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Musco, Luigi; Giangrande, Adriana. (2005). Mediterranean Syllidae (Annelida: Polychaeta) revisited: biogeography, diversity and species fidelity to environmental features. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 304: 143-153 + 4 pp. Supplementary appendix.
6844
10.3354/meps304143 [view]
Musco, Luigi; Giangrande, Adriana
2005
Mediterranean Syllidae (Annelida: Polychaeta) revisited: biogeography, diversity and species fidelity to environmental features
Marine Ecology Progress Series
304: 143-153 + 4 pp. Supplementary appendix
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyD)
Available for editors  PDF available
The species diversity of Syllidae (Annelida: Polychaeta) on different coastlines within the Mediterranean Basin was analysed, including along the Salento Peninsula (Italy), which is thought to play a crucial role as a crossroads between different biogeographic areas. Analysis of biogeography, the assignment of species into 6 bioclimatic categories, a novel method to assess inter-matrix correlation significance and the correlation between species distribution, and some environmental variables provided relevant tools to investigate the influence of a suite of ecological and historical factors on syllid distribution. Data showed that Syllidae could be considered a useful taxon for biogeographic speculations, even though bioclimatic and environmental analyses appeared significantly more informative. The Salento Peninsula revealed an affinity with some eastern Mediterranean coastlines. Syllid distribution suggested the existence of an ‘Atlantism’ gradient, decreasing eastwards and possibly corresponding to a temperature gradient when bioclimatic categories were analysed. In contrast to previous results, the Eastern and Western Basins did not show great differences in species diversity. The observed differences could, in part, be due to an ‘author effect’, due to the differing taxonomic updating of the available faunistic lists. Syllidae were found to be effective faunistic and ecological indicators, able to characterize different areas inside the Mediterranean Sea; thus, the present results could be used to stimulate further research on different aspects of the family.
Mediterranean Sea in general
Biodiversity, Taxonomic and ecological diversity
Zoogeography, Biogeography (generalities), Geographic distribution
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Adriatic Sea for Eusyllis blomstrandi Malmgren, 1867 
Adriatic Sea for Exogone (Exogone) naidina Örsted, 1845 
Adriatic Sea for Odontosyllis ctenostoma Claparède, 1868 
Adriatic Sea for Odontosyllis fulgurans (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) 
Adriatic Sea for Sphaerosyllis hystrix Claparède, 1863 
Adriatic Sea for Syllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
Adriatic Sea for Syllis gracilis Grube, 1840 
Adriatic Sea for Syllis hyalina Grube, 1863 
Cyprus for Eusyllis blomstrandi Malmgren, 1867 
Cyprus for Exogone (Exogone) naidina Örsted, 1845 
Cyprus for Odontosyllis ctenostoma Claparède, 1868 
Cyprus for Odontosyllis fulgurans (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) 
Cyprus for Sphaerosyllis hystrix Claparède, 1863 
Cyprus for Syllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
Cyprus for Syllis gracilis Grube, 1840 
Cyprus for Syllis hyalina Grube, 1863 
East Coast of Spain for Eusyllis blomstrandi Malmgren, 1867 
East Coast of Spain for Exogone (Exogone) naidina Örsted, 1845 
East Coast of Spain for Exogone (Parexogone) hebes (Webster & Benedict, 1884) 
East Coast of Spain for Odontosyllis ctenostoma Claparède, 1868 
East Coast of Spain for Odontosyllis fulgurans (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) 
East Coast of Spain for Opisthodonta pterochaeta Southern, 1914 
East Coast of Spain for Sphaerosyllis hystrix Claparède, 1863 
East Coast of Spain for Streptosyllis websteri Southern, 1914 
East Coast of Spain for Syllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
East Coast of Spain for Syllis gracilis Grube, 1840 
East Coast of Spain for Syllis hyalina Grube, 1863 
East Mediterranean for Erinaceusyllis erinaceus (Claparède, 1863) 
East Mediterranean for Eusyllis blomstrandi Malmgren, 1867 
East Mediterranean for Exogone (Exogone) naidina Örsted, 1845 
East Mediterranean for Exogone (Parexogone) hebes (Webster & Benedict, 1884) 
