WoRMS taxon details

Cognettia Nielsen & Christensen, 1959

414970  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:414970)

accepted
Genus
Chamaedrilus Friend, 1913 (ICZN (2018). Opinion 2423 (Case 3689) precedence to Cognettia Nielsen & Christensen, 1959 (Annelida, Enchytraeidae))
Euenchytraeus Bretscher, 1906 (ICZN Opinion 2423 (2018) gives Cognettia Nielsen & Christensen, 1959 precedence)
fresh
Nielsen, C. O.; Christensen, B. (1959). The Enchytraeidae: critical revision and taxonomy of European species (Studies on Enchytraeidae VII). <em>Natura Jutlandica.</em> 8-9: 1-160. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Homonymy Cognettia Nielsen & Christensen, 1959 in Annelida is senior homonym to the replaced name Cognettia Levine, 1979 in Sporozoa...  
Homonymy Cognettia Nielsen & Christensen, 1959 in Annelida is senior homonym to the replaced name Cognettia Levine, 1979 in Sporozoa (replaced by Cognettiella Pizl, Chalupský & Levine, 1983 [details]

Status Schmelz et al (2015), in an application to the ICZN, explains how the widely used genus name Cognettia of Nielsen &...  
Status Schmelz et al (2015), in an application to the ICZN, explains how the widely used genus name Cognettia of Nielsen & Christensen, published 1959, is junior to the unused names Euenchytraeus Bretscher, 1906 and Chamaedrilus Friend, 1913. The trigger for the application may have been the article of Martinsson et al. (2015). Those authors re-established Chamaedrilus and Euenchytraeus, and distributed the species previously included in Cognettia amongst these two genera. The two species with head nephridia were assigned to Euenchytraeus, and its type species Euenchytraeus bisetosus (previously a ‘species dubia’) was restored. The rest – Cognettia sphagnetorum included – were included in Chamaedrilus. The species name chlorophilus was revalidated based on combined morphological and molecular studies and the re-investigation of voucher specimens, which the authors considered to be syntypes of Chamaedrilus chlorophilus; chlorophilus and sphagnetorum were hence no longer considered as synonyms. Cognettia sphagnetorum auct. was split into four species, two of them new to science, and a neotype for the newly limited concept of Ch. sphagnetorum was designated.

The ICZN accepted the arguments in favour of preserving Cognettia, and so Euenchytraeus and Chamaedrilus must be treated as junior to it when regarded as synonyms. This ruling presumably would not prevent the latter genera being later used as subgenera of Cognettia, or as separate genera should there be a distinction established between them. It does conserve Cognettia as a name.

Before the ICZN had published its Opinion 2423 in 2018 Martinsson et al (2017) published a molecular paper showing that taxa they placed in Chamaedrilus and Euenchytraeus were closely related but separate (the Euenchytraeus species they tested was not the type species of Euenchytraeus). Importantly their specimens of the type species of Cognettia, Cognettia sphagnetorum as their Chamaedrilus sphagnetorum, appeared grouped with the other Chamaedrilus species they included in their analysis. Thus Chamaedrilus and Cognettia are not distinct. Cognettia is junior but takes precedence by ICZN decision.  [details]
WoRMS (2019). Cognettia Nielsen & Christensen, 1959. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=414970 on 2019-05-21
Date
action
by
2009-09-23 08:40:38Z
created
2010-04-20 12:15:16Z
checked

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Nielsen, C. O.; Christensen, B. (1959). The Enchytraeidae: critical revision and taxonomy of European species (Studies on Enchytraeidae VII). <em>Natura Jutlandica.</em> 8-9: 1-160. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (ofChamaedrilus Friend, 1913) Friend, T. R. (1913). IX.—British Enchytræids. <em>Journal of Microscopy.</em> 33(3): 255-271. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofEuenchytraeus Bretscher, 1906) Bretscher, K. (1906). Über ein neues Enchytraeiden genus. <em>Zoologischer Anzeiger.</em> 29: 672-674.
page(s): 673-674 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Nielsen, C. O., Christensen, B. (1961). The Enchytraeidae. critical revision and taxonomy of European species. Supplement 1. <em>Natura Jutlandica.</em> 10(1): 1-23. [details]   

status source ICZN. (2018). Opinion 2423 (Case 3689) – Cognettia Nielsen & Christensen, 1959 (Annelida, Oligochaeta, Enchytraeidae): conditional precedence given over Euenchytraeus Bretscher, 1906 and Chamaedrilus Friend, 1913. <em>The Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature.</em> 75(1): 279-281., available online at https://doi.org/10.21805/bzn.v75.a060
note: ICZN Opinion 2423 preserves this genus over two senior names, because it is better known. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

status source Schmelz, R. M.; Collado, R.; Römbke, J. (2015). Case 3689 Cognettia Nielsen & Christensen, 1959 (Annelida, Oligochaeta, enchytraeidae): proposed precedence over Euenchytraeus Bretscher, 1906 and Chamaedrilus Friend, 1913. <em>The Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature.</em> 72(3): 186-192., available online at https://doi.org/10.21805/bzn.v72i3.a16
note: full explanation of the taxonomic history of the three genera [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
From editor or global species database
Homonymy Cognettia Nielsen & Christensen, 1959 in Annelida is senior homonym to the replaced name Cognettia Levine, 1979 in Sporozoa (replaced by Cognettiella Pizl, Chalupský & Levine, 1983 [details]

Status Schmelz et al (2015), in an application to the ICZN, explains how the widely used genus name Cognettia of Nielsen & Christensen, published 1959, is junior to the unused names Euenchytraeus Bretscher, 1906 and Chamaedrilus Friend, 1913. The trigger for the application may have been the article of Martinsson et al. (2015). Those authors re-established Chamaedrilus and Euenchytraeus, and distributed the species previously included in Cognettia amongst these two genera. The two species with head nephridia were assigned to Euenchytraeus, and its type species Euenchytraeus bisetosus (previously a ‘species dubia’) was restored. The rest – Cognettia sphagnetorum included – were included in Chamaedrilus. The species name chlorophilus was revalidated based on combined morphological and molecular studies and the re-investigation of voucher specimens, which the authors considered to be syntypes of Chamaedrilus chlorophilus; chlorophilus and sphagnetorum were hence no longer considered as synonyms. Cognettia sphagnetorum auct. was split into four species, two of them new to science, and a neotype for the newly limited concept of Ch. sphagnetorum was designated.

The ICZN accepted the arguments in favour of preserving Cognettia, and so Euenchytraeus and Chamaedrilus must be treated as junior to it when regarded as synonyms. This ruling presumably would not prevent the latter genera being later used as subgenera of Cognettia, or as separate genera should there be a distinction established between them. It does conserve Cognettia as a name.

Before the ICZN had published its Opinion 2423 in 2018 Martinsson et al (2017) published a molecular paper showing that taxa they placed in Chamaedrilus and Euenchytraeus were closely related but separate (the Euenchytraeus species they tested was not the type species of Euenchytraeus). Importantly their specimens of the type species of Cognettia, Cognettia sphagnetorum as their Chamaedrilus sphagnetorum, appeared grouped with the other Chamaedrilus species they included in their analysis. Thus Chamaedrilus and Cognettia are not distinct. Cognettia is junior but takes precedence by ICZN decision.  [details]