WoRMS taxon details

Stylophora pistillata Esper, 1797

206982  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:206982)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Esper, E.J.C. 1797. Fortsetzungen der Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungennach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen. Erster Theil.(Nürnberg): 1-230, pls L-LXI. [details]   

(ofPorites pistillata (Esper, 1797)) Esper, E.J.C. 1797. Fortsetzungen der Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungennach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen. Erster Theil.(Nürnberg): 1-230, pls L-LXI. [details]   

(ofSideropora pistillata (Esper, 1797)) Esper, E.J.C. 1797. Fortsetzungen der Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungennach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen. Erster Theil.(Nürnberg): 1-230, pls L-LXI. [details]   
Description Branches are stoutest in shallow water, and become finer with increasing depth. Below 30 metres, and in darkened recesses...  
Description Branches are stoutest in shallow water, and become finer with increasing depth. Below 30 metres, and in darkened recesses of the reef, branching then tends to become prostrate and branches become flattened in cross-section. On steep slopes, branches may even tend to fan downwards in a manner which ensures greatest light capture, and in these cases, usually seen below 40 m deep and in crevices, colonies may develop a layered branching structure, and even develop platy extensions formed by strongly anastomosed branches. Calices of all ecomorphs are 0.5 to 1.5 mm diameter, arranged not in straight rows but scattered irregularly and usually closely. Calices are usually hooded by a projection of coenosteum on the side of calice towards the branch tip, though in many cases there may be a continuous raised rim around each corallite instead, while in others there may be no raised projections at all. All features may be found on a single corallum. Corallites have 6 primary septa and a small columella. Sheltered colonies have slender branches, and in deep or dim conditions, colonies commonly form layers of horizontal branches which may anastomose or even fuse into plate-like extensions. This ramose species is found in an enormous range of habitats, from the most exposed, shallow reef crest situations to at least 50 m deep, and is also found in extreme conditions of turbidity such as on mangrove roots. In all regions, it may be heavily dominant in localised, usually shallow areas of exposed reef slopes (Sheppard, 1998); rocks (Kalk, 1959).
Colonies are branching with blunt-ended branches becoming thick and submassive. Corallites are immersed, conical or hooded. They have a solid style-like columella, six primary septa, which may be short or fused with the columella, and sometimes six short secondary septa. The coenosteum is covered by fine spinules. Polyps are extended only at night. Colour: Uniform cream, pink, blue or green (Veron, 1986).
Extremely variable growth form. Ends of branches blunt and often slightly club-shaped; corallites 0.5-1.5 mm across with conspicuous hoods. Colour cream, pale yellow or green. Habitat: exposed reef fronts and tidal areas (Richmond, 1997).
Also distributed in Australia (Kalk, 1958).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2018). World List of Scleractinia. Stylophora pistillata Esper, 1797. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=206982 on 2018-12-10
Date
action
by
1997-01-31 17:25:12Z
created
2000-09-28 07:24:50Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-04-21 09:20:09Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Esper, E.J.C. 1797. Fortsetzungen der Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungennach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen. Erster Theil.(Nürnberg): 1-230, pls L-LXI. [details]   

original description  (ofStylophora septata Gardiner, 1898) Gardiner, J.S. (1898). On the turbinolid and oculinid corals collected by the author in the South Pacific. <em>Proceedings Zoological Society of London.</em> 1898: 994-1000, pl. 62. [details]   

original description  (ofStylophora palmata de Blainville, 1830) de Blainville H. M. (1830). Zoophytes. In: Dictionnaire des sciences naturelles, dans lequel on traitre méthodiquement des differéns êtres de la nature, considérés soit en eux-mêmes, d’après l’état actuel de nos connoissances, soit relativement a l’utlité qu’en peuvent retirer la médicine, l’agriculture, le commerce et les arts. Edited by F. G. Levrault. Tome 60. Paris, Le Normat. Pp. 548, pls. 68. <em>Paris, 1830.</em> 60 : 1-546., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/81598#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofStylophora cellulosa Quelch, 1886) Quelch, J.J. 1886. Report on the reef-corals collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–79. Zoology 16 (3): 1-203, pls. 1-12. [details]   

original description  (ofStylophora pistillaris (Esper, 1797)) Esper, E.J.C. 1797. Fortsetzungen der Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungennach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen. Erster Theil.(Nürnberg): 1-230, pls L-LXI. [details]   

original description  (ofMadrepora pistillaris Esper, 1797) Esper, E.J.C. 1797. Fortsetzungen der Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungennach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen. Erster Theil.(Nürnberg): 1-230, pls L-LXI. [details]   

original description  (ofPorites pistillata (Esper, 1797)) Esper, E.J.C. 1797. Fortsetzungen der Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungennach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen. Erster Theil.(Nürnberg): 1-230, pls L-LXI. [details]   

original description  (ofPorites subdigitata Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

original description  (ofSideropora subdigitata (Lamarck, 1816)) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

original description  (ofSideropora mordax Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofSideropora pistillata (Esper, 1797)) Esper, E.J.C. 1797. Fortsetzungen der Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungennach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen. Erster Theil.(Nürnberg): 1-230, pls L-LXI. [details]   

