WoRMS taxon details

Theonellidae Lendenfeld, 1903

131682  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131682)

accepted
Family
Genus Discodermia du Bocage, 1869
  » Species Discodermia adhaerens Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014
  » Species Discodermia arbor Carvalho & Xavier, 2020
  » Species Discodermia aspera Carter, 1880
  » Species Discodermia calyx Döderlein, 1884
  » Species Discodermia claviformis Kieschnick, 1896
  » Species Discodermia discifera (Lendenfeld, 1907)
  » Species Discodermia discifurca Sollas, 1888
  » Species Discodermia dissoluta Schmidt, 1880
  » Species Discodermia dubia Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971
  » Species Discodermia emarginata Dendy, 1905
  » Species Discodermia gorgonoides Burton, 1928
  » Species Discodermia inscripta (Schmidt, 1879)
  » Species Discodermia interspersa Kumar, 1925
  » Species Discodermia irregularis Hoshino, 1976
  » Species Discodermia japonica Döderlein, 1884
  » Species Discodermia jogashima Tanita & Hoshino, 1989
  » Species Discodermia kellyae Carvalho & Xavier, 2020
  » Species Discodermia kiiensis Hoshino, 1977
  » Species Discodermia koreana Sim, 1982
  » Species Discodermia laevidiscus Carter, 1880
  » Species Discodermia natalensis Kirkpatrick, 1903
  » Species Discodermia ornata Sollas, 1888
  » Species Discodermia panoplia Sollas, 1888
  » Species Discodermia papillata Carter, 1880
  » Species Discodermia polydiscus (Bowerbank, 1869)
  » Species Discodermia polymorpha Pisera & Vacelet, 2011
  » Species Discodermia proliferans Lévi & Lévi, 1983
  » Species Discodermia ramifera Topsent, 1892
  » Species Discodermia sinuosa Carter, 1881
  » Species Discodermia stylifera Keller, 1891
  » Species Discodermia tuberosa Dendy, 1922
  » Species Discodermia vermicularis Döderlein, 1884
  » Species Discodermia verrucosa Topsent, 1928
  » Species Discodermia amphiaster Schmidt, 1879 accepted as Neopelta amphiaster (Schmidt, 1879)
  » Species Discodermia clavatella (Schmidt, 1870) accepted as Macandrewia clavatella (Schmidt, 1870) (genus transfer)
  » Species Discodermia conica Kieschnick, 1896 accepted as Theonella conica (Kieschnick, 1896) (genus transfer)
  » Species Discodermia imperfecta (Schmidt, 1879) accepted as Neopelta imperfecta Schmidt, 1880 (reverted genus transfer)
  » Species Discodermia nodosa Schmidt, 1879 accepted as Daedalopelta nodosa (Schmidt, 1879) (genus transfer)
  » Species Discodermia nucerium Schmidt, 1879 accepted as Racodiscula asteroides Zittel, 1878 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Discodermia sceptrellifera Carter, 1881 accepted as Racodiscula sceptrellifera (Carter, 1881) (genus transfer)
  » Species Discodermia spinispirulifera Carter, 1880 accepted as Racodiscula spinispirulifera (Carter, 1880) (genus transfer)
Genus Manihinea Pulitzer-Finali, 1993
Genus Racodiscula Zittel, 1878
  » Species Racodiscula asteroides Zittel, 1878
  » Species Racodiscula borisi Schuster, 2018
  » Species Racodiscula radixa Schuster, 2018
  » Species Racodiscula sceptrellifera (Carter, 1881)
  » Species Racodiscula seymoura Schuster, 2018
  » Species Racodiscula spinispirulifera (Carter, 1880)
  » Species Racodiscula clava Schmidt, 1879 accepted as Exsuperantia archipelagus Carvalho & Pisera, 2019
  » Species Racodiscula incrustans Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971 accepted as Kaliapsis incrustans (Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971) (genus transfer)
  » Species Racodiscula nucerium (Schmidt, 1879) accepted as Racodiscula asteroides Zittel, 1878 (junior synonym)
  » Species Racodiscula polydiscus (Schmidt, 1870) accepted as Discodermia polydiscus (Bowerbank, 1869) (genus transfer)
Genus Siliquariaspongia Hoshino, 1981
Genus Theonella Gray, 1868
  » Species Theonella annulata Lendenfeld, 1907
  » Species Theonella atlantica van Soest & Stentoft, 1988
  » Species Theonella complicata (Carter, 1880)
  » Species Theonella conica (Kieschnick, 1896)
  » Species Theonella cupola Burton, 1928
  » Species Theonella cylindrica Wilson, 1925
  » Species Theonella deliqua Hall, Ekins & Hooper, 2014
  » Species Theonella ferruginea Zittel, 1878
  » Species Theonella incerta Thiele, 1900
  » Species Theonella invaginata Wilson, 1925
  » Species Theonella lacerata Lendenfeld, 1907
  » Species Theonella laena Lim & Tan, 2016
  » Species Theonella levior Lendenfeld, 1907
  » Species Theonella maricae Hall, Ekins & Hooper, 2014
  » Species Theonella mirabilis (de Laubenfels, 1954)
  » Species Theonella pulchrifolia Dendy, 1922
  » Species Theonella swinhoei Gray, 1868
  » Species Theonella timmi Samaai, Pillay & Janson, 2019
  » Species Theonella wrightae Pisera & Pomponi, 2015
  » Species Theonella xantha (Sutcliffe, Hooper & Pitcher, 2010)
  » Species Theonella calyx (Döderlein, 1884) accepted as Discodermia calyx Döderlein, 1884 (reverted genus transfer)
  » Species Theonella discifera Lendenfeld, 1907 accepted as Discodermia discifera (Lendenfeld, 1907) (genus transfer)
  » Species Theonella pratti (Bowerbank, 1869) accepted as Theonella swinhoei Gray, 1868 (junior synonym and misspelling of species name)
  » Species Theonella prattii (Bowerbank, 1869 accepted as Theonella swinhoei Gray, 1868 (junior synonym)

