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CaRMS taxon details

Polydora Bosc, 1802

129619  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129619)

accepted
Genus
Polydora cornuta Bosc, 1802 (type by monotypy)
Subgenus Polydora (Polydora)
Species Polydora aggregata Blake, 1969
Species Polydora ciliata (Johnston, 1838)
Species Polydora cornuta Bosc, 1802
Species Polydora websteri Hartman in Loosanoff & Engle, 1943

Species Polydora gracilis Verrill, 1880 (taxon inquirendum, indeterminable from description)

Species Polydora caeca (Örsted, 1843) accepted as Dipolydora coeca (Örsted, 1843) (superseded combination, alternative spelling)
Species Polydora cardalia Berkeley, 1927 accepted as Dipolydora cardalia (Berkeley, 1927) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora caulleryi Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Dipolydora caulleryi (Mesnil, 1897) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora commensalis Andrews, 1891 accepted as Dipolydora commensalis (Andrews, 1891) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora concharum Verrill, 1880 accepted as Dipolydora concharum (Verrill, 1880) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora hartmanae Blake, 1971 accepted as Dipolydora hartmanae (Blake, 1971) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora ligni Webster, 1879 accepted as Polydora cornuta Bosc, 1802 (subjective synonym)
Species Polydora quadrilobata Jacobi, 1883 accepted as Dipolydora quadrilobata (Jacobi, 1883) (Comb. nov.)
Species Polydora socialis (Schmarda, 1861) accepted as Dipolydora socialis (Schmarda, 1861) (recombination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Bosc, L. A. G. (1802). Histoire naturelle des vers contenant leur description et leurs moeurs, avec figures dessinées d'après nature. <b>Tome Premiere</b>. De l'imprimerie de Guilleminet; a Paris, chez Deterville., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41757836
page(s): 150-151 [details]   
Note Type species: P. Cornuta Bosc 1802 in Fauchald...  
Type species Type species: P. Cornuta Bosc 1802 in Fauchald (1977). [details]
Etymology The genus is named after Polydora, one of the Oceanides of the Ancient Greek mythology, minor goddesses and water nymphs of...  
Etymology The genus is named after Polydora, one of the Oceanides of the Ancient Greek mythology, minor goddesses and water nymphs of rivers, fountains, subterranean springs, wells, lakes, clouds, winds, breezes, sunsets and sunrises, and daughters of the gods Oceanus and his wife Tethys. According to Bosc (1802: 151) ''Il [Bosc himself] l'a appelé [the genus] Polydore, nom d'une nymphe de la mer de la suite de Nérée.'' [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2019). World Polychaeta database. Polydora Bosc, 1802. Accessed through: Kennedy, M.K., L. Van Guelpen, G. Pohle, L. Bajona (Eds.) (2019) Canadian Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/carms./aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129619 on 2019-03-21
Kennedy, M.K., L. Van Guelpen, G. Pohle, L. Bajona (Eds.) (2019). Canadian Register of Marine Species. Polydora Bosc, 1802. Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/carms/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129619 on 2019-03-21
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2016-03-30 22:28:39Z
changed

original description Bosc, L. A. G. (1802). Histoire naturelle des vers contenant leur description et leurs moeurs, avec figures dessinées d'après nature. <b>Tome Premiere</b>. De l'imprimerie de Guilleminet; a Paris, chez Deterville., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41757836
page(s): 150-151 [details]   

basis of record Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. <em>Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126.</em> 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Walker, Lexie M. 2011. A review of the current status of the Polydora-complex (Polychaeta: Spionidae) in Australia and a checklist of recorded species. Zootaxa 2751: 40-62. , available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2011/f/z02751p062f.pdf [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

identification resource Williams, Lee-Gavin; Karl, Stephen A.; Rice, Stanley; Simon, Carol. (2017). Molecular identification of polydorid polychaetes (Annelida: Spionidae): is there a quick way to identify pest and alien species?. <em>African Zoology.</em> 52(2): 105-117., available online at http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15627020.2017.1313131
note: analysis of primers and molecular sequences for identifying similar pest Polydora and other genera [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Original diagnosis by Bosc (1802: 150): "Corps alongé, articulé, à anneaux nombreux, garnis de chaque côté d'une rangée de houppes de soie, et de mamelons rétractiles, qui portent les branchies à leur base postérieure. Queue articulée, nue, terminée par une ventouse prenante. Un trou simple, entre deux membranes, pour bouche." [details]

Diagnosis Diagnosis by Blake & Maciolek (1987: 12): "Prostomium entire or incised on anterior margin, extending posteriorly as caruncle; occipital tentacle present or absent; eyes present or absent. Setiger 1 with or without notosetae. Setiger 5 modified, with major spines of 1 type, usually accompanied by slender companion setae; spines arranged in a curved row; dorsal and ventral capillaries present or absent. Posterior notopodial spines present or absent. Neuropodial hooded hooks bidentate, from setiger 6-17 and following setigers; with conspicuous angle between teeth, apical tooth reduced or lost in posterior setigers of some species; with or without constriction or manubrium on shaft. Branchiae beginning posterior to setiger 5. Pygidium reduced or enlarged, cufflike, saucerlike, or divided into lobes." [details]

Etymology The genus is named after Polydora, one of the Oceanides of the Ancient Greek mythology, minor goddesses and water nymphs of rivers, fountains, subterranean springs, wells, lakes, clouds, winds, breezes, sunsets and sunrises, and daughters of the gods Oceanus and his wife Tethys. According to Bosc (1802: 151) ''Il [Bosc himself] l'a appelé [the genus] Polydore, nom d'une nymphe de la mer de la suite de Nérée.'' [details]

Synonymy The planktonic larva, Metadasydytes quadrimaculatus Roszczak, 1971, a genus and species described as a gastrotrich, is clearly a spionid larva. Hummon (2008: 115) refers it to Polydora ciliata, but notes the identification to that species is not certain. [details]

From other sources
Type species Type species: P. Cornuta Bosc 1802 in Fauchald (1977). [details]
 



Bosc original plate 5, Polydora cornuta fig 7 & 8
 Bosc original plate...
[image from typetaxon]

To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 095724)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
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