WoRMS taxon details

Chlidonias niger (Linnaeus, 1758)

137137  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137137)

accepted
Species
marine, fresh
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Description Length: 22-24 cm. Plumage: non-breeding bird has upperparts darkish grey; head with black hindcrown and nape continuous...  
Description Length: 22-24 cm. Plumage: non-breeding bird has upperparts darkish grey; head with black hindcrown and nape continuous with black line through eye; underparts, rest of head and collar on hind neck white; black smuges at sides of breast diagnostic; breeding bird with body and head black; upper wing and back dark grey; tail and rump grey; undertail coverts white; wing linings pale grey. Immature like non-breeding adult. Bare parts: iris dark brown; bill black, tinged red in breeding bird; feet and legs reddish brown. Habitat: open ocean, coastal lagoons and estuaries. Palearctic migrant. <389><391><393> [details]

Distribution North America  
Distribution North America [details]

Distribution Old World  
Distribution Old World [details]
WoRMS (2018). Chlidonias niger (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137137 on 2018-02-18
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2011-04-08 06:18:06Z
checked

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original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Banks, R.C., R.W. McDiarmid, and A.L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Resource Publication No. 166. 79 p. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry & S. Keith (1986). The Birds of Africa, Volume II. Academic Press, London. [details]   

additional source Squires, H.J. 1990. Decapod Crustacea of the Atlantic coast of Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 221. 532 p. [details]   

additional source Vanner, M. 2003. The encyclopedia of North American birds. Paragon Publishing. Bath. 383 p. [details]   

additional source Peterson, R.T.; Peterson, V.M. (2002). A field guide to the birds of eastern and central North America. Fifth Edition. Peterson Field Guide Series. Houghton Mifflin Company. New York. 427 p. [details]   

additional source Linkletter, L. E. (1977). A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68: p. [details]   

additional source Robbins, C. S. (1983). Golden field Guide to Birds of North America. Golden press. 360p. [details]   

additional source Grand Manan Whale and Seabird Research Station., available online at http://www.gmwsrs.org/main.htm [details]   

additional source Gallardo, J. C., V. Macías, and E. Velarde. 2009. Birds (Vertebrata: Aves) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1321–1342 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Cattrijsse, A.; Vincx, M. (2001). Biodiversity of the benthos and the avifauna of the Belgian coastal waters: summary of data collected between 1970 and 1998. Sustainable Management of the North Sea. Federal Office for Scientific, Technical and Cultural Affairs: Brussel, Belgium. 48 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (RAS) Australian Antarctic Data Centre. , available online at https://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/biodiversity/ [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Description Length: 22-24 cm. Plumage: non-breeding bird has upperparts darkish grey; head with black hindcrown and nape continuous with black line through eye; underparts, rest of head and collar on hind neck white; black smuges at sides of breast diagnostic; breeding bird with body and head black; upper wing and back dark grey; tail and rump grey; undertail coverts white; wing linings pale grey. Immature like non-breeding adult. Bare parts: iris dark brown; bill black, tinged red in breeding bird; feet and legs reddish brown. Habitat: open ocean, coastal lagoons and estuaries. Palearctic migrant. <389><391><393> [details]

Dimensions Length: 9 3/4" (25 cm); Wingspan: 24" (61 cm) [details]

Distribution North America [details]

Distribution Old World [details]

Habitat at sea in winter [details]

Reproduction In North America, it Breeds across southern Canada, from New Brunswick to British Columbia, and in the northern United States. Winters in Central and northern South America and in central Africa. Eggs are laid from early June to mid July. [details]
 

LanguageName 
Albanian dallëndyshja e detit e zezë  [details]
Bulgarian Черна рибарка  [details]
Danish sortterne  [details]
Dutch zwarte stern  [details]
English black tern  [details]
French guifette noire  [details]
German Trauer-Seeschwalbe  [details]
Hebrew שחפית שחורה )"מרומית שחורה"(מרומית שחורה  [details]
Italian mignattino  [details]
Lithuanian juodoji žuvėdra  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Μαυρογλάρονο  [details]
Norwegian svartterne  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål svartterne  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk svartterne  [details]
Polish rybitwa czarna  [details]
Romanian chirighiţa neagră  [details]
Russian черная крачка  [details]
Scottish Gaelic geabhróg dhubh  [details]
Slovenian črna čigra  [details]
Spanish fumarel común  [details]
Swedish svarttärna  [details]
Turkish kara sumru  [details]
Ukrainian Крячок чорний  [details]
Welsh cors-wennol ddu  [details]