From editor or global species database
Type species The type species of Lumbrineris is Nereis ebranchiata Pallas, 1788, designated as type by Pettibone (1963: 257), and cannot be either of the two other taxa previously said to be the type species during the 20thC. It cannot be Lumbrineris latreilli Audouin & Milne Edwards 1834 as that species post dates the creation of the genus by Blainville (1828), and it cannot be Lumbricus fragilis Müller, 1776 (the type species of the valid genus Scoletoma Blainville, 1828) as given in Hartman (1944: 136) and in Day (1967:431) as that species was not included by Blainville in his new genus. The type species of a genus must be a species originally included in the genus. There are no ways of circumventing this requirement (ICZN Article 67.2). Yet the Hartman (1959) catalogue has Lumbrineris latreilli, a species named six years later, as the type of the genus, and Carrera-Parra (2006) has repeated this in a modern genus review without any background commentary. This designation is not possible. Frame (1992: 197) also has the type species as L. latreilli, as 'designated' by the Hartman catalogue (a 1959 listing), but Frame was well aware this 'designation' was not possible under the code, and pointed out the unresolved issue, stating "the definition of Lumbrineris is uncertain" [because she thought the type species was uncertain.]. Aguirrezabalaga & Arias (2018: 187 in Parapar et al) state they designate the type as Lumbrineris pallassii Blainville, 1828, but they have overlooked the prior designation of Pettibone (1963), and that L. pallassii is a superfluous new name of Blainville's for Nereis ebranchiata Pallas.
Blainville (1828) named the following three species in Lumbrineris: L splendida (a new name for Nereis lumbricalis Blainville), L. scolopendrina Blainville (original name not stated, but was Nereis scolopendrina), and L pallasii (a new name for Nereis ebranchiata of Pallas, 1788, later used as N. ebranchiata by Gmelin (p.3120, Linnaeus 13th edition). These three taxa are the only candidates that could be the type species of Lumbrineris. Two of the three species are apparently still within Lumbrineris, but N. ebranchiata was tentatively put in Oenone by Savigny (1822). Pallas's figure appears to show three short nuchal antennae so it cannot be a Lumbrineris, and may be Oenone fulgida. Quatrefages (1866: 367) included the three Blainville species as incertae sedis in Lumbrineris, and includes some detail on the previous usages. Perhaps on that basis Hartman lists all three as indeterminable (she does not give Nereis scolopendrina a listing recombined in Lumbrineris). However, Hartman was not always correct when she labelled names in the Catalogue as indeterminable, and this requires more investigation. If they are indeterminable this does not change their status as the only possible candidate taxa for Lumbrineris type species.As already noted the correctly designated type species is Nereis ebranchiata Pallas, 1788, designated by Pettibone (1963).
[cite comment as fide G Read, October, 2019]. [details]