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Deep-Sea taxon details

Spirorbis Daudin, 1800

129642  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129642)

accepted
Genus
Subgenus Spirorbis (Spirorbis) Daudin, 1800

Subgenus Spirorbis (Laeospira) Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) Daudin, 1800 (unnecessary new name for nominal subgenus Spirorbis)
  » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) sarsiae Southward, 1963 accepted as Laeospira sarsiae (Southward, 1963) (superseded original combination)
Species Spirorbis spirillum (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Circeis spirillum (Linnaeus, 1758) (superseded recombination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
masculine
Daudin, François Marie. (1800). Receuil de mémoires et de notes sur des espèces inédites ou peu connues de Mollusques, de vers et de zoophytes. xviii & 19-50. Fuchs & Treuttel et Wurtz. Paris., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/96153
page(s): 37 [details]   
Note The type species of Spirorbis is Serpula...  
From editor or global species database
Type species The type species of Spirorbis is Serpula spirorbis Linnaeus, 1758 by absolute tautonymy (Code article 68.4, and see Bieler & Petit 2011: 19). However, the determination is confused in the prior literature. It cannot be Spirorbis borealis Daudin, 1800 as that name, whether valid or not, is junior to Spirorbis spirorbis (originally Serpula spirorbis). Importantly, Spirorbis borealis is not a distinct species, rather it is Daudin's name for Serpula spirorbis. However, the type species of Spirorbis has been often given as Spirorbis borealis, such as in the Hartman catalogue (1959: 601), in the book on Arctic Serpulidae of Rzhavsky et al (2014: 133), and in the spirorbin monograph of Vine (1977: 9) who states that "Daudin established the genus Spirorbis with S. borealis as the type-species", although that statement is not correct.
Spirorbis borealis was first introduced as a name when Daudin named and briefly described Spirorbis genus, but there Daudin (1800: 37) stated he included three species already known, and then listed three pairs of names with the new Spirorbis combination listed first in each pair. Two of these were unexceptionable recombinations from Linnaean (1758) Serpula names with the species epithet unchanged (Spirorbis planorbis and Spirorbis spirillum), but the third was Spirorbis borealis, a changed (novel) name from the original of Serpula spirorbis Linnaeus. This looks like a superfluous new name for the species of Linnaeus, perhaps because Daudin did not want to use the tautonymous combination of "Spirorbis spirorbis". As an unnecessary renaming it would be invalid, alhough the name would possibly be available. Daudin also added two further species in the same work later on page 48, but he does not state a type species (an action not to be expected at that date) thus the type determination, if it was not already decided by applying Code article 68.4, would need to be a subsequent one from amongst the valid Spirorbis names of Daudin. Subsequent designation of S. borealis would be invalid, as the name is both invalid as superfluous and as junior to the Linnaean name. [details]
Description Here is the original description of Daudin (1800): "GENRE SPIRORBE. SPIRORBIS. Caractère generIque. Coquille discoïde,...  
Description Here is the original description of Daudin (1800): "GENRE SPIRORBE. SPIRORBIS. Caractère generIque. Coquille discoïde, régulière , à ouverture sub-orbiculaire, et toujours adhérente aux substances marines. Ce genre, quoique voisin des Planorbes par la forme de sa coquille plus comprimée dans le centre, appartient cependant à la sous-division des vers à tuyaux, au moins l'espèce nommée par Linné serpula spirorbis , parce qu'elle renferme une véritable amphytrite à quatre plumules attachées contre la base d'un tentacule bifide , suivant le citoyen Bosc. Les trois espèces suivantes , deja connues , sont toujours fixées après les coraux , les coquilles , les fucus , les algues et autres substances marines."
[Translation: "SPIRORBE GENUS. Spirorbis. Generic character. Discoid shell, regular, with sub-orbicular opening, and always adherent to marine substances. This genus, though close to the Planorbes by the shape of its more compressed shell in the center, belongs, however, to the sub-division of pipe-worms, at least the species named by Linnea Serpula spirorbis, because it contains a true amphytrite. four plumules tied against the base of a bifid tentacle, according to the citizen Bosc. The following three species, already known, are always fixed after [on] corals, shells, fucus, algae and other marine substances."
 [details]

