WoRMS taxon details

Hirudinea

2041  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:2041)

Savigny, 1822
accepted
Subclass
Infraclass Acanthobdellidea
Infraclass Euhirudinea
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Savigny, Jules-César. (1822). Système des annélides, principalement de celles des côtes de l'Égypte et de la Syrie, offrant les caractères tant distinctifs que naturels des Ordres, Familles et Genres, avec la Description des Espèces. <em>Description de l'Égypte ou Recueil des Observations et des Recherches qui ont été faites en Égypte pendant l'Expédition de l'Armée Française, publié par les Ordres de sa Majesté l'Empereur Napoléon le Grand, Histoire Naturelle, Paris.</em> 1(3):1–128., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41329897
page(s): 105; note: Savigny (1822) appears to be the first to use some form of Hirudinea as a higher rank than family (here as 'Hirudinees' or 'Hirudineae') [details]  OpenAccess publication 
WoRMS (2018). Hirudinea. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=2041 on 2018-10-23
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
db_admin
2013-04-09 01:06:46Z
changed
2014-05-28 01:05:31Z
changed
2018-05-18 03:17:21Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Savigny, Jules-César. (1822). Système des annélides, principalement de celles des côtes de l'Égypte et de la Syrie, offrant les caractères tant distinctifs que naturels des Ordres, Familles et Genres, avec la Description des Espèces. <em>Description de l'Égypte ou Recueil des Observations et des Recherches qui ont été faites en Égypte pendant l'Expédition de l'Armée Française, publié par les Ordres de sa Majesté l'Empereur Napoléon le Grand, Histoire Naturelle, Paris.</em> 1(3):1–128., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41329897
page(s): 105; note: Savigny (1822) appears to be the first to use some form of Hirudinea as a higher rank than family (here as 'Hirudinees' or 'Hirudineae') [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Sawyer, R.T. (1986). Leech biology and behaviour. Vol. II. Feeding biology, ecology, and systematics. Clarendon Press. 375 p. [details]   

additional source Tessler, Michael; De Carle, Danielle; Voiklis, Madeleine L.; Gresham, Olivia A.; Neumann, Johannes; Cios, Stanislaw; Siddall, Mark E. (2018). Worms that suck: phylogenetic analysis of Hirudinea solidifies the position of Acanthobdellida and necessitates the dissolution of Rhynchobdellida. <em>Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution.</em> Efirst: 1-28., available online at https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1055790317308515
note: creates two new orders [details]   

additional source Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
note: Only uses genus Hirudo, with no higher ranks [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Authority The authority for 'Hirudinea' is somewhat obscure. It certainly is not Linnaeus, who only used Hirudo in 'Vermes Intestina'. The family-level, as 'Les hirudinées', was used by Lamarck (1818), and he says Savigny used it at order-level, but he does not give a clear citation (dans son second mémoire sur les annelides). He most probably was referring to Savigny's "Systeme des annelides, principalement de celles des cotes de l'Egypte", not offcially published until 1822, where (p.105) Savigny has his 4th Annelid order of 'Les Annelides Hirudinées', or 'Annelides Hirudineae'. By 1884 Claus & Moquin-Tandon are using 'Hirudinei' as a sub-class within Annelida (Annelida presented as a class, but this was then equivalent to phylum-level). The 1832 Handbuch der Zoologie used the spelling 'Hirudinea' as a family (reverse the 'ea' and you have Hirudinae, the standard family ending of today). Thus Savigny appears to be the first to rank Hirudinea above family, and merits the authorship of the higher rank, although his spelling of it was different. [details]
LanguageName 
Dutch bloedzuigers  [details]
English leeches  [details]
German Egel  [details]
Japanese ヒル  [details]
Latin hirudi-, hirudo  [details]
Swedish iglar  [details]
Ukrainian П'явки  [details]