WoRMS taxon details

Pentagonasterinae Perrier, 1884

196205  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:196205)

accepted
Subfamily
Genus Akelbaster Mah, 2007
Genus Anchitosia Mah, 2007
Genus Eknomiaster H.E.S. Clark in H.E.S. Clark & D.G. McKnight, 2001
Genus Pawsonaster Mah, 2007
Genus Pentagonaster Gray, 1840
  » Species Pentagonaster duebeni Gray, 1847
  » Species Pentagonaster gibbosus Perrier, 1875
  » Species Pentagonaster pulchellus Gray, 1840
  » Species Pentagonaster stibarus H.L. Clark, 1914
  » Species Pentagonaster abyssalis Ludwig in Chun, 1900 (nomen nudum, Cited in Chun but not seen in subsequent literature. )
  » Species Pentagonaster austrogranularis Perrier, 1888 (nomen nudum)
  » Species Pentagonaster austro-granularis Perrier, 1888 (nomen nudum)
  » Species Pentagonaster excellens Ludwig in Chun, 1900 (nomen nudum, Only mentioned in Chun 1900, never described.)
  » Species Pentagonaster granulosus Perrier, 1875 (nomen nudum)
  » Species Pentagonaster abnormalis Gray, 1866 accepted as Pentagonaster pulchellus Gray, 1840 (synonym according to Mortensen (1925))
  » Species Pentagonaster acutus (Heller, 1863) accepted as Peltaster placenta (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (A synonym according to Ludwig (1897))
  » Species Pentagonaster affinis Perrier, 1884 accepted as Ceramaster grenadensis (Perrier, 1881) (Synonym according to Halpern (1970))
  » Species Pentagonaster alexandri Perrier, 1881 accepted as Rosaster alexandri (Perrier, 1881) (basionym)
  » Species Pentagonaster ammophilus Fisher, 1906 accepted as Sphaeriodiscus ammophilus (Fisher, 1906) (Synonym according to Halpern (1970))
  » Species Pentagonaster annandalei Koehler, 1909 accepted as Pillsburiaster annandalei (Koehler, 1909)
  » Species Pentagonaster arcuatus Sladen, 1889 accepted as Mediaster arcuatus (Sladen, 1889)
  » Species Pentagonaster arenatus Perrier, 1881 accepted as Nymphaster arenatus (Perrier, 1881) (synonym)
  » Species Pentagonaster astrologorum (Muller & Troschel, 1842) accepted as Tosia australis Gray, 1840 (A forma according to A.M. Clark (1953).)
  » Species Pentagonaster attenuatus von Martens, 1895 accepted as Hacelia attenuata Gray, 1840 (lapsus for Ophidiaster (=Hacelia) attenuatus )
  » Species Pentagonaster auratus (Gray, 1847) accepted as Tosia magnifica (Muller & Troschel, 1842) (Synonym according to A.M. Clark (1953))
  » Species Pentagonaster australis (Gray, 1840) accepted as Tosia australis Gray, 1840 (Subsequent name of Tosia australis Gray 1840 as designated by Perrier, 1875)
  » Species Pentagonaster austrogranularis Perrier, 1891 accepted as Ceramaster patagonicus (Sladen, 1889) (Synonym according to Madsen (1956))
  » Species Pentagonaster balteatus Sladen, 1891 accepted as Ceramaster grenadensis (Perrier, 1881) (synonym)
  » Species Pentagonaster belcheri Perrier, 1878 accepted as Stellaster belcheri Gray, 1847 (A forma according to Doderlein (1935))
  » Species Pentagonaster belli Studer, 1884 accepted as Odontaster penicillatus (Philippi, 1870) (Synonym according to Madsen (1956))
  » Species Pentagonaster borealis (Barrett, 1857) accepted as Ceramaster granularis (Retzius, 1783) (A synonym according to Sladen (1889))
  » Species Pentagonaster childreni (Gray, 1840) accepted as Calliaster childreni Gray, 1840
  » Species Pentagonaster concinnus Sladen, 1891 accepted as Plinthaster dentatus (Perrier, 1884) (Synonym according to Halpern (1970))
  » Species Pentagonaster coppingeri Bell, 1884 accepted as Goniodiscaster rugosus (Perrier, 1875)
  » Species Pentagonaster crassimanus (Möbius, 1859) accepted as Pentagonaster duebeni Gray, 1847 (Synonym according to A.M. Clark (1953))
  » Species Pentagonaster crassus Perrier, 1885 accepted as Ceramaster grenadensis (Perrier, 1881) (Synonym according to Downey (1973) and Halpern (1970, PhD dissertation).)
