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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolopendra Linnaeus, 1758 
AphiaID: 238245

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArthropoda (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyriapoda (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChilopoda (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolopendromorpha (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolopendridae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolopendra (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Genus
Typetaxon Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolopendra morsitans Linnaeus, 1758 (type by subsequent designation)
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolopendridae
Orig. name Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolopendra Linnaeus, 1758
Sources  original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 637 (639 for Scolopendra marina) [details]

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taxa (8)

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 Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolopendra morsitans Linnaeus, 1758

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolopendra marina Linnaeus, 1758 (nomen dubium, indeterminable)

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolopendra flava De Geer, 1778 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGeophilus flavus (De Geer, 1778)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolopendra forficata Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLithobius forficatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolopendra lagura Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolyxenus lagura (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolopendra lagurus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolyxenus lagurus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolopendra major_tubularia Baster, 1759 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSabella pavonina Savigny, 1822
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolopendra subterranea Shaw, 1789 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStigmatogaster subterranea (Shaw, 1789)
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Link Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank  
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEditor's comment On usage in Annelida. Scolopendra Linnaeus, 1758 belongs in Arthropoda: Myriapoda: Chilopoda, which are the centipedes. However, pre-Linnaean and some subsequent usages of Scolopendra were for centipede-like annelids, notably "Scolopendra marina" (but also "Scolopendra major tubularia"). See Scolopendra marina for further explanation and examples. Note that Scolopendra Slabber, 1781 does not exist - Slabber was using the Linnaean name. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature On usage in Annelida. The genus Scolopendra Slabber, 1781 was considered by Nygren (2004: 115) as a nomen oblitum, according to Article 23.9.1 of the ICZN (1999). However, there is no such genus as Slabber was simply using the Linnaean name (which is also pre-Linnaean). Nygren (2004: p.680) appeared to be considering that Scolopendra sensu Slabber was senior to the syllid genus Myrianda as he included Scolopendra as a synonym of Myrianda [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy On usage in Annelida. There are numerous early mentions of Scolopendra annelids. Ashworth (1912: 1) explains that "Aristotle recorded in his " Historia Animalium " the occurrence of marine scolopendrae, similar to their terrestrial congeners but somewhat smaller, redder in colour, and having a larger number of more slender feet. He stated that these animals are to be found in the neighbourhood of rocks, and that they do not occur in very deep water. The animals referred to were probably nereidiform worms. Aristotle also mentioned helniinthes or intestinal worms. Pedacius Dioscorides described the use in medicine of Scolopendra marina, earthworms and leeches." [...] "Molyneux gave figures of the external characters and " an account of a not yet described Scolopendra marina," evidently an Aphrodite; Ellis described and figured tubicolous worms, and Peysonnel published " Observations upon the Sea Scolopendra," in which he described the external features and the action of the pharynx of a nereidiform worm." [p.5] "The first edition of Linnaeus' " Systema Naturae " (1735) marks no advance on previous knowledge as regards worms ; the only marine worm mentioned therein is Scolopendra marina, which is placed in the class Insecta." Ashworth notes that in the Gmelin edition of Systema Naturae there is "removal of the species Scolopendra marina from the Insecta, and its reduction to a synonym under Nereis versicolor and noctiluca" [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:238245
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2007-03-12 17:37:15Z  created  Musco, Luigi
2007-05-08 09:21:04Z  changed  Musco, Luigi
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
2014-10-29 10:50:40Z  changed  Gil, João
2017-01-27 01:16:07Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
2017-02-14 04:49:58Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
2017-02-22 02:54:16Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
  
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  Citation: Read, G. (2017). Scolopendra Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=238245 on 2017-03-28
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License