WoRDSS banner


Deep-Sea source details

Zenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N. (2010). Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union's Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution. Mediterranean Marine Science. 11(2): 381-493.
155063
10.12681/mms.87 [view]
Zenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N.
2010
Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union's Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution
Mediterranean Marine Science
11(2): 381-493
Publication
The state-of-art on alien species in the Mediterranean Sea is presented, making distinctions among the four subregions defined in the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive: (i) the Western Mediterranean Sea (WMED); (ii) the Central Mediterranean Sea (CMED); (iii) the Adriatic Sea (ADRIA); and (iv) the Eastern Mediterranean Sea (EMED). The updated checklist (December 2010) of marine alien species within each subregion, along with their acclimatization status and origin, is provided. A total of 955 alien species is known in the Mediterranean, the vast majority of them having being introduced in the EMED (718), less in the WMED (328) and CMED (267) and least in the Adriatic (171). Of these, 535 species (56%) are established in at least one area. Despite the collective effort of experts who attempted in this work, the number of introduced species remains probably underestimated. Excluding microalgae, for which knowledge is still insufficient, aliens have increased the total species richness of the Mediterranean Sea by 5.9%. This figure should not be directly read as an indication of higher biodiversity, as spreading of so many aliens within the basin is possibly causing biotic homogenization. Thermophilic species, i.e. Indo-Pacific, Indian Ocean, Red Sea, Tropical Atlantic, Tropical Pacific, and circum(sub)tropical, account for 88.4% of the introduced species in the EMED, 72.8% in the CMED, 59.3% in the WMED and 56.1% in the Adriatic. Cold water species, i.e. circumboreal, N Atlantic, and N Pacific, make up a small percentage of the introduced species, ranging between 4.2% and 21.6% and being more numerous in the Adriatic and less so in the EMED. Species that are classified as invasive or potentially invasive are 134 in the whole of the Mediterranean: 108 are present in the EMED, 75 in the CMED, 53 in the Adriatic and 64 in the WMED. The WMED hosts most invasive macrophytes, whereas the EMED has the lion’s share in polychaetes, crustaceans, molluscs and fish.
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
Date
action
by
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
created
db_admin
2015-02-02 01:39:34Z
changed
2015-07-23 11:56:10Z
changed

