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Deep-Sea source details

Meißner, Karin and Hutchings, Patricia A. 2003. Spiophanes species (polychaeta: Spionidae) from eastern Australia: with descriptions of new species, new records and an emended generic diagosis. Records of the Australian Museum, 55(2): 117-140.
51011
Publication
Kristian Fauchald's Polychaeta DB
The Spiophanes fauna from Eastern Australia is described, and includes 5 new species (S. modestus, S. viriosus, S. prestigium, S. pisinnus, S. dubitalis) and 1 new record (S. japonicum Imajima, 1991). The generic diagnosis of Spiophanes is revised based on type and non-type material of all species in the genus, and a critical evaluation is also given of the characters previously used to distinguish Spiophanes species. A new diagnostic character, the appearance of gland openings exhibiting a chaetal spreader on the anterior chaetigers of the middle body region, is described. Spiophanes japonicum is removed from synonymy with S. berkeleyorum Pettibone, 1962. Spiophanes urceolata Imajima, 1991, is synonymized with S. wigleyi Pettibone, 1962. A key to all Spiophanes species known from Eastern Australia is given.
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Spiophanes Grube, 1860 (additional source)
Spiophanes wigleyi Pettibone, 1962 (additional source)
 Depth range

29-314 m, but mostly found at depths between 50-125 m, exceptionally in 1463 m.  [details]

 Depth range

Shallow waters (3.35-10 m).  [details]

 Distribution

Japan (coasts of Sea of Japan and Pacific); Australian waters from Sydney to the Bass Strait. [details]

 Distribution

Australia: Queensland and New South Wales.  [details]

 Distribution

Australia: Queensland (Moreton Bay region and Lizard Island).  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet modestus is a Latin adjective mening 'modest', and refers to the sparse development of ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet viriosus is a Latin adjective, meaning 'strong' or 'robust', and refers to the comparatively ... [details]

 Habitat

In mud and fine sand.  [details]

 Habitat

Shallow water areas down to 30 m depth, in all types of sediment.  [details]

 Habitat

Different sediment types at shallow waters. In coral sand at Yonge Reef (Lizard Island).  [details]

 Reproduction

Gravid specimens observed from January to March (specimens AM W14635, W14638).  [details]

 Reproduction

Gravid specimen found in May (holotype QM G10387).  [details]

 Type locality

Australia, New South Wales (marine), Hawkesbury River, Juno Head-Hungry Beach (33º34.5'S, 151º16.5'E).  [details]

 Type locality

Australia, Queensland (marine), Moreton Bay, Peel Island (27º03'S, 153º21'E).  [details]

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