WoRMS taxon details

Littorina Férussac, 1822

138135  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:138135)

accepted
Genus
Species Littorina aleutica Dall, 1872
Species Littorina arcana Hannaford-Ellis, 1978
Species Littorina brevicula (Philippi, 1844)
Species Littorina compressa Jeffreys, 1865
Species Littorina fabalis (W. Turton, 1825)
Species Littorina horikawai Matsubayashi & Habe in Habe, 1979
Species Littorina kasatka D. Reid, Zaslavskaya & Sergievsky, 1991
Species Littorina keenae Rosewater, 1978
Species Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Forma Littorina littorea f. intermedia Brøgger, 1901 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina littorea var. angulata Harmer, 1920 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina littorea var. antiqua Wood, 1848 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina littorea var. balteata Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1912 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina littorea var. complanata Harmer, 1920 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina littorea var. conica Harmer, 1920 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina littorea var. deformis Wood, 1848 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina littorea var. delphinula Wood, 1848 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina littorea var. distorta Harmer, 1920 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina littorea var. elegans Wood, 1848 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina littorea var. fuscofasciatus Middendorff, 1849 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina littorea var. major Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1912 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina littorea var. miniata Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1900 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina littorea var. pallida Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1900 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina littorea var. pallidefasciatus Middendorff, 1849 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina littorea var. parva Harmer, 1920 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina littorea var. picta Wood, 1848 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina littorea var. pyramidata Wood, 1848 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina littorea var. sanguinea Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1906 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina littorea var. truncata Harmer, 1920 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina littorea var. unicarinata Raeymaekers, 1889 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Littorina mandshurica (Schrenk, 1861)
Species Littorina natica D. Reid, 1996
Species Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Subspecies Littorina obtusata littoralis (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Variety Littorina obtusata littoralis var. albescens Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1925 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Variety Littorina obtusata littoralis var. alternata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1915 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Variety Littorina obtusata littoralis var. fusca Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1915 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Variety Littorina obtusata littoralis var. inversicolor Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1915 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Variety Littorina obtusata littoralis var. inversicolorreticulata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1915 accepted as Littorina fabalis (W. Turton, 1825)
    » Variety Littorina obtusata littoralis var. minima Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1915 accepted as Littorina fabalis (W. Turton, 1825)
    » Variety Littorina obtusata littoralis var. olivacea Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1915 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Variety Littorina obtusata littoralis var. pachychila Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1915 accepted as Littorina fabalis (W. Turton, 1825)
    » Variety Littorina obtusata littoralis var. reticulata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1915 accepted as Littorina fabalis (W. Turton, 1825)
    » Variety Littorina obtusata littoralis var. rhabdota Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1915 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Variety Littorina obtusata littoralis var. rubens Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1915 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Variety Littorina obtusata littoralis var. ziczac Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1915 accepted as Littorina fabalis (W. Turton, 1825)
  » Forma Littorina obtusata f. elatiorangulata Middendorff, 1849 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Forma Littorina obtusata f. globosa Middendorff, 1849 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Forma Littorina obtusata f. magnei Sacchi, 1961 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Forma Littorina obtusata f. torquata Sacchi, 1963 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina obtusata var. aestuarii Jeffreys, 1869 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina obtusata var. aestuarii (Jeffreys, 1869) accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina obtusata var. albida Schlesch, 1930 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina obtusata var. ambigua Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1915 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina obtusata var. arctica (Moller, 1842) accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina obtusata var. aurantia Dautzenberg, 1893 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina obtusata var. balteata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1915 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina obtusata var. castanea Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1915 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina obtusata var. citrina Dautzenberg, 1893 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina obtusata var. compacta Jeffreys, 1865 accepted as Littorina fabalis (W. Turton, 1825) (dubious syn.)