Acartia (Acanthacartia) tonsa Dana, 1849 (additional source)
Aidanosagitta neglecta (Aida, 1897) (additional source)
Aluterus monoceros (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Anarhichas lupus Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Apionsoma (Apionsoma) misakianum (Ikeda, 1904) (additional source)
Apionsoma trichocephalus Sluiter, 1902 represented as Apionsoma (Apionsoma) trichocephalus Sluiter, 1902 (additional source)
Apoprionospio pygmaea (Hartman, 1961) accepted as Prionospio pygmaeus Hartman, 1961 (additional source)
Arietellus pavoninus Sars G.O., 1905 (additional source)
Astacolus insolitus (Schwager, 1866) (additional source)
Asterias rubens Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Beroe ovata Bruguière, 1789 (additional source)
Beryx splendens Lowe, 1834 (additional source)
Bougainvillia niobe Mayer, 1894 (additional source)
Carcharhinus altimus (Springer, 1950) (additional source)
Carcharhinus falciformis (Müller & Henle, 1839) (additional source)
Cassiopea andromeda (Forskål, 1775) (additional source)
Centropages furcatus (Dana, 1849) (additional source)
Chaetozone corona Berkeley & Berkeley, 1941 (additional source)
Charybdis (Goniohellenus) longicollis Leene, 1938 (additional source)
Chaunax suttkusi Caruso, 1989 (additional source)
Cheilopogon furcatus (Mitchill, 1815) (additional source)
Chilomycterus reticulatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Clytia hummelincki (Leloup, 1935) (additional source)
Clytia linearis (Thorneley, 1900) (additional source)
Cyclopterus lumpus Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Diodon hystrix Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Etrumeus teres (DeKay, 1842) (additional source)
Euchaeta concinna Dana, 1849 (additional source)
Eucidaris tribuloides (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Eudendrium carneum Clarke, 1882 (additional source)
Eunice floridana (Pourtalès, 1867) (additional source)
Euniphysa tubifex (Crossland, 1904) accepted as Eunice tubifex Crossland, 1904 (additional source)
Filellum serratum (Clarke, 1879) (additional source)
Galeocerdo cuvier (Péron & Lesueur, 1822) (additional source)
Gephyroberyx darwini (Johnson, 1866) accepted as Gephyroberyx darwinii (Johnson, 1866) (additional source)
Halosaurus ovenii Johnson, 1864 (additional source)
Haploscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885) accepted as Leitoscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885) (additional source)
Hemiramphus far (Forsskål, 1775) (additional source)
Hyboscolex longiseta Schmarda, 1861 (additional source)
Hydroides elegans (Haswell, 1883) [nomen protectum] (additional source)
Isolda pulchella Müller in Grube, 1858 (additional source)
Isurus paucus Guitart, 1966 (additional source)
Kyphosus incisor (Cuvier, 1831) (additional source)
Kyphosus sectator (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Kyphosus sectatrix (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Labidocera detruncata (Dana, 1849) (additional source)
Loimia medusa (Savigny, 1822) (additional source)
Longibrachium atlanticum (Day, 1973) (additional source)
Marsupenaeus japonicus (Spence Bate, 1888) accepted as Penaeus japonicus Spence Bate, 1888 (additional source)
Metasychis gotoi (Izuka, 1902) (additional source)
Monotaxis grandoculis (Forsskål, 1775) (additional source)
Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål, 1775) (additional source)
Notomastus aberans Day, 1957 (additional source)
Olindias singularis Browne, 1905 (additional source)
Ophiactis savignyi (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (additional source)
Paracalanus indicus Wolfenden, 1905 (additional source)
Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) scolops (Selenka & de Man, 1883) (additional source)
Pigrogromitus timsanus Calman, 1927 (additional source)
Podarkeopsis capensis (Day, 1963) (additional source)
Prionospio sexoculata Augener, 1918 (additional source)
Prosphaerosyllis longipapillata (Hartmann-Schröder, 1979) (additional source)
Protoreaster nodosus (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Psenes pellucidus Lütken, 1880 (additional source)
Pseudocalanus elongatus (Brady, 1865) (additional source)
Pulleniatina obliquiloculata (Parker & Jones, 1865) (additional source)
Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier, 1816) (additional source)
Rhabdosoma whitei Spence Bate, 1862 (additional source)
Rhizoprionodon acutus (Rüppell, 1837) (additional source)
Rhynchoconger trewavasae Ben-Tuvia, 1993 (additional source)
Saurida undosquamis (Richardson, 1848) (additional source)
Scaphocalanus amplius Park, 1970 (additional source)
Scaphocalanus brevirostris Park, 1970 (additional source)
Seriola fasciata (Bloch, 1793) (additional source)
Seriola rivoliana Valenciennes, 1833 (additional source)
Sertularia marginata (Kirchenpauer, 1864) (additional source)
Sigambra constricta (Southern, 1921) (additional source)
Sphoeroides marmoratus (Lowe, 1838) (additional source)
Sphoeroides pachygaster (Müller & Troschel, 1848) (additional source)
Sphyrna mokarran (Rüppell, 1837) (additional source)
Spinocalanus terranovae Damkaer, 1975 (additional source)
Styela clava Herdman, 1881 (additional source)
Subeucalanus subcrassus (Giesbrecht, 1888) (additional source)
Sulculeolaria angusta Totton, 1954 accepted as Sulculeolaria turgida (Gegenbaur, 1854) (additional source)
Synagrops japonicus (Döderlein, 1883) (additional source)
Synaptura lusitanica de Brito Capello, 1868 accepted as Dagetichthys lusitanicus (de Brito Capello, 1868) (additional source)
Tetrorchis erythrogaster Bigelow, 1909 (additional source)
Trachyscorpia cristulata echinata (Köhler, 1896) accepted as Trachyscorpia echinata (Köhler, 1896) (additional source)
Triconia hawii (Böttger-Schnack & Boxshall, 1990) (additional source)
Triconia rufa (Boxshall & Böttger, 1987) (additional source)
Zenopsis conchifera (Lowe, 1852) accepted as Zenopsis conchifer (Lowe, 1852) (additional source)
 Introduced species remark

Spirobranchus tetraceros is a not a single circumtropical species (as per claim in Zenetos et al. 2010), but ... [details]

INDEEP logo NHM logo NOC logo Soton logo WoRMS logo OBIS logo Plymouth University's Marine Institute logo
Website hosted & developed by VLIZ · contact: WoRDSS Team