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Strelzov, V.E. (1973). МНОГОЩЕТИНКОВЫЕ ЧЕРВИ семейства Paraonidae Cerruti, 1909 [Polychaete worms of the family Paraonidae Cerruti, 1909 (Polychaeta, Sedentaria)]. Akademia Nauk. Moscow. 1-170.
51850
Strelzov, V.E.
1973
МНОГОЩЕТИНКОВЫЕ ЧЕРВИ семейства Paraonidae Cerruti, 1909 [Polychaete worms of the family Paraonidae Cerruti, 1909 (Polychaeta, Sedentaria)]
Akademia Nauk. Moscow. 1-170
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb). See also 1979 English translation
Available for editors  PDF available
Монографическое описание и ревизия всей мировой фауны широко распространенного, но до сих пор слабо изученного семейства полихет. Приводятся данные о морфологии, систематике, экологии и географическом распространении рассматриваемой группы животных; обсуждается вопрос о родственных связях параонид с другими семействами полихет [Monographic description and revision of the entire world fauna widespread, but still poorly studied polychaete family. Data on morphology, systematics, ecology and geographical distribution of the considered group of animals; discusses paraonids kinship with other families of polychaete]
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Holotype ZISP No. 1/37992, geounit Scotia Sea, identified as Cirrophorus brevicirratus Strelzov, 1973
 Biology

The species is bioluminescent. [details]

 Depth range

1602-5511 m. [details]

 Depth range

Shelf, slope and abyssal depths: 400-2946m (off New England, Atlantic Ocean); 140-438 m (off Brazil, Atlantic ... [details]

 Depth range

1790 m. [details]

 Diagnosis

Original diagnosis by Strelzov (1973), taken from the English translation (Strelzov, 1979): ''Width of body up to ... [details]

 Distribution

Indian Ocean: Gulf of Suez (Red Sea). [details]

 Distribution

North Pacific Ocean. [details]

 Distribution

Patagonian shelf, southwestern section of the Atlantic Ocean.  [details]

 Distribution

NE Atlantic: Kiel Bay; Kattegat; North Sea; English Channel; Irish Sea. NW Atlantic: Gulf of Maine; Massachusetts. [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic Ocean: all along the U.S. Atlantic slope from the Canadian boundary to off the Carolinas; off Louisiana, ... [details]

 Distribution

Pacific Ocean: Bismarck Sea (off Papua New Guinea). [details]

 Etymology

Not stated in the original description. The specific epithet pulchra (masculine: pulcher) is a Latin adjective ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet minima is the feminine of the Latin adjective minimus, meaning 'least' or 'smallest', and ... [details]

 Etymology

Not stated, unknown. [details]

 Etymology

Not stated in the original description. The specific epithet flava is a Latin adjective meaning 'yellow' or ... [details]

 Habitat

Muddy and clayey sediments, at bathyal and abyssal depths. [details]

 Habitat

Sand, in shelf depths. [details]

 Habitat

Sandy littoral zone. Lives in thin and fragile tubes cemented with mucus.  [details]

 Habitat

Muddy sediments with small amounts of sand, in shelf, slope and abyssal depths. [details]

 Habitat

Foraminiferal mud, at bathyal depths. [details]

 Reproduction

Sexually mature females found in May (south of Kattegat), August (coastal waters of North America) and in August to ... [details]

 Spelling

Cerruti (1909), apparently the first to use (as a synonym) the formal name Levinsenidae, used only one i (-idae) ... [details]

 Synonymy

Paradoneis is invalid in the monograph of Strelzov (1973). He placed Paradoneis and Paraonides under Cirrophorus ... [details]

 Synonymy

Strelzov (1973) placed Paraonides Cerruti, 1909 as a synonym of Cirrophorus Ehlers, 1908, together with Paradoneis ... [details]

 Synonymy

The subspecies was synonymised with Cirrophorus neapolitanus (Cerruti, 1909) by Strelzov (1973: 114-116), but the ... [details]

 Synonymy

Moved to Tauberia [objective synonym of Levinsenia] by Strelzov (1973) [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Allia Strelzov, 1973 is preoccupied by Allia Walker, 1868 in Lepidoptera [see reference at BHL HERE], and was ... [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Allia Strelzov, 1973 is preoccupied by Allia Walker, 1868 in Lepidoptera [see reference at BHL HERE], and was ... [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Allia Strelzov, 1973 is preoccupied by Allia Walker, 1868 in Lepidoptera [see reference at BHL HERE], and was ... [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Allia Strelzov, 1973 is preoccupied by Allia Walker, 1868 in Lepidoptera [see reference at BHL HERE], and was ... [details]

 Type locality

North Pacific Ocean (46.95°, -143.9833°). [details]

 Type locality

Continental shelf off Argentina, southwestern section of the Atlantic Ocean (43°36'S, 59°45'W), 142 m, sand. [details]

 Type locality

Off Papua New Guinea, Bismarck Sea, Pacific Ocean (-3.85°, 147.1833°). [details]

 Type material

According to Strelzov (1973) type specimens were not preserved. [details]

 Validity

Paraonis tenera was described by Grube (1873) with base on a single specimen. The description was very short and ... [details]

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