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Deep-Sea source details

Schmarda, L. K. (1861). Neue Wirbellose Thiere: Beobachted und Gesammelt auf einer Reise um die Erdr 1853 bis 1857. In Turbellarien, Rotatorien und Anneliden. Leipzig, Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann. Erster Band, Zweite Hälfte.
51749
Schmarda, L. K.
1861
Neue Wirbellose Thiere: Beobachted und Gesammelt auf einer Reise um die Erdr 1853 bis 1857
In Turbellarien, Rotatorien und Anneliden. Leipzig, Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann
Erster Band, Zweite Hälfte
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
Date
action
by
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
created
db_admin
2013-06-22 04:15:38Z
changed
2017-08-23 06:57:02Z
changed

Anthostoma Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Naineris Blainville, 1828 (original description)
Bhawania Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Chloeia viridis Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Glycera ovigera Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Glycera tridactyla Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Hyboscolex Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Hyboscolex longiseta Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Lumbrineridae Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Nematonereis Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Lysidice Lamarck, 1818 (original description)
Nematonereis unicornis Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Nematonereis unicornis (Grube, 1840) accepted as Lysidice unicornis (Grube, 1840) (original description)
Nephthys macroura Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Aglaophamus macroura (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Notocirrus Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Oncoscolex Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Hyboscolex Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Oncoscolex dicranochaetus Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Hyboscolex dicranochaetus (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Paleanotus Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Pectinaria antipoda Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Syllis closterobranchia Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Syllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (original description)
Holotype, geounit Port Jackson, identified as Oncoscolex dicranochaetus Schmarda, 1861
 Authority

Schmarda (1861: 114) used the variant spelling Lumbrinereida [sic] for the family name, and credited himself with ... [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal.  [details]

 Depth range

Not stated in the original description. [details]

 Depth range

Not stated in original description. [details]

 Depth range

Not stated in the original description.  [details]

 Depth range

Not stated in the original description. [details]

 Depth range

Not stated in the original description. [details]

 Depth range

Not stated in original description.  [details]

 Depth range

Not stated in the original description.  [details]

 Depth range

Not stated in original description.  [details]

 Depth range

Not stated in original description.  [details]

 Depth range

Not stated in the original description.  [details]

 Depth range

Not stated in the original description. [details]

 Depth range

Not stated in the original description.  [details]

 Diagnosis

"Tentacula tria, cirri tentaculares et branchiae moniliformes. Maxillae duae, dentibus duobus" (Schmarda, 1861: 69).  [details]

 Diagnosis

Original diagnosis by Schmarda (1861: 108): "Dorsum convexum antice bruneo-caerulescens, postice bruneo-viride. ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Original diagnosis by Schmarda (1861: 45) "Corpus viride-griseum. Branchiae cephalicae crassae ejusdem coloris, ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Original diagnosis by Schmarda (1861: 41): "Corpus flavo-rubescens. Branchiae cephalicae pallidiores, breves; ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Original diagnosis by Schmarda (1861: 43): "Corpus viride-griseum. Branchiae cephalicae griseae, laterales laete ... [details]

 Diagnosis

"Maxillae nullae. Oculi nulli. Setarum fasciculi corporis latitudinem 2 1/2 - 3 superantes. Tubercula setigera ... [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic Ocean. Further details concerning the location not known.  [details]

 Distribution

Southeast Atlantic Ocean: Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope (South Africa). [details]

 Distribution

South Africa: Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope. [details]

 Distribution

South Africa: Cape of Good Hope. [details]

 Distribution

South Africa: Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope. [details]

 Distribution

South Africa: Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope. Japan, Australia, New Zealand, New Caledonia, Indian Ocean, and Red Sea ... [details]

 Distribution

South Africa: Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope. [details]

 Distribution

South Africa: Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope. [details]

 Distribution

South Africa: Cape of Good Hope.  [details]

 Distribution

South Africa: Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope. [details]

 Distribution

Coasts of New Zealand.  [details]

 Distribution

South Africa: Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope.  [details]

 Distribution

Caribbean Sea: Jamaica. [details]

 Distribution

New Zealand (widespread). [details]

 Distribution

South Africa: Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope. [details]

 Editor's comment

Need to find the usage source that recorded this. It was not Imajima & ten Hove (1984) who used Serpula (Hydroides) ... [details]

 Editor's comment

The species seems to be a member of the family Hesionidae Grube, 1850.  [details]

 Editor's comment

The description and drawings of Syllis fusicornis provided by Schmarda (1861: 71), together with the small size of ... [details]

 Etymology

Bhawani, eine Hindugottheit die Gattin Siwas" [Bhawani, Hindu deity, wife(?) of Siwas]. Presumably referring to the ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet craspidochaetus refers probably to the limbate chaetae of the species.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet oligobranchus refers probably to the reduced number of branchiae of the species.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet sphaerochaetus refers to the knobbed tips of some of the chaetae of the species.  [details]

 Etymology

Not stated, but in the description for Eupomatus dipoma Schmarda (1861: 29, plate 21) describes in Latin "Operculum ... [details]

