WoRMS name details

Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)

135161  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:135161)

 unaccepted (new combination)
Species
Madrepora pertusa Linnaeus, 1758 (basionym, changed combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(of Madrepora pertusa Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). <i>Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis</i>. Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Taxonomic remark Based on molecular evidence, Addamo et al. (2012) first suggested that Lophelia be synonymized with Desmophyllum, and later...  
Taxonomic remark Based on molecular evidence, Addamo et al. (2012) first suggested that Lophelia be synonymized with Desmophyllum, and later Addamo et al. (2016) formally stated that Lophelia was a junior synonym. The basic difference between the two taxa is that Desmophyllum is solitary and Lophelia colonial, which to a traditional morphologist like me (S. Cairns) is a significant one. Since the molecular results seemed convincing to me, I asked the opinion of three molecular biologists that work with Scleractinia. They were all somewhat skeptical, or rather cautious, concerning the immediate need for a taxonomic change that would synonymize Lophelia. Lophelia is one of the few cosmopolitan scleractinian species, and is also one of the most studied species in the order, especially in the North Atlantic. To change its nomenclature with the possibility that it might have to revert to the original would cause much taxonomic confusion. My molecular colleagues convinced me to be cautious and wait for the next two or three studies to be published on the matter, in which more genes may be used. I therefore represent the minority view of view on this matter in suggesting maintaining the name Lophelia pertusa until more study is done. S. Cairns 2019 [details]

Depth range 39-2775 m  
Depth range 39-2775 m [details]

Distribution semi-cosmopolitan  
Distribution semi-cosmopolitan [details]

Distribution in Nova Scotia waters; Nova Scotia south to New Jersey  
Distribution in Nova Scotia waters; Nova Scotia south to New Jersey [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2020). World List of Scleractinia. Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=135161 on 2020-10-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2018-04-10 12:47:39Z
changed
2018-08-17 16:44:54Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Madrepora pertusa Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). <i>Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis</i>. Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (Deepsea) Cairns, Stephen (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Cairns, S.D., Hoeksema, B.W., and J. van der Land, 2001. Scleractinia, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 109-110 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Breeze, H., D.S. Davis, M. Butler, and V. Kostylev. 1997. Distribution and status of deep sea corals off Nova Scotia. Ecology Action Centre. Halifax. 58 p. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D., Calder, D.R., A. Brinckmann-Voss, C.B. Castro, P.R. Pugh, C.E. Cutress, W.C. Jaap, D.G. Fautin, R.J. Larson, G.R. Harbison, M.N. Arai, and D.M. Opresko, 1991. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates of the United States and canada: Cnidaria and Ctenophora. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, 75 pp. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D., Jaap, W.C., and J.C. Lang. 2009. Scleractinia (Cnidaria) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 333–347 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D. (2009-2017). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. <em>In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats.</em> Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Cairns, S.D. (1999). Cnidaria Anthozoa: Deep-water azooxanthellate Scleractinia from Vanuatu, and Wallis and Futuna Islands. <em>in: Crosnier, A. (Ed.) Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM 20. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. Série A, Zoologie.</em> 180: 31-167. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Reyes J, Santodomingo N, Cairns SD. (2009). Caryophylliidae (Scleractinia) from the Colombian Caribbean. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 2262: 1-39. [details]   

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Reyes-Bonilla, H. (2002). Checklist of valid names and synonyms of stony corals (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) from the eastern Pacific. <em>Journal of Natural History.</em> 36(1): 1-13., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/713833841 [details]   

additional source Reyes J, Santodomingo N, Flórez P. (2010). Corales Escleractinios de Colombia. <em>Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras (INVEMAR), Santa Marta, Colombia.</em> pp 1-246. [details]   

additional source Ocaña O, de Matos V, Aguilar R, García S, Brito A. (2017). Illustrated catalogue of cold water corals (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) from Alboran basin and North Eastern Atlantic submarine mountains, collected in Oceana campaigns. <em>Rev. Acad. Canar. Cienc.</em> 29: 221-256. [details]   

additional source Brito A, Ocaña O. (2004). Corals of the Canary Islands. Skeleton anthozoans of the littoral and deep bottoms. <em>Francisco Lemus, La Laguna.</em> 1-477 pp. [details]   

additional source Kitahara MV. (2007). Species richness and distribution of azooxanthellate Scleractinia in Brazil. <em>Bulletin of Marine Science.</em> 81 (3): 497-518. [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

source of synonymy Zibrowius, H. (1980). Les scléractiniaires de la Méditerranée et de l'Atlantique nord-oriental. <em>Mémoires de l'Institut océanographique, Monaco,.</em> 11, 3 volumes. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 126 [details]   

redescription Cairns, S.D., 1994. Scleractinia of the Temperate North Pacific. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 557:150 pp., 42 plates, 3 figs.  [details]   

redescription Cairns, S.D. (2000). A revision of the shallow-water azooxanthellate scleractinia of the Western Atlantic. <em>Studies on the fauna of Curacao and other Caribbean Islands.</em> 125: 1-235. [details]   

ecology source Roberts, J.M., A. Wheeler, A. Freiwald, and S.D. Cairns, 2009. Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 334 pp. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Taxonomic remark Based on molecular evidence, Addamo et al. (2012) first suggested that Lophelia be synonymized with Desmophyllum, and later Addamo et al. (2016) formally stated that Lophelia was a junior synonym. The basic difference between the two taxa is that Desmophyllum is solitary and Lophelia colonial, which to a traditional morphologist like me (S. Cairns) is a significant one. Since the molecular results seemed convincing to me, I asked the opinion of three molecular biologists that work with Scleractinia. They were all somewhat skeptical, or rather cautious, concerning the immediate need for a taxonomic change that would synonymize Lophelia. Lophelia is one of the few cosmopolitan scleractinian species, and is also one of the most studied species in the order, especially in the North Atlantic. To change its nomenclature with the possibility that it might have to revert to the original would cause much taxonomic confusion. My molecular colleagues convinced me to be cautious and wait for the next two or three studies to be published on the matter, in which more genes may be used. I therefore represent the minority view of view on this matter in suggesting maintaining the name Lophelia pertusa until more study is done. S. Cairns 2019 [details]

From other sources
Biology azooxanthellate [details]

Depth range 39-2775 m [details]

Distribution semi-cosmopolitan [details]

Distribution in Nova Scotia waters; Nova Scotia south to New Jersey [details]

Habitat slope [details]

Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
LanguageName 
English white stony coralspider hazardseye coral  [details]
French scléractiniaire perforé  [details]
German Augenkoralle  [details]
Lophelia pertusa, 478 m West Florida Escarpment, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-Pelagic Research Services. Identification by P. Etnoyer and D. Wagner.
 

Lophelia pertusa, 496 m West Florida Escarpment, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-Pelagic Research Services. Identification by P. Etnoyer and D. Wagner.
 

Lophelia pertusa, 397 m Triceratops, South Atlantic Bight.

Photograph courtesy of S. Brooke et al., NOAA-OE, HBOI. Identification by S. Brooke.
 

Lophelia pertusa, 397 m Triceratops, South Atlantic Bight.

Photograph courtesy of S. Brooke et al., NOAA-OE, HBOI. Identification by S. Brooke.
 

To NMNH Extant Collection (Lophelia pertusa (1) 47525)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Lophelia pertusa (2) 47525)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]