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Day, John H. (1973). New Polychaeta from Beaufort, with a key to all species recorded from North Carolina. NOAA Technical Reports, Ser. National Marine Fisheries Service, Circulars. 375: 1-140.
49623
10.5962/bhl.title.62852 [view]
Day, John H.
1973
New Polychaeta from Beaufort, with a key to all species recorded from North Carolina
NOAA Technical Reports, Ser. National Marine Fisheries Service, Circulars
375: 1-140
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyD)
Available for editors  PDF available
Over 6,000 polychaete worms belonging to 229 species were collected on a transect running from the sandy shore near Beaufort. N.C., to the upper part of the continental slope in 200 m. Eleven more species were collected from the shores of Beaufort Sound and from grab samples in 400, 600, and 3,020 m off North Carolina. The whole collection includes 19 new species, 2 new subspecies, and 16 new records for the United States. These have been described. An examination of the literature revealed that a further 83 species had been recorded by earlier workers so that a total of 323 species of polychaete worms are now known from North Carolina. Keys have been constructed to cover the whole fauna, all original records have been listed, and references to good descriptions of each species are given. During the course of the work several type specimens were examined and this has resulted in certain changes in nomenclature and the redefinition of certain genera in the families Orbiniidae, Flabelligeridae, and Ampharetidae.
North-western Atlantic
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Holotype USNM 43138, geounit North Carolina Shelf, identified as Orbinia americana Day, 1973
 Depth range

Low water to about 200 m. [details]

 Depth range

122 m. [details]

 Depth range

19-80 m. [details]

 Description

Description by Day (1973: 84-86), based on specimens from Marseille: "Length up to 150 mm for 250 segments. ... [details]

 Dimensions

Holotype (USNM 43138): 10 mm long, for 38 segments (incomplete). [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic Ocean: from Massachusetts to North Carolina (USA). [details]

 Distribution

Western Atlantic: from North Carolina to the Gulf of Mexico. [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic Ocean: off Beaufort (North Carolina, USA). [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic coast of USA: North Carolina. [details]

 Distribution

North Carolina Shelf, Northwest Atlantic. [details]

 Editor's comment

Vittor & Johnson's (1977) record from the Bahamas is erroneous, and probably should be attributed to Crucigera ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet refers to the type locality of the species, America.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet americana refers to the type locality of the species, the Atlantic coast of North America.  [details]

 Etymology

Not stated. The subspecific epithet dubius is a Latin adjective meaning 'doubtful', and refers presumably to the ... [details]

 Etymology

The subspecific epithet carolinae referes to the type locality of the subspecies, North Carolina (USA).  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet parva refers probably to the size of the worm when compared with the other species of Travisia ... [details]

 Habitat

In thicky muddy tubes of Sabaco elongatus (Verrill, 1873) (as Maldanopsis elongata), and on muddy and sandy ... [details]

 Habitat

Medium sand, at shelf depths. [details]

 Habitat

On coral, at shallow depths. [details]

 Habitat

Shelly sand, at shallow shelf depths. [details]

 Habitat

Coarse to fine sand, at shelf depths. [details]

 Specimen

Smithsonian Institution, Washington (USNM). [details]

 Synonymy

Day (1964:118) tentatively placed Eclysippe in Samythella Verrill, and later (1973:113) confirmed this synonymy. ... [details]

 Synonymy

See notes on genus Eclysippe for comments on status of L. vanelli. Day (1973:115) doubted L. vanelli is the same ... [details]

 Synonymy

Foster (1971) is one source for treatment of Paraspio as synonym of Spio. Day (1973: 76) also states (in text ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Zibrowius (1968:109) treated H. uncinata as valid when he described his new taxon H. pseudouncinata, but later ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Day claimed to be renaming Eclysippe vanelli sensu Eliason (1955) as Samythella eliasoni, but his taxon was based ... [details]

 Type locality

Atlantic Ocean, North Carolina, off Beaufort (34º34'N, 76º25'W). [details]

 Type locality

Atlantic Ocean. North Carolina, off Beaufort. [details]

 Type locality

Off Beaufort, North Carolina, Atlantic coast of USA (34.3833°, -75.9167°). [details]

 Type locality

Off Beaufort, North Carolina, Atlantic coast of USA (34.7236°, -75.4389°; geocoordinates from Glasby & Hutchings, ... [details]

 Type locality

off Beaufort, North Carolina, 34.37 -75.85, 190 m [details]

 Type locality

Atlantic Ocean, North Carolina, off Beaufort (34º34'N, 76º25'W).  [details]

 Type locality

Atlantic Ocean, North Carolina, off Beaufort. [details]

 Type material

Holotype deposited at the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, USA (USNM 43138). [details]

 Type material

Holotype deposited at the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, USA (USNM 43130). [details]

 Type material

According to Day (1973: 123), "Leidy's type of Torquaea [sic] eximia has been lost[details]

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