Genus Collinella Schmidt, 1879 accepted as Discodermia du Bocage, 1869 (junior synonym)
Genus Desmahabana Alcolado & Gotera, 1986 accepted as Discodermia du Bocage, 1869 (junior synonym)
Genus Rhachella Sollas, 1888 accepted as Theonella Gray, 1868 (junior synonym)
  » Species Rhachella complicata (Carter, 1880) accepted as Theonella complicata (Carter, 1880) (genus transfer)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Lendenfeld, R. von. (1903). Porifera. Tetraxonia. pp. vi-xv, 1-168. <em>In: Schulze, Franz Eilhard (Ed.), Das Tierreich. 19. (Friedländer: Berlin).</em>  [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2021). World Porifera Database. Theonellidae Lendenfeld, 1903. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131682 on 2021-04-11
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2015-04-22 06:11:52Z
changed

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original description Lendenfeld, R. von. (1903). Porifera. Tetraxonia. pp. vi-xv, 1-168. <em>In: Schulze, Franz Eilhard (Ed.), Das Tierreich. 19. (Friedländer: Berlin).</em>  [details]  OpenAccess publication 

taxonomy source Pisera, A.; Lévi, C. (2002). Family Theonellidae Lendenfeld, 1903. Pp. 327-337. In Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record Schuster, A.; Erpenbeck, D.; Pisera, A.; Hooper, J.; Bryce, M.; Fromont, J.; Wörheide, G. (2015). Deceptive desmas: molecular phylogenetics suggests a new classification and uncovers convergent evolution of lithistid demosponges. <em>PLOS One.</em> 10 (1): e116038., available online at https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116038
page(s): 25 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, <b><i>in</i></b>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification</i>. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
LanguageName 
Japanese ヨツウデデスマカイメン科  [details]