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Deep-Sea taxon details

Nephtys Cuvier, 1817

129370  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129370)

accepted
Genus
Nephthys [variant spelling of Nephtys] (subsequent misspelling for original Nephtys)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Cuvier, Georges L., 1817. Le règne animal distribué d'après son organisation : pour servir de base a l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction a l'anatomie comparée. VOLUME 4. Les Zoophytes, les Tables, et les Planches. Deterville, Paris., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/17709
page(s): Additions & Corrections p.173 [details]   
Note Type species generally said to be Nephtys...  
From editor or global species database
Type species Type species generally said to be Nephtys hombergii Savigny MS in Lamarck (1818). Savigny (1822) as finally published refers to "Nephthys Hombergii. Cuv. Collect. et Règn; anim. tom. IV, pag. 173". However, N. hombergii is not mentioned at all by Cuvier (1817). Cuvier (1817) introduced in "especes de Nephtys" the following six species listed as their original names in Nereis. (Nereis ciliata [Muller, 1776 = Nephtys], Nereis stellifera [Muller, 1788 = Sigalion], Nereis alba [Muller 1776 = Glycera], Nereis maculata [Linnaeus, 1767 = Phyllodoce], Nereis crassa [Gmelin in Linnaeus, 1788 = Nereis], and 'peut-etre aussi' Nereis punctata [Müller, 1788 = Nereimyra]). Thus N. hombergii was not originally included and cannot be the type species (ICZN Art.67.2) unless it is a synonym of one of the originally included species. Only Nephtys ciliata seems eligible for type species status.
 [details]
Etymology If Cuvier and Lamarck derived 'Nephtys' from the mythological 'Nephthys', the spelling used by some taxonomists,...  
Etymology If Cuvier and Lamarck derived 'Nephtys' from the mythological 'Nephthys', the spelling used by some taxonomists, influentially including Savigny in "Description de l'Égypte ..." (finally published 1822), then they used a variant spelling of the name adopted in Greek for an Egyptian goddess, transliterated from heiroglyphs as Nebet-het, sister of Isis and Osiris, and companion of Set (see e.g., Wikipedia on Nephthys ).  [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2019). World Polychaeta database. Nephtys Cuvier, 1817. Accessed through: Glover, A.G., Higgs, N., Horton, T. (2019) World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS) at: http://www.marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129370 on 2020-06-03
Glover, A.G.; Higgs, N.; Horton, T. (2020). World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS). Nephtys Cuvier, 1817. Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129370 on 2020-06-03
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2008-07-16 08:06:51Z
changed
2012-10-25 00:07:53Z
changed
2017-09-05 01:53:38Z
changed

original description Cuvier, Georges L., 1817. Le règne animal distribué d'après son organisation : pour servir de base a l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction a l'anatomie comparée. VOLUME 4. Les Zoophytes, les Tables, et les Planches. Deterville, Paris., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/17709
page(s): Additions & Corrections p.173 [details]   

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Errantia] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 1. Errantia. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. vi, 1–458, xxix., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

identification resource Dixon-Bridges, Kylie; Gladstone, William; Hutchings, Pat A. (2014). One new species of <em>Micronephthys</em> Friedrich, 1939 and one new species of <em>Nephtys</em> Cuvier, 1817 (Polychaeta: Phyllodocida: Nephtyidae) from eastern Australia with notes on <em>Aglaophamus</em> <em>australiensis</em> (Fauchald, 1965) and a key to all Australian species. Zootaxa. 3872(5): 513-540., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3872.5.5
page(s): 531 [tabulation of Australian and Indo-pacific species of Nephtys]] [details]   

identification resource Hossain, M. Belal; Hutchings, Pat. (2016). <em>Nephtys bangladeshi</em> n. sp., a new species of Nephtyidae (Annelida: Phyllodocida) from Bangladesh coastal waters. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4079(1): 41-52., available online at http://biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4079.1.3
page(s): 48; note: Table of Indo-Pacific Nephtys species [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Etymology If Cuvier and Lamarck derived 'Nephtys' from the mythological 'Nephthys', the spelling used by some taxonomists, influentially including Savigny in "Description de l'Égypte ..." (finally published 1822), then they used a variant spelling of the name adopted in Greek for an Egyptian goddess, transliterated from heiroglyphs as Nebet-het, sister of Isis and Osiris, and companion of Set (see e.g., Wikipedia on Nephthys ).  [details]

Habitat Open softshore beaches, but also offshore to deepsea [details]

Spelling Cuvier first edition "Le Règne Animal ..." (1817 vol.4, p.173) introduces Nephtys, and Lamarck (1818:314) follows that spelling, whether or not it is the same as in Savigny's MS, whereas subsequent 1830 and 1836 editions of Cuvier use the spelling Nephthys as in the Greek form of the name. As finally published Savigny's "Description de l'Égypte ..." (1822) has the Nephthys form. The spelling Nephtys as first published must be followed, and for example Quatrefages (1866:420) adheres to that spelling. But others did not. Prevailing usage today follows the original spelling. [details]

Type species Type species generally said to be Nephtys hombergii Savigny MS in Lamarck (1818). Savigny (1822) as finally published refers to "Nephthys Hombergii. Cuv. Collect. et Règn; anim. tom. IV, pag. 173". However, N. hombergii is not mentioned at all by Cuvier (1817). Cuvier (1817) introduced in "especes de Nephtys" the following six species listed as their original names in Nereis. (Nereis ciliata [Muller, 1776 = Nephtys], Nereis stellifera [Muller, 1788 = Sigalion], Nereis alba [Muller 1776 = Glycera], Nereis maculata [Linnaeus, 1767 = Phyllodoce], Nereis crassa [Gmelin in Linnaeus, 1788 = Nereis], and 'peut-etre aussi' Nereis punctata [Müller, 1788 = Nereimyra]). Thus N. hombergii was not originally included and cannot be the type species (ICZN Art.67.2) unless it is a synonym of one of the originally included species. Only Nephtys ciliata seems eligible for type species status.
 [details]
 



LanguageName 
English shimmy wormscatworms  [details]
German Opalwürmer  [details]
To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 079785)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
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