WoRMS name details

Scypha Gray, 1821

131719  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131719)

 unaccepted (nomen oblitum)
Genus
Spongia coronata Ellis & Solander, 1786 accepted as Sycon ciliatum (Fabricius, 1780) (type by subsequent designation)

Species Scypha laevigata (Montagu, 1814) (taxon inquirendum)

Species Scypha acanthoxea Little, 1963 accepted as Sycon acanthoxea (Little, 1963) (genus transfer)
Species Scypha ananus accepted as Leucandra ananas (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer and misspelling of species name)
Species Scypha arctica (Haeckel, 1872) accepted as Sycon arcticum (Haeckel, 1870) (genus transfer)
Species Scypha asconoides (Breitfuss, 1896) accepted as Sycetta asconoides Breitfuss, 1896 (reverted genus transfer)
Species Scypha botryoides (Ellis & Solander, 1786) accepted as Leucosolenia botryoides (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (genus transfer)
Species Scypha cancellata (Sowerby, 1806) accepted as Haliclona (Reniera) cinerea (Grant, 1826) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Scypha ciliata (Fabricius, 1780) accepted as Sycon ciliatum (Fabricius, 1780) (genus transfer)
Species Scypha complicata (Montagu, 1814) accepted as Leucosolenia complicata (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer)
Species Scypha compressa (Fabricius, 1780) accepted as Grantia compressa (Fabricius, 1780) (genus transfer)
Species Scypha coronata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) accepted as Sycon ciliatum (Fabricius, 1780) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Scypha crucifera (Polejaeff, 1883) accepted as Megapogon crucifer (Poléjaeff, 1883) (genus transfer)
Species Scypha egedii (Schmidt, 1870) accepted as Leucandra egedii (Schmidt, 1870) (genus transfer)
Species Scypha elegans (Bowerbank, 1845) accepted as Sycon elegans (Bowerbank, 1845) (genus transfer)
Species Scypha fistulosa (Johnston, 1842) accepted as Leucandra fistulosa (Johnston, 1842) (genus transfer)
Species Scypha foliacea (Montagu, 1814) accepted as Grantia compressa (Fabricius, 1780) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Scypha glacialis (Haeckel, 1872) accepted as Sycettusa glacialis (Haeckel, 1870) (genus transfer)
Species Scypha kuekenthali (Breitfuss, 1896) accepted as Sycettusa kuekenthali (Breitfuss, 1896) (genus transfer)
Species Scypha labyrinthica (Carter, 1878) accepted as Teichonopsis labyrinthica (Carter, 1878) (genus transfer)
Species Scypha nemurensis (Hôzawa, 1929) accepted as Grantessa nemurensis Hôzawa, 1929 (reverted genus transfer)
Species Scypha ovata Gray, 1821 accepted as Leucandra ananas (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Scypha papillaris (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) papillaris (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer)
Species Scypha protecta (Lambe, 1896) accepted as Sycon protectum Lambe, 1896 (genus transfer)
Species Scypha quadrangulata (Schmidt, 1868) accepted as Sycon quadrangulatum (Schmidt, 1868) (genus transfer)
Species Scypha raphanus (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Sycon raphanus Schmidt, 1862 (reverted genus transfer)
Species Scypha scaldiensis Van Koolwijk, 1982 accepted as Sycon scaldiense (Van Koolwijk, 1982) (genus transfer)
Species Scypha setosa (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Sycon setosum Schmidt, 1862 (reverted genus transfer)
Species Scypha tubulosa (Linnaeus, 1759) accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) tubulosa (Linnaeus, 1759) (genus transfer)
Species Scypha utricula (Schmidt, 1869) accepted as Sycandra utriculus (Schmidt, 1869) (genus transfer)
Species Scypha villosa (Haeckel, 1870) accepted as Sycon villosum (Haeckel, 1870) (reverted genus transfer)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
feminine
Gray, S.F. (1821). A natural arrangement of British Plants. Volume I. Baldwin, London: i-xxvii, 1-821, 21 pls., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/30086635 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Nomenclature De Laubenfels (1936: 196) learned from Dendy & Row (1913) that Scypha Gray, 1821 could be a synonym with priority over...  
Nomenclature De Laubenfels (1936: 196) learned from Dendy & Row (1913) that Scypha Gray, 1821 could be a synonym with priority over Sycon Risso, 1826. The latter authors argued that this should be kept a 'nomen oblitum' and that the much wider used Sycon should stay in use. Instead of following this advice, De Laubenfels proceeded to assign Spongia coronata Ellis & Solander, 1786 (=Sycon ciliatum) as the type species of Scypha as the first mentioned by Gray, and proposed to refer Sycon to its junior synonymy. Unfortunately, Burton (1963) followed De Laubenfels proposal and promoted the use of Scypha for species of Sycon with some succes over a short period of years. The result of these unfortunate interventions of De Laubenfels and Burton is that suppression of the name Scypha under Art. 23.9.1 is no longer possible. The Commission of the ICZN must be approached to have the name Scypha suppressed in favor of Sycon[details]
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2020). World Porifera Database. Scypha Gray, 1821. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131719 on 2020-10-30
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2009-05-06 11:23:27Z
changed
2012-07-29 09:02:03Z
changed
2020-06-26 09:54:27Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Gray, S.F. (1821). A natural arrangement of British Plants. Volume I. Baldwin, London: i-xxvii, 1-821, 21 pls., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/30086635 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, <b><i>in</i></b>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification</i>. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Howson, C.M.; Picton, B.E. (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. <em>Ulster Museum Publication, 276. The Ulster Museum: Belfast, UK. ISBN 0-948150-06-8.</em> vi, 508 (+ cd-rom) pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Nomenclature De Laubenfels (1936: 196) learned from Dendy & Row (1913) that Scypha Gray, 1821 could be a synonym with priority over Sycon Risso, 1826. The latter authors argued that this should be kept a 'nomen oblitum' and that the much wider used Sycon should stay in use. Instead of following this advice, De Laubenfels proceeded to assign Spongia coronata Ellis & Solander, 1786 (=Sycon ciliatum) as the type species of Scypha as the first mentioned by Gray, and proposed to refer Sycon to its junior synonymy. Unfortunately, Burton (1963) followed De Laubenfels proposal and promoted the use of Scypha for species of Sycon with some succes over a short period of years. The result of these unfortunate interventions of De Laubenfels and Burton is that suppression of the name Scypha under Art. 23.9.1 is no longer possible. The Commission of the ICZN must be approached to have the name Scypha suppressed in favor of Sycon[details]
To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 063405)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
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