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Randall, J. E. (1992). Red Sea Reef Fishes. Immel Publishing.
6091
Randall, J. E.
1992
Red Sea Reef Fishes
Immel Publishing
Publication
The purpose of this book is to provide means for the identification of the most common reef fishes in the Red Sea. The objective being to present minimum information required to identify each species positively. Other remarks in species accounts may include comments on habitat (particularly if fishes are found in other environments than coral reefs), depth of occurrence in metres, and something of their natural history and habitats when known.
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English abudjubbe for Cheilinus abudjubbe Rüppell, 1835
English Arabian pinfish for Diplodus noct (Valenciennes, 1830)
English Aron's blenny for Ecsenius aroni Springer, 1971
English backsurgeonfish for Acanthurus nigricans (Linnaeus, 1758)
English bigeye emperor for Lethrinus grandoculis (Forsskal), 1775
English blackbordered dascyllus for Dascyllus marginatus (Rüppell, 1829)
English blackline blenny for Meiacanthus nigrolineatus Smith-Vaniz, 1969
English blue-and-red-spotted goby for Cryptocentrus caeruleopunctatus (Rüppell, 1830)
English bluedotted damselfish for Pristotis cyanostigma Rüppell, 1838
English bluestriped dottyback for Pseudochromis springeri Lubbock, 1975
English bluetail trunkfish for Ostracion cyanurus Rüppell, 1828
English bluethroat triggerfish [from synonym] for Sufflamen albicaudatus (Rüppell, 1829)
English chevron butterflyfish [from synonym] for Megaprotodon trifascialis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
English cinnabar goatfish [from synonym] for Parupeneus cinnabarinus (Cuvier, 1829)
English comet for Calloplesiops altivelis (Steindachner, 1903)
English dapple coris [from synonym] for Coris variegata Ramsay & Ogilby, 1887
English dotted parrotfish for Calotomus viridescens (Rüppell, 1835)
English doublebar cardinalfish [from synonym] for Apogon bifasciatus Rüppell, 1838
English duskytail chromis for Chromis pelloura Randall & Allen, 1982
English eightline wrasse for Paracheilinus octotaenia Fourmanoir, 1955
English forktail dottyback for Pseudochromis dixurus Lubbock, 1975
English fourline wrasse for Larabicus quadrilineatus (Rüppell, 1835)
English golden dottyback [from synonym] for Pseudoplesiops auratus (Lubbock, 1975)
English greenband parrotfish for Scarus collana Rüppell, 1835
English halfspotted grouper for Cephalopholis hemistiktos (Rüppell, 1830)
English harlequin filefish for Oxymonacanthus halli Marshall, 1952
English humpback turret for Tetrosomus gibbosus (Linnaeus, 1758)
English lance blenny for Aspidontus dussumieri (Valenciennes, 1836)
English leaping blenny for Alticus kirkii (Günther, 1868)
English lined wrasse for Anampses lineatus Randall, 1972
English longnose emperor [from synonym] for Lethrinus elongatus Valenciennes, 1830
English Luther's goby for Cryptocentrus lutheri Klausewitz, 1960
English Magnus' goby for Amblyeleotris sungami (Klausewitz, 1969)
English masked puffer for Arothron diadematus (Rüppell, 1829)
English mental wrasse [from synonym] for Cheilinus mentalis Rüppell, 1828
English mimic blenny for Aspidontus taeniatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1834
English Miry's damselfish for Neopomacentrus miryae Dor & Allen, 1977
English multibar pipefish for Dunckerocampus multiannulatus (Regan, 1903)
English nalolo for Ecsenius nalolo Smith, 1959