 Etymology

The name of the genus Gnathosyllis is composed by the Greek prefix gnatho-, meaning 'jaw', and the name of the ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet diplodonta is composed by the Greek prefix diplo-, meaning 'double', and the Greek word donta, ... [details]

 Etymology

not stated, but apparently from Greek Hybos, a hump, and Scolex a worm. Both words are masculine. [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet podocirra is composed by the prefix poda, derived from the Greek word pous and meaning 'foot', ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet clavigera, is a Latin adjective, inflection of claviger, formed by clava ('club' or 'cudgel') ... [details]

 Etymology

Not stated. Antipodes is from Greek, from ἀντί (antí, “opposite”) + πούς (poús, “foot”). ... [details]

 Etymology

Not stated. Tetra means four and ceros means horn, thus there is a structure forming four horns present (as ... [details]

 Etymology

Schmarda named 'tilosaula' from Greek words meaning tube and fibrous (thus fibrous tube), and the Latin diagnosis ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet brachychaeta is composed by the Greek prefix brachy-, meaning 'short', and the Latin noun of ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet brevis is a Latin adjective meaning 'brief' or 'short', and refers to the relatively short ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet closterobranchia is composed by the prefix clostero- derived from the Greek word kloster and ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet crassicornis is composed by the Latin adjective crassi, plural of crassus and meaning 'dense', ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet fusicornis is composed by the words fusi, the genitive of the Latin noun fusus and meaning ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet gracilis is the Latin adjective for 'slender', 'slim' or 'thin', and refers to the body of the ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet lineata, feminine of the Latin adjective lineatus and meaning 'lined', refers to the middle ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet macroura is composed by the Greek prefix makrós, meaning 'long', and the Greek noun oura, ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet polycera is composed by the Greek prefix poly-, meaning 'many' or 'much', and the Greek word ... [details]

 Etymology

Not specifically stated in the original description. The specific epithet macrocephala is a Latin adjective meaning ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet plagiostoma is composed by the Greek adjective plagios, meaning 'oblique', and the Greek noun ... [details]

 Etymology

The name Trichosyllis is formed by the prefix tricho- derived from the Greek word thríks, meaning 'hair' and used ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet sylliformis is composed by the name of the type genus of the family, Syllis Lamarck, 1818, and ... [details]

 Grammatical gender

Neuter. Stoma is neuter [details]

 Grammatical gender

female, as named after a goddess [details]

 Grammatical gender

Hyboscolex is a masculine compound noun, therefore adjectival species-group names should be masculine in agreement. ... [details]

 Habitat

Under rocks, in the tidal limits.  [details]

 Habitat

Not stated in the original description. [details]

 Habitat

On stones.  [details]

 Habitat

On and between stones.  [details]

 Habitat

Not stated in the original description.  [details]

 Habitat

Not stated in the original description. [details]

 Habitat

Not stated in the original description. [details]

 Habitat

Not stated in original description.  [details]

 Habitat

Under stones.  [details]

 Habitat

Not stated in original description. [details]

 Habitat

On stones.  [details]

 Habitat

Not stated in the original description.  [details]

 Habitat

Not stated in the original description. [details]

 Homonymy

Syllis gracilis Schmarda, 1861 is a junior primary homonym of Syllis gracilis Grube, 1840, a species valid and in use. [details]

 Status

Current knowledge is that Schmarda (1861) combined different but related intertidal species from two places in his ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Schmarda's Colobranchus tetracerus (from "Küste der Bretagne, im Sande") is figured with prominent prostomial ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Erected for an apparently unrelated group of (eventually) nine species, with type species unstated. All except two ... [details]

 Type locality

locality Caucathale nähe von Cali [Cauca valley near Cali] [details]

 Type locality

"Trinkomalie and der Ostküste von Ceylon auf Steinen" [Trincomalee on the east coast of Ceylon], Sri Lanka, ... [details]

 Type locality

Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, in sand at the limits of the tide.  [details]

 Type locality

Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. [details]

 Type locality

Cape of Good Hope, South Africa.  [details]

 Type locality

Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia [details]

 Type locality

New Zealand. Schmarda (1861: 87) does not give a place name more precise than the coast of New Zealand. Perhaps ... [details]

 Type locality

Port Royal, Jamaica [details]

 Type locality

Atlantic Ocean: "Atlantisches Meer, unter Steinen an der Grenze der Ebbe (Schmarda, 1861: 69). A more detailed ... [details]

 Type locality

Table Bay, Atlantic coast of South Africa, near the Cape of Good Hope.  [details]

 Type locality

Viña del Mar, Chile, Pacific Ocean (gazetteer estimate -33.012°, -71.555°). [details]

 Type locality

Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, Atlantic Ocean (gazetteer estimate -33.9°, 18.4°). [details]

 Type locality

Table Bay, South Africa, in sand under stones. [details]

 Type locality

South Africa, Cape of Good Hope, Table Bay (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with gazetteer to be ... [details]

 Type locality

Atlantic Ocean [unspecified] [details]

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