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Fauchald, K. (1992). A review of the genus Eunice (Eunicidae: Polychaeta) based upon type material. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology. 523: 1-422.
49793
10.5479/si.00810282.523 [view]
Fauchald, K.
1992
A review of the genus <i>Eunice</i> (Eunicidae: Polychaeta) based upon type material
Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology
523: 1-422
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
The genus Eunice has been widely reported in all kinds of marine environment. A total of 286 names have been applied to taxa originally described in, or subsequently referred to, the genus. All such taxa published prior to 1985 have been accounted for below. Of these, some or all types of about 175 are available and are described below. Twenty-five species are incompletely known; types are missing and original descriptions (or subsequent descriptions of types) are insufficient to relate these species to the rest. The descriptions of these species have been briefly summarized. A key to species includes nearly all species for which types were available. Species considered incompletely known are excluded from the key, but are included when possible in a set of tables comparing similar species. Forty-seven named taxa are indeterminable. Twenty-two have been referred to other genera, including some new combinations. In some cases the type lot included two species; some of these types could be referred to other, known species; however, four species are described as new. Seven species have been given new names for nomenclatural reasons. Attempts to group the 206 reasonably well-characterized species into supra-specific taxa using cladistic techniques did not lead to interpretable results. The reasons might include the very large number of species compared to the number of characters. A detailed analysis of the characters has been started using freshly collected material in an attempt to expand the number of characters and measure the variability of currently used characters. Similar reviews are planned for the remaining eunicean genera.
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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2013-09-07 01:49:27Z
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2015-06-27 16:11:28Z
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2015-06-29 21:41:21Z
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 Additional information

Absence/presence of branchiae is not currently considered a valid diagnostic character at genera level of Eunicidae ... [details]

 Authority

The author of Eunicidae is Berthold (1827: 227) according to Fauchald (1992: 2) as his translation of Latreille was ... [details]

 Classification

Miura (1986) created the new combination Euniphysa tubicola, but Shen & Wu (1991) and Fauchald (1992) disagreed and ... [details]

 Description

Based on one small specimen. Branchiae present chaetiger 8-21 (of 79), 1-2 filaments (mostly 1), no distinct ... [details]

 Editor's comment

Sabellides was made a synonym of Ampharete although it is the senior name. This places Ampharete oculata (Webster, ... [details]

 Editor's comment

Fauchald (1992:183) retained this taxon as valid, but it appears to be near indeterminable, at least from the ... [details]

 New combination

Fauchald (1992: 217) stated the features of E. megalodus are those found in genus Euniphysa. Lu & Fauchald (2000) ... [details]

 Publication date

Fauchald (1992:72) cites the original publication date as 1974 for this species and also for E. kerguelensis, but ... [details]

 Publication date

Fauchald (1992: 72) pointed out that the first short description was clearly in 1900 (the name is in the paper ... [details]

 Publication date

Published in 1981 (31 December, 1981 according to journal cover). This year date is confirmed in Fauchald (1992), ... [details]

 Status

With some reservations, the discussion given by Fauchald (1992: 155) on "Eunice gigantea auctores" (as Fauchald ... [details]

 Status

Fauchald dismisses the Linnaeus name of 'Nereis gigantea' as indeterminable (although it is referring to an ... [details]

 Synonymy

Hartman (1959) synonymized Nicidion fusca-fasciata Treadwell, 1922 to this species. Synonym was not accepted by ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Erected by Kinberg for Eunice species with quadrilobate prostomia and nine, rather than seven maxillae [fide ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Valid species similar to Eunice websteri Fauchald, 1969. [details]

 Taxonomy

Erected by Kinberg for abranchiate Eunice [fide Fauchald, 1992:28] [details]

 Type locality

Shelf depths off Auckland Islands, -51.2167, 165.6167, 183 m [details]

 Type locality

Deepwater off Tanner Bank, southern California, 32 49.8'N, 119 29.86'W, 1357 m [details]

 Type locality

Off Kerguelen Islands, shelf depths, -49.6353, 70.7186, 141 m [details]

 Type locality

Between Sumatra and Borneo, latitude -2.5 deg, longitude107.1666 deg, clearly originally stated by Kinberg as ... [details]

 Type species

Cuvier (1817: 525) only names a Eunice species in a footnote, and the name he uses is as "Terebella aphroditois, ... [details]

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