English olive dottyback for Pseudochromis olivaceus Rüppell, 1835
English orangeface butterflyfish [from synonym] for Gonochaetodon larvatus (Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1831)
English orchid dottyback for Pseudochromis fridmani Klausewitz, 1968
English paleface butterflyfish for Chaetodon mesoleucos Forsskål, 1775
English Pennantfish for Heniochus diphreutes Jordan, 1903
English Picasso triggerfish for Rhinecanthus assasi (Forsskål, 1775)
English pixy hawkfish for Cirrhitichthys oxycephalus (Bleeker, 1855)
English prawn goby for Ctenogobiops maculosus (Fourmanoir, 1955)
English purple-brown parrotfish for Scarus fuscopurpureus (Klunzinger, 1871)
English purplestreak parrotfish [from synonym] for Scarus genazonatus Randall & Bruce, 1983
English pygmy toby for Canthigaster pygmaea Allen & Randall, 1977
English Red Sea halfbeak [from synonym] for Hyporhamphus gambarur (Lacepede, 1803)
English Red Sea houndfish for Tylosurus choram (Rüppell, 1837)
English Red Sea mimic blenny for Ecsenius gravieri (Pellegrin, 1906)
English redfin emperor [from synonym] for Lethrinus mahsenoides Valenciennes, 1830
English ringtail cardinalfish [from synonym] for Apogon annularis Rüppell, 1829
English roundfin goby for Bathygobius cyclopterus (Valenciennes, 1837)
English royal damselfish [from synonym] for Paraglyphidodon melas (Cuvier, 1830)
English rusty parrotfish for Scarus ferrugineus Forsskål, 1775
English slender damselfish for Pomacentrus leptus Allen & Randall, 1980
English smalltooth grouper [from synonym] for Epinephelus microdon (Bleeker, 1856)
English smoothfin blenny for Ecsenius frontalis (Valenciennes, 1836)
English social wrasse for Cirrhilabrus rubriventralis Springer & Randall, 1974
English sombre damselfish for Pomacentrus aquilus Allen & Randall, 1980
English sporfin squirrelfish [from synonym] for Flammeo sammara (Forsskål, 1775)
English squaretail grouper [from synonym] for Plectropomus truncatus Fowler & Bean, 1930
English Steinitz' goby for Amblyeleotris steinitzi (Klausewitz, 1974)
English striped anthias [from synonym] for Anthias taeniatus Klunzinger, 1884
English striped dottyback for Pseudochromis sankeyi Lubbock, 1975
English Suez fusilier [from synonym] for Caesio suevicus Klunzinger, 1884
English sunrise dottyback for Pseudochromis flavivertex Rüppell, 1835
English thornback trunkfish for Tetrosomus gibbosus (Linnaeus, 1758)
English triplespot chromis for Chromis trialpha Allen & Randall, 1980
English Vanikoro sweeper for Pempheris vanicolensis Cuvier, 1831
English vermiculate wrasse for Macropharyngodon bipartitus Smith, 1957
English vermilion grouper for Cephalopholis oligosticta Randall & Ben-Tuvia, 1983
English whitebelly damselfish for Amblyglyphidodon leucogaster (Bleeker, 1847)
English whitespotted longfin for Plesiops nigricans (Rüppell, 1828)
English whitetail damselfish for Pomacentrus albicaudatus Baschieri-Salvadori, 1955
English yellow-ear angelfish [from synonym] for Holacanthus xanthotis Fraser-Brunner, 1950
English yellowface soapfish for Diploprion drachi Roux-Estève, 1955
English yellowspotted burrfish [from synonym] for Chilomycterus spilostylus Leis & Randall, 1982
English yellowstripe emperor [from synonym] for Lethrinus ramak (Forsskål, 1775)
English yellowtail damselfish for Neopomacentrus xanthurus Allen & Randall, 1980
English yellowtip soldierfish [from synonym] for Myripristis xanthacrus Randall & Guézé, 1981
 Description

