WoRMS taxon details

Barantolla sculpta Southern, 1921

327086  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:327086)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Southern, Rowland. (1921). Polychaeta of the Chilka Lake and also of fresh and brackish waters in other parts of India. <em>Memoirs of the Indian Museum.</em> 5(8): 563-659, plates XIX-XXXI., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36511332
page(s): 643-645, plate XXIX figs. 24A-K [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Note Ganges Delta, in some brackish pools near the...  
From editor or global species database
Type locality Ganges Delta, in some brackish pools near the salt lake at Barantolla, 10 miles from Calcutta (India).  [details]
Etymology The specific epithet sculpta refers to the characteristic sculpturing of the integument of the species. On the ventral...  
Etymology The specific epithet sculpta refers to the characteristic sculpturing of the integument of the species. On the ventral surface there is, in the median line of segments 2-5, a row of hexagonal areas, 2 or 3 in each segment. These are replaced in segments 6-12 by raised areas not clearly marked off except by a median transverse groove. In segments 5-12, on each side of the raised median areas, are narrow hexagonal areas, the outer ends of which reach to the ventral setae. In side view the lateral organs are clearly shown in segments 5-12, less clearly in segments 2-4, and are very indistinct on the abdominal segments. Dorsally there are median hexagonal areas on segments 6-11. A shallow lateral groove runs backwards on each side from the 13th segment, but occasionally it begins near the anterior end. It is probably due to contraction of the specimens, and the presence of very powerful longitudinal latero-ventral bands of muscle.  [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2019). World Polychaeta database. Barantolla sculpta Southern, 1921. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=327086 on 2019-04-26
Date
action
by
2008-03-17 10:44:16Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2016-05-27 23:33:02Z
changed

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original description Southern, Rowland. (1921). Polychaeta of the Chilka Lake and also of fresh and brackish waters in other parts of India. <em>Memoirs of the Indian Museum.</em> 5(8): 563-659, plates XIX-XXXI., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36511332
page(s): 643-645, plate XXIX figs. 24A-K [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Ecology Brackish pools, with salinity very variable but never high.  [details]

Etymology The specific epithet sculpta refers to the characteristic sculpturing of the integument of the species. On the ventral surface there is, in the median line of segments 2-5, a row of hexagonal areas, 2 or 3 in each segment. These are replaced in segments 6-12 by raised areas not clearly marked off except by a median transverse groove. In segments 5-12, on each side of the raised median areas, are narrow hexagonal areas, the outer ends of which reach to the ventral setae. In side view the lateral organs are clearly shown in segments 5-12, less clearly in segments 2-4, and are very indistinct on the abdominal segments. Dorsally there are median hexagonal areas on segments 6-11. A shallow lateral groove runs backwards on each side from the 13th segment, but occasionally it begins near the anterior end. It is probably due to contraction of the specimens, and the presence of very powerful longitudinal latero-ventral bands of muscle.  [details]

Type locality Ganges Delta, in some brackish pools near the salt lake at Barantolla, 10 miles from Calcutta (India).  [details]

From other sources
Specimen Indian Museum, Calcutta [details]