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Savigny, Jules-César. (1822). Système des annélides, principalement de celles des côtes de l'Égypte et de la Syrie, offrant les caractères tant distinctifs que naturels des Ordres, Familles et Genres, avec la Description des Espèces. Description de l'Égypte ou Recueil des Observations et des Recherches qui ont été faites en Égypte pendant l'Expédition de l'Armée Française, publié par les Ordres de sa Majesté l'Empereur Napoléon le Grand, Histoire Naturelle, Paris. 1(3):1–128.
51744
Savigny, Jules-César
1822
Système des annélides, principalement de celles des côtes de l'Égypte et de la Syrie, offrant les caractères tant distinctifs que naturels des Ordres, Familles et Genres, avec la Description des Espèces
Description de l'Égypte ou Recueil des Observations et des Recherches qui ont été faites en Égypte pendant l'Expédition de l'Armée Française, publié par les Ordres de sa Majesté l'Empereur Napoléon le Grand, Histoire Naturelle, Paris
1(3): 1–128
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb). Publication date set by ICZN, see: "International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature [ICZN] (1987) Opinion 1461: A ruling on the authorship and dates of the text volumes of the Histoire naturelle section of Savigny's Description de l'Egypte. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 44: 219-220", available at BHL
Mediterranean
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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2014-02-13 09:34:25Z
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2015-02-18 21:51:15Z
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2015-07-05 15:01:40Z
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2017-12-23 03:28:14Z
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Branchellion Savigny, 1822 (original description)
Branchellion torpedinis Savigny, 1822 (original description)
Chloeia Lamarck, 1818 (additional source)
Clitellio Savigny, 1822 (original description)
Clitellio (Clitellio) arenarius (Müller, 1776) (new combination reference)
Eteone Savigny, 1822 (original description)
Eulalia Savigny, 1822 (original description)
Glycera Lamarck, 1818 (redescription)
Hirudinea (original description)
Ophelia Savigny, 1822 (original description)
Ophelia bicornis Savigny, 1822 (original description)
Sabella pavonina Savigny, 1822 (original description)
Syllis Lamarck, 1818 (additional source)
 Authority

Solely authored by Savigny, 1822. However, the Hartman catalogue (1959: 455) lists Clymene uranthus as "Savigny, ... [details]

 Authority
 for Hirudinea

The authority for 'Hirudinea' is somewhat obscure. It certainly is not Linnaeus, who only used Hirudo in 'Vermes ... [details]

 Authority

Usage confused. Grube (1850) awards Savigny the prior authorship of Grube's "Lycoridea" [sic], while himself at ... [details]

 Authority

Savigny is apparently recombining a name, Terebella vagans Leach found "in Litteris", in which case W E Leach is ... [details]

 Authority

Usually given as a Cuvier name, but the name was first published by Savigny (1822) in synonymy to his new species, ... [details]

 Classification

N. ebranchiata was tentatively suggested to be in Oenone by Savigny (1822). He wrote "OBSERVATION. La Nereis ... [details]

 Depth range

Not stated, probably intertidal to shallow water. [details]

 Diagnosis

Original diagnosis by Savigny (1822: 46): "10.o Nereïs prismatica. OTH. FABR. n.o 285, et MÜLL. Prodr. n.o 2637. ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Original diagnosis by Savigny (1822: 46, footnote): "8.º Nereis flava. Oth. Fabr. loc. cit. n.º 282. Paroît ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Original diagnosis by Savigny as follows: "Paroissent avoir une longue trompe couronnée de tentacules; quatre ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Original diagnosis by Savigny (1822: 46): "9.o Neréis bifrons. OTH. FABR. n.o 286, et MÜLL. Prodr. n.o 2638. ... [details]

 Distribution

Savigny (1822) did not know where this worm came from, but it was used in Paris in medicinal treatments, in ... [details]

 Distribution

Indian Ocean: Gulf of Suez (Red Sea). [details]

 Editor's comment

Previously recorded as Clitellio minutus Savigny, 1820, but there is no such original name. Instead Savigny was ... [details]

 Editor's comment

Superfluous new name for Hirudo. It is unclear why Savigny uses it instead of the traditional Hirudo of Linnaeus, ... [details]

 Editor's comment

Savigny (1822) gives no explanation of his 'Telethusae' family name for Arenicola species so we have no information ... [details]

 Etymology

Savigny (1822: 88) gives no clues as to the etymology of Amphictene. However, it is highly likely it is a compound ... [details]

 Etymology

Not stated, unknown. Maybe from one of the female historical characters of the Persian history named Amytis. [details]

 Etymology

Not stated. Aricia is a Greek town, a location holy to Diana (equated with Artemis), near Rome. However, in ... [details]

 Etymology

Savigny in translation p.112: "The name of the Leech among the Greeks. The generic names created recently, in which ... [details]