Occurs on rocky shores, often out of water; has phenominal leaping ability<307>. [details]

 Description

Symbiotic with alpheid shrimps <307>. [details]

 Description

Symbiotic with alpheid shrimps<307>. [details]

 Description

Generally found in silty reef habitats (Randall, 1992). [details]

 Description

Limited data suggest that this species feeds mainly on algae and detritus<307>. [details]

 Description

An amazing mimic of the cleaner wrasse Labroides dimidiatus, not only in colour but behaviour. There is a dual ... [details]

 Description

Found along sandy-rocky shores, often in tidepools<307>. [details]

 Description

May be seen in seagrass beds as well as on coral reefs and rocky sea bottom.<307>. [details]

 Description

Small species; very secretive; comes into the open only briefly to move from one hole of the reef to the next<307>. [details]

 Description

Usually seen over bottoms of coral rubble. Feeds on zooplankton. Males maintain harems.<307>. [details]

 Description

Symbiotic with alpheid shrimps<307>. [details]

 Description

Lives symbiotically with alpheid shrimps<307>. [details]

 Description

A common species on sand in 1 to 15m. Symbiotic with alpheid shrimps<307>. [details]

 Description

A shallow-water species found along exposed rocky shores. [details]

 Description

A small species; more secretive and deeper-dwelling (to at least 35m) than most other Ecsenius. [details]

 Description

A mimic of Meiacanthus nigolineatus (Sabretooth blenny) with venomous fangs. The mimic not only closely matches ... [details]

 Description

Feeds principally on coral polyps; seems to maintain a territory of Acropora coral. Often seen in pairs<307>. [details]

 Description

Prefer muddy flats bordering steep slopes; feeds on passing planktonic organisms <316>. [details]

 Description

Endemic to the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden Randall<307>. [details]

 Description

The young are cleaners; adults appear to feed primarily on coral polyps <307>. [details]

 Description

Defends a relatively small territory of coral (Often plate-like Acropora); feeds on the polyps (but without killing ... [details]

 Description

Predaceous fishes learn to avoid this species due to its venomous bite.Mimicked by two other blennies<307>. [details]

 Description

Forms aggregations which feed on zooplankton well above the coral reefs <307>. [details]

 Description

Feeds on coral polyps<307>. [details]

 Description

Occurs in aggregations. Feeds on zooplankton. Males maintain harems<307>. [details]

 Description

Usually seen over silty sand bottoms or seagrass beds <307>. [details]

 Description

Feeds on zooplankton and retreats to coral for shelter <307>. [details]

 Description

The typical habitat is small coral heads or dead coral rock on silty sand<307> [details]

 Description

Found in seagrass beds or on algal flats and coral reefs<307> [details]

 Distribution

Known only from the Gulf of Aqaba ; Closely related to C. axillaris (Bennett) <307> [details]

 Remark

Originally described as a subspecies of the Pacific A. melanurus Bleeker<307>. [details]

 Remark

Closely related to A. nigropunctatus<307>. [details]

 Remark

Blennechis filamentosus is a synonym based on the prejuvenile stage<307> [details]

 Remark

Related to B. fuscus<307>. [details]

 Remark

Related to C. trilobatus Lacepede <307>. [details]

 Remark

Related to the Indo-Malayan C. leptocephalus<307> [details]

 Remark

This polymorphic form of E. frontalis is dark brown to black with a white caudal fin<307>. [details]

 Remark

A polymorphic species; this one is bluish on the head and anterior body, shading to orange-yellow posterioly and on ... [details]

 Remark

Sometimes classifed in the genus Chaetodon<307>. Authority given as (Ehrenberg) in <311>. [details]

 Remark

Species subtropical; only recently distinguished from H. acuminatus (Linnaeus) which is more tropical<307> [details]

 Remark

Closely related to the Indian Ocean H. xanthurus Bennett. Often classified in Apolemichthys<307>. [details]

 Remark

This species has long been misidentified as L. miniatus (Bloch & Schneider) <307> [details]

 Remark

Sometimes classifed in the genus Chaetodon. Often identified as M. strigangulus (Gmelin) but this name is invalid <307>. [details]

 Remark

Closely related to O. longirostris <307>. [details]

 Remark

Close relative of P. Fridmani in Randall <307>. [details]

 Remark

Closely related to the Indian Ocean species S. russelii Cuvier & Valenciennes<307>. [details]

 Remark

A close relative of the Indo-Pacific S. chrysopterus, some authors regard albicaudatus as a subspecies of chrysopterus<307>. [details]

 Remark

Sometimes classified in genus Rhinesomus<307>. [details]

 Spelling

Spelled Hyporamphus in Smith & Smith 1963 <130>, and Bock 1975 <355>. [details]

 Synonymy

Synonym based on the male form [details]

 Synonymy

Synonym described from the terminal male [details]

 Synonymy

Junior Synonym [details]

 Synonymy

Synonym based on the juvenile stage. [details]

 Synonymy

Synonym based on the juvenile stage [details]

 Synonymy

Synonym based on the juvenile stage [details]

 Synonymy

Synonym based on the initial phase. [details]

 Synonymy

Synonym based on the initial phase [details]

 Synonymy

Synonym based on the initial phase. [details]

 Synonymy

Synonym based on the female phase. [details]

 Synonymy

Synonym based on the initial phase. [details]

 Synonymy

Most recent synonym [details]

 Synonymy

Synonym based on the terminal phase [details]

 Synonymy

Synonym based on the initial phase [details]

 Synonymy

Synonym based on the initial phase [details]

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