WoRMS taxon details

Heterocyathus aequicostatus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848

216146  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:216146)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1848) Mémoire 2. Monographie des turbinolides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 9: 211-344, pls. 7-10. [details]   
Note unrecorded (Veron, 1986).  
From other sources
Type locality unrecorded (Veron, 1986). [details]
Depth range 0-20 m  
Depth range 0-20 m [details]

Description Sometimes hermatypic. Corals are solitary, free-living, and have a flat base. They have a commensal relationship with a...  
Description Sometimes hermatypic. Corals are solitary, free-living, and have a flat base. They have a commensal relationship with a sipunculid worm (Aspidosiphon corallicola). The sipunculid moves the coral about on substrates and prevents it from becoming buried. Polyps are extended only at night. Polyp larvae settle initially on dead micro-molluscs which become embedded in the corallum. Colour: pale brown, often with greenish oral disc. Abundance: always found on soft horizontal substrates at depths of 20 m or more, usually in association with Heteropsammia cochlea and Cycloseris cyclolites. May be very abundant (up to 40 individuals per square metre). (Veron, 1986 <57>) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2019). World List of Scleractinia. Heterocyathus aequicostatus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=216146 on 2019-10-21
Date
action
by
1997-10-31 12:32:54Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2010-08-20 12:17:25Z
checked
2014-04-21 21:22:42Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1848) Mémoire 2. Monographie des turbinolides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 9: 211-344, pls. 7-10. [details]   

original description  (of Heterocyathus japonicus (Verrill, 1866)) Verrill AE. (1866). Synopsis of the polyps and corals of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under Commodore C. Ringgold and Capt. John Rodgers, U.S.N., from 1853 to 1856. Collected by Dr. Wm. Stimpson, Naturalist to the Expedition. With descriptions of some additional species from the west coast of North America. Part III. Madreporaria. <em>Communications of the Essex Institute, Salem.</em> 5(3): 17-50, pls. 1-2., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/33204514 [details]   

original description  (of Heterocyathus roussaeanus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) Milne H.; Haime, J. (1848). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 1. Observations sur la structure et le development des polypiers en général. <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie.</em> 9(4): 37-89. [details]   

original description  (of Heterocyathus philippinensis Semper, 1872) Semper, C. (1872). Uber Generationswechsel bei Steinkorallen und über das M.-Edwards'sche Wachstumgesetz der Polypen. <em>Zeitschrift fur Wissenschaftliche Zoologie.</em> 22: 235-280, pls. 16-21. [details]   

original description  (of Heterocyathus oblongatus Rehberg, 1892) Rehberg, H. (1892). Neue und wenig bekannte Korallen. <em>Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der Naturwissenschaften Hamburg.</em> 12: 1-50. [details]   

original description  (of Heterocyathus woodmasoni Alcock, 1893) Alcock, A. 1893. On some newly-recorded corals from the Indian Seas. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal (Natural History) 62: 138-149, pl. 5. [details]   

original description  (of Heterocyathus aequicostatus delicatus Sakakura, 1935) Sakakura K (1935) Les Héterocyathes fossiles de la Prefecture de Tiba, Japon (in Japanese). Journal of the Geolgical Society of Japan 42: 182-191, pl. 5. [details]   

original description  (of Heterocyathus elongatus Hu, 1987 †) Hu CH (1987) Unusual fossil corals from Hengchun Peninsula, southern Taiwan.— Memoirs of the Geological Society of China 8: 31-48, pls 1-3.  [details]   

original description  (of Stephanoseris lamellosa Verrill, 1865) Verrill, A. E. (1865). Classification of polyps (extract condensed from Synopsis of the Polyps and Corals of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition under Commodore C. Ringgold and Captain John Rodgers, U.S.N.). <em>Communications of the Essex Institute.</em> 4: 145–152., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34752272 [details]   

original description  (of Stephanoseris carthausi Felix, 1913 †) Felix H (1913) Die fossilen Anthozoen aus der Umgegend von Trinil. Palaeontographica 60: 311- 365, pls 24-27. [details]   

original description  (of Heterocyathus cochlea (Spengler, 1781)) Spengler L (1781) Beskrivelse over et ganske besynderligt Corall-Produkt, hvilket man, indtil dets Sloegt noermere bestemmes, kunde kalde en Snekke-Madrepore (Madrepora cochlea). Nye Samling af det Kongelige Danske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter, København 1: 240-248. [details]   

original description  (of Stephanoseris rousseaui Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1851) Monographie des polypiers fossiles des terrains paleozoïques précédée d'un tableau général de la classification des polypes. Muséum National D'histoire Naturelle, Paris, Archives 5: 1–502, 20 pls. [details]   

original description  (of Heterocyathus philippensis Semper, 1872) Semper, C. (1872). Uber Generationswechsel bei Steinkorallen und über das M.-Edwards'sche Wachstumgesetz der Polypen. <em>Zeitschrift fur Wissenschaftliche Zoologie.</em> 22: 235-280, pls. 16-21. [details]   