  » Variety Littorina obtusata var. lineolata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1915 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina obtusata var. lutea Dautzenberg & P. Fischer, 1915 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina obtusata var. orana Norman, 1888 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina obtusata var. ornata Jeffreys, 1865 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina obtusata var. palliata (Say, 1822) accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina obtusata var. picta Menke, 1845 accepted as Littorina fabalis (W. Turton, 1825) (synonym)
  » Variety Littorina obtusata var. pulchra Schlesch, 1930 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina obtusata var. tessellata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1915 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina obtusata var. virescens Schlesch, 1930 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Littorina plena Gould, 1849
Species Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Forma Littorina saxatilis f. abbreviata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Forma Littorina saxatilis f. conoidea Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Forma Littorina saxatilis f. elongata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Forma Littorina saxatilis f. minor Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Subspecies Littorina saxatilis groenlandica (Menke, 1830) accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Subspecies Littorina saxatilis jugosa Montagu, 1803 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Subspecies Littorina saxatilis nigrolineata Gray, 1839 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Subspecies Littorina saxatilis patula Thorpe, 1844 accepted as Littorina arcana Hannaford-Ellis, 1978
  » Subspecies Littorina saxatilis rudis (Maton, 1797) accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Subspecies Littorina saxatilis scotia Graham, 1988 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Subspecies Littorina saxatilis tenebrosa (Montagu, 1803) accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. cinerea Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1971 accepted as Littorina compressa Jeffreys, 1865
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. clarilineata Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1971 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. flammulata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. fulva Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. fusca Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. gascae Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1971 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. groenlandica (Menke, 1830) accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. hieroglyphica Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Jouin, 1961 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. interrupta Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Jouin, 1961 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. lagunae Barnes, 1993 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. lineata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. lugubris Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. miniata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Littorina compressa Jeffreys, 1865
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. nigra Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1971 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. nojensis Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1964 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. rubra Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1971 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. rubrolineata Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Delmas, 1967 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. rudis (Maton, 1797) accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. salvati Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Delmas, 1967 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. sanguinea Coen, 1933 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. sellensis Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1964 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. tractibus Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Jouin, 1961 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. trifasciata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Species Littorina scutulata Gould, 1849
Species Littorina sitkana Philippi, 1846
Species Littorina squalida Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829
Species Littorina subrotundata (Carpenter, 1864)

Subgenus Littorina (Algamorda) Dall, 1918 (taxon inquirendum)

Subgenus Littorina (Austrolittorina) Rosewater, 1970 accepted as Austrolittorina Rosewater, 1970
