 accepted as Paralaeospira antarctica (Pixell, 1913) accepted as Metalaeospira pixelli (Harris, 1969)
  » Species Spirorbis (Paralaeospira) capensis Day, 1961 accepted as Paralaeospira capensis (Day, 1963) accepted as Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira) capensis (Day, 1961) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Spirorbis (Paralaeospira) levinseni Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Paralaeospira levinseni (Caullery & Mesnil, 1897) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis abnormis Bush, 1905 accepted as Bushiella abnormis (Bush, 1905) represented as Bushiella (Bushiella) abnormis (Bush, 1905) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis affinis Levinsen, 1883 accepted as Laeospira granulata (Linnaeus, 1767) (subjective synonym)
Species Spirorbis alveolatus Zachs, 1933 accepted as Neodexiospira alveolata (Zachs, 1933) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis argutus Bush in Moore & Bush, 1904 accepted as Eulaeospira arguta (Bush in Moore, 1904) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis asperatus Bush, 1905 accepted as Protoleodora asperata (Bush, 1905) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis bellulus Bush in Moore & Bush, 1904 accepted as Neodexiospira brasiliensis (Grube, 1872) (subjective synonym)
Species Spirorbis beneti Marion, 1879 accepted as Laeospira beneti (Marion, 1879) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis borealis Daudin, 1800 accepted as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) spirorbis (Linnaeus, 1758) (objective junior synonym, unnecessary replacement name)
Species Spirorbis brasiliensis Grube, 1872 accepted as Neodexiospira brasiliensis (Grube, 1872)
Species Spirorbis carinata Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Spirorbis incisus Mörch, 1863 (subjective synonym)
Species Spirorbis caulleryi McIntosh, 1916 accepted as Paradexiospira violaceus (Levinsen, 1883) represented as Paradexiospira (Paradexiospira) violacea (Levinsen, 1883) (subjective synonym)
Species Spirorbis chilensis Blanchard in Gay, 1849 accepted as Nidificaria chilensis (Blanchard, 1849)
Species Spirorbis clavus Harris, 1968 accepted as Nidificaria clavus (Harris, 1968) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis comptus Bush, 1905 accepted as Janua (Dexiospira) spirillum (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Circeis spirillum (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective synonym)
Species Spirorbis conica Fleming in Mörch, 1863 accepted as Paradexiospira vitrea (Fabricius, 1780) represented as Paradexiospira (Spirorbides) vitrea (Fabricius, 1780) (subjective synonym)
Species Spirorbis convexis Wiseley, 1962 accepted as Eulaeospira convexis (Wisely, 1962) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis cornea (Adams, 1800) accepted as Janua (Dexiospira) spirillum lucida (Montagu, 1803) accepted as Circeis spirillum (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective synonym)
Species Spirorbis cornuarietis Philippi, 1844 accepted as Laeospira cornuarietis (Philippi, 1844) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis coronatus Zachs, 1933 accepted as Protoleodora coronata (Zachs, 1933)
Species Spirorbis evolutus Bush, 1905 accepted as Leodora verruca (Fabricius in Mörch, 1863) accepted as Bushiella (Bushiella) verruca (Fabricius in Mörch, 1863) (subjective synonym)
Species Spirorbis eximius Bush, 1905 accepted as Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira) eximia (Bush, 1905) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis fabricii Malmgren, 1867 accepted as Laeospira granulata (Linnaeus, 1767) (subjective synonym)
Species Spirorbis fewkesii Bush in Sumner, Osburn & Cole, 1913 accepted as Janua (Dexiospira) spirillum (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Circeis spirillum (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective synonym)
Species Spirorbis foraminosus Bush, 1905 accepted as Neodexiospira foraminosa (Bush in Moore & Bush, 1904) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis formosus Bush, 1905 accepted as Neodexiospira foraminosa (Bush in Moore & Bush, 1904) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis granulata (Linnaeus, 1767) accepted as Bushiella (Jugaria) granulata (Linnaeus, 1767) (incorrect subsequent spelling for gender agreement)
Species Spirorbis granulatus (Linnaeus, 1767) accepted as Bushiella (Jugaria) granulata (Linnaeus, 1767) (superseded recombination)
Species Spirorbis heideri Sterzinger, 1909 accepted as Neodexiospira foraminosa (Bush in Moore & Bush, 1904) (subjective synonym)
Species Spirorbis inventis Harris, 1969 accepted as Romanchella inventis (Haris, 1969)
Species Spirorbis laevis Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Leodora laevis (Quatrefages, 1866) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis lamellosa Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Neodexiospira lamellosa (Lamarck, 1818) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis levinseni Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Paralaeospira levinseni (Caullery & Mesnil, 1897) (superseded subsequent combination, genus unchanged)
Species Spirorbis linnei Malm, 1874 accepted as Laeospira borealis (Daudin, 1800) accepted as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) spirorbis (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective synonym)
Species Spirorbis lucida (Montagu, 1803) accepted as Circeis spirillum (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective synonym)
Species Spirorbis mediterraneus Caullery & Mesnil, 1896 accepted as Pileolaria militaris Claparède, 1870 (juvenile form of P. militaris)
Species Spirorbis militaris accepted as Pileolaria militaris Claparède, 1870 (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis moerchi [misspelling of morchi] accepted as Spirorbis morchi Levinsen, 1884 (misspelling by subsequent authors)
Species Spirorbis monocanthus Augener, 1923 accepted as Paralaeospira monacantha (Augener, 1923) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis nordenskjoldi Ehlers, 1900 accepted as Paralaeospira levinseni (Caullery & Mesnil, 1897) (subjective synonym)
Species Spirorbis pagenstecheri Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Janua heterostropha (Montagu, 1803) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis parallela (Vine, 1977) accepted as Paralaeospira parallela Vine, 1977 (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Spirorbis pixelli Harris, 1969 accepted as Metalaeospira pixelli (Harris, 1969) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis pseudocorrugatus Bush, 1905 accepted as Neodexiospira pseudocorrugata (Bush, 1905) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis pusilloides Bush, 1905 accepted as Janua (Dexiospira) pusilloides (Bush, 1905) accepted as Janua pagenstecheri (Quatrefages, 1866) accepted as Janua heterostropha (Montagu, 1803) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis quadrangularis Stimpson, 1854 accepted as Bushiella (Jugaria) quadrangularis (Stimpson, 1854) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis reflexa Adams in Mörch, 1863 accepted as Janua (Dexiospira) spirillum lucida (Montagu, 1803) accepted as Circeis spirillum (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective synonym)
