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Böggemann, Markus 2009. Polychaetes (Annelida) of the abyssal SE Atlantic. Organisms Diversity & Evolution, 9, 252-428.
152369
Publication
Polychaeta database
The DIVA-1 (2000), DIVA-2 (2005) and BIOZAIRE (2001, 2003) expeditions to abyssal zones of three ocean basins (Angola, Cape and Guinea) in the SE Atlantic have yielded more than 23,000 specimens or fragments of Polychaeta. Most of the thirteen collecting areas were sampled with an Agassiz trawl, an epibenthic sledge and repeated box corer and multicorer hauls at depths between 3945 and 5672 m. Among the 47 families found, the best-represented were Acrocirridae, Ampharetidae, Chrysopetalidae, Cirratulidae, Hesionidae, Paraonidae, Spionidae and Sabellidae, whereas Alciopidae, Aphroditidae, Cossuridae, Pholoidae, Sternaspidae, Tomopteridae and Typhloscolecidae were rarely found. The present work generally deals with the taxa in Phyllodocida; the remaining groups are planned to be treated in future publications. The material was examined for morphological and partially for molecular characters (18S rDNA, 16S rDNA, COI, ITS1, ITS2); phylogenetic reconstructions were performed using maximum likelihood and parsimony. The following new taxa and names and other changes to nomenclature are proposed. Family Amphinomidae: Bathychloeia balloniformis sp. nov.; Chrysopetalidae: Dysponetus hesionides sp. nov., Dysponetus profundus sp. nov., Pseudodysponetus fragmentosus gen. et sp. nov.; Glyceridae: Glycera diva sp. nov., Glycera southeastatlantica sp. nov.; Hesionidae: Gyptis incisa sp. nov., Nereimyra auripalpa sp. nov., Sirsoe hessleri (Blake, 1991) comb. nov.; Lacydoniidae: Lacydonia elongata Hartmann-Schroder & Rosenfeldt, 1992 syn. nov. of L. papillata Uschakov, 1958; Nereididae: Profundilycastis Hartmann-Schroder, 1977 syn. nov. of Rullierinereis Pettibone, 1971, Ruillerinereis profundus (Hartman, 1965) comb. nov.; Phyllodocidae: Eulalia meteorensis sp. nov., Eumida angolensis sp. nov., Pseudomystides bathysiphonicola (Hartmann-Schroder, 1983) comb. nov., Pseudomystides brevicirra sp. nov., Pseudomystides rarica (Uschakov, 1958) comb. nov., Pterocirrus remus sp. nov.; Sphaerodoridae: Sphaerephesia regularis sp. nov., Sphaerodoropsis longianalpapilla sp. nov., Sphaerodoropsis inacrotubercula sp. nov., Sphaerodoropsis protuberanca sp. nov. and Sphaerodoropsis rosehipiformis sp. nov.; Syllidae: Guillermogonita abyssicola gen. et sp. nov. Identification keys to the encountered families of Polychaeta as well as to the species within each family are presented, where applicable. For the new and many previously established species, detailed morphological descriptions are given and the respective geographic distribution is discussed.
South East Atlantic (only warm temperate; cold temperate see *SUB)
Date
action
by
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
created
db_admin

 Classification

""Guillermogonita gen. nov ,is difficult to assign to any of the traditionally recognised subfamilies of Syllidae. ... [details]

 Depth range

18-3993 m. Originally found at 750 m.  [details]

 Depth range

183 m; 3950-5655 m. [details]

 Depth range

5137-5141 m. [details]

 Depth range

3950-5443 m.  [details]

 Depth range

3962 to 5496 m. [details]

 Depth range

5058-5495 m.  [details]

 Depth range

1000 m; 3945-3993 m.  [details]

 Depth range

3945-5597 m.  [details]

 Diagnosis

Author: "The two anterior achaetous segments with dorsal cirri only and the acicular notochaetae starting from ... [details]

 Distribution

Arctic Ocean, off Greenland; NE Atlantic, from Scotland to Mediterranean Sea; NW Atlantic, from Gulf of St. Lawrence ... [details]

 Distribution

Cape Province, South Africa (Atlantic and Indian Ocean), and Cape, Angola and Guinea Basins.  [details]

 Distribution

NW Atlantic: off USA. SE Atlantic: Angola, Cape and Guinea Basins.  [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic Ocean, Guinea Basin. Known only from the type locality.  [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic Ocean, Angola Basin.  [details]

 Distribution

Angola and Guinea Basins (West Africa). [details]

 Distribution

East Atlantic Ocean deep sea: Porcupine Seabight, Gambia Plain, Guinea, Angola and Cape Basins.  [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic Ocean, Guinea Basin.  [details]

 Distribution

Pacific Ocean: Kuril-Kamchatka Trench. Atlantic Ocean: Guinea, Angola and Cape Basins.  [details]