Etymology Not stated. Spirorbis is a compound modified from Latin 'spira' (twisted) and 'orbis' (circle). As orbis is masculine, thus...  
Etymology Not stated. Spirorbis is a compound modified from Latin 'spira' (twisted) and 'orbis' (circle). As orbis is masculine, thus Spirorbis is masculine.  [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2019). World Polychaeta database. Spirorbis Daudin, 1800. Accessed through: Glover, A.G.; Higgs, N.; Horton, T. (2019) World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS) at: http://www.marinespecies.org/deepsea%20/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129642 on 2019-10-21
Glover, A.G.; Higgs, N.; Horton, T. (2019). World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS). Spirorbis Daudin, 1800. Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129642 on 2019-10-21
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-03 06:51:11Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2013-02-15 07:04:21Z
changed
2019-05-14 10:57:37Z
changed
2019-06-09 22:57:13Z
changed
2019-06-11 06:06:01Z
changed

original description Daudin, François Marie. (1800). Receuil de mémoires et de notes sur des espèces inédites ou peu connues de Mollusques, de vers et de zoophytes. xviii & 19-50. Fuchs & Treuttel et Wurtz. Paris., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/96153
page(s): 37 [details]   

basis of record Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. <em>Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126.</em> 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Description Here is the original description of Daudin (1800): "GENRE SPIRORBE. SPIRORBIS. Caractère generIque. Coquille discoïde, régulière , à ouverture sub-orbiculaire, et toujours adhérente aux substances marines. Ce genre, quoique voisin des Planorbes par la forme de sa coquille plus comprimée dans le centre, appartient cependant à la sous-division des vers à tuyaux, au moins l'espèce nommée par Linné serpula spirorbis , parce qu'elle renferme une véritable amphytrite à quatre plumules attachées contre la base d'un tentacule bifide , suivant le citoyen Bosc. Les trois espèces suivantes , deja connues , sont toujours fixées après les coraux , les coquilles , les fucus , les algues et autres substances marines."
[Translation: "SPIRORBE GENUS. Spirorbis. Generic character. Discoid shell, regular, with sub-orbicular opening, and always adherent to marine substances. This genus, though close to the Planorbes by the shape of its more compressed shell in the center, belongs, however, to the sub-division of pipe-worms, at least the species named by Linnea Serpula spirorbis, because it contains a true amphytrite. four plumules tied against the base of a bifid tentacle, according to the citizen Bosc. The following three species, already known, are always fixed after [on] corals, shells, fucus, algae and other marine substances."
 [details]

Etymology Not stated. Spirorbis is a compound modified from Latin 'spira' (twisted) and 'orbis' (circle). As orbis is masculine, thus Spirorbis is masculine.  [details]

Grammatical gender Masculine, as orbis is masculine. Two of the names created by Daudin had masculine endings, namely carinatus and transversus, and borealis (northern), his name for Spirorbis spirorbis, appears to have the same ending for both masculine and feminine applications. Most subequent authors have treated Spirorbis as a masculine name. [details]

Type species The type species of Spirorbis is Serpula spirorbis Linnaeus, 1758 by absolute tautonymy (Code article 68.4, and see Bieler & Petit 2011: 19). However, the determination is confused in the prior literature. It cannot be Spirorbis borealis Daudin, 1800 as that name, whether valid or not, is junior to Spirorbis spirorbis (originally Serpula spirorbis). Importantly, Spirorbis borealis is not a distinct species, rather it is Daudin's name for Serpula spirorbis. However, the type species of Spirorbis has been often given as Spirorbis borealis, such as in the Hartman catalogue (1959: 601), in the book on Arctic Serpulidae of Rzhavsky et al (2014: 133), and in the spirorbin monograph of Vine (1977: 9) who states that "Daudin established the genus Spirorbis with S. borealis as the type-species", although that statement is not correct.
Spirorbis borealis was first introduced as a name when Daudin named and briefly described Spirorbis genus, but there Daudin (1800: 37) stated he included three species already known, and then listed three pairs of names with the new Spirorbis combination listed first in each pair. Two of these were unexceptionable recombinations from Linnaean (1758) Serpula names with the species epithet unchanged (Spirorbis planorbis and Spirorbis spirillum), but the third was Spirorbis borealis, a changed (novel) name from the original of Serpula spirorbis Linnaeus. This looks like a superfluous new name for the species of Linnaeus, perhaps because Daudin did not want to use the tautonymous combination of "Spirorbis spirorbis". As an unnecessary renaming it would be invalid, alhough the name would possibly be available. Daudin also added two further species in the same work later on page 48, but he does not state a type species (an action not to be expected at that date) thus the type determination, if it was not already decided by applying Code article 68.4, would need to be a subsequent one from amongst the valid Spirorbis names of Daudin. Subsequent designation of S. borealis would be invalid, as the name is both invalid as superfluous and as junior to the Linnaean name. [details]
 



LanguageName 
English spiral tubeworms  [details]
German Posthörnchenwürmer  [details]
To NMNH Extant Collection (USNM 19205 Specimen-1)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
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