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Zenetos, A.; Çinar, M.E.; Pancucci-Papadopoulou, M.A.; Harmelin, J.-G.; Furnari, G.; Andaloro, F.; Bellou, N.; Streftaris, N.; Zibrowius, H. (2005). Annotated list of marine alien species in the Mediterranean with records of the worst invasive species. Mediterranean Marine Science. 6 (2): 63-118.
Zenetos, A.; Çinar, M.E.; Pancucci-Papadopoulou, M.A.; Harmelin, J.-G.; Furnari, G.; Andaloro, F.; Bellou, N.; Streftaris, N.; Zibrowius, H.
Annotated list of marine alien species in the Mediterranean with records of the worst invasive species.
Mediterranean Marine Science
6 (2): 63-118.
The World Of Copepods (T. Chad Walter)
Available for editors  PDF available
This collaborative effort by many specialists across the Mediterranean presents an updated an-notated list of alien marine species in the Mediterranean Sea. Alien species have been grouped into six broad categories namely established, casual, questionable, cryptogenic, excluded and invasive, and presented in lists of major ecofunctional/taxonomic groups. The establishment success within each group is provided while the questionable and excluded records are commented in brief. A total of 963 alien species have been reported from the Mediterranean until December 2005, 218 of which have been classified as excluded (23%) leaving 745 of the recorded species as valid aliens. Of these 385 (52%) are already well established, 262 (35%) are casual records, while 98 species (13%) remain “questionable” records. The species cited in this work belong mostly to zoobenthos and in par-ticular to Mollusca and Crustacea, while Fish and Phytobenthos are the next two groups which prevail among alien biota in the Mediterranean. The available information depends greatly on the taxonomic group examined. Thus, besides the three groups explicitly addressed in the CIESM atlas series (Fish, Decapoda/Crustacea and Mollusca), which are however updated in the present work, Polychaeta, Phytobenthos, Phytoplankton and Zoo-plankton are also addressed in this study. Among other zoobenthic taxa sufficiently covered in this study are Echinodermata, Sipuncula, Bryozoa and Ascidiacea. On the contrary, taxa such as Foraminifera, Amphipoda and Isopoda, that are not well studied in the Mediterranean, are insufficiently covered. A gap of knowledge is also noticed in Parasites, which, although ubiquitous and pervasive in marine systems, have been relatively unexplored as to their role in marine invasions. Conclusively the lack of funding purely systematic studies in the region has led to underestimation of the number of aliens in the Mediterranean. Emphasis is put on those species that are current or potential threats to the marine ecosystems, namely the Worst Invasive Alien Species providing their record across major groups.
Invasions, introduction of alien species
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
2015-02-01 21:56:14Z
2015-07-23 11:56:10Z
2017-10-16 22:50:33Z
2018-11-29 09:06:35Z

Acartia (Acanthacartia) tonsa Dana, 1849 (additional source)
Alopias superciliosus Lowe, 1841 (additional source)
Anarhichas lupus Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Apionsoma (Apionsoma) trichocephalus Sluiter, 1902 (additional source)
Arietellus pavoninus Sars G.O., 1905 (additional source)
Astacolus insolitus (Schwager, 1866) (additional source)
Balanus improvisus Darwin, 1854 accepted as Amphibalanus improvisus (Darwin, 1854) (additional source)
Beryx splendens Lowe, 1834 (additional source)
Bougainvillia niobe Mayer, 1894 (additional source)
Carcharhinus altimus (Springer, 1950) (additional source)
Carcharhinus falciformis (Müller & Henle, 1839) (additional source)
Cassiopea andromeda (Forskål, 1775) (additional source)
Centropages furcatus (Dana, 1849) (additional source)
Charybdis (Goniohellenus) longicollis Leene, 1938 (additional source)
Chaunax suttkusi Caruso, 1989 (additional source)
Cheilopogon furcatus (Mitchill, 1815) (additional source)
Clytia hummelincki (Leloup, 1935) (additional source)
Corycaeus speciosus Dana, 1849 (additional source)
Diodon hystrix Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Diphasia margareta (Hassall, 1841) (additional source)
Etrumeus teres (DeKay, 1842) (additional source)
Eucalanus crassus Giesbrecht, 1888 accepted as Subeucalanus crassus (Giesbrecht, 1888) (additional source)
Euchaeta concinna Dana, 1849 (additional source)
Eunice tubifex Crossland, 1904 (additional source)
Galeocerdo cuvier (Péron & Lesueur, 1822) (additional source)
Gephyroberyx darwini (Johnson, 1866) accepted as Gephyroberyx darwinii (Johnson, 1866) (additional source)
Halosaurus ovenii Johnson, 1864 (additional source)
Hemiramphus far (Forsskål, 1775) (additional source)
Isolda pulchella Müller in Grube, 1858 (additional source)
Labidocera detruncata (Dana, 1849) (additional source)
Lingulodinium polyedra (F.Stein) J.D.Dodge, 1989 (additional source)
Linopherus acarunculatus (Monro, 1937) (additional source)
Longibrachium atlanticum (Day, 1973) (additional source)
Lumbrineris inflata Moore, 1911 (additional source)
Marsupenaeus japonicus (Spence Bate, 1888) accepted as Penaeus japonicus Spence Bate, 1888 (additional source)
Metasychis gotoi (Izuka, 1902) (additional source)
Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål, 1775) (additional source)
Notomastus aberans Day, 1957 (additional source)
Oncaea rufa Boxshall & Böttger, 1987 accepted as Triconia rufa (Boxshall & Böttger, 1987) (additional source)
Ophiactis savignyi (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (additional source)
Panulirus ornatus (Fabricius, 1798) (additional source)
Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) scolops (Selenka & de Man, 1883) (additional source)
Pigrogromitus timsanus Calman, 1927 (additional source)
Pontellina plumata (Dana, 1849) (additional source)
Prionospio pygmaeus Hartman, 1961 (additional source)
Psenes pellucidus Lütken, 1880 (additional source)
Pseudocalanus elongatus (Brady, 1865) (additional source)
Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier, 1816) (additional source)
Rhizoprionodon acutus (Rüppell, 1837) (additional source)
Rhynchoconger trewavasae Ben-Tuvia, 1993 (additional source)
Saurida undosquamis (Richardson, 1848) (additional source)
Scaphocalanus amplius Park, 1970 (additional source)
Scaphocalanus brevirostris Park, 1970 (additional source)
Seriola fasciata (Bloch, 1793) (additional source)
Seriola rivoliana Valenciennes, 1833 (additional source)
Sphoeroides marmoratus (Lowe, 1838) (additional source)
Sphoeroides pachygaster (Müller & Troschel, 1848) (additional source)
Sphyrna mokarran (Rüppell, 1837) (additional source)
Spinocalanus terranovae Damkaer, 1975 (additional source)
Synaptura lusitanica de Brito Capello, 1868 accepted as Dagetichthys lusitanicus (de Brito Capello, 1868) (additional source)
Tetrorchis erythrogaster Bigelow, 1909 (additional source)
Trachyscorpia cristulata echinata (Köhler, 1896) (additional source)
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