WoRMS taxon details

Leitoscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885)

130513  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130513)

accepted
Species
Haploscoloplos minutus Hartman, 1953 (superseded subsequent rank of subjective synonym)
Leitoscoloplos kerguelensis minutus (Hartman, 1953) (superseded subsequent combination of subjective synonym)
Scoloplos kerguelensis McIntosh, 1885 (superseded original combination)

Subspecies Leitoscoloplos kerguelensis minutus (Hartman, 1953) accepted as Leitoscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885) (superseded subsequent combination of subjective synonym)
marine
(ofScoloplos kerguelensis McIntosh, 1885) McIntosh, William C. (1885). Report on the Annelida Polychaeta collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876. Ser. Zoology. vol. 12 [part 34 of reports]: 1-554, plates 1-55, 1A-39A, & Annelida stations map., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/50688426
page(s): 355-356, plate XLIII figs. 6-8, plate XXIIA fig. 19 [details]   
Note Southern Indian Ocean, Kerguelen Islands: off...  
From editor or global species database
Type locality Southern Indian Ocean, Kerguelen Islands: off London River (48º50'S, 69º18'E), 110 fathoms (200 m), volcanic mud, and off Christmas Harbour (48º41'S, 69º04'E); 120 fathoms (220 m), volcanic mud.  [details]
Depth range 20-220 m.   
Depth range 20-220 m.  [details]

Distribution Southern Indian Ocean: Kerguelen Islands. Mackie (1987: 4) restricted the distribution of the species to the Kerguelen...  
Distribution Southern Indian Ocean: Kerguelen Islands. Mackie (1987: 4) restricted the distribution of the species to the Kerguelen area. Most records from other areas, especially the ones from western Mexico and European waters, must be considered doubtful, as they differ from the redescription of the species.  [details]

Etymology The specific epithet kerguelensis refers to the type locality of the species, Kerguelen Islands (Southern Indian Ocean).   
Etymology The specific epithet kerguelensis refers to the type locality of the species, Kerguelen Islands (Southern Indian Ocean).  [details]

Taxonomy Adding to previous comments by Mackie (1987) on a number of probably erroneous prior identifications and records, Blake...  
Taxonomy Adding to previous comments by Mackie (1987) on a number of probably erroneous prior identifications and records, Blake (2017: 26) comments on possible misidentifications and hidden taxa placed as L. kerguelensis as follows: "Many of the published records of L. kerguelensis from Antarctica probably include a mixture of species. For example, records of L. kerguelensis by Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt (1988, 1990) from the Antarctic Peninsula and Elephant Island appear to be a mixture of L. kerguelensis and L. geminus because branchiae are reported to begin from setigers 10–14. Scoloplos kerguelensis sensu Fauvel (1916) from the Falkland Islands has branchiae from setiger 18–20 and is likely an undescribed species. The records of S. kerguelensis from India by Fauvel (1932; 1953) refer to yet another unknown species because the thorax consists of 12–19 setigers and branchiae begin from setiger 20–22. Haploscoloplos kerguelensis sensu Ramos (1976) from the eastern Mediterranean is another undescribed species having eight thoracic setigers, branchiae from setiger 14, bilobed neuropodia, and furcate setae. Haploscoloplos kerguelensis sensu Fauchald (1972) from deep water off Western Mexico differs from typical shallower forms in having a distinct postsetal lobe on abdominal neuropodia, and is most certainly an unnamed species. Haploscoloplos kerguelensis sensu Okuda (1937; 1938; 1939; 1946) is believed to represent another undescribed species. Leitoscoloplos normalis from Australia is closely related to L. kerguelensis …"  [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Leitoscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130513 on 2018-06-21
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2013-10-31 21:45:48Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (ofLeitoscoloplos banzareae Mackie, 1987) Mackie, Andrew S. Y. 1987. A review of species currently assigned to the genus Leitoscoloplos Day, 1977 (Polychaeta: Orbiniidae), with descriptions of species newly referred to Scoloplos Blainville, 1828. Sarsia, 72: 1-28. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 8, fig. 7, table 6 [details]   