Subgenus Littorina (Fossarilittorina) Rosewater, 1981 accepted as Echinolittorina (Fossarilittorina) Rosewater, 1981
Subgenus Littorina (Littorinopsis) Mörch, 1876 accepted as Littoraria (Littorinopsis) Mörch, 1876 (basionym)
Species Littorina acutispira E. A. Smith, 1892 accepted as Afrolittorina acutispira (E. A. Smith, 1892)
Species Littorina adonis Yokoyama, 1927 accepted as Littoraria sinensis (Philippi, 1847)
Species Littorina aestuarii Jeffreys, 1865 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Littorina affinis d'Orbigny, 1840 accepted as Tectarius striatus (P. P. King, 1832)
Species Littorina africana (F. Krauss in Philippi, 1847) accepted as Afrolittorina africana (F. Krauss in Philippi, 1847) (superseded combination)
Species Littorina albicans Metcalfe, 1852 accepted as Littoraria albicans (Metcalfe, 1852)
Species Littorina albicarinata McLean, 1970 accepted as Echinolittorina albicarinata (McLean, 1970)
Species Littorina angulifera (Lamarck, 1822) accepted as Littoraria angulifera (Lamarck, 1822)
Species Littorina angustior Mörch, 1876 accepted as Echinolittorina angustior (Mörch, 1876)
Species Littorina araucana d'Orbigny, 1840 accepted as Austrolittorina araucana (d'Orbigny, 1840)
Species Littorina arboricola Reeve, 1857 accepted as Littoraria pallescens (Philippi, 1846)
Species Littorina arctica (Møller, 1842) accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Littorina arenica Jay, 1839 accepted as Tectarius striatus (P. P. King, 1832)
Species Littorina armoricana Locard, 1886 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Littorina aspera Philippi, 1846 accepted as Echinolittorina aspera (Philippi, 1846)
Species Littorina atrata C. B. Adams, 1852 accepted as Echinolittorina atrata (C. B. Adams, 1852)
Species Littorina atyphus Stearns, 1892 accepted as Echinolittorina galapagiensis (Stearns, 1892)
Species Littorina australis Gray, 1826 accepted as Echinolittorina australis (Gray, 1826)
Species Littorina australis Gray, 1839 accepted as Bembicium nanum (Lamarck, 1822)
Species Littorina balteata Reeve, 1857 accepted as Littorina brevicula (Philippi, 1844)
Species Littorina bartonensis T. Brown, 1843 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Littorina basterotii Payraudeau, 1826 accepted as Melarhaphe neritoides (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Species Littorina beanii MacGillivray, 1843 accepted as Littorina fabalis (W. Turton, 1825)
Species Littorina beccarii Tapparone Canefri, 1875 accepted as Fossarus beccarii (Tapparone Canefri, 1875) (original combination)
Species Littorina biangulata Martens, 1897 accepted as Echinolittorina biangulata (Martens, 1897)
Species Littorina bizonalis Récluz, 1869 accepted as Littorina fabalis (W. Turton, 1825)
Species Littorina borbonica Barnard, 1951 accepted as Littoraria subvittata D. Reid, 1986
Species Littorina caliginosa Gould, 1849 accepted as Laevilitorina caliginosa (Gould, 1849) (original combination)
Species Littorina canariensis d'Orbigny, 1840 accepted as Tectarius striatus (P. P. King, 1832)
Species Littorina carinata d'Orbigny, 1841 accepted as Echinolittorina angustior (Mörch, 1876)
Species Littorina carinifera (Menke, 1830) accepted as Littoraria carinifera (Menke, 1830)
Species Littorina castanea A. Adams & Reeve, 1850 accepted as Littorina sitkana Philippi, 1846
Species Littorina castanea Deshayes in Deshayes & Milne Edwards, 1843 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Species Littorina cincta Gould, 1847 accepted as Littorina sitkana Philippi, 1846
Species Littorina cincta Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Austrolittorina cincta (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)
Species Littorina cinerea Pease, 1869 accepted as Echinolittorina cinerea (Pease, 1869)
Species Littorina cingulata Philippi, 1846 accepted as Littoraria cingulata (Philippi, 1846)
Species Littorina coccinea (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Littoraria coccinea (Gmelin, 1791)
Species Littorina columellaris d'Orbigny, 1840 accepted as Littoraria flava (P. P. King, 1832)
Species Littorina communis T. Brown, 1843 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Littorina conica Philippi, 1846 accepted as Littoraria conica (Philippi, 1846)
Species Littorina coriacea Melvill & Standen, 1907 accepted as Laevilitorina coriacea (Melvill & Standen, 1907) (original combination)
Species Littorina danieli Locard, 1886 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Species Littorina decollata F. Krauss in Philippi, 1847 accepted as Afrolittorina africana (F. Krauss in Philippi, 1847) (superseded combination)
Species Littorina diemenensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Austrolittorina unifasciata (Gray, 1826)
Species Littorina dilatata d'Orbigny, 1842 accepted as Echinolittorina dilatata (d'Orbigny, 1842)