  » Species Pentagonaster cuenoti Koehler, 1909 accepted as Ceramaster cuenoti (Koehler, 1909)
  » Species Pentagonaster dentatus Perrier, 1884 accepted as Plinthaster dentatus (Perrier, 1884) (original combination)
  » Species Pentagonaster deplasi Perrier, 1885 accepted as Ceramaster grenadensis (Perrier, 1881) (Synonym according to Downey (1973) and Halpern (1970, PhD dissertation).)
  » Species Pentagonaster dilatatus Perrier, 1875 accepted as Diplodontias dilatatus (Perrier, 1875)
  » Species Pentagonaster döderleini Koehler, 1909 accepted as Plinthaster döderleini (Koehler, 1909)
  » Species Pentagonaster elongatus Perrier, 1885 accepted as Paragonaster subtilis (Perrier, 1881) (Synonym according to Downey (1973) and Halpern (1970, PhD dissertation).)
  » Species Pentagonaster emma (Gray, 1847) accepted as Calliderma emma Gray, 1847
  » Species Pentagonaster equestris (Bruzelius, 1805) accepted as Stellaster equestris (Bruzelius, 1805)
  » Species Pentagonaster ernesti Ludwig, 1905 accepted as Pillsburiaster ernesti (Ludwig, 1905)
  » Species Pentagonaster eximius Verrill, 1894 accepted as Ceramaster granularis (Retzius, 1783) (Synonym according to Halpern (1970-PhD Dissertation))
  » Species Pentagonaster fallax (Perrier, 1885) accepted as Pseudarchaster fallax (Perrier, 1885)
  » Species Pentagonaster gosselini Perrier, 1885 accepted as Ceramaster grenadensis (Perrier, 1881) (Synonym according to Downey (1973) and Halpern (1970, PhD dissertation).)
  » Species Pentagonaster grandis (Gray, 1847) accepted as Tosia magnifica (Muller & Troschel, 1842) (Synonym according to A.M. Clark (1953))
  » Species Pentagonaster grandis Perrier, 1885 accepted as Plinthaster dentatus (Perrier, 1884) (synonym)
  » Species Pentagonaster granularis (Retzius, 1783) accepted as Ceramaster granularis (Retzius, 1783)
  » Species Pentagonaster greeni (Bell, 1889) accepted as Ceramaster grenadensis (Perrier, 1881) (Synonym according to Halpern (1970-PhD Dissertation) and in Downey (1973))
  » Species Pentagonaster grenadensis Perrier, 1881 accepted as Ceramaster grenadensis grenadensis (Perrier, 1881) (synonym)
  » Species Pentagonaster gunni Perrier, 1875 accepted as Pentagonaster duebeni Gray, 1847 (A forma according to A.M. Clark (1953).)
