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Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.
138597
Compagno, L.J.V.
2001
Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes)
FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes
No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p
Publication
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BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
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Alopias Rafinesque, 1810 (additional source)
Alopias superciliosus Lowe, 1841 (additional source)
Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788) (additional source)
Alopiidae Bonaparte, 1835 (additional source)
Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Cetorhinus Blainville, 1816 (additional source)
Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765) (additional source)
Ginglymostoma Müller & Henle, 1837 (additional source)
Ginglymostoma cirratum (Bonnaterre, 1788) (additional source)
Ginglymostomatidae Gill, 1862 (additional source)
Isurus Rafinesque, 1810 (additional source)
Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810 (additional source)
Lamna Cuvier, 1816 (additional source)
Lamna ditropis Hubbs & Follett, 1947 (additional source)
Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788) (additional source)
Lamnidae Bonaparte, 1835 (additional source)
Lamniformes (additional source)
Orectolobiformes (additional source)
Rhincodon Smith, 1829 (additional source)
Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828 (additional source)
Rhincodontidae Müller & Henle, 1841 (additional source)
Angola for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Argentina for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Atlantic Ocean for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Australia for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Bahamas for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Bermuda for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Brazil for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
California for Lamna ditropis Hubbs & Follett, 1947 
Cameroon for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Canada for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Canary Islands for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Cape Verde for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Central Pacific Ocean for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Cornwall for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)  (doubtful)
East Atlantic for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Eastern Pacific for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Europe for Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758) 
FAO fishing area 18 for Lamna ditropis Hubbs & Follett, 1947 
FAO fishing area 34 for Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828 
FAO fishing area 37 for Ginglymostoma cirratum (Bonnaterre, 1788) 
FAO fishing area 47 for Alopias superciliosus Lowe, 1841 
FAO fishing area 47 for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
FAO fishing area 47 for Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758) 
FAO fishing area 47 for Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810 
FAO fishing area 47 for Isurus paucus Guitart, 1966 
FAO fishing area 47 for Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828 
FAO fishing area 48 for Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788) 
FAO fishing area 48 for Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765) 
FAO fishing area 48 for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788) 
FAO fishing area 51 for Alopias superciliosus Lowe, 1841 
FAO fishing area 51 for Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788) 
FAO fishing area 51 for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
FAO fishing area 51 for Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758) 
FAO fishing area 51 for Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810 
FAO fishing area 51 for Isurus paucus Guitart, 1966 
FAO fishing area 51 for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788) 
FAO fishing area 51 for Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828 
FAO fishing area 57 for Alopias superciliosus Lowe, 1841 
FAO fishing area 57 for Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788) 
FAO fishing area 57 for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
FAO fishing area 57 for Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758) 
FAO fishing area 57 for Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765) 
FAO fishing area 57 for Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810 
FAO fishing area 57 for Isurus paucus Guitart, 1966 
FAO fishing area 57 for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788) 
FAO fishing area 57 for Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828 
FAO fishing area 58 for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788) 
FAO fishing area 61 for Alopias superciliosus Lowe, 1841 
FAO fishing area 61 for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
FAO fishing area 61 for Isurus paucus Guitart, 1966 
FAO fishing area 61 for Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828 
FAO fishing area 67 for Lamna ditropis Hubbs & Follett, 1947 
FAO fishing area 71 for Alopias superciliosus Lowe, 1841 
FAO fishing area 71 for Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788) 