Species Littorina dubiosa C. B. Adams, 1852 accepted as Echinolittorina dubiosa (C. B. Adams, 1852)
Species Littorina erronea Nevill, 1885 accepted as Echinolittorina novaezelandiae (Reeve, 1857)
Species Littorina etolonensis Sinelnikova in Gladenkov & Sinelnikova, 1990 accepted as Littorina squalida Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829
Species Littorina eudeli G. B. Sowerby III, 1915 accepted as Echinolittorina melanacme (E. A. Smith, 1876)
Species Littorina excavata C. B. Adams, 1852 accepted as Echinolittorina atrata (C. B. Adams, 1852)
Species Littorina fabula Kobelt, 1907 accepted as Littorina fabalis (W. Turton, 1825)
Species Littorina fasciata Gray, 1839 accepted as Littoraria fasciata (Gray, 1839) (original combination)
Species Littorina feejeensis Reeve, 1857 accepted as Echinolittorina feejeensis (Reeve, 1857)
Species Littorina filosa G. B. Sowerby I, 1832 accepted as Littoraria filosa (G. B. Sowerby I, 1832)
Species Littorina flammea Philippi, 1847 accepted as Littoraria flammea (Philippi, 1847) (original combination)
Species Littorina flava P. P. King, 1832 accepted as Littoraria flava (P. P. King, 1832) (basionym)
Species Littorina floccosa Beck in Mörch, 1876 accepted as Echinolittorina interrupta (Philippi, 1847)
Species Littorina fortunei Reeve, 1857 accepted as Littoraria flammea (Philippi, 1847)
Species Littorina foveata C. B. Adams, 1852 accepted as Echinolittorina atrata (C. B. Adams, 1852)
Species Littorina fraseri Reeve, 1857 accepted as Littoraria intermedia (Philippi, 1846)
Species Littorina fusca Pfeiffer, 1840 accepted as Echinolittorina mespillum (Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1824)
Species Littorina fusciventris Boettger, 1891 accepted as Littoraria flava (P. P. King, 1832)
Species Littorina galapagiensis Stearns, 1892 accepted as Echinolittorina lemniscata (Philippi, 1846)
Species Littorina glabrata Philippi, 1846 accepted as Littoraria coccinea glabrata (Philippi, 1846)
Species Littorina glans Reeve, 1857 accepted as Echinolittorina granosa (Philippi, 1845)
Species Littorina glaucocincta Mörch, 1876 accepted as Echinolittorina jamaicensis (C. B. Adams, 1850)
Species Littorina grandis Middendorff, 1848 accepted as Littorina squalida Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829
Species Littorina granicostata E. A. Smith, 1887 accepted as Echinolittorina reticulata (Anton, 1838)
Species Littorina granocostata Reeve, 1857 accepted as Echinolittorina reticulata (Anton, 1838)
Species Littorina granularis Gray, 1839 accepted as Echinolittorina miliaris (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)
Species Littorina groenlandica (Menke, 1830) accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Species Littorina gundlachi (Philippi, 1849) accepted as Echinolittorina mespillum (Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1824)
Species Littorina guttata (Philippi, 1847) accepted as Echinolittorina meleagris (Potiez & Michaud, 1838)
Species Littorina helenae E. A. Smith, 1890 accepted as Echinolittorina helenae (E. A. Smith, 1890) (original combination)
Species Littorina heterospiralis Grabau & S. G. King, 1928 accepted as Littorina brevicula (Philippi, 1844)
Species Littorina hidalgoi Arango, 1880 accepted as Echinolittorina meleagris (Potiez & Michaud, 1838)
Species Littorina hisseyiana Tenison Woods, 1876 accepted as Gibbula hisseyiana (Tenison Woods, 1876) (basionym)
Species Littorina imbricata Gray, 1839 accepted as Bembicium auratum (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834)
Species Littorina indistincta W. H. Turton, 1932 accepted as Afrolittorina knysnaensis (F. Krauss in Philippi, 1847)
Species Littorina infans E. A. Smith, 1892 accepted as Afrolittorina acutispira (E. A. Smith, 1892)
Species Littorina insularis E. A. Smith, 1889 accepted as Echinolittorina reticulata (Anton, 1838)
Species Littorina insularum Locard, 1891 accepted as Melarhaphe neritoides (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Species Littorina intermedia Philippi, 1846 accepted as Littoraria intermedia (Philippi, 1846)
Species Littorina interrupta (C. B. Adams in Philippi, 1847) accepted as Echinolittorina interrupta (Philippi, 1847)
Species Littorina irrorata (Say, 1822) accepted as Littoraria irrorata (Say, 1822)
Species Littorina itelmenica Sinelnikova in Gladenkov & Sinelnikova, 1990 accepted as Littorina brevicula (Philippi, 1844)
Species Littorina jamaicensis C. B. Adams, 1850 accepted as Echinolittorina jamaicensis (C. B. Adams, 1850)
Species Littorina knysnaensis F. Krauss in Philippi, 1847 accepted as Afrolittorina knysnaensis (F. Krauss in Philippi, 1847) (superseded combination)
Species Littorina kowiensis W. H. Turton, 1932 accepted as Afrolittorina knysnaensis (F. Krauss in Philippi, 1847)
Species Littorina kraussi Rosewater, 1970 accepted as Littoraria coccinea glabrata (Philippi, 1846)
Species Littorina kurila Middendorff, 1848 accepted as Littorina sitkana Philippi, 1846