  » Species Pentagonaster haesitans Perrier, 1885 accepted as Ceramaster grenadensis (Perrier, 1881) (Synonym according to Halpern (1970-PhD Dissertation) and in Downey (1973))
  » Species Pentagonaster hispidus (M. Sars, 1872) accepted as Poraniomorpha (Poraniomorpha) hispida (M. Sars, 1872)
  » Species Pentagonaster hystricis von Marenzeller, 1893 accepted as Ceramaster grenadensis (Perrier, 1881) (Synonym according to Halpern (1970-PhD Dissertation) and in Downey (1973))
  » Species Pentagonaster inaequalis (Gray, 1847) accepted as Sphaeriodiscus inaequalis (Gray, 1847)
  » Species Pentagonaster incei (Gray, 1847) accepted as Stellaster incei Gray, 1847 (A forma according to Doderlein (1935))
  » Species Pentagonaster incertus Bell, 1908 accepted as Pergamaster incertus (Bell, 1908)
  » Species Pentagonaster intermedius Perrier, 1884 accepted as Litonotaster intermedius (Perrier, 1884) (original combination)
  » Species Pentagonaster investigatoris Alcock, 1893 accepted as Plinthaster investigatoris (Alcock, 1893)
  » Species Pentagonaster jacqueti Perrier in Milne-Edwards, 1882 accepted as Dorigona jacqueti Perrier in Milne-Edwards, 1882 (A synonym according to Macan (1938))
  » Species Pentagonaster japonicus Sladen, 1889 accepted as Ceramaster japonicus (Sladen, 1889)
  » Species Pentagonaster kergroheni Koehler, 1895 accepted as Ceramaster grenadensis (Perrier, 1881) (Synonym according to Halpern (1970-PhD Dissertation) and in Downey (1973))
  » Species Pentagonaster lamarcki Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Goniaster tessellatus (Lamarck, 1816) (Synonym)
  » Species Pentagonaster lepidus Sladen, 1889 accepted as Hoplaster spinosus Perrier in Milne-Edwards, 1882 (synonym according to Verrill (1899) and confirmed by A.M. Clark in Gage et al. (1983))
  » Species Pentagonaster longimanus (Möbius, 1859) accepted as Iconaster longimanus (Möbius, 1859) (Subsequent name/combination used by Perrier 1875: 228)
  » Species Pentagonaster magnificus (Muller & Troschel, 1842) accepted as Tosia magnifica (Muller & Troschel, 1842)
  » Species Pentagonaster meridionalis (E. A. Smith, 1879) accepted as Odontaster meridionalis (E. A. Smith, 1876)
  » Species Pentagonaster miliaris (Gray, 1847) accepted as Diplodontias miliaris (Gray, 1847)
  » Species Pentagonaster minimus Perrier, 1875 accepted as Tosia australis Gray, 1840 (synonym)
  » Species Pentagonaster minor Koehler, 1895 accepted as Peltaster placenta (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (Synonym according to Ludwig (1897))
  » Species Pentagonaster mirabilis Perrier, 1875 accepted as Peltaster placenta (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (synonym according to Ludwig (1897))
  » Species Pentagonaster misakiensis Goto, 1914 accepted as Ceramaster misakiensis (Goto, 1914)
  » Species Pentagonaster moebii Studer, 1884 accepted as Nymphaster moebii (Studer, 1884)
  » Species Pentagonaster mortenseni Koehler, 1909 accepted as Ceramaster mortenseni (Koehler, 1909)
  » Species Pentagonaster muelleri (von Martens, 1865) accepted as Ogmaster capella (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (synonym according to Fisher (1919))
  » Species Pentagonaster nidarosiensis (Storm, 1881) accepted as Peltaster placenta (Müller & Troschel, 1842)
  » Species Pentagonaster nobilis (Gray, 1840) accepted as Tosia australis Gray, 1840
  » Species Pentagonaster ornatus (Müller & Troschel, 1842) accepted as Tosia magnifica (Muller & Troschel, 1842) (A synonym according to A.M. Clark (1953))
  » Species Pentagonaster parvus Perrier, 1881 accepted as Pawsonaster parvus (Perrier, 1881)
  » Species Pentagonaster patagonicus Sladen, 1889 accepted as Ceramaster patagonicus (Sladen, 1889)
  » Species Pentagonaster paxillosus (Gray, 1847) accepted as Diplodontias paxillosus (Gray, 1847)