FAO fishing area 71 for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
FAO fishing area 71 for Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758) 
FAO fishing area 71 for Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765) 
FAO fishing area 71 for Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810 
FAO fishing area 71 for Isurus paucus Guitart, 1966 
FAO fishing area 71 for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788) 
FAO fishing area 71 for Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828 
FAO fishing area 77 for Alopias superciliosus Lowe, 1841 
FAO fishing area 77 for Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788) 
FAO fishing area 77 for Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758) 
FAO fishing area 77 for Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765) 
FAO fishing area 77 for Ginglymostoma cirratum (Bonnaterre, 1788) 
FAO fishing area 77 for Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810 
FAO fishing area 77 for Isurus paucus Guitart, 1966 
FAO fishing area 77 for Lamna ditropis Hubbs & Follett, 1947 
FAO fishing area 77 for Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828 
FAO fishing area 81 for Alopias superciliosus Lowe, 1841 
FAO fishing area 81 for Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788) 
FAO fishing area 81 for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
FAO fishing area 81 for Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758) 
FAO fishing area 81 for Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765) 
FAO fishing area 81 for Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810 
FAO fishing area 81 for Isurus paucus Guitart, 1966 
FAO fishing area 81 for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788) 
FAO fishing area 81 for Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828 
FAO fishing area 87 for Alopias superciliosus Lowe, 1841 
FAO fishing area 87 for Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788) 
FAO fishing area 87 for Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758) 
FAO fishing area 87 for Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765) 
FAO fishing area 87 for Ginglymostoma cirratum (Bonnaterre, 1788) 
FAO fishing area 87 for Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810 
FAO fishing area 87 for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788) 
FAO fishing area 87 for Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828 
FAO fishing area 88 for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788) 
Ghana for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Indo-West Pacific for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Madeira for Alopias superciliosus Lowe, 1841 
Mauritania for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Mediterranean Sea for Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788) 
Mediterranean Sea for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Mediterranean Sea for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Morocco for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Namibia for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Nigeria for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
São Tomé and Principe for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Senegal for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Holotype MCZ 36471, geounit California, identified as Lamna ditropis Hubbs & Follett, 1947
Holotype MNHN 9855, geounit Table Bay, identified as Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828
Afrikaans bulkophaaie for Heterodontidae Gray, 1851
Afrikaans fynstert-sambokhaai for Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Afrikaans grootoog-sambokhaai for Alopias superciliosus Lowe, 1841
Afrikaans grootoog-skeurtandhaai for Pseudocarcharias kamoharai (Matsubara, 1936)
Afrikaans haringhaai for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Afrikaans husha k’o for Heterodontidae Gray, 1851
Afrikaans Japanse bulkophaai for Heterodontus japonicus Miklouho-Maclay & MacLeay, 1884
Afrikaans kabouterhaai for Mitsukurina owstoni Jordan, 1898
Afrikaans Knopstert-skeurtandhaai for Odontaspis ferox (Risso, 1810)
Afrikaans koesterhaai for Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765)
Afrikaans mambone for Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810
Afrikaans moro for Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810
Afrikaans Mosambiekse bulkophaai for Heterodontus ramalheira (Smith, 1949)
Afrikaans sarda for Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)
Afrikaans spikkel-skeurtandhaai for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810
Afrikaans springhaai for Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)
Afrikaans witdoodshaai for Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)
Afrikaans withaai for Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)
Arabic baglul for Stegostoma fasciatum (Hermann, 1783)
Burmese nga man ing-myong for Chiloscyllium indicum (Gmelin, 1789)
Catalan marraix for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Catalan nas llarg for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Catalan solraig for Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810
Catalan tauró for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Chinese chienhai chang for Alopiidae Bonaparte, 1835
Chinese chienhai chang wei sha k’o for Alopiidae Bonaparte, 1835
