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Hestetun, J.T.; Tompkins-Macdonald, G.; Rapp, H.T. (2017). A review of carnivorous sponges (Porifera: Cladorhizidae) from the Boreal North Atlantic and Arctic. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 181, 1-69.
279261
Hestetun, J.T.; Tompkins-Macdonald, G.; Rapp, H.T.
2017
A review of carnivorous sponges (Porifera: Cladorhizidae) from the Boreal North Atlantic and Arctic.
Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society
181, 1-69
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available
Family Cladorhizidae, comprising the carnivorous sponges, represents a unique innovation within the phylum Porifera. Rather than filter feeding, carnivorous sponges have developed the ability to passively capture small invertebrates such as crustaceans using filaments or other appendages, coupled with an adhesive surface and the ability of sponge cells to migrate to and envelop prey items. Cladorhizids are most commonly deep-sea species and are found worldwide, with around 150 species currently described. The boreal Atlantic and neighbouring Arctic areas have a species-rich cladorhizid fauna, including many of the first cladorhizids described from early marine biological investigations. While a number of records exist for parts of these areas, other areas, such as the North-west Atlantic, are less well known, and species descriptions are scattered and in many cases lacking necessary information. Using a large set of specimens from newly collected material and multiple museum collections, and integrating this with previously published records from the area, we provide an overview of the cladorhizid fauna of the boreal Atlantic and adjoining Arctic Oceans. In all, we provide updated descriptions of 25 species, of which four, Asbestopluma (Asbestopluma) ruetzleri sp. nov., Cladorhiza kenchingtonae sp. nov., Lycopodina novangliae sp. nov. and L. tendali sp. nov., are previously undescribed. We also provide an overview of the known distribution and depth ranges of each species as well as a key for identification to species level. Finally, we provide some general discussion on the boreo-Atlantic and Arctic cladorhizid fauna and its relationship to neighbouring areas.
Arctic-Boreal marine
Boreal east Atlantic
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2017-07-10 08:33:31Z
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2017-08-22 07:14:37Z
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Asbestopluma (Asbestopluma) bihamatifera (Carter, 1876) (source of synonymy)
Asbestopluma (Asbestopluma) furcata Lundbeck, 1905 (additional source)
Asbestopluma (Asbestopluma) pennatula (Schmidt, 1875) (basis of record)
Asbestopluma (Asbestopluma) ruetzleri Hestetun, Tompkins-Macdonald & Rapp, 2017 (original description)
Chondrocladia (Chondrocladia) gigantea (Hansen, 1885) accepted as Chondrocladia (Chondrocladia) grandis (Verrill, 1879) (source of synonymy)
Chondrocladia (Chondrocladia) grandis (Verrill, 1879) (basis of record)
Chondrocladia (Chondrocladia) virgata Thomson, 1873 (basis of record)
Cladorhiza abyssicola Sars, 1872 (basis of record)
Cladorhiza corticocancellata Carter, 1876 (basis of record)
Cladorhiza gelida Lundbeck, 1905 (basis of record)
Cladorhiza grandis Verrill, 1879 accepted as Chondrocladia (Chondrocladia) grandis (Verrill, 1879) (source of synonymy)
Cladorhiza iniquidentata Lundbeck, 1905 (basis of record)
Cladorhiza kenchingtonae Hestetun, Tompkins-Macdonald & Rapp, 2017 (original description)
Cladorhiza tenuisigma Lundbeck, 1905 (basis of record)
Lycopodina comata (Lundbeck, 1905) (additional source)
Lycopodina hydra (Lundbeck, 1905) (redescription)
Lycopodina infundibulum (Levinsen, 1887) (additional source)
Lycopodina lycopodium (Levinsen, 1887) (additional source)
Lycopodina novangliae Hestetun, Tompkins-Macdonald & Rapp, 2017 (original description)
Lycopodina robusta (Levinsen, 1887) (basis of record)
Lycopodina tendali Hestetun, Tompkins-Macdonald & Rapp, 2017 (original description)
Lycopodina versatilis (Topsent, 1890) (additional source)
Baffin Bay - Davis Strait for Chondrocladia (Chondrocladia) grandis (Verrill, 1879) 
Celtic Seas for Cladorhiza abyssicola Sars, 1872 
East Greenland Shelf for Asbestopluma (Asbestopluma) furcata Lundbeck, 1905 
