WoRMS taxon details

Echinophyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)

207370  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207370)

accepted
Species
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(of Oxypora aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1768)) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(of Echinopora aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Type locality contained in East Indian Ocean  
type locality contained in East Indian Ocean [details]
Note "Eastern Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986).  
From other sources
Type locality "Eastern Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986). [details]
Description Corals are encrusting to foliaceous, sometimes 60 cm across. The range of form is large. Corallites are most commonly...  
Description Corals are encrusting to foliaceous, sometimes 60 cm across. The range of form is large. Corallites are most commonly fairly flush with the surface, but some colonies show protuberant corallites or may have extremely exsert and swollen primary septa. Others have protruding corallites and may intergrade with Echinophyllia orpheensis. Calices mostly face upwards, perpendicular to the plane of the leaf. The septo-costae are usually spiny, and the costae on the undersurface of leaves are smooth or ridged, but do not bear spines. Like most pectiniids this species occurs in mid to deep water. In that region it is fairly abundant on sheltered reefs. Unlike most foliaceous corals, however, it is also found in shallow water, sometimes forming large colonies near the reef crest. Colonies may reach 50 cm across, and although foliaceous, they always hug the surface closely. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Colonies are partly encrusting laminae. Central parts may be hillocky and submassive, peripheral parts may be contorted or form whorls and tiers. Corallites have toothed rather than beaded costae and no paliform lobes. Colour: brown, green and red are most common, usually with red or green oral discs, often mottled. Abundance: common over a wide range of habitats, especially lower reef slopes, lagoons and fringing reefs. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
Forms encrusting plates. Colour: may be brown, green or red, and are often mottled. Polyps are usually a different colour from the colony, with bright red or green mouths (oral discs). Habitat: diverse. (Richmond, 1997) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2019). World List of Scleractinia. Echinophyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207370 on 2019-09-18
Date
action
by
1997-01-31 16:37:49Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2013-09-02 17:11:15Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Oxypora aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1768)) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Echinopora aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Echinophyllia subglabra Nemenzo, 1979) Nemenzo F (1979) Astrocoeniid and faviid reef corals from Central Philippines. Kalikasan: The Philippine Journal of Biology 8: 37-50. [details]   

original description  (of Echinopora magna Gardiner, 1904) Gardiner J. S. (1904). Madreporaria Parts I. and II: I. Introduction with notes on variation, II. Astraeidae. <em>Fauna and geography of the Maldives and Laccadives Archipelagoes, Cambridge.</em> 2: 736-790, pls. 59-64. [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Lam K., Shin PKS., Bradbeer R., Ku KKK., Hodgson P. & Cheung SG. (2006). Baseline data of subtropical coral communities in Hoi Ha Wan Marine Park, Hong Kong, obtained by an underwater remote operated vehicle (ROV). Marine Pollution Bulletin 54: pp 97-116. [details]   

basis of record Veron, J. E. N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Arrigoni R, Berumen ML, Chen CA, Terraneo TI, Baird AH, Payri C, Benzoni F. (2016). Species delimitation in the reef coral genera Echinophyllia and Oxypora (Scleractinia, Lobophylliidae) with a description of two new species. <em>Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution.</em> 105: 146-159., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2016.08.023 [details]   

additional source Huang D, Arrigoni R, Benzoni F, Fukami H, Knowlton N, Smith ND, Stolarski J, Chou LM, Budd AF. (2016). Taxonomic classification of the reef coral family Lobophylliidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). <em>Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society.</em> 178(3): 436-481., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/zoj.12391 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description Corals are encrusting to foliaceous, sometimes 60 cm across. The range of form is large. Corallites are most commonly fairly flush with the surface, but some colonies show protuberant corallites or may have extremely exsert and swollen primary septa. Others have protruding corallites and may intergrade with Echinophyllia orpheensis. Calices mostly face upwards, perpendicular to the plane of the leaf. The septo-costae are usually spiny, and the costae on the undersurface of leaves are smooth or ridged, but do not bear spines. Like most pectiniids this species occurs in mid to deep water. In that region it is fairly abundant on sheltered reefs. Unlike most foliaceous corals, however, it is also found in shallow water, sometimes forming large colonies near the reef crest. Colonies may reach 50 cm across, and although foliaceous, they always hug the surface closely. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Colonies are partly encrusting laminae. Central parts may be hillocky and submassive, peripheral parts may be contorted or form whorls and tiers. Corallites have toothed rather than beaded costae and no paliform lobes. Colour: brown, green and red are most common, usually with red or green oral discs, often mottled. Abundance: common over a wide range of habitats, especially lower reef slopes, lagoons and fringing reefs. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
Forms encrusting plates. Colour: may be brown, green or red, and are often mottled. Polyps are usually a different colour from the colony, with bright red or green mouths (oral discs). Habitat: diverse. (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Type locality "Eastern Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English flat lettuce coral  [details]
Japanese キッカサンゴ  [details]