Species Littorina lamellosa Montrouzier, 1861 accepted as Fossarus lamellosus (Montrouzier, 1861) (original combination)
Species Littorina lemniscata Philippi, 1846 accepted as Echinolittorina lemniscata (Philippi, 1846) (original combination)
Species Littorina lepida Gould, 1849 accepted as Littorina scutulata Gould, 1849
Species Littorina lineolata d'Orbigny, 1840 accepted as Echinolittorina lineolata (d'Orbigny, 1840) (original combination)
Species Littorina litorea [sic] accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, misspelling of Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758))
Species Littorina luctuosa Reeve, 1857 accepted as Austrolittorina cincta (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina luteola Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Littoraria luteola (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina mariae Sacchi & Rastelli, 1966 accepted as Littorina fabalis (W. Turton, 1825) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Littorina mariana Arnold, 1909 accepted as Littorina petricola Arnold, 1908 † (unaccepted)
Species Littorina marmorata Pfeiffer, 1839 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Littorina marnat Potiez & Michaud, 1838 accepted as Echinolittorina punctata (Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina mauritiana (Lamarck, 1822) accepted as Littoraria mauritiana (Lamarck, 1822) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina melanacme E. A. Smith, 1876 accepted as Echinolittorina melanacme (E. A. Smith, 1876) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina melanostoma Gray, 1839 accepted as Littoraria melanostoma (Gray, 1839) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina meleagris (Potiez & Michaud, 1838) accepted as Echinolittorina meleagris (Potiez & Michaud, 1838) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina mespillum (Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1824) accepted as Echinolittorina mespillum (Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1824) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina miliaris Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Echinolittorina miliaris (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (unaccepted, original combination)
  » Variety Littorina miliaris var. fijiensis Nevill, 1885 accepted as Echinolittorina feejeensis (Reeve, 1857) (emendation for L. feejeensis Reeve, 1857)
Species Littorina modesta Philippi, 1846 accepted as Echinolittorina modesta (Philippi, 1846) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina monilifera Souleyet, 1852 accepted as Echinolittorina malaccana (Philippi, 1847) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina natalensis F. Krauss in Philippi, 1847 accepted as Echinolittorina natalensis (F. Krauss in Philippi, 1847) (unaccepted, superseded combination)
Species Littorina naticoides D. Reid & Golikov, 1991 accepted as Littorina natica D. Reid, 1996 (unaccepted)
Species Littorina naticoides d'Orbigny, 1841 accepted as Echinolittorina mespillum (Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1824) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina nebulosa (Lamarck, 1822) accepted as Littoraria nebulosa (Lamarck, 1822) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina neglecta Bean, 1844 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Littorina neritoides (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Melarhaphe neritoides (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Littorina nervillei Dautzenberg, 1893 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina newcombi Reeve, 1857 accepted as Littoraria intermedia (Philippi, 1846) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina nigrolineata Gray, 1839 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina nigrolineata Philippi, 1846 accepted as Littorina compressa Jeffreys, 1865 (unaccepted)
Species Littorina nodosa Gray, 1839 accepted as Echinolittorina australis (Gray, 1826) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina novaehiberniae Lesson, 1831 accepted as Littoraria scabra (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina novaezelandiae Reeve, 1857 accepted as Echinolittorina novaezelandiae (Reeve, 1857) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina obesa (G. B. Sowerby I, 1832) accepted as Littoraria coccinea (Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina pallescens Philippi, 1846 accepted as Littoraria pallescens (Philippi, 1846) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina palliata (Say, 1821) accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina parva Teilman-Friis, 1898 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina patula Thorpe, 1844 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (unaccepted, dubious synonym)
