WoRMS name details

Spongia oculata sensu Pallas, 1766

132406  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:132406)

 unaccepted (genus transfer)
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Pallas, P.S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. <em>Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae.</em> pp. 451., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.6595 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Homonymy Although authorship of this species traditionally was given to Pallas, it is in fact a junior primary homonym of Spongia...  
Homonymy Although authorship of this species traditionally was given to Pallas, it is in fact a junior primary homonym of Spongia oculata Linnaeus, 1759. Pallas did cite Linnaeus as one of the sources for the name and in the 1767 edition Linnaeus cited Pallas' record. He also referred to the locality from which Pallas recorded Spongia oculata. Junior primary homonyms are permanently unavailable, but Linnaeus' senior name remains available. It is plausible both records concern the same species. [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2019). World Porifera Database. Spongia oculata sensu Pallas, 1766. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=132406 on 2019-11-12
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-01-14 19:33:26Z
changed
2013-07-19 11:40:12Z
changed

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original description Pallas, P.S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. <em>Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae.</em> pp. 451., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.6595 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, <b><i>in</i></b>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification</i>. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source de Weerdt, W.H. (2002). Family Chalinidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 852-873. <i>In</i>: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow).  [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Unknown type BMNH 1841.1.13.46, geounit North Sea [details]
From editor or global species database
Homonymy Although authorship of this species traditionally was given to Pallas, it is in fact a junior primary homonym of Spongia oculata Linnaeus, 1759. Pallas did cite Linnaeus as one of the sources for the name and in the 1767 edition Linnaeus cited Pallas' record. He also referred to the locality from which Pallas recorded Spongia oculata. Junior primary homonyms are permanently unavailable, but Linnaeus' senior name remains available. It is plausible both records concern the same species. [details]

Type designation De Weerdt (2002: 865) mentions BMNH 1841.1.13.46 as a possible Pallas specimen, not as a Linnaeus specimen. Neither author has left recognizable and properly labeled specimens, so the status of this material remains spculative. De Weerdt (l.c.) did not use the term 'lectotype', so any claim for type status is so far unsubstantiated. [details]