 Distribution

NW Atlantic: off Bermuda. SE Atlantic: Angola Basin. [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic abyssal plains of Porcupine, Tagus, Madeira, Cape Verde, Guinea and Angola.  [details]

 Etymology

"species epithet refers to the shape of the body resembling a zeppelin airship. It is to be treated as a compound ... [details]

 Etymology

"The species epithet refers to the research vessel METEOR. It is to be treated as a compound adjective with a Latin ... [details]

 Etymology

"The species epithet refers to the type locality in the Angola Basin. It is to be treated as a compound adjective ... [details]

 Etymology

"Epithet refers to the study area. It is to be treated as a compound adjective with a Latin final component for the ... [details]

 Etymology

The first part of the genus name is chosen in honour of the syllid expert Guillermo San Martin. The second part is ... [details]

 Etymology

The species epithet (Latin -cola= dweller, inhabitant) refers to the environment in which the species was found. It ... [details]

 Etymology

"The species epithet is derived from the Latin verb Incidere (to cut into), and refers to the incision in the ... [details]

 Etymology

"Species epithet is intended to refer to the ear-like (Latin auris=ear) enlarged palpostyles. It is to be treated ... [details]

 Etymology

"The species epithet (Latin brevis = short) refers to the short cirri on the first segments. It is to be treated as ... [details]

 Etymology

The species epithet (Latin remus = paddle) refers to the enormously enlarged flattened cirri of the second segment. ... [details]

 Etymology

The species epithet refers to the regularly arranged longitudinal rows of macrotubercles on the dorsum. It is to be ... [details]

 Etymology

The species epithet refers to the elongate conical medio-ventral papilla of the anus. It is to be treated as a noun ... [details]

 Etymology

The species epithet refers to the very large macrotubercles. It is to be treated as a compound adjective with a ... [details]

 Etymology

The anterior end of this species resembles the prostomial frontal protuberance found in some phyllodocid taxa [details]

 Etymology

The macrotubercles look like rosehips. Epithet is to be treated as a compound adjective with a Latin final ... [details]

 Habitat

At abyssal depths, probably in soft bottoms.  [details]

 Habitat

Abyssal depths, probably in soft sediments.  [details]

 Habitat

Abyssal depths, probably in soft sediments.  [details]

 Habitat

Abyssal depths, probably on soft sediments.  [details]

 Habitat

Abyssal depths, probably in soft sediments.  [details]

 Habitat

Abyssal depths, probably in soft sediments.  [details]

 Habitat

Abyssal depths, probably in soft bottoms.  [details]

 Type locality

Guinea Basin, off Ivory Coast, Atlantic Ocean, 0 deg 43' N, 5 deg 31.3' W (0.716667° -5.521667°), 5137 m. [details]

 Type locality

Angola Basin, Atlantic Ocean, 7 deg 39.9' S, 10 deg 0.40' E (-7.665°, 10.006667°), 3993 m. [details]

 Type locality

Angola Basin, W Africa, Atlantic Ocean, 7 deg 40.5’ S, 9 deg 59.7’ E (-7.675°, 9.995°), 3993 m [details]

 Type locality

Cape Basin, offshore from Namibia, South Atlantic, 28 deg 3.1’ S, 7 deg 19.8’ E (-28.051667°, 7.33°), 5052 m. [details]

 Type locality

Cape Basin, off Namibia, South Atlantic, 28 deg 4.10’ S, 7 deg 20.50’ E (-28.068333°, 7.341667°), 5058 m. [details]

 Type locality

Guinea Basin, off Ivory Coast, Atlantic Ocean, 0 deg 50' N, 5 deg 35' W (0.8333° -5.5833°), 5139 m. [details]

 Type locality

Angola Basin, Atlantic Ocean off Namibia, 19 deg 7’S, 3 deg 52’ E (-19.116667° 3.866667°), 5469 m [details]

 Type locality

Guinea Basin, off W. Africa, Atlantic Ocean, 0 deg 8.8’ S, 2 28.8’ W (-0.146667°, -2.48°), 5048–5051 m [details]

 Type locality

Guinea Basin, W Africa, Atlantic Ocean, 0 deg 13.3’ S, 2 deg 29.9’ W (-0.221667°, -2.498333°), 5053–5055 m  [details]

 Type locality

Angola Basin, off W Africa, Atlantic Ocean, 19 deg 58.4’ S 2 deg 59.8’ E (-19.973333°, 2.996667°), 5493 m. [details]

 Type locality

Guinea Basin, W Africa, Atlantic Ocean, 0 deg 8.8’ S, 2 deg 28.8’ W (-0.146667°,-2.48°), 5048–5051 m. [details]

 Type locality

Guinea Basin, W Africa, Atlantic Ocean, 0 deg 0’ S, 2 deg 25’ W (0°, -2.416667°), 5065 m. [details]

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