Species Spirorbis retortus (Turton, 1802) accepted as Serpula retorta Adams, 1798
Species Spirorbis reversus (Montagu, 1803) accepted as Serpula reversa Montagu, 1803 (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Spirorbis scoresbyi Harris, 1969 accepted as Romanchella scoresbyi (Harris, 1969) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis semidentatus Bush, 1905 accepted as Janua (Dexiospira) semidentata (Bush, 1905) accepted as Paradexiospira (Spirorbides) vitrea (Fabricius, 1780) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis similis Bush, 1905 accepted as Bushiella (Jugaria) similis (Bush, 1905) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis spirillum (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Circeis spirillum (Linnaeus, 1758) (superseded recombination)
Species Spirorbis steueri Sterzinger, 1909 accepted as Neodexiospira steueri (Sterzinger, 1909) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis stimpsonii Verrill, 1880 accepted as Laeospira borealis (Daudin, 1800) accepted as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) spirorbis (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective synonym)
Species Spirorbis sulcata Adams in Mörch, 1863 accepted as Laeospira granulata (Linnaeus, 1767) (subjective synonym)
Species Spirorbis tricostalis Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira) tricostalis (Lamarck, 1818) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis tubaeformis Bush, 1905 accepted as Laeospira borealis (Daudin, 1800) accepted as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) spirorbis (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective synonym)
Species Spirorbis validus Verrill in Smith & Harger, 1874 accepted as Bushiella (Bushiella) valida (Verrill in Smith & Harger, 1874) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis verruca (Fabricius in Mörch, 1863) accepted as Bushiella verruca (Fabricius in Mörch, 1863) represented as Bushiella (Bushiella) verruca (Fabricius in Mörch, 1863) (superseded recombination)
Species Spirorbis violaceus Levinsen, 1883 accepted as Paradexiospira violaceus (Levinsen, 1883) represented as Paradexiospira (Paradexiospira) violacea (Levinsen, 1883) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis vitrea (Fabricius, 1780) accepted as Paradexiospira (Spirorbides) vitrea (Fabricius, 1780) (superseded recombination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
masculine
Daudin, François Marie. (1800). Receuil de mémoires et de notes sur des espèces inédites ou peu connues de Mollusques, de vers et de zoophytes. xviii & 19-50. Fuchs & Treuttel et Wurtz. Paris., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/96153
page(s): 37 [details]   
Note The type species of Spirorbis is Serpula...  
From editor or global species database
Type species The type species of Spirorbis is Serpula spirorbis Linnaeus, 1758 by absolute tautonymy (Code article 68.4, and see Bieler & Petit 2011: 19). However, the determination is confused in the prior literature. It cannot be Spirorbis borealis Daudin, 1800 as that name, whether valid or not, is junior to Spirorbis spirorbis (originally Serpula spirorbis). Importantly, Spirorbis borealis is not a distinct species, rather it is Daudin's name for Serpula spirorbis. However, the type species of Spirorbis has been often given as Spirorbis borealis, such as in the Hartman catalogue (1959: 601), in the book on Arctic Serpulidae of Rzhavsky et al (2014: 133), and in the spirorbin monograph of Vine (1977: 9) who states that "Daudin established the genus Spirorbis with S. borealis as the type-species", although that statement is not correct.
Spirorbis borealis was first introduced as a name when Daudin named and briefly described Spirorbis genus, but there Daudin (1800: 37) stated he included three species already known, and then listed three pairs of names with the new Spirorbis combination listed first in each pair. Two of these were unexceptionable recombinations from Linnaean (1758) Serpula names with the species epithet unchanged (Spirorbis planorbis and Spirorbis spirillum), but the third was Spirorbis borealis, a changed (novel) name from the original of Serpula spirorbis Linnaeus. This looks like a superfluous new name for the species of Linnaeus, perhaps because Daudin did not want to use the tautonymous combination of "Spirorbis spirorbis". As an unnecessary renaming it would be invalid, alhough the name would possibly be available. Daudin also added two further species in the same work later on page 48, but he does not state a type species (an action not to be expected at that date) thus the type determination, if it was not already decided by applying Code article 68.4, would need to be a subsequent one from amongst the valid Spirorbis names of Daudin. Subsequent designation of S. borealis would be invalid, as the name is both invalid as superfluous and as junior to the Linnaean name. [details]
Description Here is the original description of Daudin (1800): "GENRE SPIRORBE. SPIRORBIS. Caractère generIque. Coquille discoïde,...  
Description Here is the original description of Daudin (1800): "GENRE SPIRORBE. SPIRORBIS. Caractère generIque. Coquille discoïde, régulière , à ouverture sub-orbiculaire, et toujours adhérente aux substances marines. Ce genre, quoique voisin des Planorbes par la forme de sa coquille plus comprimée dans le centre, appartient cependant à la sous-division des vers à tuyaux, au moins l'espèce nommée par Linné serpula spirorbis , parce qu'elle renferme une véritable amphytrite à quatre plumules attachées contre la base d'un tentacule bifide , suivant le citoyen Bosc. Les trois espèces suivantes , deja connues , sont toujours fixées après les coraux , les coquilles , les fucus , les algues et autres substances marines."
[Translation: "SPIRORBE GENUS. Spirorbis. Generic character. Discoid shell, regular, with sub-orbicular opening, and always adherent to marine substances. This genus, though close to the Planorbes by the shape of its more compressed shell in the center, belongs, however, to the sub-division of pipe-worms, at least the species named by Linnea Serpula spirorbis, because it contains a true amphytrite. four plumules tied against the base of a bifid tentacle, according to the citizen Bosc. The following three species, already known, are always fixed after [on] corals, shells, fucus, algae and other marine substances."
 [details]