East Mediterranean for Odontosyllis ctenostoma Claparède, 1868 
East Mediterranean for Odontosyllis fulgurans (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) 
East Mediterranean for Opisthodonta pterochaeta Southern, 1914 
East Mediterranean for Sphaerosyllis hystrix Claparède, 1863 
East Mediterranean for Streptosyllis websteri Southern, 1914 
East Mediterranean for Syllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
East Mediterranean for Syllis gracilis Grube, 1840 
East Mediterranean for Syllis hyalina Grube, 1863 
East Sicily for Exogone (Exogone) naidina Örsted, 1845 
East Sicily for Exogone (Parexogone) hebes (Webster & Benedict, 1884) 
East Sicily for Odontosyllis ctenostoma Claparède, 1868 
East Sicily for Odontosyllis fulgurans (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) 
East Sicily for Sphaerosyllis hystrix Claparède, 1863 
East Sicily for Syllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
East Sicily for Syllis gracilis Grube, 1840 
East Sicily for Syllis hyalina Grube, 1863 
Greek Aegean for Erinaceusyllis erinaceus (Claparède, 1863) 
Greek Aegean for Eusyllis blomstrandi Malmgren, 1867 
Greek Aegean for Exogone (Exogone) naidina Örsted, 1845 
Greek Aegean for Exogone (Parexogone) hebes (Webster & Benedict, 1884) 
Greek Aegean for Odontosyllis ctenostoma Claparède, 1868 
Greek Aegean for Odontosyllis fulgurans (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) 
Greek Aegean for Opisthodonta pterochaeta Southern, 1914 
Greek Aegean for Sphaerosyllis hystrix Claparède, 1863 
Greek Aegean for Streptosyllis websteri Southern, 1914 
Greek Aegean for Syllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
Greek Aegean for Syllis gracilis Grube, 1840 
Greek Aegean for Syllis hyalina Grube, 1863 
Ionian sea for Exogone (Exogone) naidina Örsted, 1845 
Ionian sea for Odontosyllis ctenostoma Claparède, 1868 
Ionian sea for Odontosyllis fulgurans (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) 
Ionian sea for Sphaerosyllis hystrix Claparède, 1863 
Ionian sea for Streptosyllis websteri Southern, 1914 
Ionian sea for Syllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
Ionian sea for Syllis gracilis Grube, 1840 
Ionian sea for Syllis hyalina Grube, 1863 
Israel for Erinaceusyllis erinaceus (Claparède, 1863) 
Israel for Exogone (Exogone) naidina Örsted, 1845 
Israel for Exogone (Parexogone) hebes (Webster & Benedict, 1884) 
Israel for Odontosyllis fulgurans (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) 
Israel for Sphaerosyllis hystrix Claparède, 1863 
Israel for Syllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
Israel for Syllis gracilis Grube, 1840 
Israel for Syllis hyalina Grube, 1863 
North Adriatic for Erinaceusyllis erinaceus (Claparède, 1863) 
North Adriatic for Eusyllis blomstrandi Malmgren, 1867 
North Adriatic for Exogone (Exogone) naidina Örsted, 1845 
North Adriatic for Exogone (Parexogone) hebes (Webster & Benedict, 1884) 
North Adriatic for Odontosyllis ctenostoma Claparède, 1868 
North Adriatic for Odontosyllis fulgurans (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) 
North Adriatic for Sphaerosyllis hystrix Claparède, 1863 
North Adriatic for Syllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
North Adriatic for Syllis gracilis Grube, 1840 
North Adriatic for Syllis hyalina Grube, 1863 
North East Atlantic for Erinaceusyllis erinaceus (Claparède, 1863) 
North East Atlantic for Eusyllis blomstrandi Malmgren, 1867 
North East Atlantic for Exogone (Exogone) naidina Örsted, 1845 
North East Atlantic for Exogone (Parexogone) hebes (Webster & Benedict, 1884) 
North East Atlantic for Odontosyllis ctenostoma Claparède, 1868 
North East Atlantic for Odontosyllis fulgurans (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) 
North East Atlantic for Sphaerosyllis hystrix Claparède, 1863 
North East Atlantic for Syllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
North East Atlantic for Syllis gracilis Grube, 1840 
North East Atlantic for Syllis hyalina Grube, 1863 
North West Italy for Erinaceusyllis erinaceus (Claparède, 1863) 
North West Italy for Eusyllis blomstrandi Malmgren, 1867 
North West Italy for Exogone (Exogone) naidina Örsted, 1845 
North West Italy for Odontosyllis ctenostoma Claparède, 1868 
North West Italy for Odontosyllis fulgurans (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833)