  » Species Pentagonaster pedicellaris Perrier, 1884 accepted as Mediaster pedicellaris (Perrier, 1881)
  » Species Pentagonaster perrieri Sladen, 1889 accepted as Plinthaster perrieri Sladen, 1889
  » Species Pentagonaster planus Verrill, 1895 accepted as Peltaster placenta (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (synonym)
  » Species Pentagonaster pulvinus Alcock, 1893 accepted as Pseudoceramaster pulvinus (Alcock, 1893)
  » Species Pentagonaster semilunatus (von Martens, 1866) accepted as Goniaster tessellatus (Lamarck, 1816) (Synonym according to Halpern (1970))
  » Species Pentagonaster simplex Verrill, 1895 accepted as Ceramaster granularis granularis (Retzius, 1783) (synonym)
  » Species Pentagonaster singularis (Müller & Troschel, 1843) accepted as Gnathaster singularis (Müller & Troschel, 1843)
  » Species Pentagonaster spinulosus (Gray, 1847) accepted as Culcita novaeguineae Müller & Troschel, 1842 (Synonym according to Goto (1914))
  » Species Pentagonaster squamulosus Studer, 1884 accepted as Stellaster squamulosus (Studer, 1884)
  » Species Pentagonaster subspinosus Perrier, 1881 accepted as Dorigona subspinosa (Perrier, 1881) (synonym)
  » Species Pentagonaster ternalis Perrier, 1881 accepted as Dorigona ternalis (Perrier, 1885) (Synonym of N. arenatus according to Halpern (1970))
  » Species Pentagonaster tubercularis (Gray, 1847) accepted as Tosia australis Gray, 1840 (A synonym of Tosia nobilis (=T. australis) according to A.M. Clark (1953).)
  » Species Pentagonaster tuberculatus (Gray, 1847) accepted as Tosia tuberculata (Gray, 1847)
  » Species Pentagonaster tuberculosus (von Martens, 1865) accepted as Stellaster tuberculosus (von Martens, 1865)
  » Species Pentagonaster validus Bell, 1884 accepted as Goniodiscaster pleyadella (Lamarck, 1816) (synonym according to H.L. Clark (1921))
  » Species Pentagonaster verrucosus (Philippi, 1857) accepted as Cycethra verrucosa (Philippi, 1857)
  » Species Pentagonaster vincenti Perrier, 1885 accepted as Peltaster placenta (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (Synonym according to Halpern (1970-PhD Dissertation) and in Downey (1973))
Genus Ryukuaster Mah, 2007
Genus Toraster A.M. Clark, 1952
Genus Tosia Gray, 1840
  » Species Tosia australis Gray, 1840
  » Species Tosia magnifica (Muller & Troschel, 1842)
  » Species Tosia neossia Naughton & O'Hara, 2009
  » Subgenus Tosia (Ceramaster) Verrill, 1899 accepted as Ceramaster Verrill, 1899 (original name)
  » Subgenus Tosia (Plinthaster) Verrill, 1899 accepted as Plinthaster Verrill, 1899
  » Species Tosia affinis (Perrier, 1884) accepted as Ceramaster grenadensis (Perrier, 1881) (Synonym according to Halpern (1970))
  » Species Tosia arctica Verrill, 1909 accepted as Ceramaster arcticus (Verrill, 1909)
  » Species Tosia astrologorum (Muller & Troschel, 1842) accepted as Tosia australis Gray, 1840 (A variety according to H.L. Clark (1938))
  » Species Tosia aurata Gray, 1847 accepted as Tosia magnifica (Muller & Troschel, 1842)
  » Species Tosia ceramoidea Fisher, 1906 accepted as Plinthaster ceramoidea (Fisher, 1906)
  » Species Tosia clugreta Walenkamp, 1976 accepted as Pawsonaster parvus (Perrier, 1881)
  » Species Tosia compta Verrill, 1899 accepted as Plinthaster dentatus (Perrier, 1884) (Synonym according to Halpern (1970))
  » Species Tosia eximia (Verrill, 1894) accepted as Ceramaster granularis (Retzius, 1783) (Synonym according to Halpern (1970-PhD Dissertation))
  » Species Tosia gosselini (Perrier, 1884) accepted as Ceramaster grenadensis (Perrier, 1881) (Synonym according to Halpern (1970))
  » Species Tosia grandis Gray, 1847 accepted as Tosia magnifica (Muller & Troschel, 1842)
  » Species Tosia granularis (Retzius, 1783) accepted as Ceramaster granularis (Retzius, 1783)