Species Littorina patula Gould, 1849 accepted as Littorina keenae Rosewater, 1978 (unaccepted, Invalid: junior homonym of Littorina patula Thorpe, 1844)
Species Littorina peconica S. Smith, 1860 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Littorina penicillata Carpenter, 1864 accepted as Echinolittorina penicillata (Carpenter, 1864) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina penitaria Nevill, 1885 accepted as Austrolittorina fernandezensis (Rosewater, 1970) (unaccepted, nomen nudum)
Species Littorina perplexa W. H. Turton, 1932 accepted as Afrolittorina africana (F. Krauss in Philippi, 1847) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina peruviana (Lamarck, 1822) accepted as Echinolittorina peruviana (Lamarck, 1822) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina petraea (Montagu, 1803) accepted as Melarhaphe neritoides (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Littorina petricola Dall, 1909 accepted as Littorina petricola Arnold, 1908 † (unaccepted)
Species Littorina philippiana Reeve, 1857 accepted as Littoraria philippiana (Reeve, 1857) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina philippii Carpenter, 1857 accepted as Echinolittorina apicina (Menke, 1851) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina picea Reeve, 1857 accepted as Afrolittorina knysnaensis (F. Krauss in Philippi, 1847) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina picta Philippi, 1846 accepted as Echinolittorina hawaiiensis (Rosewater & Kadolsky, 1981) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina pintado (Wood, 1828) accepted as Littoraria pintado (Wood, 1828) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina pittsburgensis B. L. Clark, 1915 accepted as Littorina remondii Gabb, 1866 † (unaccepted)
Species Littorina planaxis G. B. Sowerby I, 1844 accepted as Tectarius striatus (P. P. King, 1832) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Littorina planaxis Jay, 1839 accepted as Littorina keenae Rosewater, 1978 (unaccepted, nomen nudum)
Species Littorina planaxis Philippi, 1847 accepted as Littorina keenae Rosewater, 1978 (unaccepted, Invalid: junior homonym of Littorina planaxis Sowerby, 1844; L. keenae is a replacement name)
Species Littorina porcata Philippi, 1846 accepted as Echinolittorina porcata (Philippi, 1846) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina praesqualida Sinelnikova in Gladenkov & Sinelnikova, 1990 accepted as Littorina squalida Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829 (unaccepted)
Species Littorina preconica S. Smith, 1860 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina pulchra G. B. Sowerby I, 1832 accepted as Littoraria zebra (Donovan, 1825) (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Littorina pullata (Carpenter, 1864) accepted as Littoraria pintado pullata (Carpenter, 1864) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina punctata (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Echinolittorina punctata (Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina puncticulata Philippi, 1847 accepted as Echinolittorina conspersa (Philippi, 1847) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina pyramidalis Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Nodilittorina pyramidalis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Littorina radiata Souleyet, 1852 accepted as Echinolittorina radiata (Souleyet, 1852) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina rietensis W. H. Turton, 1932 accepted as Afrolittorina knysnaensis (F. Krauss in Philippi, 1847) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina riisei Mörch, 1876 accepted as Echinolittorina jamaicensis (C. B. Adams, 1850) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina rubropicta Martens, 1887 accepted as Littoraria carinifera (Menke, 1830) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina rudis (Maton, 1797) accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (unaccepted, synonym)
  » Forma Littorina rudis f. elatior Middendorff, 1849 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina rudis var. albida Dautzenberg, 1887 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina rudis var. alticola Dacie, 1917 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina rudis var. aurantia Dautzenberg & P. Fischer, 1925 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina rudis var. aurantia Dautzenberg, 1887 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina rudis var. brevis Dautzenberg, 1887 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina rudis var. compressa Jeffreys, 1865 accepted as Littorina compressa Jeffreys, 1865
