WoRMS taxon details

Holothuria (Platyperona) difficilis Semper, 1868

148752  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:148752)

accepted
Species
Actinopyga parvula Clark, 1920 (Not an available name; Clark uses Actinopyga parvula (Selenka) = Holothuria parvula, but the specimen discussed represents H. difficilis)
Holothuria difficilis Semper, 1868· accepted, alternate representation
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Semper, C. (1867-1868). Holothurien. In: Semper, C., ed.: <em>Reisen im Archipel der Philippinen. Zweiter Theil. Wissenschaftliche Resultate. Erster Band.</em> Leipzig: W. Engelmann. iv + 288 pp., 40 pls. [1867 = pp. 1-70, pls. 1-15; 1867/(1868) = pp. 71-100, pls. 16-25; 1868 = pp. 101-288, pls. 26-40]., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.11687 [details]   
Description This species extent from the Red Sea and Madagascar to the tropical coasts of Central America and Mexico and from Japan and...  
Description This species extent from the Red Sea and Madagascar to the tropical coasts of Central America and Mexico and from Japan and China to New Caledonia and Easter Island (Massin, 1996).
Also recorded from Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, china, south Japan, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, detritus feeder, deposit feeder. General distribution: tropical, Indo-west Pacific, central-west America, Mexico (Pacific coast), shallow water (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
In shallow water (0-4 m.) of well sheltered areas (Massin, 1996). [details]
WoRMS (2019). Holothuria (Platyperona) difficilis Semper, 1868. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=148752 on 2019-10-19
Date
action
by
2005-03-29 12:14:34Z
created
2010-10-08 06:02:59Z
checked

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Semper, C. (1867-1868). Holothurien. In: Semper, C., ed.: <em>Reisen im Archipel der Philippinen. Zweiter Theil. Wissenschaftliche Resultate. Erster Band.</em> Leipzig: W. Engelmann. iv + 288 pp., 40 pls. [1867 = pp. 1-70, pls. 1-15; 1867/(1868) = pp. 71-100, pls. 16-25; 1868 = pp. 101-288, pls. 26-40]., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.11687 [details]   

original description  (of Holothuria frequentamentis Clark, 1902) Clark, H. L. (1902). Papers from the Hopkins Stanford Galapagos Expedition, 1898-1899. XII. Echinodermata. <em>Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Sciences.</em> 4, 521-531. [details]   

original description  (of Actinopyga bedfordi Deichmann, 1922) Deichmann, E. (1922). On some cases of multiplication by fission and of coalescence in Holothurians; with notes on the synonymy of Actinopyga parvula (Sel.). Videns. Medd. nat. For. Kjobenhavn 73: pp. 199-214. [details]   

original description  (of Mülleria lubrica Sluiter, 1894) Sluiter, C. P. (1894). Holothurien. Zool. Forschungsreisen in Australien, &c.. p. 79. [details]   

original description  (of Holothuria difficilis Semper, 1868) Semper, C. (1867-1868). Holothurien. In: Semper, C., ed.: <em>Reisen im Archipel der Philippinen. Zweiter Theil. Wissenschaftliche Resultate. Erster Band.</em> Leipzig: W. Engelmann. iv + 288 pp., 40 pls. [1867 = pp. 1-70, pls. 1-15; 1867/(1868) = pp. 71-100, pls. 16-25; 1868 = pp. 101-288, pls. 26-40]., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.11687 [details]   

original description  (of Holothuria altimensis Clark, 1921) Clark, H. L. (1921). The echinoderm fauna of Torres Strait: its composition and its origin. <em>Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institute.</em> 10: vi + 223, 38 pls., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14515937 [details]   

basis of record Rowe, F. W. E. (1969). A review of the family Holothuriidae (Holothurioidea: Aspidochirotida). <em>Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) (Zool.).</em> 18(4): 119-170., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2636614 [details]   

additional source Cherbonnier, G. (1988). Echinodermes: Holothurides. Faune de Madagascar 70: 1-292. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source James, D. B.; Pearse, J. S. (1969). Echinoderms from the Gulf of Suez and the Northern Red Sea. <em>J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. India.</em> 11(1-2): 79-125. [details]   

additional source Massin, C. (1996). The Holothurians of Easter Island, Bull. KBIN, Brussels, Vol. 66: 151-178 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From other sources
Description This species extent from the Red Sea and Madagascar to the tropical coasts of Central America and Mexico and from Japan and China to New Caledonia and Easter Island (Massin, 1996).
Also recorded from Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, china, south Japan, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, detritus feeder, deposit feeder. General distribution: tropical, Indo-west Pacific, central-west America, Mexico (Pacific coast), shallow water (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
In shallow water (0-4 m.) of well sheltered areas (Massin, 1996). [details]

Remark Type species of the Subgenus: Platyperona Rowe, 1969. Holotype in Zoologisches Museum für Hamburg, Hamburg (Germany) E.2546. Type locality: Navigator Islands, Samoa (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
Rowe (1969) places H. frequentiamensis H.L. Clark, 1902 as a synonym. [details]
 

LanguageName 
Japanese チビナマコ  [details]