WoRMS taxon details

Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862)

132362  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:132362)

accepted
Species
Hircinia flavescens Schmidt, 1862 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Hircinia hebes Schmidt, 1862 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Hircinia hirsuta Schmidt, 1862 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Hircinia lingua Schmidt, 1868 (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Hircinia mamillaris Schmidt, 1868 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Hircinia panicea Schmidt, 1862 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Hircinia variabilis Schmidt, 1862 (genus name correction)
Spongia licheniformis var. gamma Lamarck, 1814 (genus transfer & junior synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(of Hircinia variabilis Schmidt, 1862) Schmidt, O. (1862). Die Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-viii, 1-88, pls 1-7.
page(s): 34; pl III 17 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Type locality contained in Adriatic Sea  
type locality contained in Adriatic Sea [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Taxonomy The assignment of Hircinia variabilis Schmidt as type species of the genus Ircinia is controversial. It is proposed by...  
Taxonomy The assignment of Hircinia variabilis Schmidt as type species of the genus Ircinia is controversial. It is proposed by Pronzato et al. (2004) to name Ircinia spongiastrum Nardo, 1833 as type species. This is a nomen nudum and as such not available as a name for a valid (type) species. Subsequently these authors assign I. spongiastrum to the synonymy of Hircinia variabilis Schmidt, 1862 by which act this would become the type species of Ircinia. Previously, authors have attempted to assign Spongia fasciculata Pallas, 1766, as type of Ircinia, but that is not possible because this was not among the species mentioned by Nardo, 1833 under Ircinia. For Hircinia variabilis Schmidt to become type species 'officially', a verdict from the Committee of the ICZN appears necessary. [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2019). World Porifera Database. Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=132362 on 2019-09-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-09-09 16:45:37Z
changed
2006-09-04 18:27:42Z
changed
2006-11-07 19:57:12Z
changed
2006-11-08 10:20:37Z
changed
2010-05-06 19:18:19Z
checked

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Ircinia flavescens (Schmidt, 1862)) Schmidt, O. (1862). Die Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-viii, 1-88, pls 1-7. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Ircinia hebes (Schmidt, 1862)) Schmidt, O. (1862). Die Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-viii, 1-88, pls 1-7. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Hircinia variabilis var. fistulata Szymanski, 1904) Szymanski, J.M. (1904). Hornschwämme von Aegina und Brioni bei Pola. <em>Inaugural Dissertation. (Breslau).</em>  [details]   