Chinese kau kang sha for Chiloscyllium indicum (Gmelin, 1789)
Chinese maou urh sha for Heterodontus zebra (Gray, 1831)
Chinese mau i sha for Heterodontus zebra (Gray, 1831)
Chinese pan chu sha for Chiloscyllium plagiosum (Anonymous [Bennett], 1830)
Chinese ta sha for Chiloscyllium plagiosum (Anonymous [Bennett], 1830)
Chinese tofu sa for Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828
Danish brugde for Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765)
Danish sildehaaen for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Danish sillhaj for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
English (common) Atlantic mackerel shark for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
English American porbeagle for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
English anchovy-eater for Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)
English Arabian bamboo shark for Chiloscyllium arabicum Gubanov, 1980
English Arabian carpet shark for Chiloscyllium arabicum Gubanov, 1980
English Atlantic mako shark for Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810
English Atlantic porbeagle for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
English Australian cat sharks for Parascylliidae Gill, 1862
English bamboo sharks for Chiloscyllium Müller & Henle, 1837
English banded wobbegong for Orectolobus ornatus (De Vis, 1883)
English barbelthroat carpet shark for Cirrhoscyllium expolitum Smith & Radcliffe, 1913
English barred bull-head shark for Heterodontus zebra (Gray, 1831)
English barred shark for Heterodontus zebra (Gray, 1831)
English basking shark for Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828
English bearded shark for Orectolobus japonicus Regan, 1906
English bearded wobbegong for Eucrossorhinus dasypogon (Bleeker, 1867)
English Beaumaris shark for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
English big mouth shark for Megachasma pelagios Taylor, Compagno & Struhsaker, 1983
English bigeye ragged-tooth for Pseudocarcharias kamoharai (Matsubara, 1936)
English black sand tiger for Odontaspis noronhai (Maul, 1955)
English blackbanded bamboo shark for Chiloscyllium griseum Müller & Henle, 1838
English blackbanded catshark for Chiloscyllium griseum Müller & Henle, 1838
English blind shark for Brachaelurus waddi (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
English blue dog for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
English blue nurse shark for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810
English blue pointer for Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)
English blue pointer for Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810
English blue porpoise shark for Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810
English blue shark for Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810
English blue shark for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
English bluegray carpet shark for Brachaelurus colcloughi Ogilby, 1908
English blue-grey catshark for Brachaelurus colcloughi Ogilby, 1908
English blue-grey shark for Brachaelurus colcloughi Ogilby, 1908
English bluespotted bamboo shark for Chiloscyllium plagiosum (Anonymous [Bennett], 1830)
English bone shark for Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765)
English bonito shark for Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810
English bottle-nosed shark for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
English brown cat-shark for Brachaelurus waddi (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
English brown shark for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810
English brownbanded bamboo shark for Chiloscyllium punctatum Müller & Henle, 1838
English brown-banded catshark for Chiloscyllium punctatum Müller & Henle, 1838
English brownspotted catshark for Chiloscyllium punctatum Müller & Henle, 1838
English buffalo hornshark for Heterodontus mexicanus Taylor & Castro-Aguirre, 1972
English bull head for Heterodontus japonicus Miklouho-Maclay & MacLeay, 1884
English bullhead for Heterodontus portusjacksoni (Meyer, 1793)
English bullhead shark for Heterodontus francisci (Girard, 1855)
English bullhead shark for Heterodontus portusjacksoni (Meyer, 1793)
English bullhead sharks for Heterodontiformes
English bumpytail ragged-tooth shark for Odontaspis ferox (Risso, 1810)
English Burmese bamboo shark for Chiloscyllium burmensis Dingerkus & DeFino, 1983
English California bull-head shark for Heterodontus francisci (Girard, 1855)
English Cape basking shark for Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765)
English capidolo for Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765)
English carpet shark for Orectolobus japonicus Regan, 1906
English carpet shark for Orectolobus maculatus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
English carpet shark for Orectolobus ornatus (De Vis, 1883)
English carpet sharks for Orectolobiformes
English carpetsharks for Orectolobidae Gill, 1896
English cat shark for Brachaelurus waddi (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
English cat shark for Chiloscyllium plagiosum (Anonymous [Bennett], 1830)
English cat shark for Hemiscyllium trispeculare Richardson, 1843
English cat shark for Heterodontus japonicus Miklouho-Maclay & MacLeay, 1884
English cat shark for Heterodontus zebra (Gray, 1831)
English cat shark for Parascyllium collare Ramsay & Ogilby, 1888
English cat shark for Parascyllium ferrugineum McCulloch, 1911
 Biology

