Johansson, Karl Erik 1937. Über Lamellisabella zachsi und ihre systematische Stellung. Zoologischer Anzeiger 117: 23-26.
page(s): 23 [details]
Southward, Eve C. (2000). Class Pogonophora. In: Beesley, P.L.; Ross, G.B.; Glasby, C.J. (eds). Polychaetes & Allies: The Southern Synthesis. <em>[Book].</em> pp. 331-351. Fauna of Australia. Vol. 4A Polychaeta, Myzostomida, Pogonophora, Echiura, Sipuncula, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=sourcedetails&id=191653
page(s): 331 [details]
Ivanov, A. V. [Artemij Vasilevich], 1963. Pogonophora. Academic Press, London, pp.479.(Trans. and ed. and additions by Carlisle, D. B., additional material by Southward, E. C.). [details]
context source (MSBIAS)
MEDIN. (2011). UK checklist of marine species derived from the applications Marine Recorder and UNICORN. version 1.0. [details]
Beklemishev, V.N. (Vladimir Nikolaevich) 1944. Osnovy sravintel'noi anatomii bespozvonochnykh. [Principles of the comparative anatomy of invertebrates]: Moscow, Akademia Nauk. 698 p. [details]
Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS) [details]
Margulis, L.; Schwartz, K.V. (1998). Five Kingdoms: an illustrated guide to the Phyla of life on earth. 3rd edition. Freeman: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-7167-3027-8. xx, 520 pp. (look up in IMIS) [details]
source of synonymy
Rouse, G.W. (2001). A cladistic analysis of Siboglinidae Caullery, 1914 (Polychaeta, Annelida): formerly the phyla Pogonophora and Vestimentifera. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 132: 55-80. (look up in IMIS) [details]
Present Inaccurate Introduced: alien Containing type locality
From editor or global species database
Classification The classification within Pogonophora escalated with the discovery of more Vestimentifera, originally created as an order of Pogonophora. Webb had already created the classes Frenulata and Afrenulata. Jones (1981) added subphyla Perviata and Obturata, and later (1985) separated the Vestimentifera completely as a new phylum. Ivanov (1991) added a new subclass of Monilifera for one genus, Sclerolinum.
Halanych et al.(2001) commented that "a ranked classification scheme has produced different names for the same clade of organisms. Vestimentiferans have been called Vestimentifera (Jones, 1981), Obturata (Jones, 1981; Southward, 1988; Southward and Galkin, 1997), and Afrenulata (Webb, 1969). Frenulates have been called Pogonophora (Jones, 1985), Frenulata (Webb, 1969), Perviata (Southward, 1988), and originally Siboglinidae (Caullery, 1914)."
At least 13 Pogononophora families were erected, most of them representing just one genus. [details]
Classification Pogonophora is now an "obsolete" phylum. Johansson (1937), consequent upon the first discoveries of genera Siboglinum (Siboglinidae but unplaced to phylum) and Lamellisabella (Sabellidae in Polychaeta), placed these worms in his new class Pogonophora, at first regarded as part of the ill-defined "Vermes", then raised to phylum status and placed within the deuterostomes by Beklemishev (1944). This became a widely accepted relationship for these worms following a major monograph by Ivanov (1963), but eventually, partly based on work by Land & Norrevang (1975), the group was returned to the protostomes and within Phylum Annelida, and eventually back into the Sabellida group of families in Polychaeta.
Increased knowledge and molecular data collapsed the concepts of the Pogonophora and Vestimentifera as having fundamentally different body plans from Annelida, i.e., phylum status. [details]
Etymology According to Southward (2000) the name Pogonophora was derived from pogon (beard) and phor (to bear), hence beard-bearer, a reference by Johansson (1937) to the numerous tentacles of Lamellisabella zachsi. [details]
Homonymy Not a homonym in the taxonomic sense but note that Pogonophora J. Agardh, 1890, also in WoRMS, is a invalid algal genus (now Dasya) in Order Ceramiales. [details]