original description  (of Hircinia variabilis var. fistulata Szymanski, 1904) Szymanski, M. (1904). Zur Anatomie und Systematik der Hornschwämme des Mittelmeeres. <em>Zoologischen Anzeiger.</em> 27: 445-449. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Hircinia flavescens Schmidt, 1862) Schmidt, O. (1862). Die Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-viii, 1-88, pls 1-7.
page(s): 33; pl III fig 12-14 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Hircinia hebes Schmidt, 1862) Schmidt, O. (1862). Die Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-viii, 1-88, pls 1-7.
page(s): 33-34; pl III fig 16 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Hircinia hirsuta Schmidt, 1862) Schmidt, O. (1862). Die Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-viii, 1-88, pls 1-7.
page(s): 33; pl III fig 15 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Hircinia lingua Schmidt, 1868) Schmidt, O. (1868). Die Spongien der Küste von Algier. Mit Nachträgen zu den Spongien des Adriatischen Meeres (Drittes Supplement). (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-iv, 1-44, pls I-V.
page(s): 6; pl II fig 3 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Ircinia tenax Nardo, 1833) Nardo, G.D. (1833). Auszug aus einem neuen System der Spongiarien,wonach bereits die Aufstellung in der Universitäts-Sammlung zu Padua gemacht ist. Pp. 519-523. <em>In: Isis, oder Encyclopädische Zeitung Coll. (Oken: Jena).</em>  [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Ircinia hospitum Nardo, 1833) Nardo, G.D. (1833). Auszug aus einem neuen System der Spongiarien,wonach bereits die Aufstellung in der Universitäts-Sammlung zu Padua gemacht ist. Pp. 519-523. <em>In: Isis, oder Encyclopädische Zeitung Coll. (Oken: Jena).</em>  [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Ircinia rigida Nardo, 1833) Nardo, G.D. (1833). Auszug aus einem neuen System der Spongiarien,wonach bereits die Aufstellung in der Universitäts-Sammlung zu Padua gemacht ist. Pp. 519-523. <em>In: Isis, oder Encyclopädische Zeitung Coll. (Oken: Jena).</em>  [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Hircinia panicea Schmidt, 1862) Schmidt, O. (1862). Die Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-viii, 1-88, pls 1-7.
page(s): 32; pl III fig 11 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Ircinia spongiastrum Nardo, 1833) Nardo, G.D. (1833). Auszug aus einem neuen System der Spongiarien,wonach bereits die Aufstellung in der Universitäts-Sammlung zu Padua gemacht ist. Pp. 519-523. <em>In: Isis, oder Encyclopädische Zeitung Coll. (Oken: Jena).</em>  [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Spongia cavernosa sensu Nardo, 1833) Nardo, G.D. (1833). Auszug aus einem neuen System der Spongiarien,wonach bereits die Aufstellung in der Universitäts-Sammlung zu Padua gemacht ist. Pp. 519-523. <em>In: Isis, oder Encyclopädische Zeitung Coll. (Oken: Jena).</em>  [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Hircinia variabilis Schmidt, 1862) Schmidt, O. (1862). Die Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-viii, 1-88, pls 1-7.
page(s): 34; pl III 17 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Spongia licheniformis var. gamma Lamarck, 1814) Lamarck, J.B.P. De Monet, Comte De. (1814 [1813]). Sur les polypiers empâtés. <em>Annales du Museum national d'Histoire naturelle.</em> 20: 294-312; 370-386; 432-458. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Hircinia variabilis var. typica Nardo, 1847) Nardo, G.D. (1847). Prospetto della fauna marina volgare del Veneto Estuario con cenni sulle principali specie commestibili dell'Adriatico,sulle venete pesche, sulle valli, ecc. Pp. 113-156 (1-45 in reprint). <em>In: Venezia e le sue lagune. (G. Antonelli: Venezia).</em>  [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Hircinia typica Nardo, 1847) Nardo, G.D. (1847). Prospetto della fauna marina volgare del Veneto Estuario con cenni sulle principali specie commestibili dell'Adriatico,sulle venete pesche, sulle valli, ecc. Pp. 113-156 (1-45 in reprint). <em>In: Venezia e le sue lagune. (G. Antonelli: Venezia).</em>  [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Hircinia mamillaris Schmidt, 1868) Schmidt, O. (1868). Die Spongien der Küste von Algier. Mit Nachträgen zu den Spongien des Adriatischen Meeres (Drittes Supplement). (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-iv, 1-44, pls I-V.
page(s): 6 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Pronzato, R.; Malva, R.; Manconi, R. (2004). The taxonomic status of <i>Ircinia fasciculata</i>, <i>Ircinia felix</i>, and <i>Ircinia variabilis</i> (Dictyoceratida, Irciinidae). <i>In</i>: Pansini M, Pronzato R, Bavestrello G, Manconi R, Sarà M (eds) Sponge Science in the New Millenium. Papers contributed to the VI International Sponge Conference Rapallo (Italy) 29 September – 5 October 2002. <em>Bollettino dei Musei e degli Istituti Biologici della Univertità di Genova.</em> 68: 553-563. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Rützler, K.; van Soest, R. W. M.; Piantoni, C. (2009). Sponges (Porifera) of the Gulf of Mexico. <i>in</i>: Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A & M Press, College Station, Texas. 285–313. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Aloui-Bejaoui, N.; Afli, A. (2012). Functional diversity of the macro-invertebrate community in the port area of Kerkennah Islands (Tunisia). <em>Mediteranean Marine Science.</em> 13 (1): 93-102.
page(s): 102 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Labate, M. (1964). Poriferi di grotta superficiale del litorale adriatico pugliese. <em>Annali del Pontificio Istituto Scienze e Lettere S. Chiara, Napoli.</em> 14, 319-342.
page(s): 338 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Voultsiadou-Koukoura, E.; Koukouras, A. (1993). Contribution to the knowledge of Keratose sponges (Dictyoceratida, Dendroceratida, Verongida: Demospongiae, Porifera) of the Aegean Sea. <em>Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin.</em> 69, 57-72.
page(s): 60-61 [details]   

additional source Kefalas, E.; Castritsi-Catharios, I; Miliou, H. (2003). The impacts of scallop dredging on sponge assemblages in the Gulf of kalloni (Aegean Sea, northeastern Mediterranean). <em>ICES Journal of Marine Science.</em> 60, 402-10.
page(s): 406 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Evcen, A.; Çinar, M.E. (2012). Sponge (Porifera) species from the Mediterranean coast of Turkey (Levantine Sea, eastern Mediterranean), with a checklist of sponges from the coasts of Turkey. <em>Turkish Journal of Zoology,.</em> 36, 460-464.
page(s): 463 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pansini, M.; Morri, C.; Bianchi, C.N. (2000). The sponge community of a subtidal area with hydrothermal vents: Milos island, Aegean Sea. <em>Estuarine Coastal Shelf Science.</em> 51, 627-635.
page(s): 630 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Corriero, G.; Abbiati, M.; Santangelo, G. (1997). Sponges inhabiting a Mediteranean red coral population. <em>Marine Ecology.</em> 18 (2), 147-155.
page(s): 149 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Corriero, G.; Scalera-Liaci, L.; Gristina, M.; Riggio, S.; Mercurio, M. (1997). Composizione tassonomica e distribuzione della fauna e Poriferi e Briozoi in una grotta semisommersa della riserva naturale marina "Isola di Ustica". <em>Biologia Marina Mediterranea.</em> 4 (1), 34-43.
page(s): 37 [details]   