original description  (ofScoloplos kerguelensis McIntosh, 1885) McIntosh, William C. (1885). Report on the Annelida Polychaeta collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876. Ser. Zoology. vol. 12 [part 34 of reports]: 1-554, plates 1-55, 1A-39A, & Annelida stations map., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/50688426
page(s): 355-356, plate XLIII figs. 6-8, plate XXIIA fig. 19 [details]   

original description  (ofHaploscoloplos kerguelensis minutus Hartman, 1953) Hartman, O. 1953. Non-pelagic polychaeta of the Swedish Antarctic Expedition 1901-1903. Further Zoological Results of the Swedish Antarctic Expedition 1901-1903, 4(11): 1-83.
page(s): 37, fig. 11a-c [details]   

additional source Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 222 [as 'sensu Ramos, 1976'] [details]   

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   

redescription Blake, James A. (2017). Polychaeta Orbiniidae from Antarctica, the Southern Ocean, the Abyssal Pacific Ocean, and off South America. Zootaxa. 4218(1): 1-145 [monograph]., available online at http://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4218.1.1/25653
page(s): 23; note: redescription, not from types, with new synonyms added, and comments on possible misidentifications (see notes below) [details]   

redescription Mackie, Andrew S. Y. 1987. A review of species currently assigned to the genus Leitoscoloplos Day, 1977 (Polychaeta: Orbiniidae), with descriptions of species newly referred to Scoloplos Blainville, 1828. Sarsia, 72: 1-28. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 3-4, fig. 2, table 1, table 6 [details]   

new combination reference Day, John H. (1977). A review of the Australian and New Zealand Orbiniidae (Annelida: Polychaeta). 217-246. In: Reish, Donald J.; Fauchald, Kristian (Eds.). Essays on polychaetous annelids in memory of Dr. Olga Hartman. The Allan Hancock Foundation, University of Southern California.
page(s): 223 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofLeitoscoloplos banzareae Mackie, 1987) Blake, James A. (2017). Polychaeta Orbiniidae from Antarctica, the Southern Ocean, the Abyssal Pacific Ocean, and off South America. Zootaxa. 4218(1): 1-145 [monograph]., available online at http://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4218.1.1/25653
page(s): 23; note: to L. kerguelensis [details]   

additional source  (ofHaploscoloplos kerguelensis minutus Hartman, 1953) Clarke, A.; Johnston, N.M. (2003). Antarctic marine benthic diversity. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review. 41: 47-114. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofHaploscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885)) Clarke, A.; Johnston, N.M. (2003). Antarctic marine benthic diversity. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review. 41: 47-114. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

misapplication  (ofHaploscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885)) Monro, C.C.A. (1936). Polychaete worms II. Discovery Reports, Cambridge. 12: 59-197., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/28331#page/75/mode/1up
page(s): 160; note: specimens identified by Monro (1936) as Haploscoloplos kerguelensis were lated described as Leitoscoloplos geminus sp. nov. by Mackie (1987: 6) [details]   

additional source  (ofHaploscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885)) Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofHaploscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885)) Zenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N. (2010). Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution. Mediterranean Marine Science. 11(2): 381-493., available online at https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.87 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

new combination reference  (ofScoloplos kerguelensis McIntosh, 1885) Monro, C.C.A. (1936). Polychaete worms II. Discovery Reports, Cambridge. 12: 59-197., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/28331#page/75/mode/1up
page(s): 160; note: as Haploscoloplos; specimens from Monro (1936) later referred to Leitoscoloplos geminus Mackie, 1987 [details]   