East Greenland Shelf for Lycopodina tendali Hestetun, Tompkins-Macdonald & Rapp, 2017 
Gulf of Maine/Bay of Fundy for Asbestopluma (Asbestopluma) ruetzleri Hestetun, Tompkins-Macdonald & Rapp, 2017 
Gulf of Maine/Bay of Fundy for Chondrocladia (Chondrocladia) grandis (Verrill, 1879) 
Gulf of Maine/Bay of Fundy for Lycopodina novangliae Hestetun, Tompkins-Macdonald & Rapp, 2017 
North and East Iceland for Asbestopluma (Asbestopluma) furcata Lundbeck, 1905 
North and East Iceland for Asbestopluma (Asbestopluma) furcata Lundbeck, 1905 
North and East Iceland for Chondrocladia (Chondrocladia) grandis (Verrill, 1879) 
North and East Iceland for Cladorhiza corticocancellata Carter, 1876 
North and East Iceland for Cladorhiza corticocancellata Carter, 1876 
North and East Iceland for Cladorhiza gelida Lundbeck, 1905 
North and East Iceland for Lycopodina tendali Hestetun, Tompkins-Macdonald & Rapp, 2017 
North Atlantic Lower Bathyal Province for Lycopodina lycopodium (Levinsen, 1887) 
North Atlantic Lower Bathyal Province for Lycopodina robusta (Levinsen, 1887) 
North Atlantic Lower Bathyal Province for Lycopodina tendali Hestetun, Tompkins-Macdonald & Rapp, 2017 
North Sea for Asbestopluma (Asbestopluma) bihamatifera (Carter, 1876) 
North Sea for Chondrocladia (Chondrocladia) grandis (Verrill, 1879) 
North Sea for Cladorhiza abyssicola Sars, 1872 
Northern Labrador for Asbestopluma (Asbestopluma) bihamatifera (Carter, 1876) 
Northern Labrador for Asbestopluma (Asbestopluma) pennatula (Schmidt, 1875) 
Northern Labrador for Asbestopluma (Asbestopluma) ruetzleri Hestetun, Tompkins-Macdonald & Rapp, 2017 
Northern Labrador for Chondrocladia (Chondrocladia) grandis (Verrill, 1879) 
Northern Labrador for Cladorhiza abyssicola Sars, 1872 
Northern Labrador for Lycopodina lycopodium (Levinsen, 1887) 
Northern Norway and Finnmark for Asbestopluma (Asbestopluma) furcata Lundbeck, 1905 
Northern Norway and Finnmark for Cladorhiza tenuisigma Lundbeck, 1905 
Northern Norway and Finnmark for Cladorhiza tenuisigma Lundbeck, 1905 
Northern Norway and Finnmark for Lycopodina tendali Hestetun, Tompkins-Macdonald & Rapp, 2017 
Scotian Shelf for Asbestopluma (Asbestopluma) furcata Lundbeck, 1905 
Scotian Shelf for Asbestopluma (Asbestopluma) ruetzleri Hestetun, Tompkins-Macdonald & Rapp, 2017 
South and West Iceland for Cladorhiza corticocancellata Carter, 1876 
Southern Grand Banks - South Newfoundland for Chondrocladia (Chondrocladia) grandis (Verrill, 1879) 
Southern Grand Banks - South Newfoundland for Cladorhiza abyssicola Sars, 1872 
Southern Grand Banks - South Newfoundland for Cladorhiza kenchingtonae Hestetun, Tompkins-Macdonald & Rapp, 2017 
Southern Norway for Lycopodina infundibulum (Levinsen, 1887) 
Southern Norway for Lycopodina lycopodium (Levinsen, 1887) 
Southern Norway for Lycopodina tendali Hestetun, Tompkins-Macdonald & Rapp, 2017 
West Greenland Shelf for Chondrocladia (Chondrocladia) grandis (Verrill, 1879) 
West Greenland Shelf for Chondrocladia (Chondrocladia) grandis (Verrill, 1879) 
Western Mediterranean for Cladorhiza abyssicola Sars, 1872 
Lectotype, geounit North Sea, identified as Cladorhiza gelida Lundbeck, 1905
Holotype ZMUB 103463, geounit Southern Norway, identified as Lycopodina tendali Hestetun, Tompkins-Macdonald & Rapp, 2017
Holotype USNM 1234806, geounit Gulf of Maine/Bay of Fundy, identified as Lycopodina novangliae Hestetun, Tompkins-Macdonald & Rapp, 2017
Holotype CMN 2016-0014, geounit Southern Grand Banks - South Newfoundland, identified as Cladorhiza kenchingtonae Hestetun, Tompkins-Macdonald & Rapp, 2017
Holotype USNM 32295, geounit Gulf of Maine/Bay of Fundy, identified as Asbestopluma (Asbestopluma) ruetzleri Hestetun, Tompkins-Macdonald & Rapp, 2017
Lectotype BMNH 82.7.28.19, geounit North Sea, identified as Cladorhiza abyssicola var. corticocancellata Carter, 1876
Lectotype USNM 8462, geounit Scotian Shelf, identified as Cladorhiza grandis Verrill, 1879
Lectotype ZMUC DEM-161, geounit Faroe Plateau, identified as Cladorhiza tenuisigma Lundbeck, 1905
Lectotype ZMUC DEM-281, geounit Northern Norway and Finnmark, identified as Asbestopluma (Asbestopluma) furcata Lundbeck, 1905
Lectotype ZMUC DEM-35, geounit North and East Iceland, identified as Lycopodina hydra (Lundbeck, 1905)
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