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Zenetos, A.; Çinar, M.E.; Pancucci-Papadopoulou, M.A.; Harmelin, J.-G.; Furnari, G.; Andaloro, F.; Bellou, N.; Streftaris, N.; Zibrowius, H. (2005). Annotated list of marine alien species in the Mediterranean with records of the worst invasive species. Mediterranean Marine Science. 6 (2): 63-118.
124391
Zenetos, A.; Çinar, M.E.; Pancucci-Papadopoulou, M.A.; Harmelin, J.-G.; Furnari, G.; Andaloro, F.; Bellou, N.; Streftaris, N.; Zibrowius, H.
2005
Annotated list of marine alien species in the Mediterranean with records of the worst invasive species.
Mediterranean Marine Science
6 (2): 63-118.
Publication
The World Of Copepods (T. Chad Walter)
Available for editors  PDF available
This collaborative effort by many specialists across the Mediterranean presents an updated an-notated list of alien marine species in the Mediterranean Sea. Alien species have been grouped into six broad categories namely established, casual, questionable, cryptogenic, excluded and invasive, and presented in lists of major ecofunctional/taxonomic groups. The establishment success within each group is provided while the questionable and excluded records are commented in brief. A total of 963 alien species have been reported from the Mediterranean until December 2005, 218 of which have been classified as excluded (23%) leaving 745 of the recorded species as valid aliens. Of these 385 (52%) are already well established, 262 (35%) are casual records, while 98 species (13%) remain “questionable” records. The species cited in this work belong mostly to zoobenthos and in par-ticular to Mollusca and Crustacea, while Fish and Phytobenthos are the next two groups which prevail among alien biota in the Mediterranean. The available information depends greatly on the taxonomic group examined. Thus, besides the three groups explicitly addressed in the CIESM atlas series (Fish, Decapoda/Crustacea and Mollusca), which are however updated in the present work, Polychaeta, Phytobenthos, Phytoplankton and Zoo-plankton are also addressed in this study. Among other zoobenthic taxa sufficiently covered in this study are Echinodermata, Sipuncula, Bryozoa and Ascidiacea. On the contrary, taxa such as Foraminifera, Amphipoda and Isopoda, that are not well studied in the Mediterranean, are insufficiently covered. A gap of knowledge is also noticed in Parasites, which, although ubiquitous and pervasive in marine systems, have been relatively unexplored as to their role in marine invasions. Conclusively the lack of funding purely systematic studies in the region has led to underestimation of the number of aliens in the Mediterranean. Emphasis is put on those species that are current or potential threats to the marine ecosystems, namely the Worst Invasive Alien Species providing their record across major groups.
Mediterranean
Invasions, introduction of alien species
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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2017-10-16 22:50:33Z
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2018-11-29 09:06:35Z
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Acartia (Acanthacartia) tonsa Dana, 1849 (additional source)
Acrothrix gracilis Kylin, 1907 (additional source)
Aeverrillia setigera (Hincks, 1887) (additional source)
Agardhiella subulata (C.Agardh) Kraft & M.J.Wynne, 1979 (additional source)
Alexandrium catenella (Whedon & Kofoid) Balech, 1985 (additional source)
Alopias superciliosus Lowe, 1841 (additional source)
Anarhichas lupus Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Balanus eburneus Gould, 1841 accepted as Amphibalanus eburneus (Gould, 1841) (additional source)
Balanus improvisus Darwin, 1854 accepted as Amphibalanus improvisus (Darwin, 1854) (additional source)
Beryx splendens Lowe, 1834 (additional source)
Bonnemaisonia hamifera Hariot, 1891 (additional source)
Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766) (additional source)
Callinectes sapidus Rathbun, 1896 (additional source)
Carcharhinus altimus (Springer, 1950) (additional source)
Carcharhinus falciformis (Müller & Henle, 1839) (additional source)
Centropages furcatus (Dana, 1849) (additional source)
Chaunax suttkusi Caruso, 1989 (additional source)
Cheilopogon furcatus (Mitchill, 1815) (additional source)
Codium fragile subsp. tomentosoides (van Goor) P.C.Silva, 1955 accepted as Codium fragile subsp. fragile (Suringar) Hariot, 1889 (additional source)
Corycaeus speciosus Dana, 1849 (additional source)
Diodon hystrix Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Diphasia margareta (Hassall, 1841) (additional source)
Dyspanopeus sayi (Smith, 1869) (additional source)
Epidiopatra hupferiana Augener, 1918 accepted as Diopatra hupferiana (Augener, 1918) (additional source)
Etrumeus teres (DeKay, 1842) (additional source)
Fucus spiralis Linnaeus, 1753 (additional source)
Galeocerdo cuvier (Péron & Lesueur, 1822) (additional source)
Garveia franciscana (Torrey, 1902) (additional source)
Gonionemus vertens A. Agassiz, 1862 (additional source)
Gyrodinium aureolum E.M.Hulburt, 1957 accepted as Gymnodinium aureolum (E.M.Hulburt) Gert Hansen, 2000 (additional source)
Haliplanella lineata (Verrill, 1869) accepted as Diadumene lineata (Verrill, 1869) (additional source)
Halothrix lumbricalis (Kützing) Reinke, 1888 (additional source)
Hemigrapsus sanguineus (De Haan, 1835) (additional source)
Hydroides dianthus (Verrill, 1873) (additional source)
Isolda pulchella Müller in Grube, 1858 (additional source)
Leathesia difformis Areschoug, 1847 accepted as Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne, 1842 (additional source)
Libinia dubia H. Milne Edwards, 1834 (additional source)
Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (additional source)
Longibrachium atlanticum (Day, 1973) (additional source)
Mercenaria mercenaria (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Mnemiopsis leidyi A. Agassiz, 1865 (additional source)
Monostroma obscurum (Kützing) J.Agardh, 1883 accepted as Ulvaria obscura (Kützing) P.Gayral ex C.Bliding, 1969 (additional source)
Mya arenaria Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Neosiphonia harveyi (Bailey) M.-S.Kim, H.-G.Choi, Guiry & G.W.Saunders, 2001 accepted as Melanothamnus harveyi (Bailey) Díaz-Tapia & Maggs, 2017 (additional source)
Paracalanus crassirostris Dahl F., 1894 accepted as Parvocalanus crassirostris (Dahl F., 1894) (additional source)
Petricola pholadiformis Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Petricolaria pholadiformis (Lamarck, 1818) (additional source)
Polycerella emertoni A. E. Verrill, 1880 (additional source)
Polydora cornuta Bosc, 1802 (additional source)
Pontellina plumata (Dana, 1849) (additional source)
Porphyra yezoensis Ueda, 1932 accepted as Pyropia yezoensis (Ueda) M.S.Hwang & H.G.Choi, 2011 (additional source)
Psenes pellucidus Lütken, 1880 (additional source)
Pseudocalanus elongatus (Boeck, 1865) (additional source)
Rachycentron canadum (Linnaeus, 1766) (additional source)
Rhithropanopeus harrisii (Gould, 1841) (additional source)
Rhodophysema georgei Batters, 1900 (additional source)
Scytosiphon dotyi M.J.Wynne, 1969 (additional source)
Seriola fasciata (Bloch, 1793) (additional source)
Seriola rivoliana Valenciennes, 1833 (additional source)
Solieria filiformis (Kützing) P.W.Gabrielson, 1985 (additional source)
Sphoeroides pachygaster (Müller & Troschel, 1848) (additional source)
Sphyrna mokarran (Rüppell, 1837) (additional source)
Streptosyllis arenae Webster & Benedict, 1884 (additional source)
Teredo navalis Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Tylosurus crocodilus (Péron & Lesueur, 1821) represented as Tylosurus crocodilus crocodilus (Péron & Lesueur, 1821) (additional source)
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