WoRMS name details

Axinella reticulata Ridley & Dendy, 1886

190179  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:190179)

 unaccepted (genus transfer)
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Ridley, S.O.; Dendy, A. (1886). Preliminary report on the Monaxonida collected by H.M.S. Challenger. Part I. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> 18: 325-351, 470-493.
page(s): 481 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

Ridley, S.O.; Dendy, A. (1887). Report on the Monaxonida collected by H.M.S. 'Challenger' during the years 1873-76. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–76. Zoology.</em> 20 (part 59): i-lxviii, 1-275, pl. 1-51, 1 map., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-59/README.htm
page(s): 184-185 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Holotype  BMNH 1887.5.2.11, geounit Eastern Brazil  
Holotype BMNH 1887.5.2.11, geounit Eastern Brazil [details]
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 49-50) explanation for the homonymic status.
Removal of homonymy between Spongia...  
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 49-50) explanation for the homonymic status.
Removal of homonymy between Spongia reticulata Vio in Olivi, 1792, Spongia reticulata (Von Lendenfeld, 1886) and Dragmacidon reticulatum (Ridley & Dendy, 1886).
1. Spongia reticulata Vio in Olivi, 1792: xxvi (type locality Gulf of Smirna, Turkish Mediterranean). This sponge has been ignored by all classical and recent studies on Mediterranean sponges. The identity cannot be ascertained due to absence of type material, but the image provided by Vio in Olivi, (1792: pl. VIII figs 8-10) indicates it is likely Axinella verucosa or one of the other common ramose sponges from the Eastern Mediterranean, here referred to Axinella incertae sedis. Referral to Axinella reticulata is a possibility, but it would create a new secondary senior homonym of Axinella reticulata Ridley & Dendy, 1886. Since Ridley & Dendy’s species is accepted as Dragmacidon reticulatum (see Alvarez & Hooper (2002: 735), the secondary homonymy of Ridley & Dendy’s species is removed as no longer considered congeneric. Vio’s species is also quite obviously not a member of the genus Spongia, so the junior secondary homonymy with Von Lendenfeld’s (1886) species is eligible for application under ICZN Art. 59.2.
2. Euspongia reticulata Von Lendenfeld, 1886: 541 (type locality Port Jackson, Eastern Australia). This sponge is considered accepted as Spongia (Spongia) reticulata (Von Lendenfeld, 1886), and has been used for descriptive and ecological studies during the last 50 years, cf. e.g. Bergquist et al. (1970: 258) and Hooper & Wiedenmayer (1994: 394). Although the accepted name combination is a junior homonym of Vio’s S. reticulata it may be conserved as a nomen protectum.
3. Axinella reticulata Ridley & Dendy, 1886: 481 (type locality off Bahia, Eastern Brazil). The species name is a secondary homonym of Axinella reticulata (Vio in Olivi, 1792), as reassigned here. However, since Axinella reticulata Ridley & Dendy is now accepted as Dragmacidon reticulatum (cf. Alvarez & Hooper, 2002) it is eligible to be conserved under ICZN Art. 59.2.
4. Summary: Spongia reticulata Vio in Olivi, 1792 is to be referred to Axinella reticulata incertae sedis and maintained until its true identity is established. Spongia (Spongia) reticulata (Von Lendenfeld, 1886) is to be maintained as a nomen protectum under ICZN Art. 59.2, because Vio’s species is no longer accepted as congeneric. Homonymy is considered removed. Dragmacidon reticulatum (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) is a junior secondary homonym of the reassigned Axinella reticulata (Vio in Olivi) incertae sedis, but it is to be maintained as no longer congeneric with Vio’s species (ICZN Art. 59.2). [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2020). World Porifera Database. Axinella reticulata Ridley & Dendy, 1886. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=190179 on 2020-10-28
Date
action
by
2005-12-18 15:00:44Z
created
2007-08-10 14:08:54Z
changed

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original description Ridley, S.O.; Dendy, A. (1886). Preliminary report on the Monaxonida collected by H.M.S. Challenger. Part I. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> 18: 325-351, 470-493.
page(s): 481 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description Ridley, S.O.; Dendy, A. (1887). Report on the Monaxonida collected by H.M.S. 'Challenger' during the years 1873-76. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–76. Zoology.</em> 20 (part 59): i-lxviii, 1-275, pl. 1-51, 1 map., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-59/README.htm
page(s): 184-185 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Wilson, H.V. (1902 [1900]). The sponges collected in Porto Rico in 1899 by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer Fish Hawk. <em>Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission.</em> 2: 375-411.
page(s): 400 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

status source Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 49-50 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Holotype BMNH 1887.5.2.11, geounit Eastern Brazil [details]
From editor or global species database
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 49-50) explanation for the homonymic status.
Removal of homonymy between Spongia reticulata Vio in Olivi, 1792, Spongia reticulata (Von Lendenfeld, 1886) and Dragmacidon reticulatum (Ridley & Dendy, 1886).
1. Spongia reticulata Vio in Olivi, 1792: xxvi (type locality Gulf of Smirna, Turkish Mediterranean). This sponge has been ignored by all classical and recent studies on Mediterranean sponges. The identity cannot be ascertained due to absence of type material, but the image provided by Vio in Olivi, (1792: pl. VIII figs 8-10) indicates it is likely Axinella verucosa or one of the other common ramose sponges from the Eastern Mediterranean, here referred to Axinella incertae sedis. Referral to Axinella reticulata is a possibility, but it would create a new secondary senior homonym of Axinella reticulata Ridley & Dendy, 1886. Since Ridley & Dendy’s species is accepted as Dragmacidon reticulatum (see Alvarez & Hooper (2002: 735), the secondary homonymy of Ridley & Dendy’s species is removed as no longer considered congeneric. Vio’s species is also quite obviously not a member of the genus Spongia, so the junior secondary homonymy with Von Lendenfeld’s (1886) species is eligible for application under ICZN Art. 59.2.
2. Euspongia reticulata Von Lendenfeld, 1886: 541 (type locality Port Jackson, Eastern Australia). This sponge is considered accepted as Spongia (Spongia) reticulata (Von Lendenfeld, 1886), and has been used for descriptive and ecological studies during the last 50 years, cf. e.g. Bergquist et al. (1970: 258) and Hooper & Wiedenmayer (1994: 394). Although the accepted name combination is a junior homonym of Vio’s S. reticulata it may be conserved as a nomen protectum.
3. Axinella reticulata Ridley & Dendy, 1886: 481 (type locality off Bahia, Eastern Brazil). The species name is a secondary homonym of Axinella reticulata (Vio in Olivi, 1792), as reassigned here. However, since Axinella reticulata Ridley & Dendy is now accepted as Dragmacidon reticulatum (cf. Alvarez & Hooper, 2002) it is eligible to be conserved under ICZN Art. 59.2.
4. Summary: Spongia reticulata Vio in Olivi, 1792 is to be referred to Axinella reticulata incertae sedis and maintained until its true identity is established. Spongia (Spongia) reticulata (Von Lendenfeld, 1886) is to be maintained as a nomen protectum under ICZN Art. 59.2, because Vio’s species is no longer accepted as congeneric. Homonymy is considered removed. Dragmacidon reticulatum (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) is a junior secondary homonym of the reassigned Axinella reticulata (Vio in Olivi) incertae sedis, but it is to be maintained as no longer congeneric with Vio’s species (ICZN Art. 59.2). [details]