  » Species Tosia greenei (Bell, 1889) accepted as Ceramaster grenadensis (Perrier, 1881) (Synonym according to Halpern (1970-PhD Dissertation) and in Downey (1973))
  » Species Tosia grenadensis (Perrier, 1881) accepted as Ceramaster grenadensis (Perrier, 1881)
  » Species Tosia haesitans (Perrier, 1885) accepted as Ceramaster grenadensis (Perrier, 1881) (synonym according to Halpern in Downey (1973))
  » Species Tosia lamarcki (Müller & Troschel, 1842) accepted as Pentagonaster lamarcki Müller & Troschel, 1842
  » Species Tosia leptocerama Fisher, 1905 accepted as Ceramaster leptoceramus (Fisher, 1905)
  » Species Tosia micropelta Fisher, 1906 accepted as Peltaster micropeltus (Fisher, 1906)
  » Species Tosia mirabilis (Perrier, 1875) accepted as Peltaster placenta (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (A synonym according to Ludwig (1897))
  » Species Tosia nitida Verrill, 1899 accepted as Plinthaster dentatus (Perrier, 1884) (Synonym according to Halpern (1970))
  » Species Tosia nobilis (Muller & Troschel, 1843) accepted as Tosia australis Gray, 1840 (Synonym according to Marsh (1991))
  » Species Tosia parva (Perrier, 1881) accepted as Pawsonaster parvus (Perrier, 1881)
  » Species Tosia perrieri (Sladen, 1889) accepted as Plinthaster dentatus (Perrier, 1884) (Synonym according to Halpern (1970))
  » Species Tosia placenta (Müller & Troschel, 1842) accepted as Peltaster placenta (Müller & Troschel, 1842)
  » Species Tosia queenslandensis Livingstone, 1932 accepted as Anchitosia queenslandensis (Livingstone, 1932) (original name for Anchitosia queenslandensis)
  » Species Tosia rubra Gray, 1847 accepted as Tosia australis Gray, 1840
  » Species Tosia simplex (Verrill, 1895) accepted as Ceramaster granularis (Retzius, 1783) (Synonym according to Halpern (1970-PhD Dissertation))
  » Species Tosia tubercularis Gray, 1847 accepted as Tosia australis Gray, 1840
  » Species Tosia tuberculata (Gray, 1847) accepted as Toraster tuberculatus (Gray, 1847) (Subsequent combination from H.L. Clark (1923))
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Perrier, E. (1884). Mémoire sur les étoiles de mer recueilliés dans la mer des Antilles et le golfe du Mexique : durant les expéditions de dragace faites sous la direction de M. Alexandre Agassiz. <em>Archives (Muséum national d'histoire naturelle (France)).</em> 2. sér., t. 6.:127-276., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/44579946
page(s): 231 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Mah, C.L. (2021). World Asteroidea Database. Pentagonasterinae Perrier, 1884. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=196205 on 2021-04-17
Date
action
by
2005-12-30 14:07:12Z
created
2008-01-19 09:31:50Z
changed
2014-06-11 21:15:11Z
changed

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original description Perrier, E. (1884). Mémoire sur les étoiles de mer recueilliés dans la mer des Antilles et le golfe du Mexique : durant les expéditions de dragace faites sous la direction de M. Alexandre Agassiz. <em>Archives (Muséum national d'histoire naturelle (France)).</em> 2. sér., t. 6.:127-276., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/44579946
page(s): 231 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Mah, C. (2007). Systematics, phylogeny and historical biogeography of the <i>Pentagonaster</i> clade (Asteroidea: Valvatida: Goniasteridae. <em>Invertebrate Systematics.</em> 21: 311-339., available online at https://doi.org/10.1071/IS06049 [details]   

identification resource Mah, C. (2007). Systematics, phylogeny and historical biogeography of the <i>Pentagonaster</i> clade (Asteroidea: Valvatida: Goniasteridae. <em>Invertebrate Systematics.</em> 21: 311-339., available online at https://doi.org/10.1071/IS06049 [details]