redescription  (ofLeitoscoloplos kerguelensis minutus (Hartman, 1953)) Mackie, Andrew S. Y. 1987. A review of species currently assigned to the genus Leitoscoloplos Day, 1977 (Polychaeta: Orbiniidae), with descriptions of species newly referred to Scoloplos Blainville, 1828. Sarsia, 72: 1-28. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 4-5, fig. 3, table 6 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLeitoscoloplos kerguelensis minutus (Hartman, 1953)) Blake, James A. (2017). Polychaeta Orbiniidae from Antarctica, the Southern Ocean, the Abyssal Pacific Ocean, and off South America. Zootaxa. 4218(1): 1-145 [monograph]., available online at http://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4218.1.1/25653
page(s): 23; note: subspecies synonymised with nominal species L. kerguelensis [details]   

basis of record  (ofHaploscoloplos minutus Hartman, 1953) Hartman, O. (1978). Polychaeta from the Weddell Sea quadrant, Antarctica. Antarctic Research Series. 26(4): 125-223., available online at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/9781118664599.ch4/summary
page(s): 156; note: raised from subspecific to specific rank [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofHaploscoloplos minutus Hartman, 1953) Mackie, Andrew S. Y. 1987. A review of species currently assigned to the genus Leitoscoloplos Day, 1977 (Polychaeta: Orbiniidae), with descriptions of species newly referred to Scoloplos Blainville, 1828. Sarsia, 72: 1-28. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 4-5, fig. 3, table 6; note: kept at subspecies rank, but recombination to L. kerguelensis minutus [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofHaploscoloplos minutus Hartman, 1953) Blake, James A. (2017). Polychaeta Orbiniidae from Antarctica, the Southern Ocean, the Abyssal Pacific Ocean, and off South America. Zootaxa. 4218(1): 1-145 [monograph]., available online at http://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4218.1.1/25653
page(s): 23; note: to Leitoscoloplos kerguelensis [details]   

status source  (ofHaploscoloplos kerguelensis minutus Hartman, 1953) Hartman, O. (1978). Polychaeta from the Weddell Sea quadrant, Antarctica. Antarctic Research Series. 26(4): 125-223., available online at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/9781118664599.ch4/summary
page(s): 156; note: raised from subspecific to specific rank [details]   

new combination reference  (ofHaploscoloplos kerguelensis minutus Hartman, 1953) Mackie, Andrew S. Y. 1987. A review of species currently assigned to the genus Leitoscoloplos Day, 1977 (Polychaeta: Orbiniidae), with descriptions of species newly referred to Scoloplos Blainville, 1828. Sarsia, 72: 1-28. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 4-5, fig. 3, table 6 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofHaploscoloplos kerguelensis minutus Hartman, 1953) Blake, James A. (2017). Polychaeta Orbiniidae from Antarctica, the Southern Ocean, the Abyssal Pacific Ocean, and off South America. Zootaxa. 4218(1): 1-145 [monograph]., available online at http://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4218.1.1/25653 [details]   

