WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChlidonias niger (Linnaeus, 1758)

137137  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137137)

accepted
Species
marine, fresh
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Length: 22-24 cm. Plumage: non-breeding bird...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Length: 22-24 cm. Plumage: non-breeding bird has upperparts darkish grey; head with black hindcrown and nape continuous with black line through eye; underparts, rest of head and collar on hind neck white; black smuges at sides of breast diagnostic; breeding bird with body and head black; upper wing and back dark grey; tail and rump grey; undertail coverts white; wing linings pale grey. Immature like non-breeding adult. Bare parts: iris dark brown; bill black, tinged red in breeding bird; feet and legs reddish brown. Habitat: open ocean, coastal lagoons and estuaries. Palearctic migrant. <389><391><393> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution North America  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution North America [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Old World  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Old World [details]
Adriaens, P. (2011). Chlidonias niger. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137137 on 2017-12-12

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2011-04-08 06:18:06Z
checked

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original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Banks, R.C., R.W. McDiarmid, and A.L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Resource Publication No. 166. 79 p. [details]   

additional source Robbins, C. S. (1983). Golden field Guide to Birds of North America. Golden press. 360p. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry & S. Keith (1986). The Birds of Africa, Volume II. Academic Press, London. [details]   

additional source Squires, H.J. 1990. Decapod Crustacea of the Atlantic coast of Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 221. 532 p. [details]   

additional source Vanner, M. 2003. The encyclopedia of North American birds. Paragon Publishing. Bath. 383 p. [details]   

additional source Peterson, R.T. and V.M. Peterson. 2002. A field guide to the birds of eastern and central North America. Fifth Edition. Peterson Field Guide Series. Houghton Mifflin Company. New York. 427 p.  [details]   

additional source Linkletter, L. E. (1977). A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68: p. [details]   

additional source Grand Manan Whale and Seabird Research Station., available online at http://www.gmwsrs.org/main.htm [details]   

additional source Gallardo, J. C., V. Macías, and E. Velarde. 2009. Birds (Vertebrata: Aves) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1321–1342 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Cattrijsse, A.; Vincx, M. (2001). Biodiversity of the benthos and the avifauna of the Belgian coastal waters: summary of data collected between 1970 and 1998. Sustainable Management of the North Sea. Federal Office for Scientific, Technical and Cultural Affairs: Brussel, Belgium. 48 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (RAS) Australian Antarctic Data Centre. , available online at https://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/biodiversity/ [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Length: 22-24 cm. Plumage: non-breeding bird has upperparts darkish grey; head with black hindcrown and nape continuous with black line through eye; underparts, rest of head and collar on hind neck white; black smuges at sides of breast diagnostic; breeding bird with body and head black; upper wing and back dark grey; tail and rump grey; undertail coverts white; wing linings pale grey. Immature like non-breeding adult. Bare parts: iris dark brown; bill black, tinged red in breeding bird; feet and legs reddish brown. Habitat: open ocean, coastal lagoons and estuaries. Palearctic migrant. <389><391><393> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDimensions Length: 9 3/4" (25 cm); Wingspan: 24" (61 cm) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution North America [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Old World [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat at sea in winter [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction In North America, it Breeds across southern Canada, from New Brunswick to British Columbia, and in the northern United States. Winters in Central and northern South America and in central Africa. Eggs are laid from early June to mid July. [details]
 

Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiplostomum shigini Zhatkanbaeva, 1978 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterotestophyes sobolevi Leonov, 1957 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
LanguageName 
Albanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordallëndyshja e detit e zezë  [details]
Bulgarian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorЧерна рибарка  [details]
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsortterne  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorzwarte stern  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorblack tern  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorguifette noire  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTrauer-Seeschwalbe  [details]
Hebrew Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorשחפית שחורה )"מרומית שחורה"(Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorמרומית שחורה  [details]
Italian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormignattino  [details]
Lithuanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorjuodoji žuvėdra  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΜαυρογλάρονο  [details]
Norwegian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsvartterne  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsvartterne  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsvartterne  [details]
Polish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrybitwa czarna  [details]
Romanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorchirighiţa neagră  [details]
Russian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorчерная крачка  [details]
Scottish Gaelic Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgeabhróg dhubh  [details]
Slovenian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorčrna čigra  [details]
Spanish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfumarel común  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsvarttärna  [details]
Turkish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkara sumru  [details]
Ukrainian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorКрячок чорний  [details]
Welsh Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcors-wennol ddu  [details]