  » Variety Littorina rudis var. conoidea Schlesch, 1916 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina rudis var. fasciata Dautzenberg, 1887 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina rudis var. finmarchia Herzenstein, 1885 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina rudis var. globosa Jeffreys, 1865 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina rudis var. globosa Martel, 1901 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina rudis var. laevis Jeffreys, 1865 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina rudis var. lutea Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1900 accepted as Littorina compressa Jeffreys, 1865
  » Variety Littorina rudis var. major Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina rudis var. reevei Harmer, 1921 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina rudis var. rubescens Monterosato, 1878 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina rudis var. scotia S. M. Smith, 1979 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina rudis var. similis Jeffreys, 1865 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina rudis var. sulcata Martel, 1901 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina rudis var. tenebrosapallida L. E. Adams, 1896 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina rudis var. tessellata Dautzenberg, 1893 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Species Littorina saxatile La Roque, 1953 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina saxatilis G. Johnston, 1842 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (unaccepted)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. bynei Dautzenberg & Fischer H., 1912 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (synonym)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. elata Dautzenberg & Fischer H., 1912 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (synonym)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. intermedia Forbes & Hanley, 1850 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (synonym)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. laevis Jeffreys, 1865 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (synonym)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. lutea Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1900 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (synonym)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. matoni Dautzenberg & Fischer H., 1912 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (synonym)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. sanguinea Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1900 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (synonym)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. similis Jeffreys, 1865 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (synonym)
  » Variety Littorina saxatilis var. tessellata Dautzenberg, 1893 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (synonym)
  » Subspecies Littorina saxatilis zonata Daniel, 1883 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Species Littorina saxoides Nardo, 1847 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina scabra (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Littoraria scabra (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina schmitti Bartsch & Rehder, 1939 accepted as Littoraria pintado pullata (Carpenter, 1864) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina setosa E. A. Smith, 1875 accepted as Pellilitorina setosa (E. A. Smith, 1875) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Littorina sieboldii Philippi, 1846 accepted as Littoraria pallescens (Philippi, 1846) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina simplex Reeve, 1857 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina sitchana (Philippi, 1847) accepted as Littorina sitkana Philippi, 1846 (unaccepted)
Species Littorina sitchensis Nevill, 1885 accepted as Littorina sitkana Philippi, 1846 (unaccepted)
Species Littorina souverbiana Crosse, 1862 accepted as Littorina brevicula (Philippi, 1844) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina sphaeroidalis Locard, 1886 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina striata Danilo & Sandri, 1856 accepted as Euparthenia bulinea (R. T. Lowe, 1841) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Littorina striata P. P. King, 1832 accepted as Tectarius striatus (P. P. King, 1832) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Littorina subtenebrosa Middendorff, 1848 accepted as Littorina sitkana Philippi, 1846 (unaccepted)
Species Littorina sulculosa Philippi, 1846 accepted as Littoraria sulculosa (Philippi, 1846) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina sundaica van Regteren Altena, 1945 accepted as Echinolittorina sundaica (van Regteren Altena, 1945) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina tenebrosa (Montagu, 1803) accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (unaccepted)
