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Schuchert, P. (2010). The European athecate hydroids and their medusae (Hydrozoa, Cnidaria): Capitata Part 2. Revue Suisse de Zoologie. 117: 337-555.
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Schuchert, P.
2010
The European athecate hydroids and their medusae (Hydrozoa, Cnidaria): Capitata Part 2
Revue Suisse de Zoologie
117: 337-555
Publication
This study concludes the series of reviews on European athecate hydroids and anthomedusae, providing updated classifications, descriptions, and illustrations of all species. The present work mainly treats the remaining capitate families, but taxonomic comments and updates on some filiferan taxa are also given. The genus name Russellia Kramp, 1957 is preoccupied and the new name Heterotentacula n. gen. and the family level name Heterotentaculidae n. fam. is proposed to replace them. Janiopsis Bouillon, 1980 is also a preoccupied genus name. No replacement name is necessary as Janiopsis is regarded as congeneric with Merga Hartlaub, 1914. The frequently used genus name Heterotiara Maas, 1905 is invalid and must be replaced by Protiaropsis Stechow, 1919. Tubularia ralphi Bale, 1884, Tubularia gracilis von Lendenfeld, 1885, Tubularia australis Stechow, 1924, and Tubularia warreni Ewer, 1953 are all recognized as new synonyms of Ectopleura crocea (L. Agassiz, 1862). Mediterranean records of Ectopleura minerva Mayer, 1900 are here attributed to E. wrighti and E. minerva does not likely occur in European waters. A reexamination of the type material of Corymorpha appelloefi Bonnevie, 1901 made it clear that it must be regarded as synonym of Corymorpha nutans M. Sars, 1835. Meiorhopalon arenicolum Salvin-Plawen, 1987 is recognized as a new synonym of Euphysa aurata Forbes, 1848. Examination of the type material of Coryne filiformis (Rees, 1936) showed that it is inseparable from Coryne pintneri Schneider, 1898. C. filiformis must thus be regarded as a new synonym of C. pintneri. Eugotoea petalina Margulis, 1989 is likewise a new synonym of Rhabdoon singulare Keferstein & Ehlers, 1861.
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Arctic for Euphysa flammea (Hartlaub, 1902) 
Barents Sea for Euphysa flammea (Hartlaub, 1902) 
South Africa (country) for Ectopleura crocea (Agassiz, 1862)  (origin: alien)
Spitsbergen for Tubularia regalis Boeck, 1860 
 Authority

Linko (1905) is usually credited as author of the name, certainly following the influential synopses of Kramp ... [details]

 Biology

Deep water medusa, usually in 200-700, maximally 2000 m depth [details]

 Diagnosis

The least inclusive clade comprising the species Coryne pusilla Gaertner, 1774; C. pintneri Schneider, 1898; and C. eximia ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Hydroid with polymorphic hydranths, differentiated into gastrozooids, gonozooids, and dactylozooids; colony flat, ... [details]

 Diagnosis

The least inclusive clade comprising the species Slabberia halterata Forbes, 1846 and Slabberia simulans (Bouillon, ... [details]

 Diagnosis

The least inclusive clade comprising the species Stauridiosarsia producta (Wright, 1858); St. ophiogaster Haeckel, ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Hydroids colonial, polyps issued from creeping stolons, sessile or with usually unbranched pedicel; polyps ... [details]

 Distribution

This is an arctic species and it is thus very unlikely to be present in the Mediterranean. The Mediterranean record ... [details]

 Distribution

All records outside the Mediterranean are erroneous. [details]

 Reproduction

Gonophore is a free medusa, polyp is unknown. [details]

 Reproduction

Gonophore is a free medusa, both medusa and polyp are known. [details]

 Reproduction

Gonophores are sessile sporosacs. [details]

 Status

Has been synonymized with E. larynx, but it may be valid [details]

 Status

Most probably a synonym of Moerisia inkermanica Paltschikowa-Ostroumowa, 1925 [details]

 Status

The genus name Slabberia Forbes, 1846 was widely used until Mayer (1910: 719) noted that the name is a junior ... [details]

 Status

This name has very often incorrectly been applied to animals now considered to belong to different species. The ... [details]

 Synonymy

in part Codonium princeps. -- Levinsen, 1893: 143. in part Sarsia brachygaster Grönberg, 1898: 459, pl. 27 figs ... [details]

 Taxonomy

The genus name Slabberia Forbes, 1846 was widely used until Mayer (1910: 719) noted that the name is a junior ... [details]

 Type locality

Off Yokohama, Japan, 34.617°N 140.533°E, 3422 m depth and North Pacific, 37.683°N 177.067°W 5293 m depth [details]

 Validity

Zanclea Gegenbaur, 1857; type species Zanclea costata Gegenbaur, 1857 by monotypy, gender is feminine, placed on the ... [details]

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