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CaRMS taxon details

Arenicola Lamarck, 1801

129206  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129206)

accepted
Genus
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Lamarck, J. B. (1801). Système des animaux sans vertèbres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; Présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'apres la considération de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement établi dans les galeries du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, parmi leurs dépouilles conservées; Précédé du discours d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donné dans le Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la République. Published by the author and Deterville, Paris: viii + 432 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14117719
page(s): 324; note: Arenicola piscatorum. as a new name for Lumbricus marinus Linnaeus [details]   
Note Lamarck created an unnecessary new name of...  
From editor or global species database
Type species Lamarck created an unnecessary new name of Arenicola piscatorum, instead of recombining Lumbricus marinus into his new genus Arenicola as A. marinus. While the name A piscatorum is the only binomen Lamarck used in Arenicola, it is an objective junior synonym of Lumbricus marinus. The name of a type species should be cited by its original binomen, in this case Lumbricus marinus (Code recommendation 67B) [details]
Etymology Arenicola is Latin for sand dweller  
Etymology Arenicola is Latin for sand dweller [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2019). World Polychaeta database. Arenicola Lamarck, 1801. Accessed through: Kennedy, M.K., L. Van Guelpen, G. Pohle, L. Bajona (Eds.) (2019) Canadian Register of Marine Species at: http://marinespecies.org/carms/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129206 on 2020-08-05
Kennedy, M.K., L. Van Guelpen, G. Pohle, L. Bajona (Eds.) (2020). Canadian Register of Marine Species. Arenicola Lamarck, 1801. Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/carms/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129206 on 2020-08-05
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2020-02-04 23:40:02Z
changed

original description Lamarck, J. B. (1801). Système des animaux sans vertèbres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; Présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'apres la considération de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement établi dans les galeries du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, parmi leurs dépouilles conservées; Précédé du discours d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donné dans le Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la République. Published by the author and Deterville, Paris: viii + 432 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14117719
page(s): 324; note: Arenicola piscatorum. as a new name for Lumbricus marinus Linnaeus [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source NODC. (1997). NODC Taxonomic codes.  [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Etymology Arenicola is Latin for sand dweller [details]

Grammatical gender Feminine by prevailing usage, although this was probably wrongly adopted. The Code has a stipulation (ICZN 1999, Article 30.1.4.2) that genera with -cola endings be treated as masculine compound nouns (or mostly so treated). Lamarck added what appears to be a plural genitive of 'piscatorum' (meaning of fishermen, thus the sand-dwelling worm of fishermen) when he attempted to replace Linnaeus's L. 'marinus' with his own species name. However, subsequent usage reported by McIntosh appears to be mostly as feminine, although he misreports the endings used by some authors.(see spelling notes for the Arenicola marina record), There would appear to be no possibility of success, or of a useful outcome, in contradicting the modern universal usage as feminine, and so Arenicola can continue to be treated as feminine. [details]

Type species Lamarck created an unnecessary new name of Arenicola piscatorum, instead of recombining Lumbricus marinus into his new genus Arenicola as A. marinus. While the name A piscatorum is the only binomen Lamarck used in Arenicola, it is an objective junior synonym of Lumbricus marinus. The name of a type species should be cited by its original binomen, in this case Lumbricus marinus (Code recommendation 67B) [details]
LanguageName 
English lugworm  [details]
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