Oviparous, details of spawning not recorded. Biology poorly known. Probably eats bottom invertebrates as with other ... [details]

 Depth range

deepish water species found at 40 to 275 m, with most records below 100m and from trawler hauls [details]

 Diet

feeds on a wide variety of bony fishes (teleosts), with elasmobranchs an important secondary prey; crustaceans, ... [details]

 Diet

feeds on crustaceans, molluscs (including top shells [Trochidae; Gastropoda]), small fishes and sea urchins. [details]

 Diet

Feeds on crabs and demersal fishes including midshipman (Porichthys, Batrachoididae). [details]

 Diet

feeds primarily on benthic invertebrates, mainly echinoderms. Prey items include sea urchins, starfish, ... [details]

 Habitat

An inshore and offshore, littoral shark. This shark occurs in the surf zone off sandy and rocky beaches, in shallow ... [details]

 Habitat

Found on coral reefs, lagoons, rocky shores, and mangrove estuaries, depths from 3 to 100 m. [details]

 Habitat

moderately deep water [details]

 Habitat

A little-known inshore bottom shark, possibly on coral reefs. [details]

 Habitat

These are warm-temperate and tropical bottom sharks of water above 21°C, mostly confined to the continental and ... [details]

 Habitat

A common benthic and epibenthic shark, found on the eastern Pacific continental shelf most abundantly at depths ... [details]

 Habitat

A moderately common benthic and epibenthic shark of the southern Australian continental shelf at moderate depths, ... [details]

 Habitat

A common, temperate-water bullhead shark of the western North Pacific continental shelf, occurring at moderate ... [details]

 Habitat

A warm-temperate and tropical bullhead shark of littoral continental waters, found on rocky bottom including reefs ... [details]

 Habitat

Acommon littoral, nocturnal bottom shark of the temperate Australian continental shelves and uppermost slopes, ... [details]

 Habitat

A little-known but apparently common tropical and warm-temperate bullhead shark of inshore continental and insular ... [details]

 Habitat

outer continental shelf and uppermost slope [details]

 Habitat

Caught off southern Oman, depth 80 m, presumably on soft bottom as specimens came from commercial trawlers.  [details]

 Habitat

on the continental and insular shelves of the western Pacific from inshore down to at least 50 m in the South China ... [details]

 Habitat

Apoorly known, bottom-dwelling shark that inhabits the outer continental shelves and upper slopes and is found ... [details]

 Habitat

Sand tiger sharks are tropical to warm-temperate, inshore to offshore, littoral and deepwater sharks. They occur in ... [details]

 Habitat

This shark is a little-known inhabitant of deepish water in warm-temperate and tropical seas, on or near the bottom ... [details]

 Habitat

Apparently an inhabitant of the continental and insular slopes near the bottom at 600 to 1 000 or more metres ... [details]

 Habitat

A little-known temperate to tropical inshore bottom shark, found on rocky and coral reefs. [details]

 Habitat

A little-known but possibly common tropical inshore bottom shark of the Australian northern continental shelf. ... [details]

 Length

Maximum total length at least 318 cm, with recent records from shark meshing operations in Australia suggesting a ... [details]

 Length

Maximum 122 cm but most adults are below 97 cm.  [details]

 Length

Maximum said to be 152 cm long and attaining at least 130 cm, but most individuals are below 122 cm. [details]

 Length

Maximum total length about 120 cm. [details]

 Length

Maximum size about 70 cm. [details]

 Length

Maximum total length reported as 165 cm, but apparently rare above 137 cm. [details]

 Length

Maximum total length 61 cm [details]

 Length

Maximum about 83 cm; hatchling 18 cm; males immature at 39 cm, adolescent at 56 cm, adults to at least 69 cm; ... [details]

 Length

Maximum size 61 cm. An adult male is 52 cm and an adult female 61.2 cm. [details]

 Length

Maximum total length about 122 cm, hatchlings at least 15 cm, males immature at 44 cm and mature at 64 to 84 cm, ... [details]

 Remark

pers. comm. for a bullhead shark collected off Oman, apparently representing an undescribed species. This is ... [details]

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