  » Forma Littorina tenebrosa f. elatior Middendorff, 1849 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Forma Littorina tenebrosa f. elatiorcrassa Middendorff, 1849 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina tenebrosa var. costulata Middendorff, 1849 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina tenebrosa var. densecostulata Middendorff, 1849 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina tenebrosa var. grisolacteus Middendorff, 1849 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina tenebrosa var. intermedia Forbes & Hanley, 1850 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina tenebrosa var. obtusataea Middendorff, 1849 accepted as Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Variety Littorina tenebrosa var. rubidus Middendorff, 1849 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina tenebrosa var. tessellatus Middendorff, 1849 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  » Variety Littorina tenebrosa var. zonatus Middendorff, 1849 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Species Littorina thersites Reeve, 1857 accepted as Austrolittorina araucana (d'Orbigny, 1840) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina tristis Mousson, 1874 accepted as Echinolittorina punctata (Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Littorina trochoides Gray, 1839 accepted as Echinolittorina trochoides (Gray, 1839) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina undulata Gray, 1839 accepted as Littoraria undulata (Gray, 1839) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina unifasciata Gray, 1826 accepted as Austrolittorina unifasciata (Gray, 1826) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina urieli Biggs, 1966 accepted as Echinolittorina millegrana (Philippi, 1848) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina vadorum Sacchi, 1954 accepted as Littorina fabalis (W. Turton, 1825) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina variegata Souleyet, 1852 accepted as Littoraria variegata (Souleyet, 1852) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Littorina vidua Gould, 1859 accepted as Echinolittorina vidua (Gould, 1859) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina vitiensis Godeffroy, 1874 accepted as Echinolittorina feejeensis (Reeve, 1857) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina vulgaris J. Sowerby, 1832 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina zebra (Wood, 1828) accepted as Echinolittorina peruviana (Lamarck, 1822) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina zebra (Donovan, 1825) accepted as Littoraria zebra (Donovan, 1825) (unaccepted)
Species Littorina ziczac (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Echinolittorina ziczac (Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Littorina zonaria Bean, 1844 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (unaccepted)
marine
Férussac, A.E.J.P.F. d'Audebard de. (1822). Tableaux systématiques des animaux mollusques classés en familles naturelles, dans lesquels on a établi la concordance de tous les systèmes; suivis d'un prodrome général pour tous les mollusques terrestres ou fluviatiles, vivants ou fossils. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/11057234
page(s): XI, XXXIV [details]   
MolluscaBase eds. (2020). MolluscaBase. Littorina Férussac, 1822. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=138135 on 2020-03-28
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-04-06 17:26:17Z
changed
2011-08-17 18:29:38Z
checked
2011-08-29 10:44:02Z
changed
2018-06-03 06:05:16Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Férussac, A.E.J.P.F. d'Audebard de. (1822). Tableaux systématiques des animaux mollusques classés en familles naturelles, dans lesquels on a établi la concordance de tous les systèmes; suivis d'un prodrome général pour tous les mollusques terrestres ou fluviatiles, vivants ou fossils. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/11057234
page(s): XI, XXXIV [details]   

basis of record Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of <i>Littorina</i>. <em>The Ray Society.</em> 463p. [details]   

additional source Cataliotti-Valdina J. 1984. Littorines quaternaires de Méditerranée. <i>Bulletin de l'Association française pour l'étude du quaternaire</i>, 21(4): 211-219., available online at http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/quate_0004-5500_1984_num_21_4_1515 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Remark Type species: Turbo littoreus Linnaeus, 1758. Genus restricted to northern hemisphere, moderate and cold zones; tropical species belong in other genra in same family (Bandel & Kadolsky, 1982). [details]

classification The genusname Littorina and typespecies Turbo littoreus Linnaeus, 1758 was stated as valid by the ICZN (Op. 1159). [details]
 



LanguageName 
French littorines  [details]
Japanese タマキビ  [details]
Eben (1884, plaat 3)
 Eben (1884, plaat 3)
[image from synonym]

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