new combination reference  (ofScoloplos kerguelensis McIntosh, 1885) Day, John H. (1977). A review of the Australian and New Zealand Orbiniidae (Annelida: Polychaeta). 217-246. In: Reish, Donald J.; Fauchald, Kristian (Eds.). Essays on polychaetous annelids in memory of Dr. Olga Hartman. The Allan Hancock Foundation, University of Southern California.
page(s): 223; note: as Leitoscoloplos [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Mak, P. M. S. (1982). The coral associated polychaetes of Hong Kong, with special reference to the serpulids. In: Proceedings of the first international marine biological workshop: The marine flora and fauna of Hong Kong and southern China (ed. Morton, B.), vol. 2, pp595-617. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Syntype [from synonym] NHMUK ZOO 1885.12.1.252, locality Kerguelen Islands (off London River, Kerguelen Islands, Southern Indian Ocean, Stn 149G (48°50'S, 69°18'E); 110 fathoms (200 m), volcanic mud) [view taxon]
Syntype [from synonym] NHMUK ZOO 1885.12.1.253, locality Kerguelen Islands (off Christmas Harbour, Kerguelen Islands, Southern Indian Ocean (48°41'S, 69°04'E); 120 fathoms (220 m), volcanic mud) [view taxon]
Nontype NHMUK 1941.3.3.1281, locality Kerguelen Islands (Southern Indian Ocean, NE Kerguelen Islands, BANZARE Stn 4 (48º32'S, 69º59'30''E); 132 m) [details]
Nontype NHMUK 1941.3.3.1282, locality Kerguelen Islands (Southern Indian Ocean, Kerguelen Islands, Royal Sound, BANZARE Stn 5 (49º33'S, 69º49'45''E); 20 m) [details]
Nontype NHMUK 1941.3.3.1283, locality Kerguelen Islands (Southern Indian Ocean, Kerguelen Islands, (49º30'S, 70º04'E); 50 m) [details]
Nontype NHMUK 1941.3.3.1285, locality MacRobertson Land (Antarctica, off MacRobertson Land (66º45'S, 62º03'E); 219 m) [details]
Paratype [from synonym] NHMUK 1941.3.3.1489-1491, locality MacRobertson Land (off MacRobertson Land, Antarctica, BANZARE Stn 107 (66°45'S, 62°03'E); 219 m) [view taxon]
Syntype [from synonym] NRS 3703, locality South Georgia (South Georgia, outside mouth of Cumberland Bay, Stn 34 (54º11'S, 36º18'W); gray mud with few stones, 252-310 m) [view taxon]
Nontype [from synonym] NRS 3480, locality South Georgia (South Georgia, outer half of Pot Bay, Stn 24 (54º22'S, 36º27'W; this station would be on land, geocoordinates corrected here to the more likely lat. -54.287º, long. -35.492); 95 m, mud) [view taxon]
From editor or global species database
Depth range 20-220 m.  [details]

Diagnosis Mackie (1987: 4) restricted the species Leitoscoloplos kerguelensis to specimens possessing 9 thoracic chaetigers and initially small branchiae from chaetiger 13-15.  [details]

Distribution Southern Indian Ocean: Kerguelen Islands. Mackie (1987: 4) restricted the distribution of the species to the Kerguelen area. Most records from other areas, especially the ones from western Mexico and European waters, must be considered doubtful, as they differ from the redescription of the species.  [details]

Etymology The specific epithet kerguelensis refers to the type locality of the species, Kerguelen Islands (Southern Indian Ocean).  [details]

Habitat Volcanic mud.  [details]

Taxonomy Adding to previous comments by Mackie (1987) on a number of probably erroneous prior identifications and records, Blake (2017: 26) comments on possible misidentifications and hidden taxa placed as L. kerguelensis as follows: "Many of the published records of L. kerguelensis from Antarctica probably include a mixture of species. For example, records of L. kerguelensis by Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt (1988, 1990) from the Antarctic Peninsula and Elephant Island appear to be a mixture of L. kerguelensis and L. geminus because branchiae are reported to begin from setigers 10–14. Scoloplos kerguelensis sensu Fauvel (1916) from the Falkland Islands has branchiae from setiger 18–20 and is likely an undescribed species. The records of S. kerguelensis from India by Fauvel (1932; 1953) refer to yet another unknown species because the thorax consists of 12–19 setigers and branchiae begin from setiger 20–22. Haploscoloplos kerguelensis sensu Ramos (1976) from the eastern Mediterranean is another undescribed species having eight thoracic setigers, branchiae from setiger 14, bilobed neuropodia, and furcate setae. Haploscoloplos kerguelensis sensu Fauchald (1972) from deep water off Western Mexico differs from typical shallower forms in having a distinct postsetal lobe on abdominal neuropodia, and is most certainly an unnamed species. Haploscoloplos kerguelensis sensu Okuda (1937; 1938; 1939; 1946) is believed to represent another undescribed species. Leitoscoloplos normalis from Australia is closely related to L. kerguelensis …"  [details]

Type locality Southern Indian Ocean, Kerguelen Islands: off London River (48º50'S, 69º18'E), 110 fathoms (200 m), volcanic mud, and off Christmas Harbour (48º41'S, 69º04'E); 120 fathoms (220 m), volcanic mud.  [details]