Etymology Not stated. Spirorbis is a compound modified from Latin 'spira' (twisted) and 'orbis' (circle). As orbis is masculine, thus...  
Etymology Not stated. Spirorbis is a compound modified from Latin 'spira' (twisted) and 'orbis' (circle). As orbis is masculine, thus Spirorbis is masculine.  [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2019). World Polychaeta database. Spirorbis Daudin, 1800. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129642 on 2019-08-20
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-03 06:51:11Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2013-02-15 07:04:21Z
changed
2019-05-14 10:57:37Z
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2019-06-09 22:57:13Z
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2019-06-11 06:06:01Z
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Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Daudin, François Marie. (1800). Receuil de mémoires et de notes sur des espèces inédites ou peu connues de Mollusques, de vers et de zoophytes. xviii & 19-50. Fuchs & Treuttel et Wurtz. Paris., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/96153
page(s): 37 [details]   

original description  (of Spirorbis Lamarck, 1801) Lamarck, J. B. (1801). Système des animaux sans vertèbres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; Présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'apres la considération de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement établi dans les galeries du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, parmi leurs dépouilles conservées; Précédé du discours d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donné dans le Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la République. Published by the author and Deterville, Paris: viii + 432 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14117719
page(s): 326; note: The associated species is: "Spirorbis nautiloïdes. n. Serpula spirorbis Lin." [details]   

