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Deep-Sea taxon details

Pholoe Johnston, 1839

129439  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129439)

accepted
Genus
Pholoe inornata Johnston, 1839 (type by monotypy)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Johnston, G. (1839). Miscellanea Zoologica. VI. The British Aphroditaceæ. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> 2(12): 424-441.
page(s): 437; note: for Pholoe inornata new species [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Note Records giving Aphrodita minuta Fabricius as...  
From editor or global species database
Type species Records giving Aphrodita minuta Fabricius as type species (eg Hartman Catalogue p.117) are based on the (incorrect) assumption that Pholoe inornata is a junior synonym of P. minuta (it was referred to P. minuta by Malmgren, 1865). Also, even if a junior synonym, the type species name would still be P. inornata [details]
Etymology Latinised personal name from the Greek. According to Johnston Pholoe was one of the nereid nymphs. Author quote "As Pholoe,...  
Etymology Latinised personal name from the Greek. According to Johnston Pholoe was one of the nereid nymphs. Author quote "As Pholoe, most that rules the monsters of the main." Drayton, Polyolbion, Song xx. [details]

Taxonomy Worms of the genus Pholoe are common and abundant in marine benthos. In northern Europe, 1 to 3 species may be present in a...  
Taxonomy Worms of the genus Pholoe are common and abundant in marine benthos. In northern Europe, 1 to 3 species may be present in a single sample but not recognised as distinct. Four valid species are common in European inshore waters, but inadequate descriptions and species misidentifications have resulted in most of them being misidentified as the western North Atlantic P. minuta, not known to occur in European waters. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2019). World Polychaeta database. Pholoe Johnston, 1839. Accessed through: Glover, A.G.; Higgs, N.; Horton, T. (2019) World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS) at: http://www.marinespecies.org/Deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129439 on 2019-06-16
Glover, A.G.; Higgs, N.; Horton, T. (2019). World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS). Pholoe Johnston, 1839. Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129439 on 2019-06-16
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-04-11 09:30:41Z
changed
2007-01-24 08:43:46Z
checked
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2016-03-31 21:07:29Z
changed

original description Johnston, G. (1839). Miscellanea Zoologica. VI. The British Aphroditaceæ. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> 2(12): 424-441.
page(s): 437; note: for Pholoe inornata new species [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. <em>Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126.</em> 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Errantia] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 1. Errantia. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. vi, 1–458, xxix., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Classification Included in the Sigalionidae by Fauchald (1977). Following Petersen (1998) they should be included in a separate family Pholoidae [details]

Etymology Latinised personal name from the Greek. According to Johnston Pholoe was one of the nereid nymphs. Author quote "As Pholoe, most that rules the monsters of the main." Drayton, Polyolbion, Song xx. [details]

Taxonomy Worms of the genus Pholoe are common and abundant in marine benthos. In northern Europe, 1 to 3 species may be present in a single sample but not recognised as distinct. Four valid species are common in European inshore waters, but inadequate descriptions and species misidentifications have resulted in most of them being misidentified as the western North Atlantic P. minuta, not known to occur in European waters. [details]

Type species Records giving Aphrodita minuta Fabricius as type species (eg Hartman Catalogue p.117) are based on the (incorrect) assumption that Pholoe inornata is a junior synonym of P. minuta (it was referred to P. minuta by Malmgren, 1865). Also, even if a junior synonym, the type species name would still be P. inornata [details]

From other sources
Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
 



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