additional source Corriero, G.; Pansini, M.; Sarà, M. (1984). Sui Poriferi della insenatura della Strea a Porto Cesareo (Lecce). <em>Thalassia Salentina.</em> 14, 1-10.
page(s): 8 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Gerovasileiou, V.; Voultsiadou, E. (2016). Sponge diversity gradients in marine caves of the eastern Mediterranean. <em>Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom.</em> 96(2), 407–416., available online at https://doi.org/10.1017/s0025315415000697
page(s): 4 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Evcen, A.; Çinar, M. E.; Zengin, M.; Süer, S.; Rüzgar, M. (2016). New records of five sponge species (Porifera) for the Black Sea. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4103(3): 267., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4103.3.5
page(s): 272 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Idan T., Shefer S., Feldstein T., Yahel R., Huchon D. and Ilan M. (2018). Shedding light on an East-Mediterranean mesophotic sponge ground community and the regional sponge fauna. <em>Mediterranean marine science.</em> 19(1), 84-106., available online at https://ejournals.epublishing.ekt.gr/index.php/hcmr-med-mar-sc/article/view/13853
page(s): 9 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Costa, G.; Giussani, V.; Kletou, D.; Kleitou, P.; Pansini, M.; Setti, A.; Pronzato, R.; Bertolini, M. (2018). A first preliminary study of the shallow water sponge fauna from Cyprus Island (Eastern Mediterranean). <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4450(5): 594., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4450.5.7
page(s): 595 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Costa, G.; Betti, F.; Nepote, E.; Cattaneo-Vietti, R.; Pansini, M.; Bavestrello, G.; Bertolino, M. (2018). Sponge community variations within two semi-submerged caves of the Ligurian Sea (Mediterranean Sea) over a half-century time span. <em>The European Zoological Journal.</em> 85 (1): 382-392., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/24750263.2018.1525439
page(s): 386 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Longo, C.; Cardone, F.; Pierri, C.; Mercurio, M.; Mucciolo, S.; Marzano, C.N.; Corriero, G. (2018). Sponges associated with coralligenous formations along the Apulian coasts. <em>Marine Biodiversity.</em> 48(4): 2151-2163., available online at https://doi.org/10.1007/s12526-017-0744-x
page(s): 2188 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, <b><i>in</i></b>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification</i>. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Pansini, M. (1987). Littoral demosponges from the banks of the Strait of Sicily and the Alboran Sea. <i>In</i>: Vacelet J, Boury-Esnault N (eds) Taxonomy of Porifera from the N.E. Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea. <em>NATO Advanced Science Institutes Series G, Ecological Sciences Springer, Heidelberg.</em> 13, 149-185. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 182 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pulitzer-Finali, G.; Pronzato, R. (1981 [1980]). The Keratosa in a collection of Mediterranean sponges mainly from the Italian coasts. <em>Annali del Museo civico di storia naturale Giacomo Doria.</em> 83: 127-158.
page(s): 143-144 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Corriero, G. (1989). The sponge fauna from the Stagnone di Marsala (Sicily): taxonomic and ecological observations. <em>Bolletino Museo Istituto Biologia Università Genova.</em> 53: 101-113.
page(s): 103 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Cotype (of Hircinia lingua Schmidt, 1868) MNHN DT 772, geounit Western Mediterranean [details]
Cotype (of Hircinia lingua Schmidt, 1868) MNHN DT 772, geounit Western Mediterranean [details]
From editor or global species database
Taxonomy The assignment of Hircinia variabilis Schmidt as type species of the genus Ircinia is controversial. It is proposed by Pronzato et al. (2004) to name Ircinia spongiastrum Nardo, 1833 as type species. This is a nomen nudum and as such not available as a name for a valid (type) species. Subsequently these authors assign I. spongiastrum to the synonymy of Hircinia variabilis Schmidt, 1862 by which act this would become the type species of Ircinia. Previously, authors have attempted to assign Spongia fasciculata Pallas, 1766, as type of Ircinia, but that is not possible because this was not among the species mentioned by Nardo, 1833 under Ircinia. For Hircinia variabilis Schmidt to become type species 'officially', a verdict from the Committee of the ICZN appears necessary. [details]
 

LanguageName 
English variable loggerhead sponge  [details]
German Variabler Lederschwamm  [details]
Japanese クロトゲカイメン [from synonym]  [details]
Ircinia variabilis
 Ircinia variabilis
[image from synonym]

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