WoRMS name details

Spongia reticulata (Lendenfeld, 1886)

607427  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:607427)

alternate representation (subgenus assignment)
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(of Euspongia reticulata Lendenfeld, 1886) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1886 [1885]). A Monograph of the Australian Sponges. Part VI. The Genus <i>Euspongia</i>. <em>Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales.</em> 10 (3): 481-553, pls 36-38.
page(s): 541-542 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Type locality contained in Manning-Hawkesbury  
type locality contained in Manning-Hawkesbury [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 49-50) explanation for the homonymic status.
Removal of homonymy between Spongia...  
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 49-50) explanation for the homonymic status.
Removal of homonymy between Spongia reticulata Vio in Olivi, 1792, Spongia reticulata (Von Lendenfeld, 1886) and Dragmacidon reticulatum (Ridley & Dendy, 1886).
1. Spongia reticulata Vio in Olivi, 1792: xxvi (type locality Gulf of Smirna, Turkish Mediterranean). This sponge has been ignored by all classical and recent studies on Mediterranean sponges. The identity cannot be ascertained due to absence of type material, but the image provided by Vio in Olivi, (1792: pl. VIII figs 8-10) indicates it is likely Axinella verucosa or one of the other common ramose sponges from the Eastern Mediterranean, here referred to Axinella incertae sedis. Referral to Axinella reticulata is a possibility, but it would create a new secondary senior homonym of Axinella reticulata Ridley & Dendy, 1886. Since Ridley & Dendy’s species is accepted as Dragmacidon reticulatum (see Alvarez & Hooper (2002: 735), the secondary homonymy of Ridley & Dendy’s species is removed as no longer considered congeneric. Vio’s species is also quite obviously not a member of the genus Spongia, so the junior secondary homonymy with Von Lendenfeld’s (1886) species is eligible for application under ICZN Art. 59.2.
2. Euspongia reticulata Von Lendenfeld, 1886: 541 (type locality Port Jackson, Eastern Australia). This sponge is considered accepted as Spongia (Spongia) reticulata (Von Lendenfeld, 1886), and has been used for descriptive and ecological studies during the last 50 years, cf. e.g. Bergquist et al. (1970: 258) and Hooper & Wiedenmayer (1994: 394). Although the accepted name combination is a junior homonym of Vio’s S. reticulata it may be conserved as a nomen protectum.
3. Axinella reticulata Ridley & Dendy, 1886: 481 (type locality off Bahia, Eastern Brazil). The species name is a secondary homonym of Axinella reticulata (Vio in Olivi, 1792), as reassigned here. However, since Axinella reticulata Ridley & Dendy is now accepted as Dragmacidon reticulatum (cf. Alvarez & Hooper, 2002) it is eligible to be conserved under ICZN Art. 59.2.
4. Summary: Spongia reticulata Vio in Olivi, 1792 is to be referred to Axinella reticulata incertae sedis and maintained until its true identity is established. Spongia (Spongia) reticulata (Von Lendenfeld, 1886) is to be maintained as a nomen protectum under ICZN Art. 59.2, because Vio’s species is no longer accepted as congeneric. Homonymy is considered removed. Dragmacidon reticulatum (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) is a junior secondary homonym of the reassigned Axinella reticulata (Vio in Olivi) incertae sedis, but it is to be maintained as no longer congeneric with Vio’s species (ICZN Art. 59.2). [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2021). World Porifera Database. Spongia reticulata (Lendenfeld, 1886). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=607427 on 2021-01-23
Date
action
by
2012-08-15 11:46:16Z
created
2020-03-06 10:15:15Z
changed

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original description  (of Euspongia reticulata Lendenfeld, 1886) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1886 [1885]). A Monograph of the Australian Sponges. Part VI. The Genus <i>Euspongia</i>. <em>Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales.</em> 10 (3): 481-553, pls 36-38.
page(s): 541-542 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

new combination reference Bergquist, P.R. (1961). A collection of Porifera from Northern New Zealand, with Descriptions of Seventeen New Species. <em>Pacific Science.</em> 15(1): 33-48.
page(s): 33 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 49-50) explanation for the homonymic status.
Removal of homonymy between Spongia reticulata Vio in Olivi, 1792, Spongia reticulata (Von Lendenfeld, 1886) and Dragmacidon reticulatum (Ridley & Dendy, 1886).
1. Spongia reticulata Vio in Olivi, 1792: xxvi (type locality Gulf of Smirna, Turkish Mediterranean). This sponge has been ignored by all classical and recent studies on Mediterranean sponges. The identity cannot be ascertained due to absence of type material, but the image provided by Vio in Olivi, (1792: pl. VIII figs 8-10) indicates it is likely Axinella verucosa or one of the other common ramose sponges from the Eastern Mediterranean, here referred to Axinella incertae sedis. Referral to Axinella reticulata is a possibility, but it would create a new secondary senior homonym of Axinella reticulata Ridley & Dendy, 1886. Since Ridley & Dendy’s species is accepted as Dragmacidon reticulatum (see Alvarez & Hooper (2002: 735), the secondary homonymy of Ridley & Dendy’s species is removed as no longer considered congeneric. Vio’s species is also quite obviously not a member of the genus Spongia, so the junior secondary homonymy with Von Lendenfeld’s (1886) species is eligible for application under ICZN Art. 59.2.
2. Euspongia reticulata Von Lendenfeld, 1886: 541 (type locality Port Jackson, Eastern Australia). This sponge is considered accepted as Spongia (Spongia) reticulata (Von Lendenfeld, 1886), and has been used for descriptive and ecological studies during the last 50 years, cf. e.g. Bergquist et al. (1970: 258) and Hooper & Wiedenmayer (1994: 394). Although the accepted name combination is a junior homonym of Vio’s S. reticulata it may be conserved as a nomen protectum.
3. Axinella reticulata Ridley & Dendy, 1886: 481 (type locality off Bahia, Eastern Brazil). The species name is a secondary homonym of Axinella reticulata (Vio in Olivi, 1792), as reassigned here. However, since Axinella reticulata Ridley & Dendy is now accepted as Dragmacidon reticulatum (cf. Alvarez & Hooper, 2002) it is eligible to be conserved under ICZN Art. 59.2.
4. Summary: Spongia reticulata Vio in Olivi, 1792 is to be referred to Axinella reticulata incertae sedis and maintained until its true identity is established. Spongia (Spongia) reticulata (Von Lendenfeld, 1886) is to be maintained as a nomen protectum under ICZN Art. 59.2, because Vio’s species is no longer accepted as congeneric. Homonymy is considered removed. Dragmacidon reticulatum (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) is a junior secondary homonym of the reassigned Axinella reticulata (Vio in Olivi) incertae sedis, but it is to be maintained as no longer congeneric with Vio’s species (ICZN Art. 59.2). [details]