basis of record Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. <em>Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126.</em> 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Description Here is the original description of Daudin (1800): "GENRE SPIRORBE. SPIRORBIS. Caractère generIque. Coquille discoïde, régulière , à ouverture sub-orbiculaire, et toujours adhérente aux substances marines. Ce genre, quoique voisin des Planorbes par la forme de sa coquille plus comprimée dans le centre, appartient cependant à la sous-division des vers à tuyaux, au moins l'espèce nommée par Linné serpula spirorbis , parce qu'elle renferme une véritable amphytrite à quatre plumules attachées contre la base d'un tentacule bifide , suivant le citoyen Bosc. Les trois espèces suivantes , deja connues , sont toujours fixées après les coraux , les coquilles , les fucus , les algues et autres substances marines."
[Translation: "SPIRORBE GENUS. Spirorbis. Generic character. Discoid shell, regular, with sub-orbicular opening, and always adherent to marine substances. This genus, though close to the Planorbes by the shape of its more compressed shell in the center, belongs, however, to the sub-division of pipe-worms, at least the species named by Linnea Serpula spirorbis, because it contains a true amphytrite. four plumules tied against the base of a bifid tentacle, according to the citizen Bosc. The following three species, already known, are always fixed after [on] corals, shells, fucus, algae and other marine substances."
 [details]

Etymology Not stated. Spirorbis is a compound modified from Latin 'spira' (twisted) and 'orbis' (circle). As orbis is masculine, thus Spirorbis is masculine.  [details]

Grammatical gender Masculine, as orbis is masculine. Two of the names created by Daudin had masculine endings, namely carinatus and transversus, and borealis (northern), his name for Spirorbis spirorbis, appears to have the same ending for both masculine and feminine applications. Most subequent authors have treated Spirorbis as a masculine name. [details]

Type species The type species of Spirorbis is Serpula spirorbis Linnaeus, 1758 by absolute tautonymy (Code article 68.4, and see Bieler & Petit 2011: 19). However, the determination is confused in the prior literature. It cannot be Spirorbis borealis Daudin, 1800 as that name, whether valid or not, is junior to Spirorbis spirorbis (originally Serpula spirorbis). Importantly, Spirorbis borealis is not a distinct species, rather it is Daudin's name for Serpula spirorbis. However, the type species of Spirorbis has been often given as Spirorbis borealis, such as in the Hartman catalogue (1959: 601), in the book on Arctic Serpulidae of Rzhavsky et al (2014: 133), and in the spirorbin monograph of Vine (1977: 9) who states that "Daudin established the genus Spirorbis with S. borealis as the type-species", although that statement is not correct.
Spirorbis borealis was first introduced as a name when Daudin named and briefly described Spirorbis genus, but there Daudin (1800: 37) stated he included three species already known, and then listed three pairs of names with the new Spirorbis combination listed first in each pair. Two of these were unexceptionable recombinations from Linnaean (1758) Serpula names with the species epithet unchanged (Spirorbis planorbis and Spirorbis spirillum), but the third was Spirorbis borealis, a changed (novel) name from the original of Serpula spirorbis Linnaeus. This looks like a superfluous new name for the species of Linnaeus, perhaps because Daudin did not want to use the tautonymous combination of "Spirorbis spirorbis". As an unnecessary renaming it would be invalid, alhough the name would possibly be available. Daudin also added two further species in the same work later on page 48, but he does not state a type species (an action not to be expected at that date) thus the type determination, if it was not already decided by applying Code article 68.4, would need to be a subsequent one from amongst the valid Spirorbis names of Daudin. Subsequent designation of S. borealis would be invalid, as the name is both invalid as superfluous and as junior to the Linnaean name. [details]
 



LanguageName 
English spiral tubeworms  [details]
German Posthörnchenwürmer  [details]
To NMNH Extant Collection (USNM 19205 Specimen-1)
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