 Etymology

Not stated but evidently named after the Nile River. The Nile is close to the type locality of near Cairo, Egypt. [details]

 Etymology

Not stated, unknown. Maybe from the classic mythology (a deity like the Naiads, Nereids or Oceanids). [details]

 Etymology

Not stated in Savigny (1822: 45). The name appears to be a latinized form of the female Greek name Λυκαστη ... [details]

 Etymology

Unknown, maybe mythological origin.  [details]

 Etymology

Not stated, unknown. Maybe from Polynices of the Greek mythology, son of Oedipus and Jocasta and brother of ... [details]

 Etymology

Savigny in a footnote justifying the genus name Sanguisuga makes reference to a passage in Pliny where he ... [details]

 Etymology

Not stated, but Savigny was well aware of the use of this leech in medical treatments. The name 'officinalis' is a ... [details]

 Etymology

Not stated. The specific epithet medusa refers probably to Medusa, the monster of the Greek mythology described as ... [details]

 Grammatical gender

Not determined for certain by the editor (GBR), but treated as feminine by the genus author and most authors since. [details]

 Grammatical gender

Feminine. While perhaps mistakenly thought to be a female given name, nevertheless Savigny seems to indicate he ... [details]

 Grammatical gender

Feminine as Lycaste is a Greek female given name [details]

 Habitat

On the Fucus floating vaguely on the surface of the sea: "sur les fucus qui flottent vaguement à la surface de la ... [details]

 Habitat

Not clearly stated, but probably on or near the coast: "Espèce nouvelle des côtes dela mer Rouge" (Savigny, 1822: 85). [details]

 Homonymy

Bdella Savigny, 1822, is a junior homonym to Bdella Latreille, 1795/6, a genus name in current use for ticks ... [details]

 Nomenclature

Proposed genus for Nereis caeca. See also Aphia 325171, Aonis sensu Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833 [Not Savigny, ... [details]

 Nomenclature

Savigny evidently got the name 'Nereis pulsatoria' from prior usage in works of Montagu and Leach, but probably ... [details]

 Nomenclature

The first appearance of this name seems to be in Savigny's 1822 annelid volumes of Description de l'Égypte (p.77). ... [details]

 Nomenclature

Lamarck (1801, p. 329) noted "Thalassema rupium. n. Lumbricus thalassema. Lin. Pall. Spicil. Zool. 10, p. 10, t. 1, ... [details]

 Spelling

Euphrosyne is the usual spelling of the name of the Greek Goddess, but Lamarck (1818) used Euphrosine in the ... [details]

 Status

Now known as distinct but previously placed by most as a synonym of Hirudo medicinalis, for example as late as in ... [details]

 Status

Fauchald dismisses the Linnaeus name of 'Nereis gigantea' as indeterminable (although it is referring to an ... [details]

 Synonymy

Hermella Savigny 1822 on p.81 was for the species represented by the synonymy (as in Savigny) of Tubularia arenosa ... [details]

 Synonymy

Lamarck and Savigny used Pleione, presumably arising first in the Savigny unpublished MS, instead of Amphinome, ... [details]

 Synonymy

Savigny (1822) thought this species had not yet been described as distinct from Hirudo medicinalis ("... from which ... [details]

 Taxonomy

The species name included by Savigny (1822) for the new genus Enterion in the 'Description de l'Égypte ..' is only ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Created for Nephelis testacea, N. rutila, N. cinerea, all from the environs of Paris, France,  [details]

 Taxonomy

In spite of being the type of a complex genus with numerous described taxa, the species was not redescribed since ... [details]

 Type locality

Atlantic Ocean, France, La Rochelle.  [details]

 Type locality

from freshwater near Cairo, Egypt [details]

 Type locality

"côtes de l'océan" [of France], is here a reference to the Atlantic coast of France. The specimen was collected ... [details]

 Type locality

Unknown. Although Hartman's Catalogue (p.248) places Lycoris nubila as Red Sea, this appears to be very probably ... [details]

 Type locality

Locality unknown. Savigny writes "Espèce des mers d'Europe, communiqùée par MM. Leach et de Lamarck." He also ... [details]

 Type locality

England, Atlantic Ocean: "Petite espèce des côtes de l'Angleterre" (Savigny, 1822: 60). [details]

 Type locality

"les mers des Inde", collected by Péron, and thus probably from Australia [details]

 Type locality

Pondicherry, South East India. Savigny (1822) wrote "Espèce employée par les médecins de Pondichery, d'ou elle a ... [details]

 Type locality

Suez and surrounding waters, Gulf of Suez, Red Sea, Indian Ocean (gazetteer estimate 29.92°, 32.53°). [details]

 Type species

Savigny (1822:89) includes a number of pectinariids as synonyms of Amphictene auricoma, including Pectinaria ... [details]

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