original description  (ofStylophora digitata (Pallas, 1766)) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. <em>Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae.</em> pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofStylophora stellata Verrill, 1864) Verrill, A.E. (1864). List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoology to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. <em>Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology.</em> 1: 29-60., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/30465#page/37/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofStylophora sinaitica Brüggemann, 1877) Brüggemann F (1877) Neue Korallen-Arten aus dem Rothen Meer und von Mauritius. Abhandlungen herausgegeben vom naturwissenschaftlichen Vereine zu Bremen 5: 395-400, 2 pls. [details]   

original description  (ofStylophora prostrata Klunzinger, 1879) Klunzinger, C.B. 1879. Die Korallenthiere des Rothen Meeres, 2. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Erster Abschnitt: Die Madreporaceen und Oculinaceen: 1-88, pls. 1-10. Gutmann, Berlin. [details]   

original description  (ofPocillopora andreossyi Audouin, 1826) Audouin, J. V. (1826). Explication sommaire des planches de polypes de l'Egypte et de la Syrie, publiees par Jules-Cesar Savigny. <em>In: Audouin, J. V. (editor) Description de l'Egypte, ou recueil des observations et des recherches qui ont été faites en Egypte pendant l'expédition de l'armée française. Histoire naturelle.</em> Vol. Tome 1, 4 partie: 339. Imprimerie Impériale, Paris., available online at http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/jomard1809bd5_1_1/0766/image [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofStylophora digitata var. coalescens Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofStylophora dendritica Nemenzo, 1964) Nemenzo, F. (1964). Systematic studies on Philippine shallow-water scleractinians: V. Suborder Astrocoeniida (Part. <em>Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines.</em> 18: 193-223. [details]   

original description  (ofStylophora nana Nemenzo, 1964) Nemenzo, F. (1964). Systematic studies on Philippine shallow-water scleractinians: V. Suborder Astrocoeniida (Part. <em>Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines.</em> 18: 193-223. [details]   

original description  (ofStylophora expanda Nemenzo, 1964) Nemenzo, F. (1964). Systematic studies on Philippine shallow-water scleractinians: V. Suborder Astrocoeniida (Part. <em>Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines.</em> 18: 193-223. [details]   

basis of record Veron, J.E.N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Angus & Robertson Publishers, London. [details]   

additional source Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307 [details]   

additional source Veron, J.E.N. & M. Pichon (1976). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia. Part I. Families Thamnasteriidae, Astroceoniidae, Pocilloporidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. Volume I. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Gershwin, L.; Brook, F.J.; Pugh, P.; Dawson, E.W.; Ocaña O.V.; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E.; Opresko, D.M.; Schuchert, P.; Hine, P.M.; Gordon, D.P.; Campbell, H.J.; Wright, A.J.; Sánchez, J.A.; Fautin, D.G. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 59-101., available online at http://si-pddr.si.edu/handle/10088/8431 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

new combination reference Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1857). Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. 631 pp. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description Branches are stoutest in shallow water, and become finer with increasing depth. Below 30 metres, and in darkened recesses of the reef, branching then tends to become prostrate and branches become flattened in cross-section. On steep slopes, branches may even tend to fan downwards in a manner which ensures greatest light capture, and in these cases, usually seen below 40 m deep and in crevices, colonies may develop a layered branching structure, and even develop platy extensions formed by strongly anastomosed branches. Calices of all ecomorphs are 0.5 to 1.5 mm diameter, arranged not in straight rows but scattered irregularly and usually closely. Calices are usually hooded by a projection of coenosteum on the side of calice towards the branch tip, though in many cases there may be a continuous raised rim around each corallite instead, while in others there may be no raised projections at all. All features may be found on a single corallum. Corallites have 6 primary septa and a small columella. Sheltered colonies have slender branches, and in deep or dim conditions, colonies commonly form layers of horizontal branches which may anastomose or even fuse into plate-like extensions. This ramose species is found in an enormous range of habitats, from the most exposed, shallow reef crest situations to at least 50 m deep, and is also found in extreme conditions of turbidity such as on mangrove roots. In all regions, it may be heavily dominant in localised, usually shallow areas of exposed reef slopes (Sheppard, 1998); rocks (Kalk, 1959).
Colonies are branching with blunt-ended branches becoming thick and submassive. Corallites are immersed, conical or hooded. They have a solid style-like columella, six primary septa, which may be short or fused with the columella, and sometimes six short secondary septa. The coenosteum is covered by fine spinules. Polyps are extended only at night. Colour: Uniform cream, pink, blue or green (Veron, 1986).
Extremely variable growth form. Ends of branches blunt and often slightly club-shaped; corallites 0.5-1.5 mm across with conspicuous hoods. Colour cream, pale yellow or green. Habitat: exposed reef fronts and tidal areas (Richmond, 1997).
Also distributed in Australia (Kalk, 1958).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

Remark in family 'Seriatoporidae' in Kalk (1958).
New combination in Sheppard (1998).
Type locality: "East Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English pistillate coralhood coral  [details]
German Griffelkoralle  [details]
Japanese ヤスリショウガサンゴ [from synonym]ショウガサンゴ[ヤスリショウガサンゴ]  [details]