original description  (of Heterocyathus lamellosus (Verrill, 1865)) Verrill, A. E. (1865). Classification of polyps (extract condensed from Synopsis of the Polyps and Corals of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition under Commodore C. Ringgold and Captain John Rodgers, U.S.N.). <em>Communications of the Essex Institute.</em> 4: 145–152., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34752272 [details]   

original description  (of Psammoseris rousseaui Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1851) Monographie des polypiers fossiles des terrains paleozoïques précédée d'un tableau général de la classification des polypes. Muséum National D'histoire Naturelle, Paris, Archives 5: 1–502, 20 pls. [details]   

original description  (of Heterocyathus (Stephanoseris) carthausi Felix, 1913 †) Felix H (1913) Die fossilen Anthozoen aus der Umgegend von Trinil. Palaeontographica 60: 311- 365, pls 24-27. [details]   

original description  (of Heterocyathus aequicostatus elberti Felix, 1913 †) Felix H (1913) Die fossilen Anthozoen aus der Umgegend von Trinil. Palaeontographica 60: 311- 365, pls 24-27. [details]   

original description  (of Heterocyathus aequicostatus carthausi Felix, 1913 †) Felix H (1913) Die fossilen Anthozoen aus der Umgegend von Trinil. Palaeontographica 60: 311- 365, pls 24-27. [details]   

original description  (of Heterocyathus rousseaui (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857)) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1857). Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. 631 pp. [details]   

original description  (of Heterocyathus sandalinus Gerth, 1921 †) Gerth H. 1921. Coelenterata. Anthozoa. In: Martin K, ed. Die Fossilen von Java. Sammlungen Des Geologischen Reichsmuseums Leiden 1: 387–445, pls. 55–57. [details]   

original description  (of Heterocyathus rembangensis Gerth, 1921 †) Gerth H. 1921. Coelenterata. Anthozoa. In: Martin K, ed. Die Fossilen von Java. Sammlungen Des Geologischen Reichsmuseums Leiden 1: 387–445, pls. 55–57. [details]   

original description  (of Brachytrochus simplex Duncan, 1876) Duncan, P. M. (1876). Notices of some Deep-sea and Littoral Corals from the Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean, Indian, New-Zealand, Persian Gulf, and Japanese &c. Seas. <em>Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London.</em> 44: 428-442, pls. 38-41. [details]   

original description  (of Stephanoseris japonica Verrill, 1866) Verrill AE. (1866). Synopsis of the polyps and corals of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under Commodore C. Ringgold and Capt. John Rodgers, U.S.N., from 1853 to 1856. Collected by Dr. Wm. Stimpson, Naturalist to the Expedition. With descriptions of some additional species from the west coast of North America. Part III. Madreporaria. <em>Communications of the Essex Institute, Salem.</em> 5(3): 17-50, pls. 1-2., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/33204514 [details]   

basis of record Best, W. G.; Faure, G.; Pichon, M. (1980). Contribution to the knowledge of the stony corals from the Seychelles and Eastern Africa. <em>Rev. Zool. Afr.</em> 3: 600 - 627. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D. (2009-2017). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. <em>In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats.</em> Cambridge University Press, Cambridge., available online at http://www.lophelia.org/images/stories/pdfs/Cold-water_Corals_Online_Appendix.pdf [details]   

additional source Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

additional source Durham JW, Barnard JL (1952) Stony corals of the Eastern Pacific collected by the Velero III and Velero IV. Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition 16: 1-110, pls. 1-16. [details]   

additional source Reyes-Bonilla, H. (2002). Checklist of valid names and synonyms of stony corals (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) from the eastern Pacific. <em>Journal of Natural History.</em> 36(1): 1-13., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/713833841 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D., 2004. Azooxanthellate Scleractinia of Australia. Rec. Australian Mus., 56(3): 259-329, 12 pls. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

redescription Cairns, S.D., 1998. Azooxanthellate Scleractinia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) of Western Australia. Rec. of West. Austr. Mus. 18(4): 361-417, 9 pls.  [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate or azooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Depth range 0-20 m [details]

Description Sometimes hermatypic. Corals are solitary, free-living, and have a flat base. They have a commensal relationship with a sipunculid worm (Aspidosiphon corallicola). The sipunculid moves the coral about on substrates and prevents it from becoming buried. Polyps are extended only at night. Polyp larvae settle initially on dead micro-molluscs which become embedded in the corallum. Colour: pale brown, often with greenish oral disc. Abundance: always found on soft horizontal substrates at depths of 20 m or more, usually in association with Heteropsammia cochlea and Cycloseris cyclolites. May be very abundant (up to 40 individuals per square metre). (Veron, 1986 <57>) [details]

Type locality unrecorded (Veron, 1986). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English striped bum coral  [details]